Results for 'Marino Buscaglia'

272 found
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  1.  21
    Early Connection Between Cytology and Mendelism: Michael F. Guyer's Contribution.Patrick Bungener & Marino Buscaglia - 2003 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 25 (1):27 - 50.
    This paper examines the contribution of the PhD dissertation of the American cytologist Michael F. Guyer (1874-1959) to the early establishment (in 1902-1903) of the parallel relationship between cytological chromosome behaviour in meiosis and Mendel's laws. Guyer's suggestions were among the first, which attempted to relate the variation observed in the offspring in hybridisation studies by a coherent cytological chromosome mechanism to meiosis before the rediscovery of Mendel's principles. This suggested for the first time that the chromosome mechanism involved a (...)
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  2.  44
    La Biologie de Jean Piaget: (1896–1980) — Cohérence Et Marginalité.Marino Buscaglia - 1985 - Synthese 65 (1):99 - 120.
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  3.  15
    Strong Claims, Feeble Evidence: A Rejoinder to Falk Et Al.Lori Marino, Randy Malamud, Ron Broglio, Scott O. Lilienfeld & Nathan Nobis - 2011 - Society and Animals 19 (3):291-293.
    The criticisms of Falk et al. are addressed, and the question of whether claims made by Falk et al. are valid is revisited. This rebuttal contends that Falk et al. misconstrue Popper’s role in philosophy of science and hence do not provide a strong test of their hypothesis. Falk et al. claim that they never made causal statements about the impact of zoo and aquarium visits in their 2007 study. Yet, this commentary shows that Falk et al. draw several unsupported, (...)
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  4.  7
    Moral Reasoning in a Pluralistic World.Patricia Marino - 2015 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    Moral diversity is a fundamental reality of today’s world, but moral theorists have difficulty responding to it. Some take it as evidence for skepticism – the view that there are no moral truths. Others, associating moral reasoning with the search for overarching principles and unifying values, see it as the result of error. In the former case, moral reasoning is useless, since values express individual preferences; in the latter, our reasoning process is dramatically at odds with our lived experience. Moral (...)
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  5.  8
    Viewing Photos and Reading Nouns of Natural Graspable Objects Similarly Modulate Motor Responses.Barbara F. M. Marino, Miriam Sirianni, Riccardo Dalla Volta, Fabio Magliocco, Francesco Silipo, Aldo Quattrone & Giovanni Buccino - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  6.  6
    Nietzsche and McDowell on The Second Nature of The Human Being.Stefano Marino - 2017 - Meta: Research in Hermeneutics, Phenomenology, and Practical Philosophy 9 (1):231-261.
    The concept of second nature has a long and complex history, having been widely employed by several philosophers and even scientists. In recent times, the most famous thinker who has employed the concept of second nature, and has actually grounded his philosophical program precisely on this notion, is probably John McDowell. However, it is also possible to find some occurrences of the concept of second nature, “zweite Natur”, in Nietzsche’s writings, both published and unpublished. In this contribution I will develop (...)
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  7.  4
    Fluent Speakers of a Second Language Process Graspable Nouns Expressed in L2 Like in Their Native Language.Giovanni Buccino, Barbara F. Marino, Chiara Bulgarelli & Marco Mezzadri - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  8. The Ethics of Sexual Objectification: Autonomy and Consent.Patricia Marino - 2008 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 51 (4):345 – 364.
    It is now a platitude that sexual objectification is wrong. As is often pointed out, however, some objectification seems morally permissible and even quite appealing—as when lovers are so inflamed by passion that they temporarily fail to attend to the complexity and humanity of their partners. Some, such as Nussbaum, have argued that what renders objectification benign is the right sort of relationship between the participants; symmetry, mutuality, and intimacy render objectification less troubling. On this line of thought, pornography, prostitution, (...)
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  9. Seeking Desire: Reflections on Blackburn's Lust.Patricia Marino - 2006 - Social Philosophy Today 22:219-230.
    This paper is a critical discussion of Simon Blackburn’s recent work on lust. Blackburn develops a view on which lust is decent only when part of a pure mutuality in sex, and is best left alone—we ought not tamper with its “freedom of flow.” I argue that this treatment, which I believe reflects commonly held views, fails in several ways. First, it does not square with the fact that we pursue lust as a good in itself. Second, pure mutuality is (...)
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  10. Ambivalence, Valuational Inconsistency, and the Divided Self.Patricia Marino - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 83 (1):41-71.
