Search results for 'Mark S. Davis' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Wes Davis (2006). Mark Twain's Medicine Show. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (1):137-143.
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  2. Richard H. Davis, Bhāskara, Mark S. G. Dyczkowski & Bhaskara (1994). The Aphorisms of Śiva: The Śivasūtra with Bhāskara's Commentary, the VārttikaThe Aphorisms of Siva: The Sivasutra with Bhaskara's Commentary, the Varttika. Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (2):312.
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  3. Stephen T. Davis (1976). Anselm And Question-Begging: A Reply To William Rowe'S Comments On Professor Davis' 'Does The Ontological Argument Beg The Question'. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7:448-457.
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  4. Tony Burns, Claire Curtis, Laurence Davis, Winter Elliot, Chris Ferns, Everett Hamner, Ursula K. Le Guin, Avery Plaw, Andrew Reynolds, Ellen Rigsby, Jennifer Rodgers, Dan Sabia, Bülent Somay, Douglas Spencer, Simon Stow & Mark Tunick (2005). The New Utopian Politics of Ursula K. Le Guin's the Dispossessed. Lexington Books.
    The Dispossessed has been described by political thinker Andre Gorz as 'The most striking description I know of the seductions—and snares—of self-managed communist or, in other words, anarchist society.' To date, however, the radical social, cultural, and political ramifications of Le Guin's multiple award-winning novel remain woefully under explored. Editors Laurence Davis and Peter Stillman right this state of affairs in the first ever collection of original essays devoted to Le Guin's novel. Among the topics covered in this wide-ranging, (...)
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  5.  5
    Stuart G. Finder, Mark J. Bliton, Chandler E. Gill, Thomas L. Davis, Peter E. Konrad & P. D. Charles (2011). Potential Subjects' Responses to an Ethics Questionnaire in a Phase I Study of Deep Brain Stimulation in Early Parkinson's Disease. Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (3):207-216.
    Background Central to ethically justified clinical trial design is the need for an informed consent process responsive to how potential subjects actually comprehend study participation, especially study goals, risks, and potential benefits. This will be particularly challenging when studying deep brain stimulation and whether it impedes symptom progression in Parkinson’s disease, since potential subjects will be Parkinson’s patients for whom deep brain stimulation will likely have therapeutic value in the future as their disease progresses.Method As part of an expanded informed (...)
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  6. Michael Davis (2012). The Soul of the Greeks: An Inquiry. University of Chicago Press.
    The understanding of the soul in the West has been profoundly shaped by Christianity, and its influence can be seen in certain assumptions often made about the soul: that, for example, if it does exist, it is separable from the body, free, immortal, and potentially pure. The ancient Greeks, however, conceived of the soul quite differently. In this ambitious new work, Michael Davis analyzes works by Homer, Herodotus, Euripides, Plato, and Aristotle to reveal how the ancient Greeks portrayed and (...)
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  7.  40
    Michael Davis (2011). The Soul of the Greeks: An Inquiry. University of Chicago Press.
    The understanding of the soul in the West has been profoundly shaped by Christianity, and its influence can be seen in certain assumptions often made about the soul: that, for example, if it does exist, it is separable from the body, free, immortal, and potentially pure. The ancient Greeks, however, conceived of the soul quite differently. In this ambitious new work, Michael Davis analyzes works by Homer, Herodotus, Euripides, Plato, and Aristotle to reveal how the ancient Greeks portrayed and (...)
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  8.  38
    Mark S. Davis, Michelle Riske-Morris & Sebastian R. Diaz (2008). Causal Factors Implicated in Research Misconduct: Evidence From Ori Case Files. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (2):395-414.
    There has been relatively little empirical research into the causes of research misconduct. To begin to address this void, the authors collected data from closed case files of the Office of Research Integrity (ORI). These data were in the form of statements extracted from ORI file documents including transcripts, investigative reports, witness statements, and correspondence. Researchers assigned these statements to 44 different concepts. These concepts were then analyzed using multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis. The authors chose a solution consisting of (...)
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  9.  11
    Nora K. Bell, Samantha J. Brennan, William F. Bristow, Diana H. Coole, Justin DArms, Michael S. Davis, Daniel A. Dombrowski, John J. P. Donnelly, Anthony J. Ellis, Mark C. Fowler, Alan E. Fuchs, Chris Hackler, Garth L. Hallett, Rita C. Manning, Kevin E. Olson, Lansing R. Pollock, Marc Lee Raphael, Robert A. Sedler, Charlene Haddock Seigfried, Kristin S. Schrader‐Frechette, Anita Silvers, Doran Smolkin, Alan G. Soble, James P. Sterba, Stephen P. Turner & Eric Watkins (2001). Book Notes. [REVIEW] Ethics 111 (2):446-459.
