Results for 'Mark D. Given'

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  1.  22
    Jesus, Paul, and Power: Rhetoric, Ritual, and Metaphor in Ancient Mediterranean Christianity. By Rick F. Talbott. Pp. Xxiii, 194, Cascade Books, Eugene, Oregon, 2010, $18.23. Paul Unbound: Other Perspectives on the Apostle. Edited by Mark D.Given. Pp. Xiv. [REVIEW]Geoffrey Turner - 2013 - Heythrop Journal 54 (1):128-130.
  2. Book Review: The Significance of Grace in the Letters of PaulThe Significance of Grace in the Letters of PaulbyEastmanBradPeter Lang, New York, 1999. 247 Pp. $51.95 . ISBN 0-8204-4075-2. [REVIEW]Mark D. Given - 2001 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 55 (3):322-322.
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  3. Moral Intuitionism and the Challenges of Mysteriousness and Dogmatism.Mark D. Mathewson - 2003 - Dissertation, The University of Nebraska - Lincoln
    Moral philosophers have given increased attention to moral intuitionism in recent years. Despite articulations of moral intuitionism that should be taken more seriously than they have been, dissenters continue to express opposition. Among the most frequent criticisms of moral intuitionism are the Mysteriousness and Dogmatism Objections. The Mysteriousness Objection charges moral intuitionists with postulating a mysterious faculty of knowing. The Dogmatism Objection accuses moral intuitionists of relying on dogmatic assertions which are not, or cannot be, proven or adequately argued (...)
     
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  4. The Cambridge Companion to Ockham. [REVIEW]Mark D. Gossiaux - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (3):651-651.
    William of Ockham is commonly regarded as one of the most important philosophers in the later medieval period. Recent years have witnessed a growing interest in Ockham’s thought, especially among analytically trained philosophers. This of course is not surprising, given the prominence of logical and semantic concerns in Ockham’s philosophy. For those wishing a philosophically rigorous introduction to Ockham’s thought this recent addition to the Cambridge Companion series should serve as a useful reference tool. The editor, Paul Spade, has (...)
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  5.  93
    John Locke and the Problems of Moral Knowledge.Mark D. Mathewson - 2006 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (4):509–526.
    In this paper, I argue that John Locke's account of knowledge coupled with his commitments to moral ideas being voluntary constructions of our own minds and to divine voluntarism (moral rules are given by God according to his will) leads to a seriously flawed view of moral knowledge. After explicating Locke's view of moral knowledge, highlighting the specific problems that seem to arise from it, and suggesting some possible Lockean responses, I conclude that the best Locke can do is (...)
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  6. Inferring Expertise in Knowledge and Prediction Ranking Tasks.Michael D. Lee, Mark Steyvers, Mindy de Young & Brent Miller - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (1):151-163.
    We apply a cognitive modeling approach to the problem of measuring expertise on rank ordering problems. In these problems, people must order a set of items in terms of a given criterion (e.g., ordering American holidays through the calendar year). Using a cognitive model of behavior on this problem that allows for individual differences in knowledge, we are able to infer people's expertise directly from the rankings they provide. We show that our model-based measure of expertise outperforms self-report measures, (...)
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  7. Evil And Imputation In Kant's Ethics.Mark Timmons - 1994 - Jahrbuch für Recht Und Ethik 2.
    For Kant, moral evil of all sorts - evil that is rooted in a person's character - is manifested in action which, on the one hand, is explicable in terms of an agent's own reasons for action and so imputable, though on the other hand it is, in some sense, irrational. Because such evil is rooted in a person's character, it "corrupts the ground of all maxims" and thus deserves to be called radical evil. Moreover, according to Kant, not only (...)
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  8. Reasons-Responsiveness and Degrees of Responsibility.D. Justin Coates & Philip Swenson - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 165 (2):629-645.
