10 found
  1.  38
    The Conceptual Construction of Altruism: Ernst Fehr’s Experimental Approach to Human Conduct.Mark S. Peacock - 2007 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (1):3-23.
    I offer an appreciation and critique of Ernst Fehr’s altruism research in experimental economics that challenges the "selfishness axiom" as an account of human behavior. I describe examples of Fehr’s experiments and their results and consider his conceptual terminology, particularly his "biological" definition of altruism and its counterintuitive implications. I also look at Fehr’s experiments from a methodological perspective and examine his explanations of subjects’ behavior. In closing, I look at Fehr’s neuroscientific work in experimental economics and question his adherence (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
    Export citation  
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  2.  18
    Altruism and the Indispensability of Motives.Mark S. Peacock, Michael Schefczyk & Peter Schaber - 2005 - Analyse & Kritik 27 (1):188-196.
    In this paper we examine Fehr’s notions of “altruism”, “strong reciprocity” and “altruistic punishment” and query his ascription of altruism. We suggest that, pace Fehr, altruism cannot be defined behaviourally because the definition of altruism must refer to the motives of actors. We also advert to certain inconsistencies in Fehr’s usage of his terms and we question his explanation of altruism in terms of ‘social preferences’.
    Direct download (4 more)  
    Export citation  
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  3.  37
    Explaining Theory Choice: An Assessment of the Critical Realist Contribution to Explanation in Science.Mark S. Peacock - 2000 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 30 (3):319–339.
  4.  47
    Path Dependence in the Production of Scientific Knowledge.Mark S. Peacock - 2009 - Social Epistemology 23 (2):105 – 124.
    Despite its proliferation in technology studies, the concept of “path dependence” has scarcely been applied to epistemology. In this essay, I investigate path dependence in the production of scientific knowledge, first, by considering Kuhn's scattered remarks that lend support to a path-dependence thesis (Section I) and second by developing and criticising Kuhn's embryonic account (Sections II and III). I examine a case from high-energy physics that brings the path-dependent nature of scientific knowledge to the fore and I pay attention to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Export citation  
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  5.  41
    Hayek, Realism and Spontaneous Order.Mark S. Peacock - 1993 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 23 (3):249–264.
  6. Holocaust Studies: What is to Be Learned?Mark S. Peacock & Paul A. Roth - 2004 - History of the Human Sciences 17 (2-3):1-13.
  7.  39
    Philosophy and the Marketplace: Introduction.Mark S. Peacock & Michael Schefczyk - 2000 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 7 (4):1-5.
    Whilst natural scientists have forged close links with industry, economists—in their capacity as consultants—with private enterprise, and psychologists with the burgeoning market for counselling services, philosophers have shown little eagerness to “ply their trade” in any commercial form whatsoever. Indeed, the very juxtaposition of concepts like “philosophy,” “money,” and “the marketplace” may already have raised eyebrows or induced mocking smirks. The image of this unworldly species assuming a commercial role comparable in scope or nature to that of practitioners of other (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Export citation  
  8.  10
    The Desire to Understand and the Politics of Wissenschaft: An Analysis of the Historikerstreit.Mark S. Peacock - 2001 - History of the Human Sciences 14 (4):87-110.
    In 1986, a debate - der Historikerstreit (the historians’ dispute) - erupted in the German public sphere. It involved a number of historians who attempted to ‘revise’ approaches to the study of the Holocaust. Their endeavours met with fierce opposition, most notably from Jürgen Habermas, who accused them of trying to endow Germany with a presentable political image by relativizing the Holocaust. This article examines the conduct of the debate, in particular the manner in which each side alleged of the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
    Export citation  
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  9. The Indispensability of Motives: Thoughts on Ernst Fehr and Altruism.Mark S. Peacock, Michael Schefczyk & Peter Schaber - 2005 - Analyse & Kritik 27 (1):188-196.
    No categories
    Export citation  
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10.  2
    1. Wealth and Commerce in Archaic Greece: Homer and Hesiod.Mark S. Peacock - 2017 - In Eugene Heath & Byron Kaldis (eds.), Wealth, Commerce, and Philosophy: Foundational Thinkers and Business Ethics. University of Chicago Press. pp. 11-30.
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Export citation