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  10.  1
    D. Mark Davis (2006). The Centrality of Wonder in Paul's Soteriology. Interpretation 60 (4):404-418.
    At strategic moments in his very didactic letter to the church in Rome, Paul moves to poetic language and displays a sense of wonder at the heart of his doctrine of salvation.
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  11. Ann Davis, Thomas S. Engeman, Lilly J. Goren, Despina Korovessis, Peter Augustine Lawler, Carol McNamara, Mary P. Nichols & Laura Weiner (2001). Seers and Judges: American Literature as Political Philosophy. Lexington Books.
    Alexis de Tocqueville asserted that America had no truly great literature, and that American writers merely mimicked the British and European traditions of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. This new edited collection masterfully refutes Tocqueville's monocultural myopia and reveals the distinctive role American poetry and prose have played in reflecting and passing judgment upon the core values of American democracy. The essays, profiling the work of Mark Twain, F. Scott Fitzgerald, John Updike, Edith Wharton, Walt Whitman, Henry James, Willa (...)
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  12.  36
    Wayne A. Davis (2013). Grice's Razor and Epistemic Invariantism. Journal of Philosophical Research 38:147-176.
    Grice’s Razor is a methodological principle that many philosophers and linguists have used to help justify pragmatic explanations of linguistic phenomena over semantic explanations. A number of authors in the debate over contextualism argue that an invariant semantics together with Grice’s (1975) conversational principles can account for the contextual variability of knowledge claims. I show here that the defense of Grice’s Razor found in these “Gricean invariantists,” and its use against epistemic contextualism, display all the problems pointed out earlier in (...)
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  13. Peter Asp, Christopher Bennett, Peter Cave, J. Angelo Corlett, Richard Dagger, Michael Davis, Anthony Ellis, Thomas S. Petersen, Julian V. Roberts & Torbjörn Tännsjö (2011). Recidivist Punishments: The Philosopher's View. Lexington Books.
    Much has been written about recidivist punishments, particularly within the area of criminology. However there is a notorious lack of penal philosophical reflection on this issue. This book attempts to fill that gap by presenting the philosopher’s view on this matter as a way of furthering the debate on recidivist punishments.
     
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  14. Erik W. Davis (2015). Deathpower: Buddhism's Ritual Imagination in Cambodia. Cup.
    Drawing on extensive ethnographic fieldwork in Cambodia, Erik W. Davis radically recasts attitudes toward the nature of Southeast Asian Buddhism's interactions with local religious practice and, by extension, reorients our understanding of Buddhism itself. Through a vivid study of contemporary Cambodian Buddhist funeral rites, he reveals the powerfully integrative role monks play as they care for the dead and negotiate the interplay of non-Buddhist spirits and formal Buddhist customs. Buddhist monks perform funeral rituals rooted in the embodied practices of (...)
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  15.  17
    John Bryan Davis (1994). Keynes's Philosophical Development. Cambridge University Press.
    In this compelling book, John B. Davis examines the change and development in Keynes's philosophical thinking, from his earliest work through to The General Theory, arguing that Keynes came to believe himself mistaken about a number of his early philosophical concepts. The author begins by looking at the unpublished 'Apostles' papers, written under the influence of the philosopher G. E. Moore. These display the tensions in Keynes's early philosophical views, and outline his philosophical concepts of the time, including the (...)
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  16. John B. Davis (1994). Keynes's Philosophical Development. Cambridge University Press.
    In this compelling book, John B. Davis examines the change and development in Keynes's philosophical thinking, from his earliest work through to The General Theory, arguing that Keynes came to believe himself mistaken about a number of his early philosophical concepts. The author begins by looking at the unpublished 'Apostles' papers, written under the influence of the philosopher G. E. Moore. These display the tensions in Keynes's early philosophical views, and outline his philosophical concepts of the time, including the (...)
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  17. Laurence Davis, Peter Stillman & Ursula K. Le Guin (2006). The New Utopian Politics of Ursula K. Le Guin's The Dispossessed. Utopian Studies 17 (2):375-379.
    The Dispossessed has been described by political thinker Andre Gorz as 'The most striking description I know of the seductions—and snares—of self-managed communist or, in other words, anarchist society.' To date, however, the radical social, cultural, and political ramifications of Le Guin's multiple award-winning novel remain woefully under explored. Editors Laurence Davis and Peter Stillman right this state of affairs in the first ever collection of original essays devoted to Le Guin's novel. Among the topics covered in this wide-ranging, (...)
