Results for 'Markus C. Hasel'

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  1.  28
    Repairing Broken Trust Between Leaders and Followers: How Violation Characteristics Temper Apologies.Steven L. Grover, Marie-Aude Abid-Dupont, Caroline Manville & Markus C. Hasel - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 155 (3):853-870.
    This study examines the conditions under which apologies help to elicit forgiveness and restore trust following trust violations between leaders and followers. The intentionality and severity of violations are examined in a critical incident study and a laboratory study. The results support a model in which forgiveness mediates the relation of apology quality and trust. More importantly, the moderation–mediation model shows that apology quality influenced forgiveness and subsequent trust following violations that were moderate in severity–intentionality combination. The effect of apologizing (...)
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  2.  38
    How Leaders Recover from Publicized Sex Scandals.Marcus C. Hasel & Steven L. Grover - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 129 (1):177-194.
    The leader integrity literature has described how professional behavior influences perceptions of integrity, yet behavior in leaders’ personal lives potentially affects those perceptions. The present paper examined how personal life behavior affects leaders. We assessed high profile political sex scandals to explore the research questions of how indiscretions in personal life affect leaders and how leaders recover from public revelations of sexual indiscretions. The results revealed that whether politicians survived the scandal depended on the degree to which the indiscretion deviated (...)
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  3.  42
    Recovering from negative events by boosting implicit positive affect.Markus Quirin, Regina C. Bode & Julius Kuhl - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (3):559-570.
    Upregulation of implicit positive affect (PA) can act as a mechanism to deal with negative affect. Two studies tracked temporal changes in positive and negative affect (NA) assessed by self-report and the Implicit Positive and Negative Affect Test (IPANAT; Quirin, Kazén, & Kuhl, 2009). Study 1 observed the predicted increases in implicit PA after exposure to a threat-related film clip, which correlated positively with the speed of recognising a happy face among an angry crowd. Study 2 replicated increases in implicit (...)
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  4.  43
    Responsibility of/in digital transformation.Markus P. Zimmer, Jonna Järveläinen, Bernd C. Stahl & Benjamin Mueller - 2023 - Journal of Responsible Technology 16 (C):100068.
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  5.  17
    The role of oxytocin and alexithymia in the therapeutic process.Markus Quirin, C. Sue Carter, Regina C. Bode, Rainer Dã¼Sing, Elise L. Radtke & Mattie Tops - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  6.  35
    Embodiment and Emotional Memory in First vs. Second Language.Jenny C. Baumeister, Francesco Foroni, Markus Conrad, Raffaella I. Rumiati & Piotr Winkielman - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  7.  33
    Intentional Observer Effects on Quantum Randomness: A Bayesian Analysis Reveals Evidence Against Micro-Psychokinesis.Markus A. Maier, Moritz C. Dechamps & Markus Pflitsch - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  8. The Flowering of Old Testament Theology: A Reader in Twentieth-Century Old Testament Theology, 1930–1990.Ben C. Ollenburger, Elmer A. Martens & Gerhard F. Hasel - 1992
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  9.  44
    Organizational Ecology: No Darwinian Evolution After All. A Rejoinder to Lemos.Markus Scholz & Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2010 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 40 (3):504-512.
    In a recent article we argued that organizational ecology is not a Darwinian research program. John Lemos criticized our argumentation on various counts. Here we reply to some of Lemos’s criticisms.
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  10.  29
    Testing the attentional boundary conditions of subliminal semantic priming: the influence of semantic and phonological task sets.Sarah C. Adams & Markus Kiefer - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  11.  12
    High- vs Low-Level Cognition and the Neuro- Emulative Theory of Mental Representation.Markus Werning, Michela C. Tacca & Aleksandra Mroczko-Wąsowicz - 2013 - In Ulrich Gähde, Stephan Hartmann & Jörn Henning Wolf (eds.), Models, Simulations, and the Reduction of Complexity. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 141-152.
  12.  26
    Hiding Information in Theories Beyond Quantum Mechanics, and It’s Application to the Black Hole Information Problem.Markus P. Müller, Jonathan Oppenheim & Oscar C. O. Dahlsten - 2014 - Foundations of Physics 44 (8):829-842.
    The black hole information problem provides important clues for trying to piece together a quantum theory of gravity. Discussions on this topic have generally assumed that in a consistent theory of gravity and quantum mechanics, quantum theory is unmodified. In this review, we discuss the black hole information problem in the context of generalisations of quantum theory. In this preliminary exploration, we examine black holes in the setting of generalised probabilistic theories, in which quantum theory and classical probability theory are (...)
