15 found
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  1.  20
    The Notion of Neutrality in Clinical Ethics Consultation.Alessandra Gasparetto, Ralf J. Jox & Mario Picozzi - 2018 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 13:3.
    Clinical ethics consultation, as an activity that may be provided by clinical ethics committees and consultants, is nowadays a well-established practice in North America. Although it has been increasingly implemented in Europe and elsewhere, no agreement can be found among scholars and practitioners on the appropriate role or approach the consultant should play when ethically problematic cases involving conflicts and uncertainties come up. In particular, there is no consensus on the acceptability of consultants making recommendations, offering moral advice upon request, (...)
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  2.  28
    Can Attitudes Toward Genome Editing Better Inform Cognitive Enhancement Policy?Davide Battisti, Alessandra Gasparetto & Mario Picozzi - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (1):59-61.
    The article by Conrad et al. (AJOB Neuroscience, 2019, 10:1) does not take into account another, still hypothetical, procedure for cognitive enhancement (CE) which would be appropriate to consider in the surveys, i.e. the possibility to genetically enhance the cognitive abilities of a future individual using genome editing techniques. In this case, the conclusions of the article in the context of the “self-others difference” and “safety/naturalness” would be questioned. In fact, the results of the hypothetical surveys with the variant “genome (...)
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  3.  13
    The Development of Clinical Ethics in Italy and the Birth of the “Document of Trento”.Mario Picozzi, Federico Nicoli & Renzo Pegoraro - 2017 - Clinical Ethics 12 (1):24-30.
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  4.  6
    Is Left Ventricular Assist Device Deactivation Ethically Acceptable? A Study on the Euthanasia Debate.Sara Roggi & Mario Picozzi - 2021 - HEC Forum 33 (4):325-343.
    In the last decades, new technologies have improved the survival of patients affected by chronic illnesses. Among them, left ventricular assist device has represented a viable solution for patients with advanced heart failure. Even though the LVAD prolongs life expectancy, patients’ vulnerability generally increases during follow up and patients’ request for the device withdrawal might occur. Such a request raises some ethical concerns in that it directly hastens the patient’s death. Hence, in order to assess the ethical acceptability of LVAD (...)
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  5.  8
    Master in “Clinical Bioethics Consultation”: An Italian Training Program for Clinical Ethics Consultants.Federico Nicoli, Renzo Pegoraro, Antonio G. Spagnolo & Mario Picozzi - 2017 - International Journal of Ethics Education 2 (1):49-56.
    A Second level Master in “Clinical Bioethics Consultation” has been organized in Italy to offer an opportunity to offer an adequate training to carry out an ethics consultation in different health fields. The master has been promoted and realized by different institutions: Catholic University of Sacred Hearth in Rome, Insubria University in Varese, “Federico II” University in Naples, Lanza Foundation in Padua and the Local Health and Social Care Unit n.7 in Veneto Region. The aim of the master is train (...)
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  6.  12
    The Duty to Vaccinate: A Cultural Challenge.Mario Picozzi, Renzo Pegoraro & Andrea Virdis - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (4):52-53.
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  7.  11
    Taking Care of the Vulnerable: The Criterion of Proportionality.Mario Picozzi & Renzo Pegoraro - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (8):44-45.
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  8.  17
    The Separation Wall and the Right to Healthcare.Melania Borgo & Mario Picozzi - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (4):523-529.
    Nowadays, the concepts of soldier and war have changed due to terrorism and the war on terrorism. According to the literature, to prevent terrorism, it is possible to use more violence, but how can we grant the safety of many versus the dignity of a few? In Israel, in order to protect civilians against possible terrorist attacks, Palestinian ambulances that would reach the Israeli hospitals must be quickly controlled. However, many times, at the checkpoint, patients have to wait for an (...)
