Results for 'Markov Sergey'

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  1. The Markov Blankets of Life: Autonomy, Active Inference and the Free Energy Principle.Michael David Kirchhoff - 2018 - Journal of the Royal Society Interface 15 (138).
    This work addresses the autonomous organization of biological systems. It does so by considering the boundaries of biological systems, from individual cells to Home sapiens, in terms of the presence of Markov blankets under the active inference scheme—a corollary of the free energy principle. A Markov blanket defines the boundaries of a system in a statistical sense. Here we consider how a collective of Markov blankets can self-assemble into a global system that itself has a Markov (...)
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  2.  3
    Affixed Terms in Cognitive Categorization of the Legal Picture of the World and in LSP Teaching.Sergey Khizhnyak - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 53 (1):105-117.
    The interdisciplinary notion picture of the world makes research works devoted to this area of studies challenging from the point of view of finding interconnections between linguistic and extra-linguistic factors in the process of structuring categories of words, including those functioning in terminological systems and subsystems. Legal pictures of the world are specific cultural phenomena that may differ in various countries due to the nationally specific features of law and legal culture development. One of the most complicated problems of representing (...)
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  3. The Nature of Appearance in Kant’s Transcendentalism: A Seman- Tico-Cognitive Analysis.Sergey L. Katrechko - 2018 - Kantian Journal 37 (3):41-55.
  4. Causal Markov, Robustness and the Quantum Correlations.Mauricio Suárez & Iñaki San Pedro - 2010 - In Mauricio Suarez (ed.), Causes, Probabilities and Propensities in Physics. Springer. pp. 173–193.
    It is still a matter of controversy whether the Principle of the Common Cause (PCC) can be used as a basis for sound causal inference. It is thus to be expected that its application to quantum mechanics should be a correspondingly controversial issue. Indeed the early 90’s saw a flurry of papers addressing just this issue in connection with the EPR correlations. Yet, that debate does not seem to have caught up with the most recent literature on causal inference generally, (...)
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  5.  26
    Unconscious Neural Processing Differs with Method Used to Render Stimuli Invisible.Sergey V. Fogelson, Peter J. Kohler, Kevin J. Miller, Richard Granger & Peter U. Tse - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  6. Hierarchical Markov Blankets and Adaptive Active Inference. [REVIEW]Michael David Kirchhoff - 2018 - Physics of Life Reviews 24.
  7.  12
    A General Framework for $$ {FDE}$$ FDE -Based Modal Logics.Sergey Drobyshevich - 2020 - Studia Logica 108 (6):1281-1306.
    We develop a general theory of FDE-based modal logics. Our framework takes into account the four-valued nature of FDE by considering four partially defined modal operators corresponding to conditions for verifying and falsifying modal necessity and possibility operators. The theory comes with a uniform characterization for all obtained systems in terms of FDE-style formula-formula sequents. We also develop some correspondence theory and show how Hilbert-style axiom systems can be obtained in appropriate cases. Finally, we outline how different systems from the (...)
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  8.  32
    Unification in Linear Temporal Logic LTL.Sergey Babenyshev & Vladimir Rybakov - 2011 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 162 (12):991-1000.
    We prove that a propositional Linear Temporal Logic with Until and Next has unitary unification. Moreover, for every unifiable in LTL formula A there is a most general projective unifier, corresponding to some projective formula B, such that A is derivable from B in LTL. On the other hand, it can be shown that not every open and unifiable in LTL formula is projective. We also present an algorithm for constructing a most general unifier.
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  9.  32
    Personal Branding: Interdisciplinary Systematic Review and Research Agenda.Sergey Gorbatov, Svetlana N. Khapova & Evgenia I. Lysova - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  10.  9
    Proper Names in the Legal Terminology of the English Language.Sergey P. Khizhnyak & Alexander A. Zaraiskiy - 2020 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 33 (3):543-558.
    The article deals with the problem of coining terms and nomenclature signs with proper names illustrated by the example of the English language legal terminology. The article begins with the discussion of the problems of intersection of two linguistic areas and differentiation between terms and nomenclature signs. It is observed that linguistic units with proper names possess a cultural specificity in the legal English as compared to the Russian terminological system of law. Linguistic and extra-linguistic factors influencing language units’ formation (...)
