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Mark A. Brown [18]Mark Brown [17]Mark T. Brown [15]Mark B. Brown [13]
Mark W. Brown [2]Mark Alan Brown [1]Mark Simon Brown [1]Mark Raymond Brown [1]

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Mark B. Brown
California State University, Sacramento
Mark Brown
Middlesex University
  1.  35
    Science in Democracy: Expertise, Institutions, and Representation.Mark B. Brown - 2009 - MIT Press.
    2009 Massachusetts Institute of Technology All rights reserved. No part of this book may ... ISBN 978-0-262-01324-6 (hardcover : alk. paper)— ISBN 978-0-262 -51304-3 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Science— Political aspects. 2. Science and state. 3 .
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  2.  36
    Patients' Views on Identifiability of Samples and Informed Consent for Genetic Research.Sara Chandros Hull, Richard Sharp, Jeffrey Botkin, Mark Brown, Mark Hughes, Jeremy Sugarman, Debra Schwinn, Pamela Sankar, Dragana Bolcic-Jankovic, Brian Clarridge & Benjamin Wilfond - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (10):62-70.
    It is unclear whether the regulatory distinction between non-identifiable and identifiable information—information used to determine informed consent practices for the use of clinically derived samples for genetic research—is meaningful to patients. The objective of this study was to examine patients' attitudes and preferences regarding use of anonymous and identifiable clinical samples for genetic research. Telephone interviews were conducted with 1,193 patients recruited from general medicine, thoracic surgery, or medical oncology clinics at five United States academic medical centers. Wanting to know (...)
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  3.  43
    Survey Article: Citizen Panels and the Concept of Representation.Mark B. Brown - 2006 - Journal of Political Philosophy 14 (2):203-225.
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  4. By Author.Nikola Biller-Andorno, Alexander Morgan, Andrea Boggio, Alex See Capron & Mark T. Brown - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (4):415-418.
  5. Science, Democracy, and the Right to Research.Mark B. Brown & David H. Guston - 2009 - Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):351-366.
    Debates over the politicization of science have led some to claim that scientists have or should have a “right to research.” This article examines the political meaning and implications of the right to research with respect to different historical conceptions of rights. The more common “liberal” view sees rights as protections against social and political interference. The “republican” view, in contrast, conceives rights as claims to civic membership. Building on the republican view of rights, this article conceives the right to (...)
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  6.  89
    On the Logic of Ability.Mark A. Brown - 1988 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 17 (1):1 - 26.
  7.  12
    James Baldwin and the Politics of White Identity.Mark B. Brown - forthcoming - Contemporary Political Theory:1-22.
    Efforts to develop a coherent role for white people in racial justice initiatives in the USA are often stymied by the defensiveness, paternalism, and guilt of many white liberals. Such efforts are also undermined by critiques of whiteness that conflate white identity and white supremacy. I address this dilemma by developing an account of antiracist white identity politics, conceived of here as taking responsibility for the effects of being socially defined as white. I locate conceptual resources for this project in (...)
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  8.  35
    The Moral Status of the Human Embryo.Mark T. Brown - 2018 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 43 (2):132-158.
    Moral status ascribes equal obligations and rights to individuals on the basis of membership in a protected group. Substance change is an event that results in the origin or cessation of individuals who may be members of groups with equal moral status. In this paper, two substance changes that affect the moral status of human embryos are identified. The first substance change begins with fertilization and ends with the formation of the blastocyst, a biological individual with moral status comparable to (...)
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  9.  55
    The Potential of the Human Embryo.Mark T. Brown - 2007 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (6):585 – 618.
    A higher order potential analysis of moral status clarifies the issues that divide Human Being Theorists who oppose embryo research from Person Theorists who favor embryo research. Higher order potential personhood is transitive if it is active, identity preserving and morally relevant. If the transition from the Second Order Potential of the embryo to the First Order Potential of an infant is transitive, opponents of embryo research make a powerful case for the moral status of the embryo. If it is (...)
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  10.  43
    Three Ways to Politicize Bioethics.Mark B. Brown - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (2):43 – 54.
