Results for 'Mario Giampietro'

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  1.  34
    Sustainable Development: Scientific and Ethical Assessments. [REVIEW]Mario Giampietro & Sandra G. F. Bukkens - 1992 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 5 (1):27-57.
    The problem of assessing the sustainability of human development is discussed in theoretical and practical terms.In Part I, two theoretical tools for describing the challenge of assessing sustainable development are introduced and briefly discussed: (i) the use of an energetic model to describe the dynamic interaction between the human and the biophysical compartment; (ii) basic concepts derived from the hierarchy theory applied to the development of human society. Sustainable and ethical development of human society requires the consideration of three hierarchical (...)
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  2.  38
    Mario Bunge: A Centenary Festschrift.Mario Augusto Bunge, Michael R. Matthews, Guillermo M. Denegri, Eduardo L. Ortiz, Heinz W. Droste, Alberto Cordero, Pierre Deleporte, María Manzano, Manuel Crescencio Moreno, Dominique Raynaud, Íñigo Ongay de Felipe, Nicholas Rescher, Richard T. W. Arthur, Rögnvaldur D. Ingthorsson, Evandro Agazzi, Ingvar Johansson, Joseph Agassi, Nimrod Bar-Am, Alberto Cupani, Gustavo E. Romero, Andrés Rivadulla, Art Hobson, Olival Freire Junior, Peter Slezak, Ignacio Morgado-Bernal, Marta Crivos, Leonardo Ivarola, Andreas Pickel, Russell Blackford, Michael Kary, A. Z. Obiedat, Carolina I. García Curilaf, Rafael González del Solar, Luis Marone, Javier Lopez de Casenave, Francisco Yannarella, Mauro A. E. Chaparro, José Geiser Villavicencio- Pulido, Martín Orensanz, Jean-Pierre Marquis, Reinhard Kahle, Ibrahim A. Halloun, José María Gil, Omar Ahmad, Byron Kaldis, Marc Silberstein, Carolina I. García Curilaf, Rafael González del Solar, Javier Lopez de Casenave, Íñigo Ongay de Felipe & Villavicencio-Pulid (eds.) - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    This volume has 41 chapters written to honor the 100th birthday of Mario Bunge. It celebrates the work of this influential Argentine/Canadian physicist and philosopher. Contributions show the value of Bunge’s science-informed philosophy and his systematic approach to philosophical problems. The chapters explore the exceptionally wide spectrum of Bunge’s contributions to: metaphysics, methodology and philosophy of science, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of physics, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of social science, philosophy of biology, philosophy of technology, moral philosophy, social and (...)
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  3. An Unpublished Chapter by Sofia Vanni Rovighi, Edited by Mario Sina.Mario Sina - forthcoming - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica.
  4. Neoumanesimo E Postmodernita: Saggi in Onore di Mario Ferracuti.Mario Ferracuti & Sandra Chistolini (eds.) - 2007 - Cleup.
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  5.  16
    La Responsabilità Del Pensare: Scritti in Onore di Mario Signore.Mario Signore & Laura Tundo (eds.) - 2004 - Liguori.
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  6. Umberto Curi and Mario Pezzella on Clint Eastwood's Gran Torino.Mario Pezzella - 2009 - Iris. European Journal of Philosophy and Public Debate 1 (2):529-539.
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  7.  25
    O Realismo Científico de Mario Bunge.Mario Bunge - 2017 - Revista de Filosofia Aurora 29 (46):353.
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  8. Mario Bunge and the Current Revival of Causal Realism.Rögnvaldur D. Ingthorsson - 2019 - In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), Mario Bunge: A Centenary Festschrift. Cham: Springer Verlag. pp. 205–217.
    Mario Bunge’s Causality and Modern Science is arguably one of the best treatments of the causal realist tradition ever to have been written, one that defends the place of causality as a category in the conceptual framework of modern science. And yet in the current revival of causal realism in contemporary metaphysics, there is very little awareness of Bunge’s work. This paper seeks to remedy this, by highlighting one particular criticism Bunge levels at the Aristotelian view of causation and (...)
