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Mark Thomas Young [11]Mark Young [7]Mark A. Young [2]Mark C. Young [1]
  1.  15
    From epistemology to policy: reorienting philosophy courses for science students.Mark Thomas Young - 2022 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 12 (2):1-14.
    Philosophy of science has traditionally focused on the epistemological dimensions of scientific practice at the expense of the ethical and political questions scientists encounter when addressing questions of policy in advisory contexts. In this article, I will explore how an exclusive focus on epistemology and theoretical reason can function to reinforce common, yet flawed assumptions concerning the role of scientific knowledge in policy decision making when reproduced in philosophy courses for science students. In order to address this concern, I will (...)
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  2. Intuition and Ineffability: Tacit Knowledge and Engineering Design.Mark Young - 2018 - In Albrecht Fritzsche & Sascha Julian Oks (eds.), The Future of Engineering: Philosophical Foundations, Ethical Problems and Application Cases. Cham: Springer Verlag.
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  3.  19
    How Artifacts Acquire Agency.Mark Thomas Young - 2023 - Techné Research in Philosophy and Technology 27 (3):340-362.
    It is common to view the technologies that surround us as either tools or machines. This distinction is often understood to reflect a difference between kinds of technology: those which operate by human agency, and those which operate by their own, technological form of performative agency. This paper aims to explore how common arguments for the performative agency of machines ultimately fail to establish the claim that anything other than humans are capable of performing tasks. In light of such problems, (...)
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  4.  21
    Nature as Spectacle; Experience and Empiricism in Early Modern Experimental Practice.Mark Thomas Young - 2017 - Centaurus 59 (1-2):72-96.
    This article aims to challenge the thesis of the craft origins of scientific empiricism by demonstrating how the empirical practices of early experimentalism differed in significant ways from the activities of artisans. Through a phenomenological analysis of instrumental observation and experimental demonstrations, I aim to show how experimentalism privileged modes of experience that were foreign to craft traditions and which facilitated a newfound estrangement of human subjects from the objects of their knowledge. Firstly, we will review concerns surrounding the promotion (...)
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  5.  56
    Communitarian and Liberal Themes in Moral Agency and Education.Mark Young & Andrew Sneddon - 2011 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (1):105-120.
    Philosophers and psychologists have been vigorously examining the psychological capacities that realize our moral agency. Our purpose is to take some of this work and present its implications for moral education. To connect recent work with more long-standing debates in moral education, we frame this discussion with Helen Haste’s 1996 examination of liberal and communitarian positions on moral agency and education. We argue that contemporary research does not confirm the descriptive theory of moral agency offered by either liberal theorists or (...)
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  6.  18
    Artifacts as Rules.Mark Thomas Young - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (3):377-399.
    My goal in this article is to explore the extent to which the conception of rule-following which emerges from Wittgenstein’s later works can also yield important insights concerning the nature of technological practices. In particular, this article aims to examine how two interrelated themes of Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations can be applied in the philosophical analysis of technology. Our first theme concerns linguistic practice; broadly construed, it is the claim that the use of language cannot be understood as determined by a (...)
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  7.  23
    Artifacts as Rules.Mark Thomas Young - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (3):377-399.
    My goal in this article is to explore the extent to which the conception of rule-following which emerges from Wittgenstein’s later works can also yield important insights concerning the nature of technological practices. In particular, this article aims to examine how two interrelated themes of Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations can be applied in the philosophical analysis of technology. Our first theme concerns linguistic practice; broadly construed, it is the claim that the use of language cannot be understood as determined by a (...)
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  8.  4
    Enchanting automata: Wilkins and the wonder of workmanship.Mark Thomas Young - 2017 - Intellectual History Review 27 (4):453-471.
    Since Aristotle, it has been common to understand wonder as a psychological state characterized by an absence of rational understanding. Drawing on this idea, a number of historians have suggested that the wonder which had long characterized the experience of automata, declined in the early modern period alongside the increased availability of theoretical treatises on mechanics. This article seeks to challenge this view by examining the relationship between rational and practical modes of technical understanding in John Wilkins’ Mathematicall Magick (1648). (...)
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  9.  21
    Heuristics and Human Judgment: What We Can Learn About Scientific Discovery from the Study of Engineering Design.Mark Thomas Young - 2020 - Topoi 39 (4):987-995.
    Philosophical analyses of scientific methodology have long understood intuition to be incompatible with a rule based reasoning that is often considered necessary for a rational scientific method. This paper seeks to challenge this contention by highlighting the indispensable role that intuition plays in the application of methodologies for scientific discovery. In particular, it seeks to outline a positive role for intuition and personal judgment in scientific discovery by exploring a comparison between the use of heuristic reasoning in scientific practice and (...)
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  10.  18
    Maintenance and Philosophy of Technology: Keeping Things Going.Mark Thomas Young & Mark Coeckelbergh (eds.) - 2024 - New York: Routledge.