    Many commentators today lament the politicization of bioethics, but some suggest distinguishing among different kinds of politicization. This essay pursues that idea with reference to three traditions of political thought: liberalism, communitarianism, and republicanism. After briefly discussing the concept of politicization itself, the essay examines how each of these political traditions manifests itself in recent bioethics scholarship, focusing on the implications of each tradition for the design of government bioethics councils. The liberal emphasis on the irreducible plurality of values and (...)
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  11.  22
    The Political Philosophy of Science Policy.Mark B. Brown - 2004 - Minerva 42 (1):77-95.
    Reviews the book "Science, Truth, and Democracy," by Philip Kitcher.
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  12.  55
    Philip Kitcher, Science in a Democratic Society.Mark B. Brown - 2013 - Minerva 51 (3):389-397.
    Philip Kitcher is a leading figure in the philosophy of science, and he is part of a growing community of scholars who have turned their attention from the field’s long-time focus on questions of logic and epistemology to the relation between science and society. Kitcher’s book Science, Truth, and Democracy (2001) charted a course between relativism and realism, arguing that the aims of science emerge from not only scientific curiosity but also practical and public concerns. The book also drew on (...)
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  13. Multiple Personality and Personal Identity.Mark T. Brown - 2001 - Philosophical Psychology 14 (4):435 – 447.
    If personal identity consists in non-branching psychological continuity, then the sharp breaks in psychological connectedness characteristic of Multiple Personality Disorder implicitly commit psychological continuity theories to a metaphysically extravagant reification of alters. Animalist theories of personal identity avoid the reification of alternate personalities by interpreting multiple personality as a failure to integrate alternative autobiographical memory schemata. In the normal case, autobiographical memory cross-classifies a human life, and in so doing provides access to a variety of interpretative frameworks with their associated (...)
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  14. Moral Complicity in Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Research.Mark T. Brown - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (1):pp. 1-22.
    Direct reprogramming of human skin cells makes available a source of pluripotent stem cells without the perceived evil of embryo destruction, but the advent of such a powerful biotechnology entangles stem cell research in other forms of moral complicity. Induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) research had its origins in human embryonic stem cell research and the projected biomedical applications of iPS cells almost certainly will require more embryonic stem cell research. Policies that inhibit iPSC research in order to avoid moral (...)
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  15.  74
    The Place of Description in Phenomenology’s Naturalization.Mark W. Brown - 2008 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (4):563-583.
    The recent move to naturalize phenomenology through a mathematical protocol is a significant advance in consciousness research. It enables a new and fruitful level of dialogue between the cognitive sciences and phenomenology of such a nuanced kind that it also prompts advancement in our phenomenological analyses. But precisely what is going on at this point of ‘dialogue’ between phenomenological descriptions and mathematical algorithms, the latter of which are based on dynamical systems theory? It will be shown that what is happening (...)
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  16.  41
    Conditional Obligation and Positive Permission for Agents in Time.Mark A. Brown - 2000 - Nordic Journal of Philosophical Logic 5 (2):83-111.
    This paper investigates the semantic treatment of conditional obligation, explicit permission (often called positive permission), and prohibition based on models with agents and branched time. In such models branches (rather than moments) are taken as basic, and the branching provides a way to represent the indeterminism which is normally presupposed by talk of free will, responsibility, action and ability. Careful treatment of the relation between ability and responsibility avoids many common problems with accounts of conditional obligation. Recognition of the generality (...)
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  17.  18
    The Somatic Integration Definition of the Beginning of Life.Mark T. Brown - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (9):1035-1041.
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  18. And Been Confirmed in Them by the Authority of Most Eloquent Writers.”.Mark Button Brown - 2001 - Political Theory 29 (1):30-57.
     
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  19.  44
    Action and Ability.Mark A. Brown - 1990 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 19 (1):95 - 114.
  20.  6
    Rich Deontic Logic: A Preliminary Study.Mark A. Brown - 2004 - Journal of Applied Logic 2 (1):19-37.
  21.  48
    Review of Roger S. Pielke, Jr., The Honest Broker: Making Sense of Science in Policy and Politics. [REVIEW]Mark B. Brown - 2008 - Minerva 46 (4):485-489.
