Results for 'Mark S. Railey'

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  1. What Every Teacher of Science and Religion Needs to Know About Pedagogy.Philip Clayton & Mark S. Railey - 1998 - Zygon 33 (1):121-130.
    This essay provides practical tips for effective teaching in science-and-religion courses. It offers suggestions for dealing with difficult questions and creating a climate of shared learning. Along with pedagogical advice, it covers fundamental principles for teaching broadly integrative religion-and-science courses. Instructors are encouraged to reflect on their purpose(s) in offering their course and to formulate specific objectives using the techniques and resources outlined here.
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  2.  84
    Devlin, Hart, and the Proper Limits of Legal Coercion*: Mark S. Nattrass.Mark S. Nattrass - 1993 - Utilitas 5 (1):91-107.
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  3.  12
    A Distributed, Developmental Model of Word Recognition and Naming.Mark S. Seidenberg & James L. McClelland - 1989 - Psychological Review 96 (4):523-568.
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  4. Ethical Decision-Making Theory: An Integrated Approach.Mark S. Schwartz - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 139 (4):755-776.
    Ethical decision-making descriptive theoretical models often conflict with each other and typically lack comprehensiveness. To address this deficiency, a revised EDM model is proposed that consolidates and attempts to bridge together the varying and sometimes directly conflicting propositions and perspectives that have been advanced. To do so, the paper is organized as follows. First, a review of the various theoretical models of EDM is provided. These models can generally be divided into rationalist-based ; and non-rationalist-based. Second, the proposed model, called (...)
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  5.  15
    Signing Behavior in Apes: A Critical Review.Mark S. Seidenberg & Laura A. Petitto - 1979 - Cognition 7 (2):177-215.
  6. Universal Moral Values for Corporate Codes of Ethics.Mark S. Schwartz - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 59 (1-2):27-44.
    How can one establish if a corporate code of ethics is ethical in terms of its content? One important first step might be the establishment of core universal moral values by which corporate codes of ethics can be ethically constructed and evaluated. Following a review of normative research on corporate codes of ethics, a set of universal moral values is generated by considering three sources: (1) corporate codes of ethics; (2) global codes of ethics; and (3) the business ethics literature. (...)
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  7. Effective Corporate Codes of Ethics: Perceptions of Code Users.Mark S. Schwartz - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 55 (4):321-341.
    The study examines employee, managerial, and ethics officer perceptions regarding their companies codes of ethics. The study moves beyond examining the mere existence of a code of ethics to consider the role that code content and code process (i.e. creation, implementation, and administration) might play with respect to the effectiveness of codes in influencing behavior. Fifty-seven in-depth, semi-structured interviews of employees, managers, and ethics officers were conducted at four large Canadian companies. The factors viewed by respondents to be important with (...)
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  8. A Code of Ethics for Corporatecode of Ethics.Mark S. Schwartz - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 41 (1-2):27 - 43.
    Are corporate codes of ethics necessarily ethical? To challenge this notion, an initial set of universal moral standards is proposed by which all corporate codes of ethics can be ethically evaluated. The set of universal moral standards includes: (1) trustworthiness; (2) respect; (3) responsibility; (4) fairness; (5) caring; and (6) citizenship. By applying the six moral standards to four different stages of code development (i.e., content, creation, implementation, administration), a code of ethics for corporate codes of ethics is constructed by (...)
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  9.  94
    Tone at the Top: An Ethics Code for Directors?Mark S. Schwartz, Thomas W. Dunfee & Michael J. Kline - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 58 (1-3):79-100.
    . Recent corporate scandals have focused the attention of a broad set of constituencies on reforming corporate governance. Boards of directors play a leading role in corporate governance and any significant reforms must encompass their role. To date, most reform proposals have targeted the legal, rather than the ethical obligations of directors. Legal reforms without proper attention to ethical obligations will likely prove ineffectual. The ethical role of directors is critical. Directors have overall responsibility for the ethics and compliance programs (...)
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  10.  6
    Communication, Symbolic Communication, and Language: Comment on Savage-Rumbaugh, McDonald, Sevcik, Hopkins, and Rupert.Mark S. Seidenberg & Laura A. Petitto - 1987 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 116 (3):279-287.
  11.  46
    The "Ethics" of Ethical Investing.Mark S. Schwartz - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 43 (3):195 - 213.
    There appears to be an implicit assumption by those connected with the ethical investment movement (e.g., ethical investment firms, individual investors, social investment organizations, academia, and the media), that ethical investment is in fact ethical. This paper will attempt to challenge the notion that the ethical mutual fund industry, as currently taking place, is acting in an ethical manner. Ethical issues such as the transparency of the funds and advertising are discussed. Ethical mutual fund screens such as tobacco, alcohol, gambling, (...)
