Results for 'Mark A. Whisman'

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  1.  14
    Genetic and environmental influences on rumination and its covariation with depression.Daniel P. Johnson, Mark A. Whisman, Robin P. Corley, John K. Hewitt & Naomi P. Friedman - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (7):1270-1286.
  2.  16
    Opposite effects of anxiety and depressive symptoms on executive function: The case of selecting among competing options.Hannah R. Snyder, Roselinde H. Kaiser, Mark A. Whisman, Amy E. J. Turner, Ryan M. Guild & Yuko Munakata - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (5):893-902.
  3.  27
    Creationism in Twentieth-Century America: A Ten-Volume Anthology of Documents, 1903-1961. Ronald L. Numbers, William Vance Trollinger, Jr., Paul Nelson, Edward B. Davis, Mark A. Kalthoff. [REVIEW]Mark A. Noll - 1997 - Isis 88 (1):160-162.
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  4.  87
    Trivial Tasks that Consume a Lifetime: Kierkegaard on Immortality and Becoming Subjective.Mark A. Wrathall - 2015 - The Journal of Ethics 19 (3-4):419-441.
    S. Kierkegaard argued that our highest task as humans is to realize an “intensified” or “developed” form of subjectivity—his name for self-responsible agency. A self-responsible agent is not only responsible for her actions. She also bears responsibility for the individual that she is. In this paper, I review Kierkegaard’s account of the role that our capacity for reflective self-evaluation plays in making us responsible for ourselves. It is in the exercise of this capacity that we can go from being subjective (...)
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  5.  15
    From Oblivion to Memory: A Blueprint for the Amnesty: Mark Freeman: Necessary Evils: Amnesties and the Search for Justice, Cambridge University Press, New York, 2009, 352 pp, ISBN 978-0-521-89525-5. [REVIEW]Mark A. Drumbl - 2012 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (3):467-477.
    This Review Essay examines Mark Freeman’s thoughtful book, Necessary Evils: Amnesties and the Search for Justice. One of the book’s core arguments is that amnesties from criminal prosecution, however unpalatable to liberal legalist sensibilities, should not be entirely purged from the toolbox of post-conflict transitions. Although advancing this argument, Freeman also struggles with it, and ultimately builds a very restrained and heavily technocratic defense of the amnesty. This Review Essay weighs this argument, among others, on its own terms and (...)
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  6. Toward a theory of episodic memory: The frontal lobes and autonoetic consciousness.Mark A. Wheeler, Stuss, T. Donald & Endel Tulving - 1997 - Psychological Bulletin 121:331-54.
  7.  14
    Jin Y. Park in Conversation with Erin McCarthy, Leah Kalmanson, Douglas L. Berger, and Mark A. Nathan.Douglas L. Berger, Leah Kalmanson, Erin McCarthy, Mark A. Nathan & Jin Y. Park - 2020 - Journal of World Philosophies 5 (2):155-182.
    These essays engage Jin Y. Park’s recent translation of the work of Kim Iryŏp, a Buddhist nun and public intellectual in early twentieth-century Korea. Park’s translation of Iryŏp’s Reflections of a Zen Buddhist Nun was the subject of two book panels at recent conferences: the first a plenary session at the annual meeting of the Society for Asian and Comparative Philosophy and the second at the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association on a group program session sponsored by the (...)
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  8.  22
    Toward a method of selecting among computational models of cognition.Mark A. Pitt, In Jae Myung & Shaobo Zhang - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (3):472-491.
  9.  52
    Issue-contingent effects on ethical decision making: A cross-cultural comparison. [REVIEW]Mark A. Davis, Nancy Brown Johnson & Douglas G. Ohmer - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (4):373-389.
    This experiment examined the effects of three elements comprising Jones' (1991) moral intensity construct, (social consensus, personal proximity, and magnitude of consequences) in a cross-cultural comparison of ethical decision making within a human resource management (HRM) context. Results indicated social consensus had the most potent effect on judgments of moral concern and judgments of immorality. An analysis of American, Eastern European, and Indonesian responses also indicted socio-cultural differences were moderated by the type of HRM ethical issue. In addition, individual differences (...)
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  10.  91
    Measuring ethical ideology in business ethics: A critical analysis of the ethics position questionnaire. [REVIEW]Mark A. Davis, Mark G. Andersen & Mary B. Curtis - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (1):35 - 53.
