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Mark C. Murphy [76]Mark Christopher Murphy [1]
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Mark Murphy
Georgetown University
  1.  8
    An Essay on Divine Authority.Mark C. Murphy - 2019 - Cornell University Press.
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  2. God's Own Ethics: Norms of Divine Agency and the Argument From Evil.Mark C. Murphy - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    Mark C. Murphy addresses the question of how God's ethics differs from human ethics. Murphy suggests that God is not subject to the moral norms to which we humans are subject. This has immediate implications for the argument from evil: we cannot assume that an absolutely perfect being is in any way bound to prevent the evils of this world.
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  3.  69
    God and Moral Law: On the Theistic Explanation of Morality.Mark C. Murphy - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Does God's existence make a difference to how we explain morality? Mark C. Murphy critiques the two dominant theistic accounts of morality--natural law theory and divine command theory--and presents a novel third view. He argues that we can value natural facts about humans and their good, while keeping God at the centre of our moral explanations.
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  4. The Simple Desire-Fulfillment Theory.Mark C. Murphy - 1999 - Noûs 33 (2):247-272.
    It seems to be a widely shared view that any defensible desire-fulfillment theory of welfare must be framed not in terms of what an agent, in fact, desires but rather in terms of what an agent would desire under hypothetical conditions that include improved information. Unfortunately, though, such accounts are subject to serious criticisms. In this paper I show that in the face of these criticisms the best response is to jettison any appeal to idealized information conditions: the considerations put (...)
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  5. Natural Law and Practical Rationality.Mark C. Murphy - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Natural law theory has been undergoing a revival, especially in political philosophy and jurisprudence. Yet, most fundamentally, natural law theory is not a political theory, but a moral theory, or more accurately a theory of practical rationality. According to the natural law account of practical rationality, the basic reasons for actions are basic goods that are grounded in the nature of human beings. Practical rationality aims to identify and characterize reasons for action and to explain how choice between actions worth (...)
     
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  6. Natural Law in Jurisprudence and Politics.Mark C. Murphy - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    Natural law is a perennial though poorly represented and understood issue in political philosophy and the philosophy of law. In this 2006 book, Mark C. Murphy argues that the central thesis of natural law jurisprudence - that law is backed by decisive reasons for compliance - sets the agenda for natural law political philosophy, demonstrating how law gains its binding force by way of the common good of the political community. Murphy's work ranges over the central questions of natural law (...)
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  7. Divine Command, Divine Will, and Moral Obligation.Mark C. Murphy - 1998 - Faith and Philosophy 15 (1):3-27.
    In this article I consider the respective merits of three interpretations of divine command theory. On DCT1, S’s being morally obligated to φ depends on God’s command that S φ; on DCT2, that moral obligation depends on God’s willing that S be morally obligated to φ; on DCT3, that moral obligation depends on God’s willing that S φ. I argue that the positive reasons that have been brought forward in favor of DCT1 have implications theists would find disturbing and that (...)
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  8. A Trilemma for Divine Command Theory.Mark C. Murphy - 2002 - Faith and Philosophy 19 (1):22-31.
  9. Not Penal Substitution but Vicarious Punishment.Mark C. Murphy - 2009 - Faith and Philosophy 26 (3):253-273.
    The penal substitution account of the Atonement fails for conceptual reasons: punishment is expressive action, condemning the party punished, and so is not transferable from a guilty to an innocent party. But there is a relative to the penal substitution view, the vicarious punishment account, that is neither conceptually nor morally objectionable. On this view, the guilty person’s punishment consists in the suffering of an innocent to whom he or she bears a special relationship. Sinful humanity is punished through the (...)
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  10.  33
    Two Unhappy Dilemmas for Natural Law Jurisprudence.Mark C. Murphy - 2015 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 60 (2):121-141.
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  11. Acceptance of Authority and the Duty to Comply with Just Institutions: A Comment on Waldron.Mark C. Murphy - 1994 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 23 (3):271-276.
  12.  78
    Natural Law Jurisprudence.Mark C. Murphy - 2003 - Legal Theory 9 (4):241-267.
  13.  69
    Divine Rationality, Divine Morality, and Divine Love: A Response to Jordan.Mark C. Murphy - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 10 (4):203.