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  11.  31
    Enumerations in Computable Structure Theory.Sergey Goncharov, Valentina Harizanov, Julia Knight, Charles McCoy, Russell Miller & Reed Solomon - 2005 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 136 (3):219-246.
    We exploit properties of certain directed graphs, obtained from the families of sets with special effective enumeration properties, to generalize several results in computable model theory to higher levels of the hyperarithmetical hierarchy. Families of sets with such enumeration features were previously built by Selivanov, Goncharov, and Wehner. For a computable successor ordinal α, we transform a countable directed graph into a structure such that has a isomorphic copy if and only if has a computable isomorphic copy.A computable structure is (...)
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  12.  25
    Π 1 1 Relations and Paths Through.Sergey S. Goncharov, Valentina S. Harizanov, Julia F. Knight & Richard A. Shore - 2004 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 69 (2):585-611.
  13. 5. Markov Properties and Quantum Experiments.Clark Glymour - unknown
    Few people have thought so hard about the nature of the quantum theory as has Jeff Bub,· and so it seems appropriate to offer in his honor some reflections on that theory. My topic is an old one, the consistency of our microscopic theories with our macroscopic theories, my example, the Aspect experiments (Aspect et al., 1981, 1982, 1982a; Clauser and Shimony, l978;_Duncan and Kleinpoppen, 199,8) is familiar, and my sirnplrcation of it is borrowed. All that is new here is (...)
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  14.  3
    Sergey Askoldov’s Reviews Concerning Kant and Others Published in the Russian Press in Early Twentieth Century.M. A. Kolerov - 2020 - Kantian Journal 39 (2):80-93.
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  15.  2
    Get Noticed to Get Ahead: The Impact of Personal Branding on Career Success.Sergey Gorbatov, Svetlana N. Khapova & Evgenia I. Lysova - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  16. Against Modularity, the Causal Markov Condition, and Any Link Between the Two: Comments on Hausman and Woodward.Nancy Cartwright - 2002 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (3):411-453.
    In their rich and intricate paper ‘Independence, Invariance, and the Causal Markov Condition’, Daniel Hausman and James Woodward ([1999]) put forward two independent theses, which they label ‘level invariance’ and ‘manipulability’, and they claim that, given a specific set of assumptions, manipulability implies the causal Markov condition. These claims are interesting and important, and this paper is devoted to commenting on them. With respect to level invariance, I argue that Hausman and Woodward's discussion is confusing because, as I (...)
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  17.  14
    Wittgenstein Studies and Contemporary Pyrrhonism.Sergey Kulikov - 2018 - Philosophia 46 (4):929-941.
    Interpretation of Wittgenstein’s statement ‘whereof one cannot speak, thereof one must be silent’ and consequences of rule-following paradox is the topic of this article. The revision of Wittgensteinian approach to the relations between speech and mind, and approaches to the speech by Vygotsky and Austin allow approving the disagreement with Wittgenstein and exhibit the cases when is necessary ‘to break silence and speak’. Argument is based on the hermeneutical approach to the skeptical image of Wittgenstein studies that disclose the meaning (...)
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  18.  20
    Out of Sorts? Some Remedies for Theories of Object Concepts: A Reply to Rhemtulla and Xu.Sergey V. Blok, George E. Newman & Lance J. Rips - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (4):1096-1102.
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  19. Indeterminism and the Causal Markov Condition.Daniel Steel - 2005 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (1):3-26.
    The causal Markov condition (CMC) plays an important role in much recent work on the problem of causal inference from statistical data. It is commonly thought that the CMC is a more problematic assumption for genuinely indeterministic systems than for deterministic ones. In this essay, I critically examine this proposition. I show how the usual motivation for the CMC—that it is true of any acyclic, deterministic causal system in which the exogenous variables are independent—can be extended to the indeterministic (...)
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  20.  29
    Non-Anthropogenic Mind and Complexes of Cultural Codes.Sergey Kulikov - 2016 - Semiotica 2016 (213):63-73.
    The object of research is to clarify the connections between non-anthropogenic mind and culture as sign systems. Investigation of such an object discloses the perspectives on construction of the generalized model of mind and can help to build the bridge between traditional and digital humanities. The subject of traditional humanities is natural human activity; the subject of digital humanities is computer-based forms of activity and communication. Finding signs created not only by human but also by natural circumstances helps to define (...)
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  21.  11
    Markov's Rule Revisited.Daniel Leivant - 1990 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 30 (2):125-127.