    Individual differences in ethical ideology are believed to play a key role in ethical decision making. Forsyths (1980) Ethics Position Questionnaire (EPQ) is designed to measure ethical ideology along two dimensions, relativism and idealism. This study extends the work of Forsyth by examining the construct validity of the EPQ. Confirmatory factor analyses conducted with independent samples indicated three factors – idealism, relativism, and veracity – account for the relationships among EPQ items. In order to provide further evidence of the instruments (...)
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  11. Inside job: how government insiders subvert the public interest.Mark A. Zupan - 2017 - New York, NY: Cato Institute Cambridge University Press.
    National decline is typically blamed on special interests from the demand side of politics corrupting a country's institutions. The usual demand-side suspects include crony capitalists, consumer activists, economic elites, and labor unions. Less attention is given to government insiders on the supply side of politics - rulers, elected officials, bureaucrats, and public employees. In autocracies and democracies, government insiders have the motive, means, and opportunity to co-opt political power for their benefit and at the expense of national well-being. Many storied (...)
     
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  12.  35
    Currents in Contemporary Ethics: Improve Privacy in Research by Eliminating Informed Consent? IOM Report Misses the Mark.Mark A. Rothstein - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (3):507-512.
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  13.  77
    A functional account of degrees of minimal chemical life.Mark A. Bedau - 2012 - Synthese 185 (1):73-88.
    This paper describes and defends the view that minimal chemical life essentially involves the chemical integration of three chemical functionalities: containment, metabolism, and program (Rasmussen et al. in Protocells: bridging nonliving and living matter, 2009a ). This view is illustrated and explained with the help of CMP and Rasmussen diagrams (Rasmussen et al. In: Rasmussen et al. (eds.) in Protocells: bridging nonliving and living matter, 71–100, 2009b ), both of which represent the key chemical functional dependencies among containment, metabolism, and (...)
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  14.  14
    Modeling the neural substrates of associative learning and memory: A computational approach.Mark A. Gluck & Richard F. Thompson - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (2):176-191.
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  15.  17
    What Happens in a Moment.Mark A. Elliott & Anne Giersch - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
    Therehasbeenevidencefortheverybrief,temporalquantizationofperceptualexperienceatregularintervalsbelo w100msforseveraldecades.Webrieflydescribehowearlierstudiesledtotheconceptof“psychologicalmoment”ofbe tween50and60msduration.Accordingtohistoricaltheories,withinthepsychologicalmomentalleventswouldbepro cessedasco-temporal.Morerecently,alinkwithphysiologicalmechanismshasbeenproposed,accordingtowhichthe 50–60mspsychologicalmomentwouldbedefinedbytheupperlimitrequiredbyneuralmechanismstosynchronizeandthe rebyrepresentasnapshotofcurrentperceptualeventstructure.However,ourownexperimentaldevelopmentsalsoid entifyamorefine-scaled,serializedprocessstructurewithinthepsychologicalmoment.Ourdatasuggeststhatnot alleventsareprocessedasco-temporalwithinthepsychologicalmomentandinstead,someareprocessedsuccessivel y.Thisevidencequestionstheanalogrelationshipbetweensynchronizedprocessandsimultaneousexperienceandop ensdebateontheontologyandfunctionof“moments”inpsychologicalexperience.
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  16.  69
    A Kuhnian model of falsifiability.Mark A. Stone - 1991 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (2):177-185.
    Thomas Kuhn has argued that scientists never reject a paradigm without simultaneously accepting a new paradigm. Coupled with Kuhn's claim that it is paradigms as a whole, and not individual theories, that are accepted or rejected, this thesis is seen as one of Kuhn's main challenges to the rationality of science. I argue that Kuhn is mistaken in this claim; at least in some instances, science rejects a paradigm despite the absence of a successor. In particular, such a description best (...)
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  17.  8
    Challenge and Threat: A Critical Review of the Literature and an Alternative Conceptualization.Mark A. Uphill, Claire J. L. Rossato, Jon Swain & Jamie O’Driscoll - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    Prompted by the development of the Theory of Challenge and Threat States in Athletes (Jones et al, 2009), recent years has witnessed a considerable increase in research examining challenge and threat in sport. This manuscript provides a critical review of the literature examining challenge and threat in sport, tracing its historical development and some of the current empirical ambiguities. In an attempt to reconcile some of these ambiguities, and utilising neurobiological evidence associated with approach- and avoidance-motivation (cf. Elliot & Covington, (...)