    Ordinarily, we take moral responsibility to come in degrees. Despite this commonplace, theories of moral responsibility have focused on the minimum threshold conditions under which agents are morally responsible. But this cannot account for our practices of holding agents to be more or less responsible. In this paper we remedy this omission. More specifically, we extend an account of reasons-responsiveness due to John Martin Fischer and Mark Ravizza according to which an agent is morally responsible only if she is (...)
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  9.  29
    A Decentered Theory of Governance.Mark Bevir - 2002 - Journal des Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 12 (4).
    There are two leading narratives of governance. One is a neoliberal one about markets that is inspired by rational choice. The other is a story about networks associated with institutionalism in political science. This paper argues that both rational choice and institutionalism rely on assumptions about our ability to readoff people’s beliefs from objective social facts about them, and yet that these assumptions are untenable given the philosophical critique of positivism. Hence, we need to modify our leading theories and (...)
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  10.  12
    Jacques Rancière and Time: Le Temps D'Après.Mark Robson - 2015 - Paragraph 38 (3):297-311.
    This article asks whether the work of Jacques Rancière might be said to present a philosophy of time. Outlining the ways in which a consideration of time is a central component of Rancière's thinking on a range of issues, particularly in his attention to the politics of time, the article shows Rancière's resistance both to certain Marxist and to phenomenological notions of time. Particular emphasis is given to the ways in which close attention to Rancière's writing as writing is (...)
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  11.  2
    Collective Action in the Wild.Mathew D. McCubbins & Mark Turner - 2020 - In Antonino Pennisi & Alessandra Falzone (eds.), The Extended Theory of Cognitive Creativity: Interdisciplinary Approaches to Performativity. Springer Verlag. pp. 89-102.
    Twentieth-century dispositions to model human cognition as logical systems have been undermined by evidence from the wild. Formal models of cognition as symbolic, algorithmic, internally consistent, disembodied, and sequentially marching through linear inference are not ecologically valid and are being replaced by pragmatic, usage-based theories, most notably in linguistics. In this article, we argue that game-theoretic models of human collective action must find new foundations, given the evidence that human behavior in experimental settings and in the wild does not (...)
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  12.  76
    Make/Believing the World(S): Toward a Christian Ontological Pluralism * By Mark S. McLeod-Harrison.D. Efird - 2011 - Analysis 71 (2):404-406.
    ‘We believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty, maker of heaven and earth’, so Christians confess when they recite the Nicene Creed. Now if the argument of Mark S. McLeod-Harrison’s Make/Believing the World: Toward a Christian Ontological Pluralism is correct, God is not alone in that task. We human beings are makers of heaven and earth, too, in the sense that what exists is as it is because our minds have made it so, which is a kind of (...)
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  13. Moral Antitheodicy: Prospects and Problems.Robert Mark Simpson - 2009 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 65 (3):153-169.
    Proponents of the view which I call ‘moral antitheodicy’ call for the theistic discourse of theodicy to be abandoned, because, they claim, all theodicies involve some form of moral impropriety. Three arguments in support of this view are examined: the argument from insensitivity, the argument from detachment, and the argument from harmful consequences. After discussing the merits of each argument individually, I attempt to show that they all must presuppose what they are intended to establish, namely, that the set of (...)
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  14.  55
    Telling It Like It Is: Philosophy as Descriptive Manifestation.Mark T. Nelson - 2005 - American Philosophical Quarterly 42 (3):2005.
    What do Ross’s The Right and the Good; Chisholm’s Theory of Knowledge; Kripke’s Naming and Necessity; and Audi’s The Architecture of Reason have in common? They all advance important philosophical positions, but not so much via analytic arguments as via formal schemas, distinctions, examples, and analogies. They use such formal schemas, etc, to describe the world so as to make some aspect of it manifest. That is, they simply try to ‘tell it like it is’. This ‘method of descriptive manifestation’ (...)
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  15.  63
    When Several Bayesians Agree That There Will Be No Reasoning to a Foregone Conclusion.Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):289.
    When can a Bayesian investigator select an hypothesis H and design an experiment (or a sequence of experiments) to make certain that, given the experimental outcome(s), the posterior probability of H will be lower than its prior probability? We report an elementary result which establishes sufficient conditions under which this reasoning to a foregone conclusion cannot occur. Through an example, we discuss how this result extends to the perspective of an onlooker who agrees with the investigator about the statistical (...)