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  9. The Wave-Function as a Multi-Field.Mario Hubert & Davide Romano - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8 (3):521-537.
    It is generally argued that if the wave-function in the de Broglie–Bohm theory is a physical field, it must be a field in configuration space. Nevertheless, it is possible to interpret the wave-function as a multi-field in three-dimensional space. This approach hasn’t received the attention yet it really deserves. The aim of this paper is threefold: first, we show that the wave-function is naturally and straightforwardly construed as a multi-field; second, we show why this interpretation is superior to other interpretations (...)
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  10. Giampietro Berti, "Censura e circolazione delle idee nel Veneto della Restaurazione". [REVIEW]Gregorio Piaia - 1991 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 46 (2):401.
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  11.  12
    Scientific Realism: Selected Essays of Mario Bunge.Mario Bunge - 2001 - Prometheus Books.
    Machine generated contents note: I. METAPHYSICS -- 1. How Do Realism, Materialism, and Dialectics Fare in Contemporary Science? -- 2. New Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous -- 3. Energy: Between Physics and Metaphysics -- 4. The Revival of Causality -- 5. Emergence and the Mind -- 6 SCIENTIFIC REALISM -- 6. The Status of Concepts -- 7. Popper's Unworldly World 3 --II. METHODOLOGY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE -- 8. On Method in the Philosophy of Science -- 9. Induction in Science (...)
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  12.  66
    Christianity and the Errors of Our Time: Simone Weil on Atheism and Idolatry1: Mario von der Ruhr.Mario von der Ruhr - 2011 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 68:203-226.
    In his 1985 book on philosophy and atheism, the Canadian thinker Kai Nielsen, a prolific writer on the subject, wonders why the philosophy of religion is ‘so boring’, and concludes that it must be ‘because the case for atheism is so strong that it is difficult to work up much enthusiasm for the topic.’ Indeed, Nielsen even regards most of the contemporary arguments for atheism as little more than ‘mopping up operations after the Enlightenment’ which, on the whole, add little (...)
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  13.  32
    Sapere dialettico e sapere tecnico: In margine a due recenti pubblicazioni, con una risposta di Mario Vegetti.Emanuele Maffi & Mario Vegetti - 2008 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 63 (2).
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  14.  55
    Marriage and the Public Good.Anthony E. Giampietro - 2007 - Christian Bioethics 13 (2):211-224.
    In this article I seek to address some misunderstandings in arguments about same sex-marriage. I do this by evaluating several views on homosexuality and marriage. My central aim is to show that a rejection of same-sex marriage does not depend upon the view that homosexual acts are immoral or disordered. Rather, one must examine sexual acts in light of public goods that are at stake. I also argue that the Christian understanding of marriage and sexuality offers more than a set (...)
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  15.  23
    Enrique P. Haba, Raul Suarez de Miguel, Mario Nicolodi, George Chatalian, Hans Ebeling.Enrique P. Haba, Raul Suarez de Miguel, Mario Nicolodi, George Chatalian & Hans Ebeling - 1988 - Philosophie Et Culture: Actes du XVIIe Congrès Mondial de Philosophie 5:610-611.
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  16.  1
    Comparative Theory and Political Experience: Mario Einaudi and the Liberal Tradition.Peter J. Katzenstein, Theodore J. Lowi, Sidney G. Tarrow & Mario Einaudi (eds.) - 1990 - Cornell University Press.
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  17. "Class" as Metaphor on the Unreflexive Transformation of a Concept Into an Object.Giampietro Gobo - 1995 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 25 (4):442-467.
    Others consider them as conditions, positions, or roles assumed in society. Such theoretical uncertainty is followed by a similarly uncertain empirical classification. This confusion probably exists because classes are not ostensible objects but concepts, that is, culturally and mutually constructed cognitive schemas. In order to see classes, scientists have to agree about the culturally framed discourse to use. This has not yet happened. This seems to be the main cause of the endless conflict in the debate on social stratification. This (...)
