19 found
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  1.  5
    Impact of Moral Sensitivity on Moral Distress Among Psychiatric Nurses.Kayoko Ohnishi, Kazuyo Kitaoka, Jun Nakahara, Maritta Välimäki, Raija Kontio & Minna Anttila - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973301775126.
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  2.  72
    Long-Term Nursing Care of Elderly People: Identifying Ethically Problematic Experiences Among Patients, Relatives and Nurses in Finland.Sari Teeri, Helena Leino-Kilpi & Maritta Välimäki - 2006 - Nursing Ethics 13 (2):116-129.
    The aim of this study was to explore ethically problematic situations in the long-term nursing care of elderly people. It was assumed that greater awareness of ethical problems in caring for elderly people helps to ensure ethically high standards of nursing care. To obtain a broad perspective on the current situation, the data for this study were collected among elderly patients, their relatives and nurses in one long-term care institution in Finland. The patients (n=10) were interviewed, while the relatives (n=17) (...)
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  3.  17
    Perceptions of Autonomy, Privacy and Informed Consent in the Care of Elderly People in Five European Countries: Comparison and Implications for the Future.Helena Leino-Kilpi, Maritta Välimäki, Theo Dassen, Maria Gasull, Chryssoula Lemonidou, P. Anne Scott, Anja Schopp, Marianne Arndt & Anne Kaljonen - 2003 - Nursing Ethics 10 (1):58-66.
    This article discusses nurses’ and elderly patients’ perceptions of the realization of autonomy, privacy and informed consent in five European countries. Comparisons between the concepts and the countries indicated that both nurses and patients gave the highest ratings to privacy and the lowest to informed consent. There were differences between countries. According to the patient data, autonomy is best realized in Spain, privacy in the UK (Scotland), and informed consent in Finland. For the staff data, the best results tended to (...)
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  4.  29
    Patient Restrictions: Are There Ethical Alternatives to Seclusion and Restraint?Raija Kontio, Maritta Välimäki, Hanna Putkonen, Lauri Kuosmanen, Anne Scott & Grigori Joffe - 2010 - Nursing Ethics 17 (1):65-76.
    The use of patient restrictions (e.g. involuntary admission, seclusion, restraint) is a complex ethical dilemma in psychiatric care. The present study explored nurses’ (n = 22) and physicians’ (n = 5) perceptions of what actually happens when an aggressive behaviour episode occurs on the ward and what alternatives to seclusion and restraint are actually in use as normal standard practice in acute psychiatric care. The data were collected by focus group interviews and analysed by inductive content analysis. The participants believed (...)
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  5.  11
    Perceptions of Autonomy in the Care of Elderly People in Five European Countries.P. Anne Scott, Maritta Välimäki, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Theo Dassen, Maria Gasull, Chryssoula Lemonidou, Marianne Arndt, Anja Schopp, Riitta Suhonen & Anne Kaljonen - 2003 - Nursing Ethics 10 (1):28-38.
    The focus of this article is perceptions of elderly patients and nurses regarding patients’ autonomy in nursing practice. Autonomy is empirically defined as having two components: information received/given as a prerequisite and decision making as the action. The results indicated differences between staff and patient perceptions of patient autonomy for both components in all five countries in which this survey was conducted. There were also differences between countries in the perceptions of patients and nurses regarding the frequency with which patients (...)
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  6.  18
    Perceptions of Privacy in the Care of Elderly People in Five European Countries.Anja Schopp, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Maritta Välimäki, Theo Dassen, Maria Gasull, Chryssoula Lemonidou, P. Anne Scott, Marianne Arndt & Anne Kaljonen - 2003 - Nursing Ethics 10 (1):39-47.
    The focus of this article is on elderly patients’ and nursing staff perceptions of privacy in the care of elderly patients/residents in five European countries. Privacy includes physical, social and informational elements. The results show that perceptions of privacy were strongest in the UK (Scotland) and weakest in Greece. Country comparisons revealed statistically significant differences between the perceptions of elderly patients and also between those of nurses working in the same ward or long-term care facility. Perceptions of privacy by patients (...)
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  7.  11
    University Students' Knowledge of, and Attitudes Towards, Hiv and Aids, Homosexuality and Sexual Risk Behaviour: A Questionnaire Survey in Two Finnish Universities.Teija Korhonen, Jari Kylmä, Jarmo Houtsonen, Maritta Välimäki & Tarja Suominen - 2012 - Journal of Biosocial Science 44 (6):661-675.
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  8.  8
    Perceptions of Informed Consent in the Care of Elderly People in Five European Countries.Anja Schopp, Maritta Välimäki, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Theo Dassen, Maria Gasull, Chryssoula Lemonidou, P. Anne Scott, Marianne Arndt & Anne Kaljonen - 2003 - Nursing Ethics 10 (1):48-57.
    The focus of this article is on elderly patients’ and nursing staff perceptions of informed consent in the care of elderly patients/residents in five European countries. The results suggest that patients and nurses differ in their views on how informed consent is implemented. Among elderly patients the highest frequency for securing informed consent was reported in Finland; the lowest was in Germany. In contrast, among nurses, the highest frequency was reported in the UK (Scotland) and the lowest in Finland. In (...)
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  9.  26
    Individualized Care Scale – Nurse Version: A Finnish Validation Study.Riitta Suhonen, Marja-Liisa Gustafsson, Jouko Katajisto, Maritta Välimäki & Helena Leino-Kilpi - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (1):145-154.