    We consider HA*, that is Heyting's Arithmetic extended with transfinite induction over all recursive well orderings, which may be viewed as defining constructive truth, since PA* agrees with classical truth. We prove that Markov's Principle, as a schema, is not provable in HA*, but that HA* is closed under Markov's Rule.
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  22. Modularity and the Causal Markov Condition: A Restatement.Daniel M. Hausman & James Woodward - 2004 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (1):147-161.
    expose some gaps and difficulties in the argument for the causal Markov condition in our essay ‘Independence, Invariance and the Causal Markov Condition’ ([1999]), and we are grateful for the opportunity to reformulate our position. In particular, Cartwright disagrees vigorously with many of the theses we advance about the connection between causation and manipulation. Although we are not persuaded by some of her criticisms, we shall confine ourselves to showing how our central argument can be reconstructed and to (...)
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  23.  29
    Tracing the Identity of Objects.Lance J. Rips, Sergey Blok & George Newman - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (1):1-30.
    This article considers how people judge the identity of objects (e.g., how people decide that a description of an object at one time, t₀, belongs to the same object as a description of it at another time, t₁). The authors propose a causal continuer model for these judgments, based on an earlier theory by Nozick (1981). According to this model, the 2 descriptions belong to the same object if (a) the object at t₁ is among those that are causally close (...)
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  24.  17
    Biohermeneutics and Hermeneutics of Biology.Sergey V. Chebanov - 1999 - Semiotica 127 (1-4):215-226.
  25.  10
    Secular Cycles.Peter Turchin & Sergey A. Nefedov - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    The graphs present the data in a fashion that will be clear to any audience, and the text is straightforward and persuasive. This book carries the study of historical dynamics to a whole new level.
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  26.  13
    Another Counterexample to Markov Causation From Quantum Mechanics: Single Photon Experiments and the Mach-Zehnder Interferometer.Nina Retzlaff - 2017 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 31 (2):17-42.
    The theory of causal Bayes nets [15, 19] is, from an empirical point of view, currently one of the most promising approaches to causation on the market. There are, however, counterexamples to its core axiom, the causal Markov condition. Probably the most serious of these counterexamples are EPR/B experiments in quantum mechanics (cf. [13, 23]). However, these are also the only counterexamples yet known from the quantum realm. One might therefore wonder whether they are the only phenomena in the (...)
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  27.  85
    Manipulation and the Causal Markov Condition.Daniel M. Hausman & James Woodward - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):846-856.
    This paper explores the relationship between a manipulability conception of causation and the causal Markov condition (CM). We argue that violations of CM also violate widely shared expectations—implicit in the manipulability conception—having to do with the absence of spontaneous correlations. They also violate expectations concerning the connection between independence or dependence relationships in the presence and absence of interventions.
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  28.  6
    Temperature Dependence of the Yield Stress of Metallic Nano-Sized Crystals.Sergey Kotrechko & Alexander Ovsjannikov - 2009 - Philosophical Magazine 89 (33):3049-3058.
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  29.  8
    Local Skewness Attribute as a Seismic Phase Detector.Sergey Fomel & Mirko van der Baan - 2014 - Interpretation: SEG 2 (1):SA49-SA56.
    We propose a novel seismic attribute, local skewness, as an indicator of localized phase of seismic signals. The proposed attribute appears to have a higher dynamical range and a better stability than the previously used local kurtosis. Synthetic and real data examples demonstrate the effectiveness of local skewness in detecting and correcting time-varying, locally observed phase of seismic signals.
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  30. Report of the ‘Transcendental Turn in Contemporary Philo­Sophy 2’ Inter­National Seminar (Moscow, 27—29 April 2017).Sergey L. Katrechko - 2018 - Kantian Journal 37 (1):88-93.
    This is a report of the international workshop «Transcendental Turn in Contemporary Philosophy 2: Kant’s Appearance, Its Ontological and Epistemic Status» (April 27—29, 2017, Moscow), the tasks of which was (1) to discuss the specificity of transcendental idealism, (2) to study the nature of one of Kant’s important concepts — that of appearance — within the framework of the essential conceptual triad of transcendentalism: thing in itself (Ding an sich) — appearance (Erscheinung) — representation (Vorstellung), (3) to analyse the distinction (...)
