102 found
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  1.  42
    The Logic of the History of Ideas.Mark Bevir - 1999
    This paper provides a short summary of Mark Bevir, The Logic of the History of Ideas (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999). Logic stands here as a subset of Wittgenstein’s notion of philosophy as a matter of the grammar of our concepts. It studies the forms of reasoning appropriate to a discipline, rather than the material of that discipline. Hence, the logic of the history of ideas considers the nature of meaning, the way we should justify our knowledge of past meanings, (...)
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  2. What is Genealogy?Mark Bevir - 2008 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 2 (3):263-275.
    This paper offers a theory of genealogy, explaining its rise in the nineteenth century, its epistemic commitments, its nature as critique, and its place in the work of Nietzsche and Foucault. The crux of the theory is recognition of genealogy as an expression of a radical historicism, rejecting both appeals to transcendental truths and principles of unity or progress in history, and embracing nominalism, contingency, and contestability. In this view, genealogies are committed to the truth of radical historicism and, perhaps (...)
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  3.  36
    John Rawls in Historical Context.Mark Bevir & Andrius Galisanka - 2012 - History of Political Thought 33 (4):701-725.
    The secondary literature on Rawls is vast, but little of it is historical. Relying on the archival materials he left to Harvard after his death, we look at the historical contexts that informed Rawls's understanding of political philosophy and the changes in his thinking up to A Theory of Justice. We argue that Rawls's classic work reveals positivist aspirations that were altered and frayed by various encounters with postanalytic naturalism. So, we begin in the 1940s, showing the influence of other (...)
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  4. Foucault and Critique.Mark Bevir - 1999 - Political Theory 27 (1):65-84.
  5.  43
    Objectivity in History.Mark Bevir - 1994 - History and Theory 33 (3):328-344.
    Many philosophers have rejected the possibility of objective historical knowledge on the grounds that there is no given past against which to judge rival interpretations. Their reasons for doing so are valid. But this does not demonstrate that we must give up the concept of historical objectivity as such. The purpose of this paper is to define a concept of objectivity based on criteria of comparison, not on a given past. Objective interpretations are those which best meet rational criteria of (...)
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  6.  19
    John Rawls in Light of the Archive: Introduction to the Symposium on the Rawls Papers.Mark Bevir - 2017 - Journal of the History of Ideas 78 (2):255-263.
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  7.  39
    The Contextual Approach.Mark Bevir - 2011 - In George Klosko (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Political Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 11.
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  8.  20
    The Errors of Linguistic Contextualism.Mark Bevir - 1992 - History and Theory 31 (3):276-298.
    This article argues against both hard linguistic-contextualists who believe that paradigms give meaning to a text and soft linguistic-contextualists who believe that we can grasp authorial intentions only by locating them in a contemporaneous conventional context. Instead it is proposed that meanings come from intentions and that there can be no fixed way of recovering intentions. On these grounds the article concludes first that we can declare some understandings of texts to be unhistorical though not illegitimate, and second that good (...)
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  9.  23
    Situated Agency: A Postfoundational Alternative to Autonomy.Mark Bevir - 2017 - In Thomas Schwarz Wentzer, Martin Gustafsson & Kevin M. Cahill (eds.), Finite but Unbounded: New Approaches in Philosophical Anthropology. De Gruyter. pp. 47-66.
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  10.  45
    How to Be an Intentionalist.Mark Bevir - 2002 - History and Theory 41 (2):209–217.
    The general aim of this paper is to establish the plausibility of a postfoundational intentionalism. Its specific aim is to respond to criticisms of my work made by Vivienne Brown in a paper "On Some Problems with Weak Intentionalism for Intellectual History." Postfoundationalism is often associated with a new textualism according to which there is no outside to the text. In contrast, I suggest that postfoundationalists can legitimate our postulating intentions, actions, and other historical objects outside of the text. They (...)
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  11. On Tradition.Mark Bevir - 2000 - Humanitas 13 (2):28-53.
     
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  12.  23
    Naturalized Epistemology and/as Historicism: A Brief Introduction.Herman Paul & Mark Bevir - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 6 (3):299-303.
  13.  52
    Historical Explanation, Folk Psychology, and Narrative.Mark Bevir - 2000 - Philosophical Explorations 3 (2):152 – 168.
    This paper argues that history differs from natural science in relying on folk psychology and so narrative explanations. In narratives, actions, beliefs, and pro-attitudes are joined by conditional and volitional connections. Conditional connections exist when beliefs and pro-attitudes pick up themes from one another Volitional connections exist when agents command themselves to do something having decided to do it because of a pro-attitude they hold. The paper defends the epistemic legitimacy of narratives by arguing we have legitimate grounds for postulating (...)