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  12.  9
    The Time Course of Phonological Code Activation in Two Writing Systems.Mark S. Seidenberg - 1985 - Cognition 19 (1):1-30.
  13.  13
    Can Belief in God Be Confirmed?: MARK S. MCLEOD.Mark S. Mcleod - 1988 - Religious Studies 24 (3):311-323.
    A basic thrust behind Alvin Plantinga's position that belief in God is properly basic is an analogy between certain non-religious beliefs such as ‘I see a tree’ and theistic beliefs such as ‘God made this flower’. Each kind of belief is justified for a believer, argues Plantinga, when she finds herself in a certain set of conditions. Richard Grigg challenges this claim by arguing that while the non-religious beliefs are confirmed, beliefs about God are not. I wish to explore this (...)
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  14. Professional Codes: Why, How, and with What Impact? [REVIEW]Mark S. Frankel - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (2-3):109 - 115.
    A tension between the professions' pursuit of autonomy and the public's demand for accountability has led to the development of codes of ethics as both a foundation and guide for professional conduct in the face of morally ambiguous situations. The profession as an institution serves as a normative reference group for individual practitioners and through a code of ethics clarifies, for both its members and outsiders, the norms that ought to govern professional behavior. Three types of codes can be identified (...)
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  15.  11
    Constraining Models of Word Recognition.Mark S. Seidenberg - 1985 - Cognition 20 (2):169-190.
  16.  24
    A Probabilistic Constraints Approach to Language Acquisition and Processing.Mark S. Seidenberg & Maryellen C. MacDonald - 1999 - Cognitive Science 23 (4):569-588.
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  17.  9
    Steps Toward an Ethological Science.Mark S. Seidenberg - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (3):377.
  18.  39
    Emerging Trends in Global Ethics: A Comparative Study of U.S. And International Family Business Values. [REVIEW]Mark S. Blodgett, Colette Dumas & Alberto Zanzi - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 99 (S1):29-38.
    Although family business comprises the majority of global business, it is significantly under-researched. Yet it is considered to have unique ethical values compared to non-family corporations. This is attributable to its family orientation. Therefore, it is worthwhile to identify and define dominant family business ethics values. The authors compare a sample of the U.S. family business, U.S. corporate entities, and international family business mission statements for frequency of ethics values. The data reveals three primary findings: (1) generally, the U.S. family (...)
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  19.  53
    God as a Managerial Stakeholder?Mark S. Schwartz - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 66 (2/3):291 - 306.
    Can or should God be considered a managerial stakeholder? While at first glance such a proposition might seem beyond the norms of stakeholder management theory or traditional management practice, further investigation suggests that there might be both theoretical and practical support for such a notion. This paper will make the argument that God both is and should be considered a managerial stakeholder for those businesspeople and business firms that accept that God exists and can affect the world. In doing so, (...)
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  20. Networks Are Not ‘Hidden Rules’.Mark S. Seidenberg & Jeffrey L. Elman - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (8):288-289.
  21. Should Firms Go 'Beyond Profits'? Milton Friedman Versus Broad CSR.Mark S. Schwartz & David Saiia - 2011 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 22 (1):327-338.
    The paper explores the ongoing debate between the narrow version of CSR proposed by Milton Friedman and the broader version of CSR, which includes additional ethical and/or philanthropic obligations. Implications are then discussed.
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  22. Ethical Investing From a Jewish Perspective.Mark S. Schwartz, Meir Tamari & Daniel Schwab - 2007 - Business and Society Review 112 (1):137-161.
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  23.  35
    Should Firms Go “Beyond Profits”? Milton Friedman Versus Broad CSR1.Mark S. Schwartz & David Saiia - 2012 - Business and Society Review 117 (1):1-31.
  24.  34
    Quasiregularity and Its Discontents: The Legacy of the Past Tense Debate.Mark S. Seidenberg & David C. Plaut - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (6):1190-1228.
    Rumelhart and McClelland's chapter about learning the past tense created a degree of controversy extraordinary even in the adversarial culture of modern science. It also stimulated a vast amount of research that advanced the understanding of the past tense, inflectional morphology in English and other languages, the nature of linguistic representations, relations between language and other phenomena such as reading and object recognition, the properties of artificial neural networks, and other topics. We examine the impact of the Rumelhart and McClelland (...)
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  25.  30
    Explaining Derivational Morphology as the Convergence of Codes.Mark S. Seidenberg & Laura M. Gonnerman - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (9):353-361.
