16 found
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  1.  19
    “Editing” Genes: A Case Study About How Language Matters in Bioethics.Meaghan O'Keefe, Sarah Perrault, Jodi Halpern, Lisa Ikemoto & Mark Yarborough - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (12):3-10.
    Metaphors used to describe new technologies mediate public understanding of the innovations. Analyzing the linguistic, rhetorical, and affective aspects of these metaphors opens the range of issues available for bioethical scrutiny and increases public accountability. This article shows how such a multidisciplinary approach can be useful by looking at a set of texts about one issue, the use of a newly developed technique for genetic modification, CRISPRcas9.
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  2.  9
    Marketing the Research Missions of Academic Medical Centers: Why Messages Blurring Lines Between Clinical Care and Research Are Bad for Both Business and Ethics.Mark Yarborough, Timothy Houk, Sarah Tinker Perrault, Yael Schenker & Richard R. Sharp - 2019 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (3):468-475.
    :Academic Medical Centers offer patient care and perform research. Increasingly, AMCs advertise to the public in order to garner income that can support these dual missions. In what follows, we raise concerns about the ways that advertising blurs important distinctions between them. Such blurring is detrimental to AMC efforts to fulfill critically important ethical responsibilities pertaining both to science communication and clinical research, because marketing campaigns can employ hype that weakens research integrity and contributes to therapeutic misconception and misestimation, undermining (...)
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  3.  3
    Why There Is No Obligation to Participate in Clinical Research.Mark Yarborough - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (3):327-332.
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  4.  3
    Rescuing Informed Consent: How the New “Key Information” and “Reasonable Person” Provisions in the Revised U.S. Common Rule Open the Door to Long Overdue Informed Consent Disclosure Improvements and Why We Need to Walk Through That Door.Mark Yarborough - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (3):1423-1443.
    There is substantial published evidence showing that countless people enroll each year in ethically deficient clinical trials. Many of the trials are problematic because the quality of the science used to justify their launch may not be sufficiently vetted while many other trials may lack requisite social value. This poses the question: why do people volunteer for them? The answer resides in large part in the fact that informed consent practices have historically masked, rather than disclosed, the information that would (...)
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  5.  5
    Bioethics Emergencies Can Be Used to Perform a Real-World Test of Utilitarian Policies.Mark Fedyk, Hugh Black, Mark Yarborough, Nathan Fairman & Neil S. Wenger - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):101-103.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page 101-103.
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  6.  12
    Additional Thoughts on Rethinking Research Ethics.Richard R. Sharp & Mark Yarborough - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):40 – 42.
  7.  11
    Adults Are Not Big Children: Examining Surrogate Consent to Research Using Adults with Dementia.Mark Yarborough - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (2):160-168.
    Few early debates in bioethics invigorated the field to the same extent as the one concerning whether or not young children could be used in nontherapeutic research. Though some of the issues in the debate were never fully settled, a consensus emerged, reflected in the Common Rule—that surrogates could consent to use children in such research, although once the level of risk rises above minimal, additional stipulations are required. Nontherapeutic research on cognitively impaired elderly people raises equally complex ethical issues, (...)
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  8.  15
    Currents in Contemporary Ethics: Informed Trust and the Financing of Biomedical Research.Richard R. Sharp & Mark Yarborough - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (2):460-464.
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  9. The Role of Beneficence in Clinical Genetics: Non-Directive Counseling Reconsidered.Mark Yarborough, Joan A. Scott & Linda K. Dixon - 1989 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (2).
    The popular view of non-directive genetic counseling limits the counselor's role to providing information to clients and assisting families in making decisions in a morally neutral fashion. This view of non-directive genetic counseling is shown to be incomplete. A fuller understanding of what it means to respect autonomy shows that merely respecting client choices does not exhaust the duty. Moreover, the genetic counselor/client relationship should also be governed by the counselor's commitment to the principle of beneficience. When non-directive counseling is (...)
     
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  10.  11
    Eliminating LGBTIQQ Health Disparities:The Associated Roles of Electronic Health Records and Institutional Culture.Edward J. Callahan, Shea Hazarian, Mark Yarborough & John Paul Sánchez - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (s4):S48-S52.
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  11.  24
    The Private Health Insurance Industry: The Real Barrier to Healthcare Access?Mark Yarborough - 1994 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (1):99.
    Any humane society needs a just and compassionate way to care for those who are sick, and should be vigilant in identifying and eliminating barriers that frustrate efforts to adequately care for the sick. Some current insurance underwriting practices constitute effective barriers to access to healthcare and serve to diminish the place of freedom and justice in our healthcare system.
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  12. Patients and Profits.Mark Yarborough - 1986 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (1).
    The thesis of the paper is that For Profit Hospitals are morally inappropriate health care delivery institutions. The thesis is established first by elaborating on the beneficent nature of medicine, hospitals, and the physician/patient relationship. The primary obligation of the physician, who draws on the resources of medicine and the hospitals, is to restore personal autonomy that is diminished by illness and suffering within the constraints of the canon of loyalty that frames the physician patient relationship. Hospitals have historically played (...)
     
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  13.  8
    Inconsistent Approaches to Research Involving Cognitively Impaired Adults: Why the Broad View of Substituted Judgment Is Our Best Guide.Mark Yarborough - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (10):66-67.
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  14. On the Dearth of Philosophical Contributions to Medicine.Mark Yarborough - 1990 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 11 (4).
    A recent editorial in this journal calls for more philosophical work in the areas of philosophy of medical science and research methodology [1]. The purpose of the present paper is to bring to light and discuss some obstacles and opportunities for development in these areas. In section I, barriers to increased philosophical work in medicine outside ethics are discussed. In sections II and III, additional areas in medicine ripe for philosophical work are identified and discussed: (a) improving the epistemic fitness (...)
     
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  15.  5
    When There Are Only Two Who Can Tango: Ethical Concerns at the Juncture of Highly Novel Interventions and Precisely Targeted Research Populations.Mark Yarborough - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (4):85-86.
  16. Do We Really Know How Many Clinical Trials Are Conducted Ethically? Why Research Ethics Committee Review Practices Need to Be Strengthened and Initial Steps We Could Take to Strengthen Them.Mark Yarborough - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2019-106014.
    Research Ethics Committees play a critical gatekeeping role in clinical trials. This role is meant to ensure that only those trials that meet certain ethical thresholds proceed through their gate. Two of these thresholds are that the potential benefits of trials are reasonable in relation to risks and that trials are capable of producing a requisite amount of social value. While one ought not expect perfect execution by RECs of their gatekeeping role, one should expect routine success in it. This (...)
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