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  31.  9
    Spiritual Cognition and Morality.Sergey Nizhnikov - 2015 - Dialogue and Universalism 25 (1):171-178.
    Morality, besides being a form of regulation of human behavior, is also a form of spiritual cognition, having its specific features in each spiritual tradition, either philosophical or religious. Nowadays the humankind tends to forget about the Plato spiritual archetype of Goodness, Truth, and Beauty, united by the eidos of “χάρις” or “αγαθόν,” which in Russian orthodox culture long ago has been turned into the triad Truth, Virtue and Beauty united by Love. Recently, the person tends to lose his humaneness; (...)
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  32. La definición de “hombre” y la estructura del Liber differentiarum II de Isidoro de Sevilla.Sergey Vorontsov - 2020 - Patristica Et Medievalia 41 (2):103-116.
    El presente artículo versa sobre la estructura del tratado isidoriano llamado _Liber differentiarum _II. Hasta el momento, los trabajos acerca del contenido de la obra y su distribución han explicado su estructura según consideraciones que podríamos llamar “externas”, en tanto se basan en ideas generales en relación con el género o la lógica del texto. En contraste con ello, el objetivo de este estudio es ofrecer una explicación “interna” de tal estructura, una fundada en su contenido conceptual. Nuestra hipótesis sostiene, (...)
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  33.  9
    The Importance of Randomness in the Universe: Superdeterminism and Free Will.Sergey B. Yurchenko - forthcoming - Axiomathes:1-26.
    In physics, free will is debated mainly in regard to the observer-dependent effects. To eliminate them from quantum mechanics, superdeterminism postulates that the universe is a computation, and consciousness is an automaton. As a result, free will is impossible. Quantum no-go theorems tell us that the only natural phenomenon that might be able to account for every bit of freedom in the universe is quantum randomness. With randomness in Nature, the universe could not have been predetermined completely in the sense (...)
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  34.  8
    On the Equivalence of Paraconsistent and Explosive Versions of Nelson Logic.Sergey Odintsov - 2014 - In Dieter Spreen, Hannes Diener & Vasco Brattka (eds.), Logic, Computation, Hierarchies. De Gruyter. pp. 259-272.
  35.  7
    Hidden Markov Model Analysis Reveals the Advantage of Analytic Eye Movement Patterns in Face Recognition Across Cultures.Tim Chuk, Kate Crookes, William G. Hayward, Antoni B. Chan & Janet H. Hsiao - 2017 - Cognition 169:102-117.
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  36.  28
    The Logic with Truth and Falsehood Operators From a Point of View of Universal Logic.Sergey Pavlov - 2011 - Logica Universalis 5 (2):319-325.
    The logic with independent truth and falsehood operators TFL is proposed. In TFL(→) standard truth-conditions for the implication are adopted. Nevertheless the laws of classical logic are not valid. In this language more then 107 different binary connectives can be defined. So this logic can be treated as universal logic relatively to the class of sentential logics.
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  37.  7
    The Meaning of Life’s Problem in the Philosophy of Nikolai Berdyaev.Sergey Titarenko, Elena Kislaya & Natalia Cheker - 2012 - Sententiae 27 (2):163-182.
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  38.  12
    Anab Initiomolecular Dynamics Study of Hydronium Complexation in Na-Montmorillonite.Sergey V. Churakov & Georg Kosakowski - 2010 - Philosophical Magazine 90 (17-18):2459-2474.
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  39.  56
    Carnapian Inductive Logic for Markov Chains.Brian Skyrms - 1991 - Erkenntnis 35 (1-3):439 - 460.
    Carnap's Inductive Logic, like most philosophical discussions of induction, is designed for the case of independent trials. To take account of periodicities, and more generally of order, the account must be extended. From both a physical and a probabilistic point of view, the first and fundamental step is to extend Carnap's inductive logic to the case of finite Markov chains. Kuipers (1988) and Martin (1967) suggest a natural way in which this can be done. The probabilistic character of Carnapian (...)
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  40.  13
    Markov's Principle, Isols and Dedekind Finite Sets.Charles McCarty - 1988 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (4):1042-1069.
  41.  6
    On the Disjunctive Markov Principle.Ulrich Kohlenbach - 2015 - Studia Logica 103 (6):1313-1317.
    In this note we show that over a strong intuitionistic base theory, the recursive comprehension principle \ -CA does not imply the disjunctive Markov principle MP\.