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  14.  20
    Histories of Analytic Political Philosophy.Mark Bevir - 2011 - History of European Ideas 37 (3):243-248.
    This paper sets out an agenda for the study of the history of analytic and post-analytic political philosophy. It builds on a growing literature on the history of analytic philosophy to make three main suggestions. First, analytic philosophy arose as part of a wider shift from the developmental historicism of the nineteenth century to more modernist modes of knowledge. Second, analytic philosophy included a wide range of approaches to moral and political issues, many of which reflected distinctive concepts of analysis, (...)
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  15.  38
    Begriffsgeschichte.Mark Bevir - 2000 - History and Theory 39 (2):273–284.
    The History of Political and Social Concepts: A Critical Introduction by Melvin Richter History of Concepts: Comparative Perspectives by Iain Hampsher-Monk; Karin Tilmans; Frank van Vree History and Theory.
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  16.  1
    Interpreting the English School: History, Science and Philosophy.Mark Bevir & Ian Hall - 2020 - Journal of International Political Theory 16 (2):120-132.
    This article introduces the Special Issue on ‘Interpretivism and the English School of International Relations’. It distinguishes between what we term the interpretivist and structuralist wings of...
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  17. Historical Understanding and the Human Sciences.Mark Bevir - 2007 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 1 (3):259-270.
  18.  45
    Roundtable on Political Epistemology.Scott Althaus, Mark Bevir, Jeffrey Friedman, Hélène Landemore, Rogers Smith & Susan Stokes - 2014 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 26 (1-2):1-32.
    On August 30, 2013, the American Political Science Association sponsored a roundtable on political epistemology as part of its annual meetings. Co-chairing the roundtable were Jeffrey Friedman, Department of Government, University of Texas at Austin; and Hélène Landemore, Department of Political Science, Yale University. The other participants were Scott Althaus, Department of Political Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Mark Bevir, Department of Political Science, University of California at Berkeley; Rogers Smith, Department of Political Science, University of Pennsylvania; and Susan (...)
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  19.  22
    Historicism and Critique.Mark Bevir - 2015 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 45 (2):227-245.
    This paper argues that historicism can provide substantive philosophical grounds for critical theory and various modes of critique. Unlike the developmental historicism that dominated the nineteenth century, we start from a radical historicism tied to nominalism, contingency, and contestability. This radical historicism is compatible with a commitment to truth claims, including the truth of historicism and the truth of particular genealogies and other accounts of the world. Genealogy can be viewed as radical historicism in its critical guise, denaturalizing the ideas (...)
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  20.  29
    Ernest Belfort Bax: Marxist, Idealist, and Positivist.Mark Bevir - 1993 - Journal of the History of Ideas 54 (1):119-135.
  21. Introduction: Histories of Postmodernism.Mark Bevir, Jill Hargis & Sara Rushing - 2007 - In Mark Bevir, Jill Hargis & Sara Rushing (eds.), Histories of Postmodernism. Routledge.
     
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  22.  35
    Mind and Method in the History of Ideas.Mark Bevir - 1997 - History and Theory 36 (2):167–189.
    J. G. A. Pocock and Quentin Skinner have led a recent onslaught on the alleged "myth of coherence" in the history of ideas. But their criticisms depend on mistaken views of the nature of mind: respectively, a form of social constructionism, and a focus on illocutionary intentions at the expense of beliefs. An investigation of the coherence constraints that do operate on our ascriptions of belief shows historians should adopt a presumption of coherence, concern themselves with coherence, and proceed to (...)
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  23.  57
    In Defence of Historicism.Mark Bevir - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 6 (1):111-114.
    Abstract This paper defends a historicist approach to the history of ideas. A historicist ontology implies that texts have meaning only for specific people, whether these be individual authors, particular readers, or the intersubjective beliefs of social groups. Texts do not have intrinsic meanings in themselves.
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  24.  16
    Why Historical Distance is Not a Problem.Mark Bevir - 2011 - History and Theory 50 (4):24-37.
    ABSTRACTThis essay argues that concerns about historical distance arose along with modernist historicism, and they disappear with postfoundationalism. The developmental historicism of the nineteenth century appealed to narrative principles to establish continuity between past and present and to guide selections among facts. In the twentieth century, modernist historicists rejected such principles, thereby raising the specter of historical distance: that is, the distorting effects of the present on accounts of the past, the chasm between facts and narrative. The modernist problem became: (...)
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  25. The Philosophy of History: An Agenda.Frank Ankersmit, Mark Bevir, Paul Roth, Aviezer Tucker & Alison Wylie - 2007 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 1 (1):1-9.
  26.  14
    Political Science After Foucault.Mark Bevir - 2011 - History of the Human Sciences 24 (4):81-96.