     
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  18. Laurence Davis & Peter Stillman (eds.) (2005). The New Utopian Politics of Ursula K. Le Guin's the Dispossessed. Lexington Books.
    The Dispossessed has been described by political thinker Andre Gorz as 'The most striking description I know of the seductions—and snares—of self-managed communist or, in other words, anarchist society.' To date, however, the radical social, cultural, and political ramifications of Le Guin's multiple award-winning novel remain woefully under explored. Editors Laurence Davis and Peter Stillman right this state of affairs in the first ever collection of original essays devoted to Le Guin's novel. Among the topics covered in this wide-ranging, (...)
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  19.  17
    Dena S. Davis (1997). Genetic Dilemmas and the Child's Right to an Open Future. Hastings Center Report 27 (2):7-15.
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  20. Murray S. Davis (1971). That's Interesting!: Towards a Phenomenology of Sociology and a Sociology of Phenomenology. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 1 (2):309-344.
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  21.  81
    Dena S. Davis (2009). The Parental Investment Factor and the Child's Right to an Open Future. Hastings Center Report 39 (2):24-27.
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  22.  11
    Wayne A. Davis (forthcoming). Berg’s Answer to Frege’s Puzzle. Philosophia:1-16.
    Berg seeks to defend the theory that the meaning of a proper name in a belief report is its reference against Frege’s puzzle by hypothesizing that when substituting coreferential names in belief reports results in reports that seem to have different truth values, the appearance is due to the fact that the reports have different metalinguistic implicatures. I review evidence that implicatures cannot be calculated in the way Grice or Berg imagine, and give reasons to believe that belief reports do (...)
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  23. Corey S. Davis & Sarah Somers (2011). National Health Care Reform and the Public's Health. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39:65-68.
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  24.  61
    Murray S. Davis (1986). 'That's Classic!' The Phenomenology and Rhetoric of Successful Social Theories. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 16 (3):285-301.
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  25.  7
    Arlene M. Davis, Sara Chandros Hull, Christine Grady, Benjamin S. Wilfond & Gail E. Henderson (2002). The Invisible Hand in Clinical Research: The Study Coordinator's Critical Role in Human Subjects Protection. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 30 (3):411-419.
  26.  6
    Leesa S. Davis (2015). Review of The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, Edited by Robert E. Buswell Jr and Donald S. Lopez Jr. [REVIEW] Sophia 54 (2):239-241.
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  27.  6
    Richard S. Davis (1973). Whitehead's Moral Philosophy. Process Studies 3 (2):75-90.
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  28.  12
    Corey S. Davis & Sarah Somers (2011). National Health Care Reform and the Public's Health. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 39 (s1):65-68.
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  29.  4
    Dena S. Davis (2001). Child's Right to an Open Future. Hastings Center Report 32 (5):6.
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  30.  1
    Stephen F. Davis, Roger L. Thomas & Melanie S. Weaver (1982). Psychology’s Contemporary and All-Time Notables: Student, Faculty, and Chairperson Viewpoints. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 20 (1):3-6.
  31. Jeffrey S. Bowers, Markus F. Damian & Colin J. Davis (2009). Postscript: More Problems with Botvinick and Plaut’s PDP Model of Short-Term Memory. Psychological Review 116 (4):995-997.
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  32. Rossana Dalmonte, Christie Davies, Martha Davis, François Delalande, Célestin Deliège, Françoise Escal, Bruce E. Fleming, Robert S. Hatten, Shuhei Hosokawa & Vladimir Karbusicky (1987). Mario Baroni Accompaniment Formulas in Verdi's Ernani 129-140 Daniel Charles Son Et Temps 171-179. Semiotica 66:455.
     
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  33. Dena S. Davis (2014). But with Progeny, It's Hodge-Podgenee. Hastings Center Report 44 (1):46-47.
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  34. Arlene M. Davis, Sara Chandros Hull, Christine Grady, Benjamin S. Wilfond & Gail E. Henderson (2002). The Invisible Hand in Clinical Research: The Study Coordinator's Critical Role in Human Subjects Protection. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (3):411-419.
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  35.  28
    Kyla Fisher, Jessica Geenen, Marie Jurcevic, Katya McClintock & Glynn Davis (2009). Applying Asset-Based Community Development as a Strategy for CSR: A Canadian Perspective on a Win–Win for Stakeholders and SMEs. Business Ethics 18 (1):66-82.