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  14. Is Goodness Without God Good Enough?: A Debate on Faith, Secularism, and Ethics.Louise Antony, William Lane Craig, John Hare, Donald C. Hubin, Paul Kurtz, C. Stephen Layman, Mark C. Murphy, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong & Richard Swinburne - 2009 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Is Goodness Without God Good Enough contains a lively debate between William Lane Craig and Paul Kurtz on the relationship between God and ethics, followed by seven new essays that both comment on the debate and advance the broader discussion of this important issue. Written in an accessible style by eminent scholars, this book will appeal to students and academics alike.
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  15. Alasdair Macintyre.Mark C. Murphy (ed.) - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    The contribution to contemporary philosophy of Alasdair MacIntyre is enormous. His writings on ethics, political philosophy, philosophy of religion, philosophy of the social sciences and the history of philosophy have established him as one of the philosophical giants of the last fifty years. His best-known book, After Virtue, spurred the profound revival of virtue ethics. Moreover, MacIntyre, unlike so many of his contemporaries, has exerted a deep influence beyond the bourns of academic philosophy. This volume focuses on the major themes (...)
     
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  16.  76
    Restricted Theological Voluntarism.Mark C. Murphy - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (10):679-690.
    In addressing objections to the theological voluntarist program, the consensus response by defenders of theological voluntarism has been to affirm a restricted theological voluntarism on which some, but not all, important normative statuses are to be explained by immediate appeal to the divine will. The aim of this article is to assess the merits and demerits of this restricted view. While affirming the restricted view does free theological voluntarism from certain objections, it comes at the cost of committing the theological (...)
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  17.  53
    Natural Law Theory.Mark C. Murphy - 2005 - In Martin P. Golding & William A. Edmundson (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Law and Legal Theory. Blackwell. pp. 15--28.
  18. Defect and Deviance in Natural Law Jurisprudence.Mark C. Murphy - 2012 - In Matthias Klatt (ed.), Institutionalized Reason: The Jurisprudence of Robert Alexy. Oxford University Press.
     
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  19.  41
    Hobbes on the Evil of Death.Mark C. Murphy - 2000 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 82 (1):36-61.
  20.  3
    No Creaturely Intrinsic Value.Mark C. Murphy - 2018 - Philosophia Christi 20 (2):347-355.
    In Robust Ethics, Erik Wielenberg criticizes all theistic ethical theories that explain creaturely value in terms of God on the basis that all such formulations of theistic ethics are committed to the denial of the existence of creaturely intrinsic value. Granting Wielenberg’s claim that such theistic theories are committed to the denial of creaturely intrinsic value, this article considers whether theists should take such a denial to be an objectionable commitment of their views. I argue that theists should deny the (...)
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  21.  46
    The Common Good.Mark C. Murphy - 2005 - Review of Metaphysics 59 (1):3 - 18.
    NATURAL LAW ARGUMENTS CONCERNING the political order characteristically appeal, at some point or other, to the common good of the political community. To take the clearest example: Aquinas, perhaps the paradigmatic natural law theorist, appeals to the common good in his accounts of the definition of law, of the need for political authority, of the moral requirement to adhere to the dictates issued by political authority, and of the form political authority should take. But while united on the point that (...)
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  22.  4
    6 Maclntyre's Political Philosophy.Mark C. Murphy - 2003 - In Alasdair Macintyre. Cambridge University Press. pp. 152.
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  23. Philosophy of Law: The Fundamentals.Mark C. Murphy - 2006 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _The Philosophy of Law_ is a broad-reaching text that guides readers through the basic analytical and normative issues in the field, highlighting key historical and contemporary thinkers and offering a unified treatment of the various issues in the philosophy of law. Enlivened with numerous, everyday examples to illustrate various concepts of law. Employs the idea of three central commonplaces about law - that law is a social matter, that law is authoritative, and that law is for the common good - (...)
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  24.  63
    Natural Law, Consent, and Political Obligation.Mark C. Murphy - 2001 - Social Philosophy and Policy 18 (1):70-92.
    There is a story about the connection between the rise of consent theories of political obligation and the fall of natural law theories of political obligation that is popular among political philosophers but nevertheless false. The story is, to put it crudely, that the rise of consent theory in the modern period coincided with, and came as a result of, the fall of the natural law theory that dominated during the medieval period. Neat though it is, the story errs doubly, (...)