    Is there anything irrational, or self-undermining, about having "inconsistent" attitudes of caring or valuing? In this paper, I argue that, contra suggestions of Harry Frankfurt and Charles Taylor, the answer is "No." Here I focus on "valuations," which are endorsed desires or attitudes. The proper characterization of what I call "valuational inconsistency" I claim, involves not logical form (valuing A and not-A), but rather the co-possibility of what is valued; valuations are inconsistent when there is no possible world in which (...)
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  11.  9
    How Storytelling Can Help Scientists to Write Better Abstracts.Jacopo Marino - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (7):590-590.
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  12. Learning Robots and Human Responsibility.Dante Marino & Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2006 - International Review of Information Ethics 6:46-51.
    Epistemic limitations concerning prediction and explanation of the behaviour of robots that learn from experience are selectively examined by reference to machine learning methods and computational theories of supervised inductive learning. Moral responsibility and liability ascription problems concerning damages caused by learning robot actions are discussed in the light of these epistemic limitations. In shaping responsibility ascription policies one has to take into account the fact that robots and softbots - by combining learning with autonomy, pro-activity, reasoning, and planning - (...)
     
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  13.  81
    On Essentially Conflicting Desires.Patricia Marino - 2009 - Philosophical Quarterly 59 (235):274-291.
    It is sometimes argued that having inconsistent desires is irrational or otherwise bad for an agent. If so, if agents seem to want a and not-a, then either their attitudes are being misdescribed – what they really want is some aspect x of a and some aspect y of not-a – or those desires are somehow 'inconsistent' and thus inappropriate. I argue first that the proper characterization of inconsistency here does not involve logical form, that is, whether the desires involved (...)
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  14.  57
    Do Zoos and Aquariums Promote Attitude Change in Visitors? A Critical Evaluation of the American Zoo and Aquarium Study.Randy Malamud, Lori Marino, Nathan Nobis, Ron Broglio & Scott O. Lilienfeld - 2010 - Society and Animals 18 (2):126-138.
    Modern-day zoos and aquariums market themselves as places of education and conservation. A recent study conducted by the American Zoo and Aquarium Association is being widely heralded as the first direct evidence that visits to zoos and aquariums produce long-term positive effects on people’s attitudes toward other animals. In this paper, we address whether this conclusion is warranted by analyzing the study’s methodological soundness. We conclude that Falk et al. contains at least six major threats to methodological validity that undermine (...)
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  15. Moral Dilemmas, Collective Responsibility, and Moral Progress.Patricia Marino - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 104 (2):203 - 225.
    Ruth Marcus has offered an account of moral dilemmas in which the presence of dilemmas acts as a motivating force, pushing us to try to minimize predicaments of moral conflict. In this paper, I defend a Marcus-style account of dilemmas against two objections: first, that if dilemmas are real, we are forced to blame those who have done their best, and second, that in some cases, even a stripped down version of blame seems inappropriate. My account highlights the importance of (...)
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  16.  11
    Natural Embryo Loss—a Missed Opportunity.Thomas A. Marino - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (7):25 – 27.
  17.  14
    The Great Colonization Debate.Kelly C. Smith, Keith Abney, Gregory Anderson, Linda Billings, Carl L. DeVito, Brian Patrick Green, Alan R. Johnson, Lori Marino, Gonzalo Munevar, Michael P. Oman-Reagan, Adam Potthast, James S. J. Schwartz, Koji Tachibana, John W. Traphagan & Sheri Wells-Jensen - forthcoming - Futures.
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  18.  95
    Moral Rationalism and the Normative Status of Desiderative Coherence.Patricia Marino - 2010 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 7 (2):227-252.
    This paper concerns the normative status of coherence of desires, in the context of moral rationalism. I argue that 'desiderative coherence' is not tied to rationality, but is rather of pragmatic, instrumental, and sometimes moral value. This means that desire-based views cannot rely on coherence to support non-agent-relative accounts of moral reasons. For example, on Michael Smith's neo-rationalist view, you have 'normative reason' to do whatever your maximally coherent and fully informed self would want you to do, whether you want (...)
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  19.  11
    A Model of the Uncertainty Effects in Choice Reaction Time That Includes a Major Contribution From Effector Selection.Charles E. Wright, Valerie F. Marino, Charles Chubb & Daniel Mann - 2019 - Psychological Review 126 (4):550-577.
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  20.  17
    The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act: Why It Fails to Deter Bribery as a Global Market Entry Strategy.Miriam F. Weismann, Christopher A. Buscaglia & Jason Peterson - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 123 (4):591-619.
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  21.  23
    Learning Robots Interacting with Humans: From Epistemic Risk to Responsibility. [REVIEW]Matteo Santoro, Dante Marino & Guglielmo Tamburrini - 2008 - AI and Society 22 (3):301-314.