  26.  25
    Integrity: A Philosophical Inquiry.Mark S. Halfon - 1989 - Temple University Press.
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  27.  41
    “Corporate Efforts to Tackle Corruption: An Impossible Task?” The Contribution of Thomas Dunfee. [REVIEW]Mark S. Schwartz - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):823 - 832.
    Thomas W. Dunfee, in addition to his many other contributions to business ethics literature, has (along with several co-authors) generated a stream of research that attempts to tackle the issue of corruption. Dunfee's research on corruption includes three primary contributions: (1) the introduction of "Integrative Social Contract Theory" which provides a normative theoretical framework by which to judge the morality of global business activity including corruption; (2) the "C2 Principles" (Combating Corruption), which outline specific content and implementation measures that corporations (...)
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  28.  13
    “Corporate Efforts to Tackle Corruption: An Impossible Task?” The Contribution of Thomas Dunfee.Mark S. Schwartz - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (S4):823-832.
    Thomas W. Dunfee, in addition to his many other contributions to business ethics literature, has generated a stream of research that attempts to tackle the issue of corruption. Dunfee's research on corruption includes three primary contributions: the introduction of "Integrative Social Contract Theory" which provides a normative theoretical framework by which to judge the morality of global business activity including corruption; the "C2 Principles", which outline specific content and implementation measures that corporations can voluntarily adopt to combat corruption; and a (...)
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  29.  99
    Causal Factors Implicated in Research Misconduct: Evidence From Ori Case Files. [REVIEW]Mark S. Davis, Michelle Riske-Morris & Sebastian R. Diaz - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (2):395-414.
    There has been relatively little empirical research into the causes of research misconduct. To begin to address this void, the authors collected data from closed case files of the Office of Research Integrity (ORI). These data were in the form of statements extracted from ORI file documents including transcripts, investigative reports, witness statements, and correspondence. Researchers assigned these statements to 44 different concepts. These concepts were then analyzed using multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis. The authors chose a solution consisting of (...)
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  30.  69
    Berle and Means Revisited: The Governance and Power of Large U.S. Corporations.Mark S. Mizruchi - 2004 - Theory and Society 33 (5):579-617.
  31. C. Corporal Social Responsibility: A Three Domain Approach.Mark S. Schwartz & Alrchie B. Carroll - 2008 - Business Ethics 13:1-22.
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  32.  20
    A Corporate Social Responsibility Analysis of Payday Lending.Mark S. Schwartz & Chris Robinson - 2018 - Business and Society Review 123 (3):387-413.
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  33.  12
    Carroll's Pyramid of Corporate Social Responsibility.Mark S. Schwartz - 1997 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 8:465-476.
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  34.  38
    The Conceptual Construction of Altruism: Ernst Fehr’s Experimental Approach to Human Conduct.Mark S. Peacock - 2007 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (1):3-23.
    I offer an appreciation and critique of Ernst Fehr’s altruism research in experimental economics that challenges the "selfishness axiom" as an account of human behavior. I describe examples of Fehr’s experiments and their results and consider his conceptual terminology, particularly his "biological" definition of altruism and its counterintuitive implications. I also look at Fehr’s experiments from a methodological perspective and examine his explanations of subjects’ behavior. In closing, I look at Fehr’s neuroscientific work in experimental economics and question his adherence (...)
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  35.  23
    Intending to Err: The Ethical Challenge of Lethal, Autonomous Systems. [REVIEW]Mark S. Swiatek - 2012 - Ethics and Information Technology 14 (4):241-254.
    Current precursors in the development of lethal, autonomous systems point to the use of biometric devices for assessing, identifying, and verifying targets. The inclusion of biometric devices entails the use of a probabilistic matching program that requires the deliberate targeting of noncombatants as a statistically necessary function of the system. While the tactical employment of the LAS may be justified on the grounds that the deliberate killing of a smaller number of noncombatants is better than the accidental killing of a (...)
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  36.  64
    The State of Business Ethics in Israel: A Light Unto the Nations? [REVIEW]Mark S. Schwartz - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 105 (4):429-446.
    Whether the nation of Israel has become a “light unto the nations” in terms of ethical behavior among its business community remains in doubt. To examine the current state of business ethics in Israel, the study examines the following: (1) the extent of business ethics education in Israel; (2) the existence of formal corporate ethics program elements based on an annual survey of over 50 large Israeli corporations conducted over 5 years (2006–2010); and (3) perceptions of the state of business (...)
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  37.  21
    Distributional Structure in Language: Contributions to Noun–Verb Difficulty Differences in Infant Word Recognition.Jon A. Willits, Mark S. Seidenberg & Jenny R. Saffran - 2014 - Cognition 132 (3):429-436.