    In the December 2006 edition of Harvard Business Review , Michael Porter and Mark Kramer argue that by approaching corporate social responsibility (CSR) based on corporate priorities, strengths and abilities, firms can develop socially and fiscally responsible solutions to current CSR issues, which will provide operational and competitive advantages. We agree that an effective approach to CSR includes a mapping of strategy, risk and opportunity. However, we also caution that the identification of these to the exclusion of societal input (...)
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  36.  31
    Zachary Davis (2005). Husserl on the Ethical Renewal of Sympathy and the One World of Solidarity. Southern Journal of Philosophy 43 (4):561-581.
    Edmund Husserl’s Kaizo articles mark one of his first attempts at notions of cultural renewal and critique. (1) Central to both of these notions for Husserl is the idea of a best possible humanity. At the conclusion of the Kaizo articles, Husserl entertains some quite troubling and potentially dangerous descriptions of the best possible in terms of an Übernation or Weltvolk. Although merely provisional, these descriptions call for a cultural and ethical renewal through the reorientation of humanity in accord (...)
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  37. Slavoj ŽI.žek, Clayton Crockett & Creston Davis (eds.) (2011). Hegel and the Infinite: Religion, Politics, and Dialectic. Columbia University Press.
    Catherine Malabou, Antonio Negri, John D. Caputo, Bruno Bosteels, Mark C. Taylor, and Slavoj Zizek join seven others--including William Desmond, Katrin Pahl, Adrian Johnston, Edith Wyschogrod, and Thomas A. Lewis--to apply Hegel's thought to twenty-first-century philosophy, politics, and religion. Doing away with claims that the evolution of thought and history is at an end, these thinkers safeguard Hegel's innovations against irrelevance and, importantly, reset the distinction of secular and sacred. These original contributions focus on Hegelian analysis and the transformative (...)
     
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  38.  60
    Michael Davis (2009). Punishment Theory's Golden Half Century: A Survey of Developments From (About) 1957 to 2007. [REVIEW] Journal of Ethics 13 (1):73 - 100.
    This paper describes developments in punishment theory since the middle of the twentieth century. After the mid–1960s, what Stanley I. Benn called “preventive theories of punishment”—whether strictly utilitarian or more loosely consequentialist like his—entered a long and steep decline, beginning with the virtual disappearance of reform theory in the 1970s. Crowding out preventive theories were various alternatives generally (but, as I shall argue, misleadingly) categorized as “retributive”. These alternatives include both old theories (such as the education theory) resurrected after many (...)
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  39.  30
    John K. Davis (2004). Conscientious Refusal and a Doctors's Right to Quit. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (1):75 – 91.
    Patients sometimes request procedures their doctors find morally objectionable. Do doctors have a right of conscientious refusal? I argue that conscientious refusal is justified only if the doctor's refusal does not make the patient worse off than she would have been had she gone to another doctor in the first place. From this approach I derive conclusions about the duty to refer and facilitate transfer, whether doctors may provide 'moral counseling,' whether doctors are obligated to provide objectionable procedures when no (...)
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  40.  6
    Karen Davis (2005). The Holocaust and the Henmaid's Tale: A Case for Comparing Atrocities. Lantern Books.
    Preface: Blurring the boundary between human and nonhuman beings -- Only one Holocaust? -- Evidence of things not seen -- The henmaid's tale -- Holocaust victimization imagery -- Procrustean solutions -- Scapegoats and surrogates : falsifying the fate of victims -- The 9/11 controversy -- An atrocity can be both unique and general.
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  41.  19
    George C. Davis (2000). A Semantic Interpretation of Haavelmo's Structure of Econometrics. Economics and Philosophy 16 (2):205-228.
    Trygve Haavelmo's 1944 article ‘The Probability Approach in Econometrics’ is considered by most to have provided the foundations for present day econometrics (Morgan, 1990, Chapters 8 and 9). Since Haavelmo (1944), extraordinary advances have been made in econometrics. However, over the last two decades the efficacy and scientific status of econometrics has become questionable. Not surprisingly, the growing discontent with econometrics has been accompanied by a growing interest in econometric methodology.
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  42.  10
    James Calvin Davis (2005). William Ames's Calvinist Ambiguity Over Freedom of Conscience. Journal of Religious Ethics 33 (2):333 - 355.
    Reformed Christianity's qualified embrace of freedom of conscience is per- haps best represented by William Ames (1576-1633). This essay explores Ames's interpretation of conscience, his understanding of its relationship to natural law, Scripture, and civil authority, and his vacillation on the sub- ject of conscientious freedom. By rooting his interpretation of conscience in natural law, Ames provided a foundation for conscience as an authority whose convictions are binding and worthy of some civil respect and free- dom. At the same time, (...)