  10.  7
    Perceptions of Autonomy, Privacy and Informed Consent in the Care of Elderly People in Five European Countries: General Overview.Helena Leino-Kilpi, Maritta Välimäki, Theo Dassen, Maria Gasull, Chryssoula Lemonidou, Anja Schopp, P. Anne Scott, Marianne Arndt & Anne Kaljonen - 2003 - Nursing Ethics 10 (1):18-27.
    Ethical issues in the care of elderly people have been identified in many countries. We report the findings of a comparative research project funded by the European Commission, which took place between 1998 and 2001. The project explored the issues of autonomy (part I), privacy (part II) and informed consent (part III) in nursing practice. Data were collected from elderly residents/patients (n = 573) and nursing staff (n = 887) in five European countries: Finland, Spain, Greece, Germany and the UK (...)
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  11.  21
    Development and Psychometric Properties of the Individualized Care Scale.Riitta Suhonen, Helena Leino‐Kilpi & Maritta Välimäki - 2005 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 11 (1):7-20.
  12.  24
    Deprivation of Liberty in Psychiatric Treatment: A Finnish Perspective.Maritta Välimäki, Johanna Taipale & Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino - 2001 - Nursing Ethics 8 (6):522-532.
    This article is concerned with the deprivation of patients’ liberty while undergoing psychiatric treatment, with special reference to the situation in Finland. It is based on a review of Finnish law, health care statistics, and empirical and theoretical studies. Relevant research findings from other countries are also discussed. In Finland, it is required that patients are cared for by mutual understanding with themselves; coercive measures may be applied only if they are necessary for the treatment of the illness, or for (...)
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  13.  19
    Self-Determination in Clinical Practice: The Psychiatric Patient's Point of View.Maritta Välimäki, Helena Leino-Kilpi & Hans Helenius - 1996 - Nursing Ethics 3 (4):329-344.
    This article looks at the relevance of the concept of self-determination to psychiatric patients by studying the existence, importance and manifestations of self-determination. The data were collected by interviewing long-term patients (n = 72) in one mental health care organization, which included a psychiatric hospital and an outpatient department. Self-determination was defined in terms of the right to decision-making, the right to information, the right of consent, the right to refuse treatment, and the right to be heard and taken into (...)
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  14.  12
    Maintenance of Patients' Integrity in Long-Term Institutional Care.Sari Teeri, Maritta Välimäki, Jouko Katajisto & Helena Leino-Kilpi - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (4):523-535.
    This study aimed to describe and compare the views of nurses and older patients' relatives on factors restricting the maintenance of patient integrity in long-term care. The purposive sample comprised 222 nurses and 213 relatives of older patients in four Finnish long-term care institutions. The data were collected using a self-developed questionnaire addressing five sets of factors relating to patients, relatives, nurses, the organization and society. The maintenance of patient integrity was restricted by: (1) social factors, including lack of respect (...)
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  15.  4
    Deprivation of Liberty in Psychiatric Hospital Care: The Patient's Perspective.Lauri Kuosmanen, Heli Hätönen, Heikki Malkavaara, Jari Kylmä & Maritta Välimäki - 2007 - Nursing Ethics 14 (5):597-607.
    Deprivation of liberty in psychiatric hospitals is common world-wide. The aim of this study was to find out whether patients had experienced deprivation of their liberty during psychiatric hospitalization and to explore their views about it. Patients (n = 51) in two acute psychiatric inpatient wards were interviewed in 2001. They were asked to describe in their own words their experiences of being deprived of their liberty. The data were analysed by inductive content analysis. The types of deprivation of liberty (...)
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  16.  13
    Nursing Students' Perceptions of Self-Determination in Elderly People.Maritta Välimäki, Helena Haapsaari, Jouko Katajisto & Riitta Suhonen - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (3):346-359.
    The purpose of this study was to compare nursing students' perceptions of self-determination in elderly patients before and after clinical training in long term care institutions as a part of their course in gerontological nursing. A pre- post-test design was employed. The data were collected by questionnaires completed by students at one nurse education organization college in Finland (pre-test n ± 120, response rate 95%; post-test n ± 115, response rate 91%). The students' perceptions of elderly patients' self-determination were more (...)
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  17.  23
    The Patient Satisfaction Scale – an Empirical Investigation Into the Finnish Adaptation.Riitta Suhonen, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Maritta Välimäki & Hesook Suzie Kim - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (1):31-38.
  18.  8
    Willingness to Care for Patients With HIV/AIDS.Maritta Välimäki, Pekka Makkonen, Mari Blek-Vehkaluoto, Vida Mockiene, Natalja Istomina, Ulla Raid, Maj-Lis Vänskä & Tarja Suominen - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (5):586-600.
    This study aims to describe and compare nurses' willingness to provide care for patients with HIV/AIDS and factors associated with this in three countries. An international cross-sectional survey was conducted among nurses working in medical, surgical and gynaecology units in Finland (n =427), Estonia (n =221) and Lithuania ( n =185) in early 2006. The response rates were 75% (n = 322) in Finland, 54% (n =119) in Estonia and 86% (n = 160) in Lithuania. A modified version of a (...)
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  19.  1
    Ideology of Nursing Care in Child Psychiatric Inpatient Treatment.Heikki Ellilä, Maritta Välimäki, Tony Warne & Andre Sourander - 2007 - Nursing Ethics 14 (5):583-596.
    Research on nursing ideology and the ethics of child and adolescent psychiatric nursing care is limited. The aim of this study was to describe and explore the ideological approaches guiding psychiatric nursing in child and adolescent psychiatric inpatient wards in Finland, and discuss the ethical, theoretical and practical concerns related to nursing ideologies. Data were collected by means of a national questionnaire survey, which included one open-ended question seeking managers' opinions on the nursing ideology used in their area of practice. (...)
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