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Markku Oksanen
University of Eastern Finland
  1. The Phenomenon of Biodiversity.Julia Koricheva, Helena Siipi, Markku Oksanen & Juhani Pietarinen - 2004 - In Markku Oksanen & Juhani Pietarinen (eds.), Philosophy and Biodiversity. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  2.  53
    Philosophy and Biodiversity.Markku Oksanen & Juhani Pietarinen (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    This important collection focuses on the nature and importance of biodiversity. The concept is clarified and its intrinsic and instrumental value are discussed. Even though the term biodiversity was invented in the 1980s to promote the cause of species conservation, discussions on biological diversity go back to Plato. There are many controversies surrounding biodiversity and a few of them are examined here: What is worthy of protection or restoration and what is the acceptable level of costs? Is it permissible to (...)
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  3.  26
    Towards Weather Ethics: From Chance to Choice with Weather Modification.Sanna Joronen, Markku Oksanen & Timo Vuorisalo - 2011 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 14 (1):55-67.
    The field of weather and climate ethics is a novel branch of applied ethics, based on environmental sciences and philosophy. Due to recent scientific findings concerning climate change, intentional weather and climate modification schemes have become even more relevant to finding feasible ways to moderate climate change and therefore are in need of careful analysis. When, if ever, can weather modification be deemed morally acceptable? The risks and adverse side-effects as well as indifference with regard to the limits of intervention (...)
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  4. Philosophy and Biodiversity.Markku Oksanen & Juhani Pietarinen - 2006 - Environmental Values 15 (1):124-127.
     
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  5.  20
    Ecological Restoration as Moral Reparation.Markku Oksanen - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 23:99-105.
    The notion of reparation in ethical, political and legal discourse has become popular in recent years. Reparation refers to a category of actions for which there are morally compelling reasons to perform due to wrongful action in the past. ‘Reparation’ is often, but not merely, used in the context of collective responsibility. The debate around the concept has mainly focussed on humans, but the wrongs done to humans can be indirect, such as contaminating the soil or polluting the air, in (...)
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  6.  18
    Species Conservation and Minority Rights: The Case of Spring Time Bird Hunting.Elisa Aaltola & Markku Oksanen - 2002 - Environmental Values 11 (4):443-460.
    The article examines the case of springtime bird hunting in Åland from a moral point of view. In Åland springtime hunting has been a cultural practice for centuries but is now under investigation due to the EU Directive on the protection of birds. The main question of the article is whether restrictions on bird hunting have a sound basis. We approach this question by analysing three principles: The animal rights principle states that if hunting is not necessary for survival, it (...)
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  7.  1
    Environmental Problem as a Philosophical Problem.Markku Oksanen - 2018 - Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 11:109-113.
    The philosophical study of the environment exists because philosophers are concerned about the environmental problems. This concern may not be the only factor that motivates to do environmental philosophy. For some scholars, the topic is philosophically intriguing. This paper suggests that two approaches can be distinguished: practical and philosophical. The starting point of the practical approach is the existence of environmental problems adopted from environmental sciences and public debates. These problems are then analysed philosophically so as to increase our understanding (...)
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  8.  46
    Species Extinction and Collective Responsibility.Markku Oksanen - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 3:179-183.
    In this article I explore, from a philosophical perspective, what the responsibility for biodiversity means. Biodiversity is a peculiar thing because it consists of the variety of life in its all manifestations, that is, in all its forms, levels and combinations. Variation is a main characteristic of life on earth. Because of its vastness a collective has not only a right but also a duty to take responsibility for biodiversity conservation, and furthermore it has a prima facie duty to implement (...)
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  9.  12
    What's So Good About Biodiversity? A Call for Better Reasoning About Nature's Value.Markku Oksanen - 2015 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 18 (1):109-112.
  10.  6
    Species Extinction and Collective Responsibility.Markku Oksanen - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 3:179-183.
    In this article I explore, from a philosophical perspective, what the responsibility for biodiversity means. Biodiversity is a peculiar thing because it consists of the variety of life in its all manifestations, that is, in all its forms, levels and combinations. Variation is a main characteristic of life on earth. Because of its vastness a collective has not only a right but also a duty to take responsibility for biodiversity conservation, and furthermore it has a prima facie duty to implement (...)
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  11.  6
    Review of Mary Warnock, Critical Reflections on Ownership[REVIEW]Markku Oksanen - 2016 - Environmental Values 25 (3):373-374.
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  12.  6
    Whose Biodiversity is In Trouble? A Commentary on Morar Et Al.Markku Oksanen - 2015 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 18 (1):38-40.
  13. Biodiversity Considered Philosophically: An Introduction.Markku Oksanen - 2004 - In Markku Oksanen & Juhani Pietarinen (eds.), Philosophy and Biodiversity. Cambridge University Press.
     
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