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  18.  22
    Skeptomai. Il problema dello scetticismo antico in Mario Dal Pra.Mario Dal Pra - 2016 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 71 (4):395-417.
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  19.  15
    The Structure of Scientific Theories.Mario H. Otero - 1979 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 40 (1):148-150.
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  20.  9
    Mario Bunge: A Centenary Festschrift.Michael Robert Matthews (ed.) - 2019 - Springer.
    This volume has 41 chapters written to honor the 100th birthday of Mario Bunge. It celebrates the work of this influential Argentine/Canadian physicist and philosopher. Contributions show the value of Bunge’s science-informed philosophy and his systematic approach to philosophical problems. The chapters explore the exceptionally wide spectrum of Bunge’s contributions to: metaphysics, methodology and philosophy of science, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of physics, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of social science, philosophy of biology, philosophy of technology, moral philosophy, social and (...)
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  21. Giampietro dore e studium II paradosso cattolico: maggioranza politica senza egemonia culturale.Andrea Ambrogetti - 2006 - Studium 102 (2):251-298.
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  22.  51
    Marriage and the Public Good.Anthony Giampietro - 2007 - Christian Bioethics 13 (2):211-224.
    In this article I seek to address some misunderstandings in arguments about same sex-marriage. I do this by evaluating several views on homosexuality and marriage. My central aim is to show that a rejection of same-sex marriage does not depend upon the view that homosexual acts are immoral or disordered. Rather, one must examine sexual acts in light of public goods that are at stake. I also argue that the Christian understanding of marriage and sexuality offers more than a set (...)
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  23.  18
    Class: Stories of Concepts. From Ordinary Language to Scientific Language.Giampietro Gobo - 1993 - Social Science Information 32 (3):467-489.
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  24.  3
    Replicability. Politics and Poetics of Accountability, Validation and Legitimation.Giampietro Gobo - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Replicability is a term that not only comes with different meanings in the literature of many domains but is often associated or confused with other terms such as ‘reproducibility,’ ‘repeatability,’ ‘reliability,’ ‘validity,’ and so on. To add to the confusion, it can even be used differently across diverse disciplines. Though all named concepts are important, what makes them barely advantageous is that they do not cover some peculiar aspects of the replicability and validation processes, i.e., appropriateness of conceptualization; trustworthiness of (...)
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  25.  1
    Chasing Reality: Strife Over Realism.Mario Bunge - 2006 - University of Toronto Press.
    Chasing Reality deals with the controversies over the reality of the external world. Distinguished philosopher Mario Bunge offers an extended defence of realism, a critique of various forms of contemporary anti-realism, and a sketch of his own version of realism, namely hylorealism. Bunge examines the main varieties of antirealism - Berkeley's, Hume's, and Kant's; positivism, phenomenology, and constructivism - and argues that all of these in fact hinder scientific research. Bunge's realist contention is that genuine explanations in the sciences (...)
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  26.  56
    Reviving Frequentism.Mario Hubert - 2021 - Synthese 199:5255–5584.
    Philosophers now seem to agree that frequentism is an untenable strategy to explain the meaning of probabilities. Nevertheless, I want to revive frequentism, and I will do so by grounding probabilities on typicality in the same way as the thermodynamic arrow of time can be grounded on typicality within statistical mechanics. This account, which I will call typicality frequentism, will evade the major criticisms raised against previous forms of frequentism. In this theory, probabilities arise within a physical theory from statistical (...)
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  27.  51
    Mario Bunge (1919–2020): Conjoining Philosophy of Science and Scientific Philosophy.Martin Mahner - 2021 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 52 (1):3-23.
