Results for 'Marjorie Schaffer'

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  1.  20
    Ethical Problems in End-of-Life Decisions for Elderly Norwegians.Marjorie A. Schaffer - 2007 - Nursing Ethics 14 (2):242-257.
    Norwegian health professionals, elderly people and family members experience ethical problems involving end-of-life decision making for elders in the context of the values of Norwegian society. This study used ethical inquiry and qualitative methodology to conduct and analyze interviews carried out with 25 health professionals, six elderly people and five family members about the ethical problems they encountered in end-of-life decision making in Norway. All three participant groups experienced ethical problems involving the adequacy of health care for elderly Norwegians. Older (...)
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  2.  61
    Nursing Students' Experience of Ethical Problems and Use of Ethical Decision-Making Models.Miriam E. Cameron, Marjorie Schaffer & Hyeoun-Ae Park - 2001 - Nursing Ethics 8 (5):432-447.
    Using a conceptual framework and method combining ethical enquiry and phenomenology, we asked 73 senior baccalaureate nursing students to answer two questions: (1) What is nursing students’ experience of an ethical problem involving nursing practice? and (2) What is nursing students’ experience of using an ethical decision-making model? Each student described one ethical problem, from which emerged five content categories, the largest being that involving health professionals (44%). The basic nature of the ethical problems consisted of the nursing students’ experience (...)
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  3. Two Conceptions of Sparse Properties.Jonathan Schaffer - 2004 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 85 (1):92–102.
    Are the sparse properties drawn from all the levels of nature, or only the fundamental level? I discuss the notion of sparse property found in Armstrong and Lewis, show that there are tensions in the roles they have assigned the sparse properties, and argue that the sparse properties should be drawn from all the levels of nature.
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  4.  17
    Spinoza: a collection of critical essays.Marjorie Grene - 1973 - Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press.
    This is another volume in the Modern Studies in Philosophy, a series of anthologies under the general editorship of Prof. Amelie Oksenberg Rorty, which present contemporary interpretations and evaluations of the works of major philosophers. This volume, consisting of a collection of papers by an impressive gallery of scholars, offers a plurality of perspectives on Spinoza. Each interpretation conflicts with some other; yet each illuminates some aspect of the subject. All the papers reflect the "tensions" and "conflicts" which make for (...)
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  5.  13
    The psychophysiological model of meditation and altered states of consciousness: A critical review.Marjorie Schuman - 1980 - In J. M. Davidson & Richard J. Davidson (eds.), The Psychobiology of Consciousness. Plenum. pp. 333--378.
  6.  92
    The dreaded comparison: human and animal slavery.Marjorie Spiegel - 1996 - New York, NY: Mirror Books.
    Illustrates the similarities between the enslavement of Black people and the enslavement of animals in both the past and the present.
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  7. Knowledge, Stakes, and Mistakes.Wesley Buckwalter & Jonathan Schaffer - 2015 - Noûs 49 (2):201–234.
    According to a prominent claim in recent epistemology, people are less likely to ascribe knowledge to a high stakes subject for whom the practical consequences of error are severe, than to a low stakes subject for whom the practical consequences of error are slight. We offer an opinionated "state of the art" on experimental research about the role of stakes in knowledge judgments. We draw on a first wave of empirical studies--due to Feltz & Zarpentine (2010), May et al (2010), (...)
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  8.  44
    Wittgenstein's ladder: poetic language and the strangeness of the ordinary.Marjorie Perloff - 1996 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Marjorie Perloff, among our foremost critics of twentieth-century poetry, argues that Ludwig Wittgenstein provided writers with a radical new aesthetic, a key to recognizing the inescapable strangeness of ordinary language. Taking seriously Wittgenstein's remark that "philosophy ought really to be written only as a form of poetry," Perloff begins by discussing Wittgenstein the "poet." What we learn is that the poetics of everyday life is anything but banal. "This book has the lucidity and the intelligence we have come to (...)
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  9. Cultural Transmission of Social Essentialism.Marjorie Rhodes, Sarah-Jane Leslie & Christina Tworek - 2012 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109 (34):13526-13531.