    What can we learn about the nature of technology by studying practices of maintenance and repair? This volume addresses this question by bringing together scholarship from philosophers of technology working at the forefront of this emerging and exciting topic. -/- The chapters in this volume explore how attending to maintenance and repair can challenge and complement existing ways of thinking about technology focused on use and design and introduce new philosophical perspectives on the relationship between technology, time and human practice. (...)
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  11.  19
    Manual Labor and ‘Mean Mechanicks’: Bacon’s Mechanical History and the Deprecation of Craft Skills in Early Modern Science.Mark Thomas Young - 2017 - Perspectives on Science 25 (4):521-550.
    This paper aims to assess the credibility of the legitimation thesis; the claim that the development of experimental science involved a legitimation of certain aspects of artisanal practice or craft knowledge. My goal will be to provide a critique of this idea by examining Francis Bacon’s notion of ‘mechanical history’ and the influence it exerted on attempts by later generations of scholars to appropriate the knowledge of craft traditions. Specifically, I aim to show how such projects were often premised upon (...)
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  12.  4
    Negotiating the Good Life: Aristotle and the Civil Society.Mark A. Young - 2007 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (1):105-107.
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  13. Negotiating the Good Life: Aristotle and the Civil Society.Mark A. Young - 2005 - Routledge.
    For centuries philosophers have wrestled with the dichotomy between individual freedom on the one hand and collective solidarity on the other. Yet today there is a growing realization that this template is fundamentally flawed. In this book, Mark Young embraces and advocates a more holistic concept of freedom; one which is not merely defined negatively but which positively provides the preconditions for individuals to actively exercise their autonomy and to flourish as human beings in the process. Young posits the idea (...)
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  14.  10
    Now You See It : Users, Maintainers and the Invisibility of Infrastructure.Mark Thomas Young - 2021 - In Michael Nagenborg, Taylor Stone, Margoth González Woge & Pieter E. Vermaas (eds.), Technology and the City: Towards a Philosophy of Urban Technologies. Springer Verlag. pp. 101-119.
    When infrastructural technology is functioning correctly, it is often considered to recede from view and become invisible. According to this perspective, visibility is restored in cases of breakdown and malfunction, which for this reason, are often understood to represent important epistemic opportunities for grasping previously hidden aspects of infrastructure. This article seeks to outline the limitations of the idea that infrastructural failure has a positive epistemic function by distinguishing between two fundamentally different ways in which the nature of technological function (...)
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  15.  23
    Of Power in Paradise: An Answer to Kagan.Mark Young - 2004 - Theory and Event 8 (1).
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  16.  99
    Relevance and Relationalism.Mark Young - 2011 - Metaphysica 12 (1):19-30.
    This paper will provide support for relationalism; the claim that the identity of objects is constituted by the totality of their relations to other things in the world. I will consider how Kit Fine’s criticisms of essentialism within modal logic not only highlight the inability of modal logic to account for essential properties but also arouse suspicion surrounding the possibility of nonrelational properties. I will claim that Fine’s criticisms, together with concerns surrounding Hempel’s paradox, show that it is not possible (...)
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  17.  1
    Responses to Peter Kuzmic.Mark Young & Nickolai Kornilov - 1999 - Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 16 (1):39-41.
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  18.  22
    Technology and Technique: The Role of Skill in the Practice of Scientific Observation.Mark Thomas Young - 2016 - Perspectives on Science 24 (4):396-415.
    Despite the vast amount of work produced by philosophers, historians and sociologists on the nature of scientific activity, “observation itself is rarely the focus of attention and almost never the subject of historical inquiry in its own right”. This general lack of interest in the nature of scientific observation was perhaps most clearly reflected in the Vienna Circle’s attempt to establish an analysis of science beginning at the level of protocol sentences. To do so, of course, they had to disregard (...)
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  19.  14
    The Therapeutic Value of Intellectual Virtue.Mark Young - 2012 - Humana Mente 5 (20).
    The focus of this article is to offer an account of how the development of one’s intellectual character has therapeutic value in the attempt to overcome self-deception. Even stronger, the development of intellectual character has necessary therapeutic value in regard to self-deception. This account proceeds by first consulting the predominant psychological theory of virtuous character offered by contemporary virtue ethicists and virtue epistemologists. A motivational/dispositional account of self-deception is then offered and connected to the former account of intellectual character. By (...)
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  20.  6
    Virtuous agency as the ground for argument norms.Mark C. Young - unknown
    Stephen Stich has criticized the possibility of providing a legitimate set of norms for reasoning, since such norms are justified via reference to pretheoretical intuitions. I argue that through a process of perspicuously mapping the belief sphere one can generate a list of intellectual virtues that instrumentally lead to true beliefs. Hence, one does not have to rely on intuitions since the norms of reason are derived from factual claims about the intellectually virtuous agent.
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  21.  15
    "Doing Clinical Ethics: A Hands-on Guide for Clinicians and Others," by Daniel K. Sokol. [REVIEW]Mark Young - 2012 - Teaching Philosophy 35 (3):339-343.