    The import of computational learning theories and techniques on the ethics of human-robot interaction is explored in the context of recent developments of personal robotics. An epistemological reflection enables one to isolate a variety of background hypotheses that are needed to achieve successful learning from experience in autonomous personal robots. The conjectural character of these background hypotheses brings out theoretical and practical limitations in our ability to predict and control the behaviour of learning robots in their interactions with humans. Responsibility (...)
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  22.  3
    Enhancing the Taxonomies Relating to Academic Integrity and Misconduct.Loreta Tauginienė, Inga Gaižauskaitė, Salim Razi, Irene Glendinning, Shivadas Sivasubramaniam, Franca Marino, Marco Cosentino, Alla Anohina-Naumeca & Julius Kravjar - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-17.
    A clear understanding of terminology is crucial in any academic field. When it is clear that complex interdisciplinary concepts are interpreted differently depending on the academic field, geographical setting or cultural values, it is time to take action. Given this, the Glossary for Academic Integrity, newly developed by the European Network for Academic Integrity project, served as the basis for compiling a comprehensive taxonomy of terms related to academic integrity. Following a rigorous coding exercise, the taxonomy was partitioned into three (...)
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  23.  3
    From the Blacksmith’s Forge to the Fires of Hell: Eating the Red-Hot Iron Ball in Early Buddhist Literature.Joseph Marino - 2019 - Buddhist Studies Review 36 (1):31-51.
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  24. Kierkegaard in the Present Age.Gordon Daniel Marino - 2001
     
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  25. "Modernity" and the Evolution of Literary Consciousness.A. Marino - 1972 - Diogenes 20 (77):110-137.
  26.  25
    Sexual Dimorphism and Sexual Intermediaries.Thomas Marino - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):24-25.
  27.  83
    Philosophy of Sex.Patricia Marino - 2014 - Philosophy Compass 9 (1):22-32.
    Sex raises fundamental philosophical questions about topics such as personal identity and well-being, the relationship between emotion and reason, the nature of autonomy and consent, and the dual nature of persons as individuals but also social beings. This article serves as an overview of the philosophy of sex in the English-speaking philosophical tradition and explicates philosophical debate in several specific areas: sexual objectification, rape and consent, sex work, sexual identities and queer theory, the medicalization of sexuality, and polyamory. It situates (...)
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  28.  60
    Expressivism, Logic, Consistency, and Moral Dilemmas.Patricia Marino - 2006 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 9 (5):517-533.
    On an expressivist view, ethical claims are understood as expressions of our attitudes, desires, and feelings. A famous puzzle for this view concerns the use of logic in ethical reasoning, and two standard treatments try to solve the puzzle by explaining logical inconsistency in terms of conflicting attitudes. I argue, however, that this general strategy fails: because we can reason effectively even in the presence of conflicting moral attitudes – in cases of moral dilemmas – avoiding these conflicts cannot be (...)
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  29.  9
    The Cambridge Companion to Kierkegaard (S. Bates).A. Hannay & G. D. Marino - 1999 - Philosophical Books 40 (1):106-108.
    Each volume of this series of Companions to major philosophers contains specially-commissioned essays by an international team of scholars, together with a substantial bibliography, and will serve as a reference work for students and non-specialists. The contributors to this Companion probe the full depth of Kierkegaard's thought revealing its distinctive subtlety. The topics covered include Kierkegaard's views on art and religion, ethics and psychology, theology and politics, and knowledge and virtue. Much attention is devoted to the pervasive influence of Kierkegaard (...)
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  30.  5
    El Origen de la Cacica María y Su Familia. Una Aproximación Genealógica The Origin of Cacica María and Her Family. A Genealogical Approach. [REVIEW]Silvana Buscaglia - 2019 - Corpus.
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  31.  58
    Expressivism, Deflationism and Correspondence.Patricia Marino - 2005 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 2 (2):171-191.
    On an expressivist view, ethical claims are not fact stating; instead they serve the alternative function of expressing our feelings, attitudes and values. On a deflationary view, truth is not a property with a nature to be analyzed, but merely a grammatical device to aid us in endorsing sentences. Views on the relationship between expressivism and deflationism vary widely: they are compatible; they are incompatible; they are a natural pair; they doom one another. Here I explain some of these views, (...)
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  32.  7
    Spatial Stimulus-Response Compatibility and Affordance Effects Are Not Ruled by the Same Mechanisms.Marianna Ambrosecchia, Barbara F. M. Marino, Luiz G. Gawryszewski & Lucia Riggio - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  33.  7
    The Self is a Relation That Relates Itself to Itself.Gordon Marino - 2019 - The Philosophers' Magazine 84:71-76.