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  16. Crafting Phenomenological Research.Mark D. Vagle - 2014 - Left Coast Press.
    This is an accessible, concise introduction to phenomenological research in education and social sciences. Mark Vagle outlines the key principles for conducting this research from leading contemporary practitioners, such as van Manen, Giorgi, and Dahlberg. He builds on their work by introducing his post-intentional phenomenology, which incorporates elements of post-structural thinking into traditional methods. Vagle provides readers with methodological tools to build their own phenomenological study, addressing such issues as data gathering, validity, and writing. Replete with exercises for students, (...)
     
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  17.  95
    Behavioral Law and Economics : The Assault on Consent, Will, and Dignity.Mark D. White - 2010 - In Christi Favor, Gerald F. Gaus & Julian Lamont (eds.), Essays on Philosophy, Politics & Economics: Integration & Common Research Projects. Stanford Economics and Finance.
    In "Behavioral Law and Economics: The Assault on Consent, Will, and Dignity," Mark D. White uses the moral philosophy of Immanuel Kant to examine the intersection of economics, psychology, and law known as "behavioral law and economics." Scholars in this relatively new field claim that, because of various cognitive biases and failures, people often make choices that are not in their own interests. The policy implications of this are that public and private organizations, such as the state and employers, (...)
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  18.  7
    When Several Bayesians Agree That There Will Be No Reasoning to a Foregone Conclusion.Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish & Teddy Seidenfeld - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (5):S281-S289.
    When can a Bayesian investigator select an hypothesis H and design an experiment to make certain that, given the experimental outcome, the posterior probability of H will be lower than its prior probability? We report an elementary result which establishes sufficient conditions under which this reasoning to a foregone conclusion cannot occur. Through an example, we discuss how this result extends to the perspective of an onlooker who agrees with the investigator about the statistical model for the data but (...)
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  19.  42
    Kantian Ethics and Economics: Autonomy, Dignity, and Character.Mark D. White - 2011 - Stanford University Press.
    This book introduces the moral philosophy of Immanuel Kant—in particular, the concepts of autonomy, dignity, and character—to economic theory, explaining the importance of integrating these two streams of intellectual thought. Mainstream economics is rooted in classical utilitarianism, recommending that decision makers choose the options that are expected to generate the largest net benefits. For individuals, the standard economic model fails to incorporate the role of principles in decision-making, and also denies the possibility of true choice, which can be independent of (...)
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  20. The Virtues of Captain America: Modern-Day Lessons on Character From a World War Ii Superhero.Mark D. White - 2014 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    The first look at the philosophy behind the _Captain America_ comics and movies, publishing in advance of the movie release of _Captain America: The Winter Solider_ in April 2014. In _The Virtues of Captain America_, philosopher and long-time comics fan Mark D. White argues that the core principles, compassion, and judgment exhibited by the 1940’s comic book character Captain America remain relevant to the modern world. Simply put, "Cap" embodies many of the classical virtues that have been important to (...)
     
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  21.  29
    Attitudes of Paediatric and Obstetric Specialists Towards Prenatal Surgery for Lethal and Non-Lethal Conditions.Ryan M. Antiel, Farr A. Curlin, John D. Lantos, Christopher A. Collura, Alan W. Flake, Mark P. Johnson, Natalie E. Rintoul, Stephen D. Brown & Chris Feudtner - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2017-104377.
    Background While prenatal surgery historically was performed exclusively for lethal conditions, today intrauterine surgery is also performed to decrease postnatal disabilities for non-lethal conditions. We sought to describe physicians' attitudes about prenatal surgery for lethal and non-lethal conditions and to elucidate characteristics associated with these attitudes. Methods Survey of 1200 paediatric surgeons, neonatologists and maternal–fetal medicine specialists. Results Of 1176 eligible physicians, 670 responded. In the setting of a lethal condition for which prenatal surgery would likely result in the child (...)