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  9.  25
    L’allocazione delle risorse sanitarie durante la pandemia da Covid-19: un’analisi comparativa dei documenti della SIAARTI e del CNB.Davide Battisti, Luca Marelli, Mario Picozzi, Massimo Reichlin & Virginia Sanchini - 2021 - Notizie di Politeia 141:25-45.
    In Italy, during the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic, the Italian Society of Resuscitators and Pain Therapists (SIAARTI) and the Italian National Bioethics Committee (CNB) published ethical guidance on the allocation of scarce intensive care resources. In this paper, we outline and compare these documents in detail, highlighting differences and similarities. In particular, we argue that major differences exist with respect to the principles and values underpinning the documents and the normative allocation criteria proposed. Conversely, similarities can be traced (...)
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  10.  3
    How to Continue COVID-19 Vaccine Clinical Trials? The Ethics of Vaccine Research in a Time of Pandemic.Silvia Ceruti, Marco Cosentino & Mario Picozzi - 2022 - Clinical Ethics 17 (1):32-40.
    Between December 2020 and March 2021, the US Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicines Agency issued Emergency Use Authorizations and Conditional Marketing Authorizations for the distribution of the first COVID-19 vaccines. Although these vaccines were thoroughly assessed before their approval, regulators required companies to continue ongoing placebo-controlled clinical trials in order to gather further reliable scientific information on their safety and efficacy, as well as to start new studies to evaluate additional candidates. The aim of this paper is (...)
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  11.  23
    The Declaration of Helsinki and Post-Study Access to Effective Drug Treatments for Subjects Participating in Clinical Trials.Marco Cosentino & Mario Picozzi - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (7):393-394.
  12.  5
    Analyzing the Paradigmatic Cases of Two Persons with a Disorder of Consciousness: Reflections on the Legal and Ethical Perspectives.Davide Sattin, Davide Torri, Lino Panzeri & Mario Picozzi - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-9.
    BackgroundMedia have increasingly reported on the difficulties associated with end-of-life decision-making in patients with Disorders of Consciousness, contextualizing such dilemma in detailed accounts of the patient’s life. Two of the first stories debated in the scientific community were those related to the cases of two women, one American, the other Italian, who captured attention of millions of people in the first years of this third millennium.MethodsMuch has been written about the challenges of surrogate decision-making for patients in DOC, but less (...)
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  13.  33
    Keith Wailoo, Julie Livingston, Steven Epstein, Robert Aronowitz : Three Shots at Prevention: The HPV Vaccine and the Politics of Medicine’s Simple Solutions: The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 2010, 320 Pp, $30.00 , ISBN: 080189672X.Mario Picozzi & Viviana Cislaghi - 2015 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36 (3):237-242.
    In order to fully understand the ethical, cultural, and political debate that moves around the papillomavirus vaccine, a bit of attention has to be paid to its history.In 2006 the first advertisements for Gardasil, the commercial name of the vaccine, started to appear in the United States. Merck pharmaceutical was the main dealer. Their “One Less” campaign was characterized by adolescent girls staring into the camera and saying, “I’m one less,” declaring their intention to be vaccinated against the human papillomavirus, (...)
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  14.  11
    Goals Change Roles: How Does the Clinic Redefine Philosophical “Critical Distance”?Alessandra Gasparetto, Renzo Pegoraro & Mario Picozzi - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (6):64-66.
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  15.  7
    “If an Acute Event Occurs, What Should We Do?” Diverse Ethical Approaches to Decision-Making in the ICU.Federico Nicoli, Paul Cummins, Joseph A. Raho, Rouven Porz, Giulio Minoja & Mario Picozzi - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (3):475-486.
    The aim of this paper is to analyze an Intensive Care Unit case that required ethics consultation at a University Hospital in Northern Italy. After the case was resolved, a retrospective ethical analysis was performed by four clinical ethicists who work in different healthcare contexts. Each ethicist used a different method to analyze the case; the four general approaches provide insight into how these ethicists conduct ethics consultations at their respective hospitals. Concluding remarks examine the similarities and differences among the (...)
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