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  38.  6
    More Words but Still No Lexicon: Reply to Besner Et Al.Mark S. Seidenberg & James L. McClelland - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (3):447-452.
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  39. Consistency Effects in the Generation of Past Tense Morphology.Mark S. Seidenberg & Maggie Bruck - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (6):522-522.
     
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  40.  51
    Unauthorized Humanitarian Intervention.Mark S. Stein - 2004 - Social Philosophy and Policy 21 (1):14-38.
    In this essay, I offer a utilitarian perspective on humanitarian intervention. There is no generally accepted precise definition of the term ‘humanitarian intervention’. I will provisionally, and roughly, define humanitarian intervention as the use of force by a state, beyond its own borders, that has as a purpose or an effect the protection of the human rights of noncitizens or the reduction of the suffering of noncitizens.
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  41. Corporate Social Responsibility: An Ethical Approach.Mark S. Schwartz - 2011 - Broadview Press.
    The term corporate social responsibility is often used in the boardroom, classroom, and political platform, but what does it really mean? Do corporations have ethical or philanthropic duties beyond their obligations to comply with the law? How does CSR relate to business ethics, stakeholder management, sustainability, and corporate citizenship? Mark Schwartz provides a concise, cutting-edge introduction to the topic, analyzing many case studies with the help of his innovative “Three Domain Approach” to CSR. _Corporate Social Responsibility_ also provides a (...)
     
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  42.  59
    The Distribution of Life-Saving Medical Resources: Equality, Life Expectancy, and Choice Behind the Veil.Mark S. Stein - 2002 - Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):212-245.
    In this essay, I survey egalitarian and utilitarian approaches to the distribution of scarce life-saving medical resources. In my view, the major criterion for the distribution of scarce life-saving medical resources should be life expectancy: we should distribute life so as to maximize life-years. In Section II, I discuss the life-year maximization approach and situate it within utilitarian theory.
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  43. The Effectiveness of Business Codes: A Critical Examination of Existing Studies and the Development of an Integrated Research Model. [REVIEW]Muel Kaptein & Mark S. Schwartz - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (2):111 - 127.
    Business codes are a widely used management instrument. Research into the effectiveness of business codes has, however, produced conflicting results. The main reasons for the divergent findings are: varying definitions of key terms; deficiencies in the empirical data and methodologies used; and a lack of theory. In this paper, we propose an integrated research model and suggest directions for future research.
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  44.  17
    Modernity in Religion: A Response to Constantin Fasolt's "History and Religion in the Modern Age".Mark S. Cladis - 2006 - History and Theory 45 (4):93–103.
    Contrary to Constantin Fasolt, I argue that it is no longer useful to think of religion as an anomaly in the modern age. Here is Fasolt’s main argument: humankind suffers from a radical rift between the self and the world. The chief function of religion is to mitigate or cope with this fracture by means of dogmas and rituals that reconcile the self to the world. In the past, religion successfully fulfilled this job. But in modernity, it fails to, and (...)
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  45.  29
    A Business Ethics National Index (BENI) Measuring Business Ethics Activity Around the World.Mark S. Schwartz & James Weber - 2006 - Business and Society 45 (3):382-405.
  46.  45
    Corporate Ethics Codes: A Practical Application of Liability Prevention. [REVIEW]Mark S. Blodgett & Patricia J. Carlson - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (12-13):1363-1369.
    With the great increase in litigation, insurance costs, and consumer prices, both managers and businesses should take a proactive position in avoiding liability. Legal liability may attach when a duty has been breached; many actions falling into this category are also considered unethical. Since much of business liability is caused by a breach of a duty by a business to either an individual, another business, or to society, this article asserts that the practice of liability prevention is a practical business (...)
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  47.  11
    Do Infant Rats Cry?Mark S. Blumberg & Greta Sokoloff - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (1):83-95.
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  48.  34
    Writing Systems: Not Optimal, but Good Enough.Mark S. Seidenberg & Ram Frost - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (5):305.
    Languages and writing systems result from satisfying multiple constraints related to learning, comprehension, production, and their biological bases. Orthographies are not optimal because these constraints often conflict, with further deviations due to accidents of history and geography. Things tend to even out because writing systems and the languages they represent exhibit systematic trade-offs between orthographic depth and morphological complexity.
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  49.  7
    Language and Connectionism: The Developing Interface.Mark S. Seidenberg - 1994 - Cognition 50 (1-3):385-401.
  50.  5
    On the "Disappearance" of Hysteria: A Study in the Clinical Deconstruction of a Diagnosis.Mark S. Micale - 1993 - Isis 84 (3):496-526.
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