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  22.  8
    Pure War.Mark Polizzotti & Brian O'Keeffe (eds.) - 2008 - Semiotext(E).
    In June 2007, Paul Virilio and Sylvère Lotringer met in La Rochelle, France to reconsider the premises they developed twenty-five years before in their frighteningly prescient classic, Pure War. Pure War described the invisible war waged by technology against humanity, and the lack of any real distinction since World War II between war and peace. Speaking with Lotringer in 1982, Virilio noted the "accidents" that inevitably arise with every technological development: from car crashes to nuclear spillage, to the extermination of (...)
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  23. Review of Representation Reconsidered. [REVIEW]Mark Sprevak - unknown
    William Ramsey’s Representation Reconsidered is a superb, insightful analysis of the notion of mental representation in cognitive science. The book presents an original argument for a bold conclusion: partial eliminativism about mental representation in scientific psychology. According to Ramsey, once we examine the conditions that need to be satisfied for something to qualify as a representation, we can see those conditions are not fulfilled by the ‘representations’ posited by much of modern psychology. Cognitive science—or at least large swathes of it—has (...)
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  24.  19
    Placebo Controls and Epistemic Control in Orthodox Medicine.Mark D. Sullivan - 1993 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (2):213-231.
    American orthodox medicine consolidated its professional authority in the early 20th Century on the basis of its unbiased scientific method. The centerpiece of such a method is a strategy for identifying truly effective new therapies, i.e., the randomized clinical trial (RCT). A crucial component of the RCT in illnesses without established treatment is the placebo control. Placebo effects must be identified and distinguished from pharmacological effects because placebos produce actual but unexplained therapeutic successes. The blinding necessary for a proper placebo-controlled (...)
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  25.  47
    Is the Internet an Emergent Public Sphere?Mark D. West - 2013 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 28 (3):155-159.
    Much has been made of the power of the Internet and related communication technologies to serve as a new public sphere in which democracy can flourish. The evidence, however, has been limited; like the telephone and the postal letter before that, the Internet has powers as a capable tool for organizing social action and protest. Otherwise, though, it seems to have been co-opted by commercial interests and to be used by the public for arguments concerning already settled opinions, a far (...)
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  26.  29
    Ockhamists and Molinists in Search of a Way Out: MARK D. LINVILLE.Mark D. Linville - 1995 - Religious Studies 31 (4):501-515.
    If libertarianism is true, then there is a sense in which agents have it within their power to bring it about that some world is actual. Against recent arguments for the incompatibility of divine foreknowledge and human freedom, I offer an account of power over the past which takes this implication of libertarianism into consideration. I argue that the resulting account is available to Ockhamists and that it is immune to recent criticisms of the notion of counterfactual power over the (...)
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  27.  3
    Person‐Centred Shared Decision Making.Mark R. Tonelli & Mark D. Sullivan - 2019 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 25 (6):1057-1062.
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  28.  15
    Reconciling Homo Economicus and John Dewey's Ethics.Mark D. White - 2003 - Journal of Economic Methodology 10 (2):223-243.
    This paper attempts to incorporate the ethics of John Dewey into the neoclassical model of rational choice. I show that while it may be possible to modify the preference-satisfaction model of homo economicus in order to include many aspects of Dewey's ethics, there are some issues, such as his concepts of the continuity of action, time horizons, and the social nature of the individual, that prove much more difficult to combine with the economic model of human behavior.
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  29.  19
    Should Psychiatrists Serve as Gatekeepers for Physician‐Assisted Suicide?Mark D. Sullivan, Stuart J. Youngner & Linda Ganzini - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (4):24-31.
  30.  82
    Perceived Organizational Motives and Consumer Responses to Proactive and Reactive CSR.Mark D. Groza, Mya R. Pronschinske & Matthew Walker - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 102 (4):639-652.
    Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has emerged as an effective way for firms to create favorable attitudes among consumers. Although prior research has addressed the direct influence of proactive and reactive CSR on consumer responses, this research hypothesized that consumers’ perceived organizational motives (i.e., attributions) will mediate this relationship. It was also hypothesized that the source of information and location of CSR initiative will affect the motives consumers assign to a firms’ engagement in the initiative. Two experiments were conducted to test (...)
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  31.  8
    The Making of Buddhist Modernism (Review).Mark D. Wood - 2011 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 31:270-277.
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  32.  50
    Sacramental Characters.Mark D. Jordan - 2006 - Studies in Christian Ethics 19 (3):323-338.
    Thomas Aquinas’s explanation of the (then new) doctrine of sacramental character can seem a crudely mechanical view of the causality of rites of church membership. It explains in fact the capacity and horizon for moral action in salvation history. Participation in the priesthood of Christ enables the believer to inhabit the pedagogy through which history is brought back to Trinitarian life. This sort of account, which is for Thomas the indispensable ground of moral theology, sounds archaic to many contemporary Christian (...)
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  33.  26
    Jaspers and Ricoeur on the Self and The Other.Mark D. Gedney - 2004 - Philosophy Today 48 (4):331-342.
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  34.  52
    Exploring the Illusion of Free Will and Moral Responsibility.Gregg D. Caruso (ed.) - 2013 - Lexington Books.
    This book explores the philosophical and scientific arguments for free will skepticism and their implications. Skepticism about free will and moral responsibility has been on the rise in recent years. In fact, a significant number of philosophers, psychologists, and neuroscientists now either doubt or outright deny the existence of free will and/or moral responsibility—and the list of prominent skeptics appears to grow by the day. Given the profound importance that the concepts of free will and moral responsibility play in (...)
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  35. What Are (and What Are Not) The Existential Implications of Antidepressant Use?Mark D. Rego - 2005 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (2):119-128.
  36.  4
    Processing Determinants of Reading Speed.Mark D. Jackson & James L. McClelland - 1979 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 108 (2):151-181.
  37. Effect of Environmental Structure on Evolutionary Adaptation.Jeffrey A. Fletcher, Mark A. Bedau & Martin Zwick - 1998 - In R. Belew C. Adami (ed.), Artificial Life VI: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Artificial Life. Cambridge: MIT Press. pp. 189-198.
    This paper investigates how environmental structure, given the innate properties of a population, affects the degree to which this population can adapt to the environment. The model we explore involves simple agents in a 2-d world which can sense a local food distribution and, as specified by their genomes, move to a new location and ingest the food there. Adaptation in this model consists of improving the genomic sensorimotor mapping so as to maximally exploit the environmental resources. We vary (...)
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  38.  10
    Ethical Idealism an Inquiry Into the Nature and Function of Ideals.Mark D. Stohs - 1987
    Is it rational to strive for the unattainable? In this short and provocative study, Nicholas Rescher vigorously defends both the rationality and practicality of seriously pursuing impossible dreams.
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  39.  49
    Paradigms for Clinical Ethics Consultation Practice.Mark D. Fox, Glenn Mcgee & Arthur Caplan - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (3):308-314.
    Clinical bioethics is big business. There are now hundreds of people who bioethics in community and university hospitals, nursing homes, rehabilitation and home care settings, and some who play the role of clinical ethics consultant to transplant teams, managed care companies, and genetic testing firms. Still, there is as much speculation about what clinically active bioethicists actually do as there was ten years ago. Various commentators have pondered the need for training standards, credentials, exams, and malpractice insurance for ethicists engaged (...)
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  40.  6
    The Role of Preexisting Fractures and Faults During Multistage Hydraulic Fracturing in the Bakken Formation.Yi Yang & Mark D. Zoback - 2014 - Interpretation: SEG 2 (3):SG25-SG39.
    We performed an integrated study of multistage hydraulic fracture stimulation of two parallel horizontal wells in the Bakken Formation in the Williston Basin, North Dakota. There are three distinct parts of this study: development of a geomechanical model for the study area, interpretation of multiarray downhole recordings of microseismic events, and interpretation of hydraulic fracturing data in a geomechanical context. We estimated the current stress state to be characterized by an NF/SS regime, with [Formula: see text] oriented approximately [Formula: see (...)