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  25.  44
    Book ReviewsNicholas Wolterstorff,. Justice: Rights and Wrongs.Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008. Pp. Xiv+400. $39.50. [REVIEW]Mark C. Murphy - 2009 - Ethics 119 (2):402-407.
  26.  91
    Surrender of Judgment and the Consent Theory of Political Authority.Mark C. Murphy - 1997 - Law and Philosophy 16 (2):115 - 143.
    The aim of this paper is to take the first steps toward providing a refurbished consent theory of political authority, one that rests in part on a reconception of the relationship between the surrender of judgment and the authoritativeness of political institutions. On the standard view, whatever grounds political authority implies that one ought to surrender one's judgment to that of one's political institutions. On the refurbished view, it is the surrender of one's judgment – which can plausibly be considered (...)
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  27.  61
    The Conscience Principle.Mark C. Murphy - 1997 - Journal of Philosophical Research 22:387-407.
    My aim is to defend the conscience principle: One ought never to act against the dictates of one’s conscience. In the first part of this paper, I explain what I mean by “conscience” and “dictate of conscience,” and I show that the notion that the conscience principle is inherently anti-authoritarian or inherently fanatical is mistaken. In the second part, I argue that the existence of mistaken conscience does not reduce the conscience principle to absurdity. In the third part, I present (...)
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  28.  11
    Desire and Ethics in Hobbes's Leviathan : A Response to Professor Deigh.Mark C. Murphy - 2000 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 38 (2):259-268.
  29.  33
    Desire and Ethics in Hobbes's.Mark C. Murphy - 2000 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 38 (2).
  30.  58
    Was Hobbes a Legal Positivist?Mark C. Murphy - 1995 - Ethics 105 (4):846-873.
  31.  2
    Ln a 1991 Interview, Alasdair Maclntyre Summarized the History of His Own Philosophical Work as Follows: My Life as an Academic Philosopher Falls Into Three Parts. The Twenty-Two Years From 1949, When L Became a Graduate Student of Philosophy at Manchester University, Until 1971 Were a Period, as It Now Appears. [REVIEW]Mark C. Murphy - 2003 - In Alasdair Macintyre. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1.
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  32.  94
    Philippa Foot, Natural Goodness:Natural Goodness.Mark C. Murphy - 2003 - Ethics 113 (2):410-414.
  33.  49
    Pro-Choice and Presumption: A Reply to Kenneth Einar Himma.Mark C. Murphy - 2003 - Faith and Philosophy 20 (2):240-242.
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  34.  34
    Reply to Almeida.Mark C. Murphy - 2004 - Religious Studies 40 (3):335-339.
    Michael J. Almeida offers two criticisms of the argument of my ‘A trilemma for divine command theory’. The first criticism is that I mistakenly assume the validity of the following inference pattern: property A is identical to property B; property B supervenes on property C; therefore, property A supervenes on property C. The second criticism is that I have misinterpreted the moral-supervenience thesis upon which I rely in making this argument. The first of Almeida's criticisms is completely untenable. The second (...)
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  35.  21
    Morality and Divine Authority.Mark C. Murphy - 2008 - In Thomas P. Flint & Michael C. Rea (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology. Oxford University Press.
    This article examines morality and divine authority in the context of the question of whether God – that is, God's existence, nature, or activity – explains morality. It begins with some clarifying remarks about the meaning of ‘God’, ‘morality’, and ‘explains’. The article then evaluates the Theistic Explanation of Morality: for every moral fact, there is some fact about God that explains it. Defences of this thesis might appeal to rather different sorts of relationship between moral and theistic facts, and (...)
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  36.  28
    Natural Law and Moral Philosophy: From Grotius to The Scottish Enlightenment. [REVIEW]Mark C. Murphy - 1997 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 71 (4):635-638.
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  37.  23
    Holy, Holy, Holy: Divine Holiness and Divine Perfection.Mark C. Murphy - forthcoming - Religious Studies:1-25.
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  38.  29
    Finnis on Nature, Reason, God.Mark C. Murphy - 2007 - Legal Theory 13 (3-4):187-209.