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  22.  4
    John Rawls’ Concept of the Reasonable: A Study of Stakeholder Action and Reaction Between British Petroleum and the Victims of the Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico.Kristian Alm & Mark Brown - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics.
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  23.  29
    Generalized Quantifiers and the Square of Opposition.Mark Brown - 1984 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 25 (4):303-322.
  24. Response to Byrnes and Furton.Mark T. Brown - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (2):pp. 206-209.
  25.  59
    No Ethical Bypass of Moral Status in Stem Cell Research.Mark Brown - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (1):12-19.
    Recent advances in reprogramming technology do not bypass the ethical challenge of embryo sacrifice. Induced pluripotent stem cell (iPS) research has been and almost certainly will continue to be conducted within the context of embryo sacrifice. If human embryos have moral status as human beings, then participation in iPS research renders one morally complicit in their destruction; if human embryos have moral status as mere precursors of human beings, then advocacy of iPS research policy that is inhibited by embryo sacrifice (...)
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  26.  27
    Normal Bimodal Logics of Ability and Action.Mark A. Brown - 1992 - Studia Logica 51 (3-4):519 - 532.
    The basic bimodal systemK/K can be interpreted as an analysis of the logic of ability developed in [1]. Where in [1] we would express the claimI can bring it about that P using the formula, with its non-normal operator, we will now use the formula. Here is a normal alethic possibilitation operator.is a normal necessitation operator, but it is independent of, and not subject to an alethic interpretation. Rather, is interpreted to meanI bring it about that P. The result is (...)
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  27. Deontic Logic, Agency and Normative Systems.Mark Brown & Jose' Carmo (eds.) - 1996 - Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
     
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  28.  54
    An Extended Branching-Time Ockhamist Temporal Logic.Mark Brown & Valentin Goranko - 1999 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 8 (2):143-166.
    For branching-time temporal logic based on an Ockhamist semantics, we explore a temporal language extended with two additional syntactic tools. For reference to the set of all possible futures at a moment of time we use syntactically designated restricted variables called fan-names. For reference to all possible futures alternative to the actual one we use a modification of a difference modality, localized to the set of all possible futures at the actual moment of time.We construct an axiomatic system for this (...)
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  29. The Life-world as Moral World: Vindicating the Life-world en route to a Phenomenology of the Virtues.Mark W. Brown - 2010 - Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique 6 (3):1-25.
    Clarifying the essential experiential structures at work in our everyday moral engagements promises both (1) to provide a perspicacious self-understanding, and (2) to significantly contribute to theoretical and practical matters of moral philosophy. Since the phenomenological enterprise is concerned with revealing the a priori structures of experience in general, it is then well positioned to discern the essential structures of moral experience specifically. Phenomenology can therefore significantly contribute to matters pertaining to moral philosophy. In this paper I would like to (...)
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  30.  36
    A Logic of Comparative Obligation.Mark A. Brown - 1996 - Studia Logica 57 (1):117 - 137.
    Normal systems of modal logic, interpreted as deontic logics, are unsuitable for a logic of conflicting obligations. By using modal operators based on a more complex semantics, however, we can provide for conflicting obligations, as in [9], which is formally similar to a fragment of the logic of ability later given in [2], Having gone that far, we may find it desirable to be able to express and consider claims about the comparative strengths, or degrees of urgency, of the conflicting (...)
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  31. Conditional and Unconditional Obligation for Agents in Time.Mark A. Brown - 2000 - In Michael Zakharyaschev, Krister Segerberg, Maarten de Rijke & Heinrich Wansing (eds.), Advances in Modal Logic, Volume 2. CSLI Publications. pp. 139-171.
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  32.  7
    The Metaphysics of Modality.Mark A. Brown - 1990 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (3):615-619.
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  33.  29
    Functionalism and Sensations.Mark Brown - 1983 - Auslegung 10:218-28.
  34. Conditional and Unconditional Obligation for Agents in Time.Mark A. Brown - 2000 - In Marcus Kracht, Maarten de Rijke, Heinrich Wansing & Michael Zakharyaschev (eds.), Advances in Modal Logic. CSLI Publications. pp. 139-171.