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  41.  14
    Intracranial EEG Power Spectra and Phase Synchrony During Consciousness and Unconsciousness.Susan Pockett & Mark D. Holmes - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):1049-1055.
    Power density spectra and phase synchrony measurements were taken from intracranial electrode grids implanted in epileptic subjects. Comparisons were made between data from the waking state and from the period of unconsciousness immediately following a generalised tonic–clonic seizure. Power spectra in the waking state resembled coloured noise. Power spectra in the unconscious state resembled coloured noise from 1 to about 5 Hz, but at higher frequencies changed in two out of three subjects to resemble white noise. This boosted unconscious gamma (...)
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  42.  28
    Consequences of Concern: Ethics, Social Responsibility, and Well-Being.Mark D. Promislo, Robert A. Giacalone & Jeremy Welch - 2012 - Business Ethics 21 (2):209-219.
    Prior research has studied the antecedents of beliefs regarding ethics and social responsibility (ESR). However, few studies have examined how individual well-being may be related to such beliefs. In this exploratory study, we assessed the relationship between perceived importance of ESR – both individually and of one's company – and indicators of physical and psychological well-being. Results demonstrated that perceived importance of ESR was associated with three aspects of well-being: exuberance for life, sleep problems, and job stress. The results are (...)
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  43.  9
    A Nudge Without a Wink!Mark D. Fox & Scott Gelfand - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (3):83-85.
    Volume 20, Issue 3, March 2020, Page 83-85.
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  44.  88
    Chinese Rooms and Program Portability.Mark D. Sprevak - 2007 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (4):755-776.
    I argue in this article that there is a mistake in Searle's Chinese room argument that has not received sufficient attention. The mistake stems from Searle's use of the Church-Turing thesis. Searle assumes that the Church-Turing thesis licences the assumption that the Chinese room can run any program. I argue that it does not, and that this assumption is false. A number of possible objections are considered and rejected. My conclusion is that it is consistent with Searle's argument to hold (...)
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  45.  15
    Ethical Idealism: An Inquiry Into the Nature and Function of Ideals. [REVIEW]Mark D. Stohs - 1987 - Ethics 98 (4):839-841.
  46.  8
    Consequences of Concern: Ethics, Social Responsibility, and Well-Being.Mark D. Promislo, Robert A. Giacalone & Jeremy Welch - 2012 - Business Ethics: A European Review 21 (2):209-219.
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  47.  7
    Inhibition, Contextual Segregation, and Subject Strategies in List Method Directed Forgetting.Tony Whetstone, Mark D. Cross & Lauren M. Whetstone - 1996 - Consciousness and Cognition 5 (4):395-417.
    This experiment tested alternative explanations of list method directed forgetting effects. Two word lists were studied by 135 subjects. Between lists, subjects were instructed to remember both lists , remember both lists as well as in which list words were studied , or to forget the first list and remember the second . All subjects took both recall and recognition tests with test order varied between subjects. Among subjects who took the recall test first, the forget group showed a directed (...)
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  48.  20
    The Road Not Taken: On MacIntyre’s Human Rights Skepticism.Mark D. Retter - 2018 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 63 (2):189-219.
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  49.  14
    More Than “Just Don't Say No”: Taking Pediatric Decision Making Seriously.Mark D. Fox & Michael R. Gomez - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (3):12-13.
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  50.  7
    Democratic Moral Education and the Gifts of the Holy Spirit.Mark D. Jordan - 2016 - Journal of Religious Ethics 44 (2):246-259.
    How far is Thomas Aquinas available for current discussions in political philosophy? While there are certainly things to be learned from him about our political preoccupations, the pedagogy of his moral teaching typically resists our familiar questions. This holds even when the question is put in terms that Thomas should recognize—say, as a question about the virtues appropriate for a democracy. Thomas not only gives different meanings to these terms, he moves political topics away from the center of theological attention (...)
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