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  43.  58
    Michael Hunter & Edward B. Davis (1996). The Making of Robert Boyle' s fRee Enquiry Into the Vulgarly Receiv'd nOtion of Nature (1686). Early Science and Medicine 1 (2):204-268.
    This study throws new light on the composition of Boyle's Free Enquiry into the Vulgarly Receiv'd Notion of Nature ; it also draws more general conclusions about Boyle's methods as an author and his links with his context. Its basis is a careful study of the extant manuscript drafts for the work, and their relationship with the published editions. Section 2 describes Boyle's characteristic method of composition from the late 1650s onwards, involving the dictation of discrete sections of text to (...)
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  44.  54
    F. Daniel Davis (1997). Phronesis, Clinical Reasoning, and Pellegrino's Philosophy of Medicine. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 18 (1-2).
    In terms of Aristotle's intellectual virtues, the process of clinical reasoning and the discipline of clinical medicine are often construed as techne (art), as episteme (science), or as an amalgam or composite of techne and episteme. Although dimensions of process and discipline are appropriately described in these terms, I argue that phronesis (practical reasoning) provides the most compelling paradigm, particularly of the rationality of the physician's knowing and doing in the clinical encounter with the patient. I anchor this argument, moreover, (...)
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  45.  35
    Josef Perner, Susan R. Leekam, Deborah Myers, Shalini Davis & Nicola Odgers, Misrepresentation and Referential Confusion: Children's Difficulty with False Beliefs and Outdated Photographs.
    Three and 4-year-old children were tested on matched versions of Zaitchik's (1990) photo task and Wimmer and Perner's (1983) false belief task. Although replicating Zaitchik's finding that false belief and photo task are of equal difficulty, this applied only to mean performance across subjects and no substantial correlation between the two tasks was found. This suggests that the two tasks tap different intellectual abilities. It was further discovered that children's performance can be improved by drawing their attention to the back (...)
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  46.  5
    Lisa Edwards, Paul Davis & Alison Forbes (2016). Challenging Sex Segregation: A Philosophical Evaluation of the Football Association’s Rules on Mixed Football. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 9 (4):389-400.
    The Football Association has been under pressure to allow girls to play in mixed teams since 1978, following 12-year old Theresa Bennett’s application to play with boys in a local league. In 1991, over a decade after Bennett’s legal challenge, the FA agreed to remove its ban on mixed football and introduced Rule C4 in order to permit males and females to play together in competitive matches under the age of 11. More recently, following a campaign by parents, coaches, local (...)
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  47.  26
    Zachary Davis (2012). The Values of War and Peace: Max Scheler's Political Transformations. Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 16 (2):128-149.
    Max Scheler’s contribution to the early development of phenomenology is second to only Edmund Husserl’s. What perhaps distinguishes Scheler’s early contribution is his willingness to examine phenomenologically social and political phenomena. Not only did this early trajectory lead him to develop a non-formal value theory, but it also enabled him to engage directly in the political problems of his time. Like many of his contemporary intellectuals, Scheler was an adamantsupporter of German aggression during the onset of World War I, and (...)
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  48.  30
    Noela Davis (2012). Subjected Subjects? On Judith Butler's Paradox of Interpellation. Hypatia 27 (3):881 - 897.
    Judith Butler's theory of the constitution of subjectivity conceptualizes the subject as a performative materialization of its social environment. In her theory Butler utilizes Louis Althusser's notion of interpellation, and she critiques the constitutive paradoxes to which its tautological framing leads. Although there is no pre-existing subject, as it is constituted in the turn to the interpellative hail, Butler nonetheless theorizes a guilt and compulsion acting on an “individual” that compels his or her turn to answer the hail. There is (...)
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  49.  30
    Michael Davis (2000). Revenge, Victim's Rights, and Criminal Justice. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (1):119-128.
    Barton’s view in Getting Even: Revenge as a Form of Justice (Open Court Chicago, 19991 is that revenge -- in the form of victim participation in trial. sentencing, and punishment -- should have a large place in criminal justice. I argue that what he suggests in the way of reform has no essential relation with criminal justice.
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  50.  14
    Michael Davis (2014). Locke’s Political Society. Journal of Moral Philosophy 11 (2):209-231.
    This paper not only describes a confusing network of terms , thus defining a problem of interpretation, but also partially solves the problem. One result is that Locke turns out to differ in at least one important way from those theorists of social contract supposedly belonging to the same tradition, especially Hobbes, Rousseau, and Rawls. The Two Treatises lacks any social contract, that is, a contract constituting society in the inclusive sense usually given “society” in discussions of “social contract”. Locke’s (...)
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