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  18.  11
    Toward a physical theory of the source of religion.Mark A. Schroll - 2005 - Anthropology of Consciousness 16 (1):56-69.
  19. The future of a discipline: Considering the ontological/methodological future of the anthropology of consciousness, part I.Mark A. Schroll - 2010 - Anthropology of Consciousness 21 (1):1-29.
    Calling for an expanded framework of EuroAmerican science's methodology whose perspective acknowledges both quantitative/etic and qualitative/emic orientations is the broad focus of this article. More specifically this article argues that our understanding of shamanic and/or other related states of consciousness has been greatly enhanced through ethnographic methods, yet in their present form these methods fail to provide the means to fully comprehend these states. They fail, or are limited, because this approach is only a “cognitive interpretation” or “metanarrative” of the (...)
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  20.  41
    A logic of comparative obligation.Mark A. Brown - 1996 - Studia Logica 57 (1):117 - 137.
    Normal systems of modal logic, interpreted as deontic logics, are unsuitable for a logic of conflicting obligations. By using modal operators based on a more complex semantics, however, we can provide for conflicting obligations, as in [9], which is formally similar to a fragment of the logic of ability later given in [2], Having gone that far, we may find it desirable to be able to express and consider claims about the comparative strengths, or degrees of urgency, of the conflicting (...)
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  21.  21
    A Closer Look at ‘Sophisticated Stoicism’: Reply to Stephens and Feezell.Mark A. Holowchak - 2010 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 4 (3):341-354.
    Stephens and Feezell argue, in?The Ideal of the Stoic Sportsman?, that?one need not be a scholar of ancient Greek philosophy to refer to?stoic? conduct or a?stoic? approach to certain matters, because the vocabulary related to this apparently antiquarian view of life has seeped into our common language?. Nonetheless, Stephens and Feezell go on to give a scholarly account of Stoicism as it relates to athletic participation. Their account, in part, takes the form of a distinction between?simple Stoicism? and?sophisticated Stoicism?? the (...)
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  22.  51
    A Closer Look At Leibniz’s Alleged Reduction of Relations.Mark A. Kulstad - 1980 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 18 (4):417-432.
  23.  5
    Perceiving the Present and a Systematization of Illusions.Mark A. Changizi, Andrew Hsieh, Romi Nijhawan, Ryota Kanai & Shinsuke Shimojo - 2008 - Cognitive Science 32 (3):459-503.
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  24. A Meditation on Economy and Society.Mark A. Lutz - 1987 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 7 (5-6):655-657.
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  25. A Meditation On Economy and Society.Mark A. Lutz - 1987 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 7 (3-4):655-657.
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  26.  33
    Worldviews in Collision/Worldviews in Metamorphosis: Toward a Multistate Paradigm.Mark A. Schroll & Susan Greenwood - 2011 - Anthropology of Consciousness 22 (1):49-60.
    This article is an extended commentary inspired by Alan Drengson's paper “Shifting Paradigms: From Technocrat to Planetary Person” (Drengson 2011). In this article Susan Greenwood and I echo Drengson's criticism that Euro-American science is incomplete, having committed what Thomas Roberts calls “The Singlestate Fallacy: the erroneous assumption that all worthwhile abilities reside in our normal, awake mindbody state” (Roberts 2006:105). This singlestate fallacy is vividly portrayed in Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein, whose critique of Euro-American science is revisited in this article. (...)
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  27.  12
    A Closer Look At Leibniz’s Alleged Reduction of Relations.Mark A. Kulstad - 1980 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 18 (4):417-432.
  28. The limits of public health: A response.Mark A. Rothstein - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (1):84-88.
    Boehl Chair of Law and Medicine and Director of the Institute for Bioethics, Health Policy and Law, University of Louisville School of Medicine, 501 East Broadway # 310, Louisville, Kentucky 40202, USA. Tel.: 502 852 4980; Fax: 502 852 4963; Email: mark.rothstein{at}louisville.edu ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract In his article in this issue, Daniel Goldberg advocates a broad definition of public health and expressly rejects the narrow definition of public health I proposed in (...)