  10.  14
    .Marjorie Garber - 1999 - Critical Inquiry 25 (4):653-679.
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  11.  97
    Leviathan and the Air-Pump: Hobbes, Boyle, and the Experimental Life.Steven Shapin & Simon Schaffer - 1985 - Princeton University Press.
    In a new introduction, the authors describe how science and its social context were understood when this book was first published, and how the study of the history of science has changed since then.
  12.  23
    Knowledge and skepticism.Marjorie Clay & Keith Lehrer (eds.) - 1989 - Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.
  13. Quantum holism: nonseparability as common ground.Jenann Ismael & Jonathan Schaffer - 2020 - Synthese 197 (10):4131-4160.
    Quantum mechanics seems to portray nature as nonseparable, in the sense that it allows spatiotemporally separated entities to have states that cannot be fully specified without reference to each other. This is often said to implicate some form of “holism.” We aim to clarify what this means, and why this seems plausible. Our core idea is that the best explanation for nonseparability is a “common ground” explanation, which casts nonseparable entities in a holistic light, as scattered reflections of a more (...)
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  14.  16
    Nursing Practices and Lactation Amenorrhoea.Marjorie F. Elias, Jane Teas, Johanna Johnston & Carolyn Bora - 1986 - Journal of Biosocial Science 18 (1):1-10.
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  15.  12
    Wedded to the Joint Return: Culture and the Persistence of the Marital Unit in the American Income Tax.Marjorie E. Kornhauser - 2010 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 11 (2):631-653.
    The United States, unlike most developed countries, continues to use the marital couple as the taxable unit for its income tax. This continued use of the marital unit— like its original establishment —rests on cultural preferences. This Article suggests that the roles of marriage, religion and taxation in America are essential factors in America’s retention of the marital unit. Part I examines the distinctive contribution marriage — especially the traditional single-earner breadwinner marriage — makes to the political life of the (...)
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  16.  19
    Landscape Marjorie Grene.Marjorie Grene - 1982 - In Ronald Bruzina & Bruce Wilshire (eds.), Phenomenology: Dialogues and Bridges. State University of New York Press. pp. 55.
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  17.  21
    Moral learning as intuitive theory revision.Marjorie Rhodes & Henry Wellman - 2017 - Cognition 167:191-200.
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  18. I’m Number One! Does Narcissism Impair Ethical Judgment Even for the Highly Religious?Marjorie J. Cooper & Chris Pullig - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 112 (1):167-176.
    Can an assessment of individuals’ narcissism help explain the quality of a respondent’s ethical judgment? How is the relationship between religiosity and ethical judgment moderated by the effects of narcissism? With a sample of 385 undergraduate business majors, this study uses a taxonomic approach to examine the effects of intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity as well as orthodox Christian beliefs on ethical judgment. Three distinct clusters were identified: Skeptics, Nominals, and Devouts. Surprisingly, of the three clusters, Nominals and Devouts were the (...)
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  19. Quantum holism: nonseparability as common ground.Jenann Ismael & Jonathan Schaffer - manuscript
    Quantum mechanics seems to portray nature as nonseparable, in the sense that it allows spatiotemporally separated entities to have states that cannot be fully specified without reference to each other. This is often said to implicate some form of “holism.” We aim to clarify what this means, and why this seems plausible. Our core idea is that the best explanation for nonseparability is a “common ground” explanation, which casts nonseparable entities in a holistic light, as scattered reflections of a more (...)
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  20.  6
    Infinite Awareness: The Awakening of a Scientific Mind.Marjorie Woollacott & Pim van Lommel - 2015 - Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Infinite Awareness pairs Woollacott’s research as a neuroscientist with her self-revelations about the her mind’s spiritual power. Between the scientific and spiritual worlds, she breaks open the definition of human consciousness to investigate the existence of a non-physical mind.
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  21.  5
    La dialyse à domicile : quelles motivations et quels retentissements sur le couple?Marjorie Roques & Nadine Proia-Lelouey - 2015 - Dialogue: Families & Couples 210 (4):111-122.