    This article concerns the relevance of postfoundationalism, including the ideas of Michel Foucault, for political science. The first half of the article distinguishes three forms of postfoundationalism, all of which draw some of their inspiration from Foucault. First, the governmentality literature draws on Marxist theories of social control, and then absorbs Foucault’s focus on power/knowledge. Second, the post-Marxists combine the formal linguistics of Saussure with a focus on hegemonic discourses. Third, some social humanists infuse Foucauldian themes into the New Left’s (...)
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  27.  7
    Mind and Method in the History of Ideas.Mark Bevir - 1997 - History and Theory 36 (2):167-189.
    J. G. A. Pocock and Quentin Skinner have led a recent onslaught on the alleged ”myth of coherence“ in the history of ideas. But their criticisms depend on mistaken views of the nature of mind: respectively, a form of social constructionism, and a focus on illocutionary intentions at the expense of beliefs. An investigation of the coherence constraints that do operate on our ascriptions of belief shows historians should adopt a presumption of coherence, concern themselves with coherence, and proceed to (...)
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  28. The Role of Contexts in Understanding and Explanation.Mark Bevir - 2000 - Human Studies 23 (4):395-411.
    In considering the Cambridge School of intellectual history, we should distinguish Skinner's conventionalism from Pocock's contextualism whilst recognising that both of them argue that the study of a text's linguistic context is at least necessary and perhaps sufficient to ensure understanding. This paper suggests that although "study the linguistic context of an utterance" is a valuable heuristic maxim, it is not a prerequisite of understanding that one does so. Hence, we might shift our attention from the role of linguistic contexts (...)
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  29.  29
    A Decentered Theory of Governance.Mark Bevir - 2002 - Journal des Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 12 (4).
    There are two leading narratives of governance. One is a neoliberal one about markets that is inspired by rational choice. The other is a story about networks associated with institutionalism in political science. This paper argues that both rational choice and institutionalism rely on assumptions about our ability to readoff people’s beliefs from objective social facts about them, and yet that these assumptions are untenable given the philosophical critique of positivism. Hence, we need to modify our leading theories and narratives (...)
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  30.  3
    The Logic of the History of Ideas – Then and Now.Mark Bevir - 2011 - Intellectual History Review 21 (1):105-119.
  31.  70
    Meaning, Truth, and Phenomenology.Mark Bevir - 2000 - Metaphilosophy 31 (4):412-426.
    This essay approaches Derrida through a consideration of his writings on Saussure and Husserl. Derrida is right to insist, following Saussure, on a relational theory of meaning: words do not have a one-to-one correspondence with their referents. But he is wrong to insist on a purely differential theory of meaning: words can refer to reality within the context of a body of knowledge. Similarly, Derrida is right to reject Husserl's idea of presence: no truths are simply given to consciousness. But (...)
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  32.  48
    Universality and Particularity in the Philosophy of E. B. Bax and R. G. Collingwood.Mark Bevir - 1999 - History of the Human Sciences 12 (3):55-69.
    This article examines the ways in which E. B. Bax and R. G. Collingwood attempted to avoid relativism and irrationalism without postulating a pure and universal reason. Both philosophers were profound historicists who recognized the fundamentally particular nature of the world. Yet they also attempted to retain a universal aspect to thought - Bax through his distinction between the logical and alogical realms, and Collingwood through his doctrine of re-enactment. The article analyses both their metaphysical premises and their philosophies of (...)
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  33.  40
    Derrida and the Heidegger Controversy: Global Friendship Against Racism.Mark Bevir - 2000 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 3 (1):121-138.
  34.  9
    Narrative as a Form of Explanation.Mark Bevir - 2000 - Disputatio 1 (9):10-18.
    Many scholars have argued that history embodies a different form of explanation from natural science. This paper provides an analysis of narrative conceived as the form of explanation appropriate to history. In narratives, actions, beliefs, and pro-attitudes are joined to one another by means of conditional and volitional connections. Conditional connections exist when beliefs and pro-attitudes pick up themes contained in one another. Volitional connections exist when agents command themselves to do something having decided to do it because of a (...)
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  35.  23
    The Marxism of George Bernard Shaw 1883-1889.Mark Bevir - 1992 - History of Political Thought 13 (2):299-318.
    There remains a strange gap between Shaw's biographers who assert the importance of Marxism for Shaw during the 1880s and intellectual historians who deny the importance of Marxism for Shaw during the 1880s. My intention is to close this gap by placing Shaw's early beliefs in the context of contemporary Marxism, thereby showing that Shaw was a Marxist and even that his version of Fabianism retained features of his earlier Marxism. Further, I hope thereby to contribute to the debate on (...)
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  36.  10
    Review: Begriffsgeschichte. [REVIEW]Mark Bevir - 2000 - History and Theory 39 (2):273-284.