    The leitmotif of Mario Bunge’s work was that the philosophy of science should be informed by a comprehensive scientific philosophy, and vice versa; with both firmly rooted in realism and materialism. Now Bunge left such a big oeuvre, comprising more than 70 books and hundreds of articles, that it is impossible to review it in its entirety. In addition to biographical remarks, this obituary will therefore restrict itself to some select issues of his philosophy: his scientific metaphysics, his philosophy (...)
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  28. Galileo, Courtier: The Practice of Science in the Culture of Absolutism. [REVIEW]Mario Biagioli & R. H. Naylor - 1995 - Annals of Science 52 (3):315-316.
  29. Are Living Beings Extended Autopoietic Systems? An Embodied Reply.Mario Villalobos - 2019 - Adaptive Behavior:1-11.
    Building on the original formulation of the autopoietic theory (AT), extended enactivism argues that living beings are autopoietic systems that extend beyond the spatial boundaries of the organism. In this article, we argue that extended enactivism, despite having some basis in AT’s original formulation, mistakes AT’s definition of living beings as autopoietic entities. We offer, as a reply to this interpretation, a more embodied reformulation of autopoiesis, which we think is necessary to counterbalance the (excessively) disembodied spirit of AT’s original (...)
     
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  30.  26
    Mario Becomes Cognitive.Fabian Schrodt, Jan Kneissler, Stephan Ehrenfeld & Martin V. Butz - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (2):343-373.
    In line with Allen Newell's challenge to develop complete cognitive architectures, and motivated by a recent proposal for a unifying subsymbolic computational theory of cognition, we introduce the cognitive control architecture SEMLINCS. SEMLINCS models the development of an embodied cognitive agent that learns discrete production rule-like structures from its own, autonomously gathered, continuous sensorimotor experiences. Moreover, the agent uses the developing knowledge to plan and control environmental interactions in a versatile, goal-directed, and self-motivated manner. Thus, in contrast to several well-known (...)
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  31. Novel Predictions and the No Miracle Argument.Mario Alai - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (2):297-326.
    Predictivists use the no miracle argument to argue that “novel” predictions are decisive evidence for theories, while mere accommodation of “old” data cannot confirm to a significant degree. But deductivists claim that since confirmation is a logical theory-data relationship, predicted data cannot confirm more than merely deduced data, and cite historical cases in which known data confirmed theories quite strongly. On the other hand, the advantage of prediction over accommodation is needed by scientific realists to resist Laudan’s criticisms of the (...)
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  32.  25
    MacIntyrean Virtue Ethics in Business: A Cross-Cultural Comparison.Mario Fernando & Geoff Moore - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 132 (1):185-202.
    This paper seeks to establish whether the categories of MacIntyrean virtue ethics as applied to business organizations are meaningful in a non-western business context. It does so by building on research reported in Moore : 363–387, 2012) in which the application of virtue ethics to business organizations was investigated empirically in the UK, based on a conceptual framework drawn from MacIntyre’s work. Comparing these results with an equivalent study in Sri Lanka, the paper finds that the categories are meaningful but (...)
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  33.  25
    Ethics Without Ontology.Fr Anthony Giampietro - 2005 - Review of Metaphysics 59 (2):444-446.
    This text is the integrated vision of a man who has read widely and who does not hesitate to affirm truths from a variety of philosophical traditions whose presuppositions are not ontologically compatible. And this is precisely Putnam’s point: ontology has artificially divided thinkers into different schools. The division of contemporary philosophy into separate fields, he says, conceals the fact that arguments in one area are often just as valid in another. He notes that some thinkers who reject realism in (...)
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  34.  1
    Escaping Paternalism: Rationality, Behavioral Economics, and Public Policy.Mario J. Rizzo & Glen Whitman - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    A powerful critique of nudge theory and the paternalist policies of behavioral economics, and an argument for a more inclusive form of rationality.
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  35.  13
    Ecstatic Morality and Sexual Politics. [REVIEW]Anthony E. Giampietro - 2009 - International Philosophical Quarterly 49 (3):401-402.