    La cohabitation avec la dialyse à domicile, ce lieu privé habituellement préservé de la maladie, invite à des questionnements sur la dynamique du couple au regard du nouveau rôle de soignant endossé par le conjoint et de celui de patient assigné au conjoint malade. Les auteurs, psychologues cliniciennes, interrogent ici les motivations conscientes et inconscientes qui conduisent à cette décision commune et leurs retentissements sur la dynamique du couple. Différentes configurations relationnelles observées dans notre clinique seront abordées. L’article, cas clinique (...)
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  22.  1
    Phenomenology and Science in Contemporary European Thought.Marjorie Grene - 1964 - Philosophical Quarterly 14 (56):273-274.
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  23.  25
    Facing the Future: Media Ethics, Bioethics, and the World's First Face Transplant.Marjorie Kruvand & Bastiaan Vanacker - 2011 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 26 (2):135 - 157.
    When the world's first face transplant was performed in France in 2005, the complex medical procedure and accompanying worldwide media attention sparked many ethical issues, including how the media covered the story. This study uses framing theory to examine what happens when media ethics intersect with bioethics by analyzing French, American, and British media coverage on the transplant and its aftermath. This study looks at how this story was framed and which bioethical issues were focused upon. The media ethical implications (...)
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  24. On what grounds what.Jonathan Schaffer - 2009 - In David Manley, David J. Chalmers & Ryan Wasserman (eds.), Metametaphysics: New Essays on the Foundations of Ontology. Oxford University Press. pp. 347-383.
    On the now dominant Quinean view, metaphysics is about what there is. Metaphysics so conceived is concerned with such questions as whether properties exist, whether meanings exist, and whether numbers exist. I will argue for the revival of a more traditional Aristotelian view, on which metaphysics is about what grounds what. Metaphysics so revived does not bother asking whether properties, meanings, and numbers exist (of course they do!) The question is whether or not they are fundamental.
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  25.  19
    Controlling the message: preschoolers’ use of information to teach and deceive others.Marjorie Rhodes, Elizabeth Bonawitz, Patrick Shafto, Annie Chen & Leyla Caglar - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  26. Monism: The Priority of the Whole.Jonathan Schaffer - 2010 - Philosophical Review 119 (1):31-76.
    Consider a circle and a pair of its semicircles. Which is prior, the whole or its parts? Are the semicircles dependent abstractions from their whole, or is the circle a derivative construction from its parts? Now in place of the circle consider the entire cosmos (the ultimate concrete whole), and in place of the pair of semicircles consider the myriad particles (the ultimate concrete parts). Which if either is ultimately prior, the one ultimate whole or its many ultimate parts?
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  27.  20
    Representation of the interlocutor's mind during conversation.Marjorie Barker & T. Givon - 2005 - In B. Malle & S. Hodges (eds.), Other Minds: How Humans Bridge the Gap Between Self and Others. Guilford Press.
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  28.  16
    Talking back to frida: Houses of emotional mestizaje.Marjorie Becker - 2002 - History and Theory 41 (4):56–71.
    “Talking Back to Frida: Houses of Emotional Mestizaje” is, in part, a historical meditation on the silencing of three women, Frida Kahlo, Maria Enríquez, a Mexican woman who was sexually assaulted in 1924, and me. Written in an innovative historical fashion that joins techniques drawn from fiction, journalism, and history, the article attempts to understand specific assaults on women’s voices by drawing readers into the historical worlds of the protagonists. “Talking Back” also seeks to respond to Hans Kellner’s incisive theoretical (...)
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  29.  4
    The predatory mite Metaseiulusoccidentalis: mitey small and mitey large genomes.Marjorie A. Hoy - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (5):581-590.
    Metaseiulus occidentalis is a representative of an important family of mites (Arthropoda: Chelicerata: Acari: Phytoseiidae) that are effective predators of pest mites in agricultural crops around the world. Like many arthropods, this mite contains multiple genomes, including the genomes of several microbial symbionts as well as its own mitochondrial and nuclear genomes. The mitochondrial genome is “mitey” large at 25 kb, due to duplication and triplication of genes. By contrast, the nuclear genome is “mitey” small at 88 Mb. This mite (...)