    It is often claimed that John Finnis's natural law theory is detachable from the ultimate theistic explanation that he offers in the final chapter of Natural Law and Natural Rights . My aim in this paper is to think through the question of the detachability of Finnis's theistic explanation of the natural law from the remainder of his natural law view, both in Natural Law and Natural Rights and beyond. I argue that Finnis's theistic explanation of the natural law as (...)
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  39.  72
    Divine Authority and Divine Perfection.Mark C. Murphy - 2001 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 49 (3):155-177.
  40. Philosophy of Law.Mark C. Murphy - 2007 - Blackwell.
    The Philosophy of Law is a broad-reaching text that guides readers through the basic analytical and normative issues in the field, highlighting key historical and contemporary thinkers and offering a unified treatment of the various issues in the philosophy of law. Enlivened with numerous, everyday examples to illustrate various concepts of law. Employs the idea of three central commonplaces about law - that law is a social matter, that law is authoritative, and that law is for the common good - (...)
     
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  41.  34
    Suárez’s “Best Argument” and the Dependence of Morality on God.Mark C. Murphy - 2014 - Quaestiones Disputatae 5 (1):30-42.
    I want to begin by expressing misgivings about a standard way of making out a claim for the dependence of morality on God, misgivings that I do not have about a somewhat less standard way of arguing for this dependence. I will then consider a guiding maxim for how to proceed along this less standard way, a maxim that I draw from Suárez’s account of the relationship between divine activity and the activity of secondary causes. I then sketch one way (...)
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  42.  16
    Deviant Uses of "Obligation" in Hobbes' "Leviathan".Mark C. Murphy - 1994 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 11 (3):281 - 294.
  43.  85
    Review: Natural Law Modernized. [REVIEW]Mark C. Murphy - 2002 - Mind 111 (444):833-837.
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  44.  36
    Self-Evidence, Human Nature, and Natural Law.Mark C. Murphy - 1995 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 69 (3):471-484.
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  45.  7
    Surrender of Judgment and the Consent Theory of Political Authority.Mark C. Murphy - 2004 - Law and Philosophy 16 (2):115-143.
    The aim of this paper is to take the first steps toward providing a refurbished consent theory of political authority, one that rests in part on a reconception of the relationship between the surrender of judgment and the authoritativeness of political institutions. On the standard view, whatever grounds political authority implies that one ought to surrender one's judgment to that of one's political institutions. On the refurbished view, it is the surrender of one's judgment – which can plausibly be considered (...)
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  46.  23
    FINNIS ON NATURE, REASON, GOD: Mark C. Murphy.Mark C. Murphy - 2007 - Legal Theory 13 (3-4):187-209.
    It is often claimed that John Finnis's natural law theory is detachable from the ultimate theistic explanation that he offers in the final chapter of Natural Law and Natural Rights. My aim in this paper is to think through the question of the detachability of Finnis's theistic explanation of the natural law from the remainder of his natural law view, both in Natural Law and Natural Rights and beyond. I argue that Finnis's theistic explanation of the natural law as actually (...)
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  47.  18
    Replies to Wielenberg, Irwin, and Draper.Mark C. Murphy - 2017 - Religious Studies 53 (4):572-584.
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  48. What is Justice?: Classic and Contemporary Readings.Robert C. Solomon & Mark C. Murphy (eds.) - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    What is Justice? Classic and Contemporary Readings, 2/e, brings together many of the most prominent and influential writings on the topic of justice, providing an exceptionally comprehensive introduction to the subject. It places special emphasis on "social contract" theories of justice, both ancient and modern, culminating in the monumental work of John Rawls and various responses to his work. It also deals with questions of retributive justice and punishment, topics that are often excluded from other volumes on justice. This new (...)
     
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  49.  3
    Book ReviewsPhilippa Foot,. Natural Goodness.Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2001. Pp. 136. $22.00.Mark C. Murphy - 2003 - Ethics 113 (2):410-414.
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  50.  24
    Pruss on the Requirement of Universal Love.Mark C. Murphy - 2015 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 63 (3):21-30.
    Throughout his excellent book One Body, Alex Pruss relies upon the view that there is a requirement of universal love: each and every one of us is required to love each and every one of us. Although he often appeals to revealed truth in making arguments for his various theses, he supports the requirement of universal love primarily through a philosophical argument, an argument that I call the “argument from responsiveness to value.” The idea is that all persons bear a (...)
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