  36.  57
    Resisting the Historical Objections to Realism: Is Doppelt’s a Viable Solution?Mario Alai - 2017 - Synthese 194 (9):3267-3290.
    There are two possible realist defense strategies against the pessimistic meta-induction and Laudan’s meta-modus tollens: the selective strategy, claiming that discarded theories are partially true, and the discontinuity strategy, denying that pessimism about past theories can be extended to current ones. A radical version of discontinuity realism is proposed by Gerald Doppelt: rather than discriminating between true and false components within theories, he holds that superseded theories cannot be shown to be even partially true, while present best theories are demonstrably (...)
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  37. Enactive Autonomy in Computational Systems.Mario Villalobos & Joe Dewhurst - 2018 - Synthese 195 (5):1891-1908.
    In this paper we will demonstrate that a computational system can meet the criteria for autonomy laid down by classical enactivism. The two criteria that we will focus on are operational closure and structural determinism, and we will show that both can be applied to a basic example of a physically instantiated Turing machine. We will also address the question of precariousness, and briefly suggest that a precarious Turing machine could be designed. Our aim in this paper is to challenge (...)
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  38.  24
    Improving the Catholic Approach to Healthcare?Anthony E. Giampietro - 2007 - HEC Forum 19 (3):261-270.
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  39.  12
    Mario Bunge’s Scientific Approach to Realism.Alberto Cordero - 2019 - In Mario Augusto Bunge, Michael R. Matthews, Guillermo M. Denegri, Eduardo L. Ortiz, Heinz W. Droste, Alberto Cordero, Pierre Deleporte, María Manzano, Manuel Crescencio Moreno, Dominique Raynaud, Íñigo Ongay de Felipe, Nicholas Rescher, Richard T. W. Arthur, Rögnvaldur D. Ingthorsson, Evandro Agazzi, Ingvar Johansson, Joseph Agassi, Nimrod Bar-Am, Alberto Cupani, Gustavo E. Romero, Andrés Rivadulla, Art Hobson, Olival Freire Junior, Peter Slezak, Ignacio Morgado-Bernal, Marta Crivos, Leonardo Ivarola, Andreas Pickel, Russell Blackford, Michael Kary, A. Z. Obiedat, Carolina I. García Curilaf, Rafael González del Solar, Luis Marone, Javier Lopez de Casenave, Francisco Yannarella, Mauro A. E. Chaparro, José Geiser Villavicencio- Pulido, Martín Orensanz, Jean-Pierre Marquis, Reinhard Kahle, Ibrahim A. Halloun, José María Gil, Omar Ahmad, Byron Kaldis, Marc Silberstein, Carolina I. García Curilaf, Rafael González del Solar, Javier Lopez de Casenave, Íñigo Ongay de Felipe & Villavicencio-Pulid (eds.), Mario Bunge: A Centenary Festschrift. Springer Verlag. pp. 83-100.
    The first half of this article follows Mario Bunge’s early realist moves, his efforts to articulate the achievements of theoretical physics as gains in the quest for objective truth and understanding, particularly in the context of the fights against the idealist and subjectivist interpretations of quantum mechanics that, at least until the mid-1970s, prevailed in physics. Bunge’s answers to the problems of quantum mechanics provide a good angle for understanding how his realist positions grew on the “battlefield.” The second (...)
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  40.  64
    The Relationship Between Spiritual Well-Being and Ethical Orientations in Decision Making: An Empirical Study with Business Executives in Australia. [REVIEW]Mario Fernando & Rafi M. M. I. Chowdhury - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 95 (2):211 - 225.
    The relationship between spiritual wellbeing and ethical orientations in decision making is examined through a survey of executives in organizations listed on the Australian Stock Exchange. The four domains of spiritual well-being, personal, communal, environmental and transcendental (Fisher, Spiritual health: its nature and place in the school curriculum, PhD thesis, University of Melbourne, 1998; Gomez and Fisher, Pers Individ Differ 35:1975–1991, 2003) are examined in relation to idealism and relativism (Forsyth, J Pers Soc Psychol 39(1): 175–184, 1980). Results reveal that (...)