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  29.  8
    Rich deontic logic: a preliminary study.Mark A. Brown - 2004 - Journal of Applied Logic 2 (1):19-37.
  30.  15
    Empathy is a poor foundation on which to base legislative medical policy.Mark A. Graber & John W. Ely - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (7):402-404.
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  31.  64
    Evolutionary design of a DDPD model of ligation.Mark A. Bedau & Andrew Buchanan - unknown
    Ligation is a form of chemical self-assembly that involves dynamic formation of strong covalent bonds in the presence of weak associative forces. We study an extremely simple form of ligation by means of a dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) model extended to include the dynamic making and breaking of strong bonds, which we term dynamically bonding dissipative particle dynamics (DDPD). Then we use a chemical genetic algorithm (CGA) to optimize the model’s parameters to achieve a limited form of ligation of trimers—a (...)
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  32.  13
    A moral case for the social relations of slavery.Mark A. Noll - 2007 - Modern Intellectual History 4 (1):191-204.
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  33.  99
    Improving access to health care: A consensus ethical framework to guide proposals for reform.Mark A. Levine, Matthew K. Wynia, Paul M. Schyve, J. Russell Teagarden, David A. Fleming, Sharon King Donohue, Ron J. Anderson, James Sabin & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (5):14-19.
  34.  16
    A Wolf in the City: Tyranny and the Tyrant in Plato's Republic by Cinzia Arruzza. [REVIEW]Mark A. Johnstone - 2019 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 57 (4):750-751.
    A review of Cinzia Arruzza's book A Wolf in the City: Tyranny and the Tyrant in Plato's Republic.
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  35.  9
    A Personal Reflection on the Medical History Questions facing Adopted Persons.Mark A. Cotleur - 2018 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 8 (2):116-118.
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  36. Weak emergence.Mark A. Bedau - 1997 - Philosophical Perspectives 11:375-399.
    An innocent form of emergence—what I call "weak emergence"—is now a commonplace in a thriving interdisciplinary nexus of scientific activity—sometimes called the "sciences of complexity"—that include connectionist modelling, non-linear dynamics (popularly known as "chaos" theory), and artificial life.1 After defining it, illustrating it in two contexts, and reviewing the available evidence, I conclude that the scientific and philosophical prospects for weak emergence are bright.
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  37.  90
    A paradigm-based solution to the Riddle of induction.Mark A. Changizi & Timothy P. Barber - 1998 - Synthese 117 (3):419-484.
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  38.  12
    Maintaining discipline in detainee operations: A study in small unit leadership and ethical behavior.Mark A. Strong - 2012 - Journal of Military Ethics 11 (4):363-364.
    . MAINTAINING DISCIPLINE IN DETAINEE OPERATIONS: A STUDY IN SMALL UNIT LEADERSHIP AND ETHICAL BEHAVIOR. Journal of Military Ethics: Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 363-364. doi: 10.1080/15027570.2012.758409.
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  39.  23
    A computational perspective on dissociating hippocampal and entorhinal function.Mark A. Gluck, Catherine E. Myers & James K. Goebel - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):476-477.
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  40.  42
    Genetic Epistemology, a Universalist Approach to the History of Science.Mark A. Winstanley - 2016 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (2):249-278.
    _ Source: _Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 249 - 278 GER Lloyd discerns two conflicting hypotheses concerning human cognition: cross-cultural universality and cultural relativity. The history of science is one discipline among many actively contributing to our understanding of human cognition at present. Not surprisingly, then, the dichotomy is also present in the history of science. In contrast to current approaches to the history of science, which highlight cultural relativity, genetic epistemology, which is conceived by Jean Piaget as a science (...)
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  41.  12
    A step linking memory to understanding?Mark A. Good & Richard G. M. Morris - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):477-478.
  42.  41
    Heidegger, Authenticity, and Modernity: Essays in Honor of Hubert L. Dreyfus.Mark A. Wrathall & Jeff Malpas (eds.) - 2000 - MIT Press.
    For more than a quarter of a century, Hubert L. Dreyfus has been the leading voice in American philosophy for the continuing relevance of phenomenology, particularly as developed by Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, and Maurice Merleau-Ponty. Dreyfus has influenced a generation of students and a wide range of colleagues, and these volumes are an excellent representation of the extent and depth of that influence.In keeping with Dreyfus's openness to others' ideas, many of the essays in this volume take the form (...)