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  34. Not Easily Available 109–114.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Are Question–Begging, Amy Kind, Qualia Realism, Patricia Marino, Moral Dilemmas & Moral Progress - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 104:337-338.
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  35.  24
    Moral Coherence and Value Pluralism.Patricia Marino - 2013 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (1):117-135.
    This paper addresses the question of what value pluralism tells us about the pursuit of moral coherence as a method of moral reasoning. I focus on the status of the norm of ‘systematicity,’ or the demand that our principles be as few and as simple as possible. I argue that, given certain descriptive facts about the pluralistic ways we value, epistemic ways of supporting a systematicity norm do not succeed. Because it is sometimes suggested that coherence functions in moral reasoning (...)
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  36.  7
    The Cambridge Companion to Kierkegaard.Alastair Hannay & Gordon D. Marino - 2001 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 49 (1):65-68.
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  37.  17
    Évolution, corps, langage : le cas Paul Alsberg et l’anthropologie philosophique.Mario Marino - 2015 - Alter: revue de phénoménologie 23:116-131.
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  38.  9
    The Role of Scientists in the Beginning-of-Life Debate: A 25-Year Retrospective.Arthur L. Caplan & Thomas A. Marino - 2007 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 50 (4):603-613.
  39.  8
    Bayesian Computation Methods for Inference in Stochastic Kinetic Models.Eugenia Koblents, Inés P. Mariño & Joaquín Míguez - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-15.
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  40.  3
    Crisi Della Cultura E Valorizzazione Del Giudizio Estetico-Politico in Hannah Arendt.Stefano Marino - 2018 - Philosophical Readings 10 (1).
    In this article I take into examination Hannah Arendt’s original and influential “appropriation” of Immanuel Kant’s Critique of the Power of Judgment, providing both a reconstruction and a critical interpretation of it. In the first section I basically contextualize Arendt’s interest in this topic by showing that it is connected to her more general concern with the wider and more comprehensive question of the crisis of Western civilization. Then, in the second and third sections of my article, I offer an (...)
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  41.  7
    Kierkegaard on the Perils of Procrastination.Gordon Marino - 2019 - Philosophy Now 130:32-33.
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  42. Ethics: The Essential Writings.Gordon Daniel Marino (ed.) - 2009 - Modern Library.
     
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  43.  64
    Communicative and Other Cognitive Characteristics of Bottlenose Dolphins.Diana Reiss, Brenda McCowan & Lori Marino - 1997 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (4):140-145.
  44.  39
    Toward a Modest Correspondence Theory of Truth: Predicates and Properties: Dialogue.Patricia Marino - 2008 - Dialogue 47 (1):81-102.
    ABSTRACT: Correspondence theories are frequently charged with being either implausible-metaphysically troubling and overly general-or trivial-collapsing into deflationism's "'P' is true iff P." Philip Kitcher argues for a "modest" correspondence theory, on which reference relations are causaI relations, but there is no general theory of denotation. In this article, I start by showing that, understood this way, "modest" theories are open to charges of triviality. I then offer a refinement of modesty, and take the first steps toward articulating a modest correspondence (...)
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  45.  26
    Embryology and Disorders of Sexual Development.Thomas A. Marino - 2010 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 53 (4):481-490.
    In 2006, based on the advice of 50 international experts, the Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society and the European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology issued a consensus statement on the nomenclature and management of children who have a phenotype that is neither typical male nor female (Lee et al. 2006). Responding to a decade of criticism over the terminology that had been in place, including such terms as intersex, hermaphrodite, or pseudohermaphrodite, they proposed to call those conditions in which the patient (...)
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  46.  6
    Forum on Samir Gandesha - Johan Hartle , "Aesthetic Marx".ed by M. Farina - S. Marino & J. Hartle With S. Gandesha - 2019 - Lebenswelt. Aesthetics and Philosophy of Experience 13.
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  47. The Place of Reason in Kierkegaard's Ethics.Gordon Marino - 1996 - Kierkegaardiana 18.
     
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  48.  3
    Seeking Desire: Reflections on Blackburn’s Lust.Patricia Marino - 2006 - Social Philosophy Today 22:219-230.
    This paper is a critical discussion of Simon Blackburn’s recent work on lust. Blackburn develops a view on which lust is decent only when part of a pure mutuality in sex, and is best left alone—we ought not tamper with its “freedom of flow.” I argue that this treatment, which I believe reflects commonly held views, fails in several ways. First, it does not square with the fact that we pursue lust as a good in itself. Second, pure mutuality is (...)
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  49.  42
    Prostitution.Patricia Marino - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
  50. Anthropology and Authority Essays on Søen Kierkegaard.Poul Houe, Gordon Daniel Marino & Sven Hakon Rossel - 2000
     
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