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  41. Questioning and Disputing Vaccination Policies. Scientists and Experts in the Italian Public Debate.Barbara Sena & Giampietro Gobo - 2022 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 42 (1-2):25-38.
    Most literature about vaccine hesitancy has been focused on parental attitudes. Less attention has been devoted to both scientists and experts who raise criticism about immunization policies and intervene in the public debate. This consideration aims to balance the current emphasis in the literature on parents’ attitudes about vaccination, offering a complementary angle to reframe and widen the controversy. Focusing on scientists and experts, an unattended complex picture of multiple attitudes towards vaccines and vaccinations has been discovered through a qualitative (...)
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  42.  10
    One Body: An Essay in Christian Sexual Ethics. By Alexander Pruss.Anthony E. Giampietro - 2015 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 89 (1):171-173.
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  43. Grande Antologia Filosofica Diretta da Umberto Antonio Padovani, Coordinata da Andrea Mario Moschetti.Umberto Antonio Padovani, Andrea Mario Moschetti, Michele Federico Sciacca & Michele Schiavone - 1966 - C. Marzorati.
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  44.  9
    Logical-Rule Models of Classification Response Times: A Synthesis of Mental-Architecture, Random-Walk, and Decision-Bound Approaches.Mario Fific, Daniel R. Little & Robert M. Nosofsky - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (2):309-348.
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  45.  65
    Algorithmic and Human Decision Making: For a Double Standard of Transparency.Mario Günther & Atoosa Kasirzadeh - 2022 - AI and Society 37 (1):375-381.
    Should decision-making algorithms be held to higher standards of transparency than human beings? The way we answer this question directly impacts what we demand from explainable algorithms, how we govern them via regulatory proposals, and how explainable algorithms may help resolve the social problems associated with decision making supported by artificial intelligence. Some argue that algorithms and humans should be held to the same standards of transparency and that a double standard of transparency is hardly justified. We give two arguments (...)
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  46.  62
    Neural Correlates of Conscious Self-Regulation of Emotion.Mario Beauregard, Johanne Lévesque & Pierre Bourgouin - 2001 - Journal of Neuroscience 21 (18):6993-7000.
  47.  1
    The Sociology-Philosophy Connection.Mario Bunge - 1999 - Transaction Publishers.
    Most social scientists and philosophers claim that sociology and philosophy are disjointed fields of inquiry. Some have wondered how to trace the precise boundary between them. Mario Bunge argues the two fields are so entangled with one another that no demarcation is possible or, indeed, desirable. In fact, sociological research has demonstrably philosophical presuppositions. In turn, some findings of sociology are bound to correct or enrich the philosophical theories that deal with the world, our knowledge of it, or the (...)
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  48.  15
    Emotional Experience and Awareness of Self: Functional MRI Studies of Depersonalization Disorder.Nick Medford, Mauricio Sierra, Argyris Stringaris, Vincent Giampietro, Michael J. Brammer & Anthony S. David - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  49.  4
    Scientific Authorship: Credit and Intellectual Property in Science.Mario Biagioli & Peter Galison - 2003 - Psychology Press.
  50.  65
    Living Systems: Autonomy, Autopoiesis and Enaction.Mario Villalobos & Dave Ward - 2015 - Philosophy and Technology 28 (2):225-239.
    The autopoietic theory and the enactive approach are two theoretical streams that, in spite of their historical link and conceptual affinities, offer very different views on the nature of living beings. In this paper, we compare these views and evaluate, in an exploratory way, their respective degrees of internal coherence. Focusing the analyses on certain key notions such as autonomy and organizational closure, we argue that while the autopoietic theory manages to elaborate an internally consistent conception of living beings, the (...)
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