    The History of Political and Social Concepts: A Critical Introduction by Melvin Richter History of Concepts: Comparative Perspectives by Iain Hampsher-Monk; Karin Tilmans; Frank van Vree History and Theory.
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  37.  19
    Liberal Democracy, Nationalism and Culture: Multiculturalism and Scottish Independence.Richard T. Ashcroft & Mark Bevir - 2018 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 21 (1):65-86.
  38.  29
    Multiculturalism in Contemporary Britain: Policy, Law and Theory.Richard T. Ashcroft & Mark Bevir - 2018 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 21 (1):1-21.
  39. A Decentered Theory Of Governance.Mark Bevir - 2008 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (2-3):215-230.
     
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  40.  10
    Analytic Ethics in the Central Period.Mark Bevir & Jason Blakely - 2011 - History of European Ideas 37 (3):249-256.
    Analytic ethics in the central period – extending from the beginning of the twentieth century to post-World War II linguistic analysis – is too often construed by historians and philosophers alike in monolithic terms as the emotivism of A. J. Ayer. In contrast, we argue that a multiplicity of ethical doctrines were developed by analytic philosophers at this time of which Ayer's emotivism was just one. Moreover, we maintain that this multiplicity of ethical doctrines was itself the result of a (...)
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  41.  24
    Anglophone Historicisms.Mark Bevir & Naomi Choi - 2015 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 9 (3):327-346.
    _ Source: _Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 327 - 346 This paper explores the place of historicism in Anglophone and especially analytic philosophy. Analytic philosophy arose as part of a general modernist revolt against the developmental historicisms of the nineteenth century with their faith in progress. Modernism inspired more formal approaches to knowledge, philosophy, and the human sciences. It is, however, a mistake to assume the rise of modernism and analytic philosophy left no space for historicism. Three main traditions of (...)
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  42.  41
    A Humanist Critique of the Archaeology of the Human Sciences.Mark Bevir - 2002 - History of the Human Sciences 15 (1):119-138.
    Foucault's archaeological method is contrasted with that of a humanist history. The contrast highlights strengths and weaknesses found in Foucault's approach. It is argued that he is right to reject a concept of objective knowledge based on pure facts and pure reason; and that he is right to reject the idea of the autonomous individual uninfluenced by the social context; but that he is wrong to extend these rejections to an utter repudiation of respectively our having reasonable knowledge of an (...)
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  43. A Kind of Radicality : The Avant-Garde Legacy in Postmodern Ethics.Mark Bevir - 2007 - In Mark Bevir, Jill Hargis & Sara Rushing (eds.), Histories of Postmodernism. Routledge.
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  44. Afterword: The Quarrel Continues?Mark Bevir & Ranjan Ghosh - 2012 - In Ranjan Ghosh (ed.), Lover's Quarrel with the Past: Romance, Representation, Reading. Berghahn Books.
     
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  45. Begriffsgeschichte, Diskursgeschichte, Metapherngeschichte.Mark Bevir & Hans Erich Bödeker - 2002
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  46.  25
    Clarifications.Mark Bevir - 2002 - History of European Ideas 28 (1-2):83-100.
  47. Contextualism: From Modernist Method to Post-Analytic Historicism?Mark Bevir - 2009 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 3 (3):211-224.
    This article provides a critical history of the Cambridge School of intellectual history. Laslett's work on Locke appeared to vindicate modernist historicism. Laslett shunned the broad narratives of romantic developmental historicists. He relied on bibliographies, unpublished manuscripts, and other evidence to establish atomized facts and thus textual interpretations. Pocock and Skinner's theories defended modernist historicism. They argued historians should situate texts in contexts and prove interpretations correct by using modernist methods to establish empirical facts. They attacked approaches that read authors (...)
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  48. Constructing the Past: Review Symposium on Bevir's The Logic of the History of Ideas.Mark Bevir, Mark Erickson, Austin Harrington & Andreas Reckwitz - 2002 - History of the Human Sciences 15 (2):99-133.
  49.  92
    Esotericism and Modernity: An Encounter with Leo Strauss.Mark Bevir - 2007 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 1 (2):201-218.
    Strauss championed a philosophy of history according to which philosophers characteristically hide their actual beliefs when writing about ethics and politics. This paper begins by suggesting that an esoteric philosophy of history encourages a set of specific biases when writing histories of philosophy. Proponents of esotericism are liable to be far too ready to conclude that philosophers intended to hide their beliefs; they are likely to be insufficiently attuned to the varied contexts in which philosophers write; and they are likely (...)
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  50. Eduard Bernstein, "The Preconditions of Socialism", Ed. Henry Tudor. [REVIEW]Mark Bevir - 1994 - History of Political Thought 15 (2):296.
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