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  30.  16
    A Comparative of Magnet® Organizations and Accountable Care Organizations.Marjorie Jenkins & Cindy Jarrett-Pulliam - 2012 - Jona’s Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 14 (2):55-63.
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  31. Folk Mereology is Teleological.David Rose & Jonathan Schaffer - 2017 - Noûs 51 (2):238-270.
    When do the folk think that mereological composition occurs? Many metaphysicians have wanted a view of composition that fits with folk intuitions, and yet there has been little agreement about what the folk intuit. We aim to put the tools of experimental philosophy to constructive use. Our studies suggest that folk mereology is teleological: people tend to intuit that composition occurs when the result serves a purpose. We thus conclude that metaphysicians should dismiss folk intuitions, as tied into a benighted (...)
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  32.  79
    Constructing a New Theory From Old Ideas and New Evidence.Marjorie Rhodes & Henry Wellman - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (3):592-604.
    A central tenet of constructivist models of conceptual development is that children's initial conceptual level constrains how they make sense of new evidence and thus whether exposure to evidence will prompt conceptual change. Yet little experimental evidence directly examines this claim for the case of sustained, fundamental conceptual achievements. The present study combined scaling and experimental microgenetic methods to examine the processes underlying conceptual change in the context of an important conceptual achievement of early childhood—the development of a representational theory (...)
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  33. Grounding in the image of causation.Jonathan Schaffer - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (1):49-100.
    Grounding is often glossed as metaphysical causation, yet no current theory of grounding looks remotely like a plausible treatment of causation. I propose to take the analogy between grounding and causation seriously, by providing an account of grounding in the image of causation, on the template of structural equation models for causation.
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  34.  6
    Explorations in music and esotericism.Marjorie Roth & Leonard George (eds.) - 2023 - Rochester: University of Rochester Press.
    Scholars explore from many fresh angles the interweavings of two of the richest strands of human culture-music and esotericism-with examples from the medieval period to the modern age. Music and esotericism are two responses to the intuition that the world holds hidden order, beauty, and power. Those who compose, perform, and listen to music have often noted that music can be a bridge between sensory and transcendent realms. Such renowned writers as Boethius expanded the definition of music to encompass not (...)
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  35. Contract, Intent, and the Formation of Families.Marjorie M. Shultz - forthcoming - Proceedings of the National Conference on Bioethics, Family and Law.
     
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  36.  42
    Substitution.Marjorie Goldwasser Wyler - 1938 - Mind 47 (188):499-504.
  37. Knowledge entails dispositional belief.David Rose & Jonathan Schaffer - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 166 (S1):19-50.
    Knowledge is widely thought to entail belief. But Radford has claimed to offer a counterexample: the case of the unconfident examinee. And Myers-Schulz and Schwitzgebel have claimed empirical vindication of Radford. We argue, in defense of orthodoxy, that the unconfident examinee does indeed have belief, in the epistemically relevant sense of dispositional belief. We buttress this with empirical results showing that when the dispositional conception of belief is specifically elicited, people’s intuitions then conform with the view that knowledge entails (dispositional) (...)
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  38. Folk teleology drives persistence judgments.David Rose, Jonathan Schaffer & Kevin Tobia - 2020 - Synthese 197 (12):5491-5509.
    Two separate research programs have revealed two different factors that feature in our judgments of whether some entity persists. One program—inspired by Knobe—has found that normative considerations affect persistence judgments. For instance, people are more inclined to view a thing as persisting when the changes it undergoes lead to improvements. The other program—inspired by Kelemen—has found that teleological considerations affect persistence judgments. For instance, people are more inclined to view a thing as persisting when it preserves its purpose. Our goal (...)
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  39. Philosophers Speak for Themselves Berkeley, Hume and Kant, Edited by T.V. Smith and Marjorie Grene.Thomas Vernor Smith & Marjorie Glicksman Grene - 1960 - University of Chicago Press.