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  42.  27
    Coherent Phase Spaces. Semiclassical Semantics.Sergey Slavnov - 2005 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 131 (1-3):177-225.
    The category of coherent phase spaces introduced by the author is a refinement of the symplectic “category” of A. Weinstein. This category is *-autonomous and thus provides a denotational model for Multiplicative Linear Logic. Coherent phase spaces are symplectic manifolds equipped with a certain extra structure of “coherence”. They may be thought of as “infinitesimal” analogues of familiar coherent spaces of Linear Logic. The role of cliques is played by Lagrangian submanifolds of ambient spaces. Physically, a symplectic manifold is the (...)
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  43. How to Knit Your Own Markov Blanket.Andy Clark - 2017 - Philosophy and Predictive Processing.
    Hohwy (Hohwy 2016, Hohwy 2017) argues there is a tension between the free energy principle and leading depictions of mind as embodied, enactive, and extended (so-called ‘EEE1 cognition’). The tension is traced to the importance, in free energy formulations, of a conception of mind and agency that depends upon the presence of a ‘Markov blanket’ demarcating the agent from the surrounding world. In what follows I show that the Markov blanket considerations do not, in fact, lead to the (...)
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  44.  38
    A New Proposal How to Handle Counterexamples to Markov Causation À la Cartwright, Or: Fixing the Chemical Factory.Nina Retzlaff & Alexander Gebharter - 2020 - Synthese 197 (4):1467-1486.
    Cartwright (Synthese 121(1/2):3–27, 1999a; The dappled world, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999b) attacked the view that causal relations conform to the Markov condition by providing a counterexample in which a common cause does not screen off its effects: the prominent chemical factory. In this paper we suggest a new way to handle counterexamples to Markov causation such as the chemical factory. We argue that Cartwright’s as well as similar scenarios feature a certain kind of non-causal dependence that kicks (...)
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  45.  48
    The Channels Model of Nuclear Matrix Structure.Sergey V. Razin & Irina I. Gromova - 1995 - Bioessays 17 (5):443-450.
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  46. Will the Explosive Growth of China Continue?Leonid Grinin, Sergey Tsirel & Andrey Korotayev - 2015 - Technological Forecasting and Social Change 95:394-308.
    The role of China in the world economy is constantly growing. In particular we observe that it plays more and more important role in the support of theworld economic growth (as well as high prices of certain very important commodities). In the meantime the perspectives of the Chinese economy (as well as possible fates of the Chinese society) remain unclear, whereas respective forecasts look rather contradictory. That is why the search for new aspects and modes of analysis of possible development (...)
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  47.  45
    Computably Categorical Structures and Expansions by Constants.Peter Cholak, Sergey Goncharov, Bakhadyr Khoussainov & Richard A. Shore - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (1):13-37.
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  48.  5
    Fitness Landscapes of Complex Systems: Insights and Implications On Managing a Conflict Environment of Organizations.Sergey Samoilenko - 2008 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 10 (4).
  49.  4
    Stochastic Exponential Stabilization for Markov Jump Neural Networks with Time-Varying Delays Via Adaptive Event-Triggered Impulsive Control.Xiaoman Liu, Haiyang Zhang, Tao Wu & Jinlong Shu - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-15.
    This paper focuses on the exponential stabilization problem for Markov jump neural networks with Time-varying Delays. Firstly, we provide a new Free-matrix-based Exponential-type Integral Inequality containing the information of attenuation exponent, which is helpful to reduce the conservativeness of stability criteria. To further save control cost, we introduce a sample-based Adaptive Event-triggered Impulsive Control scheme, in which the trigger threshold is adaptively varied with the sampled state. By fully considering the information about sampled state, TDs, and Markov jump (...)
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  50.  36
    Discrete State Systems, Markov Chains, and Problems in the Theory of Scientific Explanation and Prediction.Nicholas Rescher - 1963 - Philosophy of Science 30 (4):325-345.
    Recent discussions in the philosophy of science have devoted considerable attention to the analysis of conceptual issues relating to the methodology of explanation and prediction in the sciences. Part of this literature has been devoted to clarifying the very ideas of explanation and prediction. But the discussion has also ranged over various related topics, including the status of laws to be used for explanatory and predictive purposes, the logical interrelationships between explanatory and predictive reasonings, the differences in the strategy of (...)
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