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  43.  30
    “The Ones Who Stay and Fight”: N. K. Jemisin's Afrofuturist Variations on a Theme by Ursula K. Le Guin.Mark A. Tabone - 2021 - Utopian Studies 32 (2):365-385.
    This article discusses N. K. Jemisin's Afrofuturist utopian short story entitled “The Ones Who Stay and Fight,” the opening story of her 2018 collection, How Long 'Til Black Future Month? As is suggested by its title, Jemisin's story is a direct reply to Ursula K. Le Guin's “The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas,” and this article discusses the ways in which Jemisin, one of the most prominent members of a new generation of SF/Fantasy writers, pays homage to, replies to, (...)
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  44.  31
    Genetic Epistemology, a Universalist Approach to the History of Science.Mark A. Winstanley - 2016 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (2):249-278.
    _ Source: _Page Count 30 GER Lloyd discerns two conflicting hypotheses concerning human cognition: cross-cultural universality and cultural relativity. The history of science is one discipline among many actively contributing to our understanding of human cognition at present. Not surprisingly, then, the dichotomy is also present in the history of science. In contrast to current approaches to the history of science, which highlight cultural relativity, genetic epistemology, which is conceived by Jean Piaget as a science of the acquisition of knowledge, (...)
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  45. A lost plutarchean philosophical work.Mark A. Joyal - 1993 - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 137 (1):92-103.
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  46. Beyond Triton : Samuel R. Delany's Critical Utopianism and the Colliding Worlds in "We, in Some Strange Power's Employ, Move on a Rigorous Line". [REVIEW]Mark A. Tabone - 2013 - Utopian Studies 24 (2):184-215.
    It would be difficult to overstate the impact of the work of Samuel R. Delany on the often-overlapping fields of science fiction (sf) studies and utopian studies. In his well-known 1982 essay, “Progress Versus Utopia, or, Can We Imagine the Future?” Fredric Jameson argues that Delany, along with Ursula Le Guin, Marge Piercy, and Joanna Russ, is among a socially engaged group of visionary authors who revivified the utopian imagination in sf during the 1960s and 1970s, and he cites Delany’s (...)
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  47.  42
    A Companion to Heidegger.Hubert L. Dreyfus & Mark A. Wrathall (eds.) - 2005 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    The Blackwell Companion to Heidegger is a complete guide to the work and thought of Martin Heidegger, one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century. Considers the most important elements of Heidegger’s intellectual biography, including his notorious involvement with National Socialism Provides a systematic and comprehensive exploration of Heidegger’s work One of the few books on Heidegger to cover his later work as well as Being and Time Includes key critical responses to Heidegger’s philosophy Contributors include many of (...)
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  48.  10
    Reflections on Transpersonal Psychology ’s 40th Anniversary, Ecopsychology, Transpersonal Science, and Psychedelics: A Conversation Forum.Mark A. Schroll, Stanley Krippner, Miles A. Vich, James Fadiman & Valerie Mojeiko - 2009 - International Journal of Transpersonal Studies 28 (1):39-52.
    Recollections of humanistic and transpersonal psychology’s origin’s morph into the pros and cons of humanistic/transpersonal oriented schools developing APA accredited clinical programs. This discussion dovetails with the question will ATP ever become an APA division, raising an interesting alternative for those of us considering a career in counseling: becoming a spiritual coach. Enter the issue of psychedelic therapy and the Supreme Courts decision to allow ayahuasca as a sacrament by the Uniao Do Vegetal Church, and the importance of why humanistic (...)
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  49. Vagueness and Computation: A Theory of Why there is Vagueness.Mark A. Changizi - 1999 - Acta Analytica 14 (1):39--45.
  50.  15
    Genetic Epistemology, a Universalist Approach to the History of Science.Mark A. Winstanley - forthcoming - New Content is Available for Journal of the Philosophy of History.
    _ Source: _Page Count 30 GER Lloyd discerns two conflicting hypotheses concerning human cognition: cross-cultural universality and cultural relativity. The history of science is one discipline among many actively contributing to our understanding of human cognition at present. Not surprisingly, then, the dichotomy is also present in the history of science. In contrast to current approaches to the history of science, which highlight cultural relativity, genetic epistemology, which is conceived by Jean Piaget as a science of the acquisition of knowledge, (...)
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