  40. Philosophers Speak for Themselves From Descartes to Locke, Edited by T.V. Smith and Marjorie Grene.Thomas Vernor Smith & Marjorie Glicksman Grene - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
     
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  41.  26
    Children's Explanations as a Window Into Their Intuitive Theories of the Social World.Marjorie Rhodes - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (8):1687-1697.
    Social categorization is an early emerging and robust component of social cognition, yet the role that social categories play in children's understanding of the social world has remained unclear. The present studies examined children's explanations of social behavior to provide a window into their intuitive theories of how social categories constrain human action. Children systematically referenced category memberships and social relationships as causal-explanatory factors for specific types of social interactions: harm among members of different categories more than harm among members (...)
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  42. La dialyse à domicile : quelles motivations et quels retentissements sur le couple?Marjorie Roques & Nadine Proia-Lelouey - 2015 - Dialogue: Families & Couples 210 (4):111-122.
    La cohabitation avec la dialyse à domicile, ce lieu privé habituellement préservé de la maladie, invite à des questionnements sur la dynamique du couple au regard du nouveau rôle de soignant endossé par le conjoint et de celui de patient assigné au conjoint malade. Les auteurs, psychologues cliniciennes, interrogent ici les motivations conscientes et inconscientes qui conduisent à cette décision commune et leurs retentissements sur la dynamique du couple. Différentes configurations relationnelles observées dans notre clinique seront abordées. L’article, cas clinique (...)
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  43.  12
    Modifications of Visual Field Asymmetries for Face Categorization in Early Deaf Adults: A Study With Chimeric Faces.Marjorie Dole, David Méary & Olivier Pascalis - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  44.  24
    Mountain Gloom and Mountain Glory: The Development of the Aesthetics of the Infinite.Marjorie Hope Nicolson - 1960 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 19 (1):108-109.
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  45.  62
    A companion to David Lewis.Barry Loewer & Jonathan Schaffer (eds.) - 2015 - Chichester, West Sussex ;: Wiley-Blackwell.
    In _A Companion to David Lewis_, Barry Loewer and Jonathan Schaffer bring together top philosophers to explain, discuss, and critically extend Lewis's seminal work in original ways. Students and scholars will discover the underlying themes and complex interconnections woven through the diverse range of his work in metaphysics, philosophy of language, logic, epistemology, philosophy of science, philosophy of mind, ethics, and aesthetics. The first and only comprehensive study of the work of David Lewis, one of the most systematic and (...)
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  46.  6
    Listen, Anne Frank.Marjorie Agosin & S. Jill Levine - 1985 - Feminist Studies 11 (3):594.
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  47.  7
    A note on the length of life of “men of distinction”.Marjory Atsatt - 1939 - The Eugenics Review 31 (2):97.
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  48.  7
    Gender Equality: A View from Beyond the ‘Glass Ceiling’1.Marjorie A. Lewis - 2017 - Feminist Theology 26 (1):101-109.
    Marjorie Lewis draws on her own experience of breaking through the glass ceiling to become the first woman President of the United Theological College of the West Indies. Through this, she considers the theological and biblical perspectives on gender equality, internalized and unrecognized inequality, naming and exorcising abuse in institutional relationships and strategies to survive and thrive. At the heart is a rejection of the notion that all suffering is to be embraced unchallenged as part of the Christian experience (...)
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  49.  12
    Sample diversity and premise typicality in inductive reasoning: Evidence for developmental change.Marjorie Rhodes, Daniel Brickman & Susan A. Gelman - 2008 - Cognition 108 (2):543-556.
  50.  86
    Ethical perspectives on the foreign direct investment decision.Marjorie T. Stanley - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (1):1 - 10.
    This paper examines the foreign direct investment decision from an ethical perspective, and considers the moral agency involved in such decisions, with emphasis upon the corporate decision-maker. Historical capital allocation models once regarded as both financially and ethically normative are shown to be deficient in today's environment. Work of modern western philososphical and theological ethicists is included in analyses of the applicability of selected ethical approaches or metaphors to multinational foreign direct investment decisions and the corporate manager's role and responsibility (...)
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