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  35.  14
    Ethnology and Colonial Administration in Nineteenth-Century British India: The Question of Native Crime and Criminality.Mark Brown - 2003 - British Journal for the History of Science 36 (2):201-219.
    This paper examines the central role of ethnology, the science of race, in the administration of colonial India. This occurred on two levels. First, from the late eighteenth century onwards, proto-scientists and administrators in India engaged with metropolitan theorists through the provision of data on native society and habits. Second, these same agents were continually and reciprocally influenced in the collection and use of such data by the political doctrines and scientific theories that developed over the course of this period. (...)
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  36.  23
    The Elimination of Personal Identity.Mark T. Brown - 2003 - Southwest Philosophy Review 19 (1):239-247.
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  37.  61
    The Problem of Free Will in Heaven.Mark T. Brown - 2008 - Southwest Philosophy Review 24 (1):109-116.
  38.  14
    Benjamin Barber and the Practice of Political Theory.Richard Battistoni, Mark B. Brown, John Dedrick, Lisa Disch, Jennet Kirkpatrick & Jane Mansbridge - 2018 - Contemporary Political Theory 17 (4):478-510.
  39.  35
    Focused Topic Introductory Philosophy Courses.Mark T. Brown - 1996 - Teaching Philosophy 19 (2):145-153.
    This paper details methods for teaching a topic-based approach to an introductory philosophy course. The problem with course surveys is that they sacrifice depth because of their fast pace, which often leaves students behind. Students are unable to grasp the scope of survey courses and only high functioning students appear to benefit from the structure. The single topic method can serve as a point of entry to the history of philosophy and students can gain a more intimate relationship with the (...)
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  40.  39
    Why Individual Identity Matters.Mark T. Brown - 1990 - Southwest Philosophy Review 6 (1):99-104.
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  41.  23
    "The Metaphysics of Modality" by Graeme Forbes. [REVIEW]Mark A. Brown - 1990 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (3):615.
  42.  23
    Problems for Descriptional Theories of Meaning.Mark Brown - 1984 - Southwest Philosophy Review 1:172-181.
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  43.  26
    Books Received. [REVIEW]Mark A. Brown, Jan Woleński, Andrzej Nowak & Adam Drozdek - 1995 - Studia Logica 54 (3):411-424.
  44.  1
    Coitus, the Proximate Determinant of Conception: Inter‐Country Variance in Sub‐Saharan Africa.Mark Simon Brown - 2000 - Journal of Biosocial Science 32 (2):145-159.
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  45.  34
    Three Kinds of Weakness of the Will.Mark T. Brown - 2005 - Southwest Philosophy Review 21 (2):135-138.
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  46.  20
    Humans, Persons and Selves.Mark Brown - 1997 - Southwest Philosophy Review 13 (1):187-195.
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  47.  30
    Unfelt Feelings.Mark T. Brown - 2006 - Southwest Philosophy Review 22 (2):117-122.
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  48.  28
    Questions and Quantifiers.Mark A. Brown - 1990 - Theoria 56 (1-2):62-84.
  49.  33
    In Sight but Out of Mind: Do Competing Views Test the Limits of Perception Without Awareness?Mark T. Brown & D. Besner - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (2):421-429.
    Over a century’s worth of research suggests that “perception” without awareness is a genuine phenomenon. However, relatively little research has explored the question of whether all visually presented information activates representations in long term memory without awareness. Two experiments explored the use of a figure–ground display consisting of competing views in which one view dominates the other such that subjects are unaware of the non-dominant view. Neither experiment provided evidence that the non-dominant view activated its representation in long term memory (...)
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  50.  14
    Public University Funding and the Privatization of Politics.Mark B. Brown - 2013 - Spontaneous Generations 7 (1):21-28.
    This essay first examines a few key aspects of the erosion of public university funding in the United States, showing how the ideal of value-free science has undermined efforts to defend a conception of universities as public goods. Then it considers how advocates of California's Proposition 30, a ballot initiative that restored some public university funding, frequently adopted the same logic of privatization they sought to counteract.
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