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  13.  59
    The Population Ecology Programme in Organisation Studies: Problems Caused by Unwarranted Theory Transfer.Markus Scholz & Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2008 - Philosophy of Management 6 (3):39-51.
    Economics and social sciences in general have a long tradition of using theories, models, concepts, and so forth borrowed from the natural sciences to describe and explain the properties and behaviours of economic and social entities. However, unwarranted application of theoretical elements from the natural sciences in the economic/social domain can have adverse consequences for organisations, their employees and society in general. Focusing on biology and organisation studies, we discuss the general problems that may arise when theoretical elements from natural (...)
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  14.  43
    Searching for Darwinism in Generalized Darwinism.Thomas A. C. Reydon & Markus Scholz - 2015 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 66 (3):561-589.
    While evolutionary thinking is increasingly becoming popular in fields of investigation outside the biological sciences, it remains unclear how helpful it is there and whether it actually yields good explanations of the phenomena under study. Here we examine the ontology of a recent approach to applying evolutionary thinking outside biology, the generalized Darwinism approach proposed by Geoffrey Hodgson and Thorbjørn Knudsen. We examine the ontology of populations in biology and in GD, and argue that biological evolutionary theory sets ontological criteria (...)
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  15.  8
    Suppression-induced forgetting of motor sequences.Markus Schmidt, Michael C. Anderson & Tobias Tempel - 2023 - Cognition 230 (C):105292.
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  16.  31
    Priming the trait category “hostility”: The moderating role of trait anxiety.Markus A. Maier, Michael P. Berner, Robin C. Hau & Reinhard Pekrun - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (3):577-595.
  17.  25
    Tall al-Ḥamīdīya 1: Vorbericht 1984Tall al-Hamidiya 1: Vorbericht 1984.Michael C. Astour, Seyyare Eichler, Volkert Haas, Daniel Steudler, Markus Wäfler, David Warburton & Markus Wafler - 1988 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 108 (2):304.
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  18.  18
    Tall al-Ḥamīdīya 2Tall al-Hamidiya 2.Michael C. Astour, Seyyare Eichler, Markus Wäfler, David Warburton & Markus Wafler - 1993 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 113 (1):112.
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  19.  82
    Why organizational ecology is not a Darwinian research program.Thomas A. C. Reydon & Markus Scholz - 2009 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (3):408-439.
    Organizational ecology is commonly seen as a Darwinian research program that seeks to explain the diversity of organizational structures, properties and behaviors as the product of selection in past social environments in a similar manner as evolutionary biology seeks to explain the forms, properties and behaviors of organisms as consequences of selection in past natural environments. We argue that this explanatory strategy does not succeed because organizational ecology theory lacks an evolutionary mechanism that could be identified as the principal cause (...)
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  20. Cognitive robot architectures: Proceedings of EUCognition 2016.Ron Chrisley, Vincent C. Müller, Yulia Sandamirskaya & Markus Vincze (eds.) - 2017 - Hamburg: CEUR-WS.
    The European Association for Cognitive Systems is the association resulting from the EUCog network, which has been active since 2006. It has ca. 1000 members and is currently chaired by Vincent C. Müller. We ran our annual conference on December 08-09 2016, kindly hosted by the Technical University of Vienna with Markus Vincze as local chair. The invited speakers were David Vernon and Paul F.M.J. Verschure. Out of the 49 submissions for the meeting, we accepted 18 a papers and (...)
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  21.  23
    Atom and Archetype: The Pauli/Jung Letters, 1932-1958.Wolfgang Pauli, C. A. Meier, Charles P. Enz, Markus Fierz & C. G. Jung - 2001
    In 1932, Wolfgang Pauli was a world-renowned physicist and had already done the work that would win him the 1945 Nobel Prize. He was also in pain. His mother had poisoned herself after his father's involvement in an affair. Emerging from a brief marriage with a cabaret performer, Pauli drank heavily, quarreled frequently and sometimes publicly, and was disturbed by powerful dreams. He turned for help to C. G. Jung, setting a standing appointment for Mondays at noon. Thus bloomed an (...)
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  22.  9
    Beware of Selfies: The Impact of Photo Type on Impression Formation Based on Social Networking Profiles.Nicole C. Krämer, Markus Feurstein, Jan P. Kluck, Yannic Meier, Marius Rother & Stephan Winter - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  23.  38
    Oscillation Phase Locking and Late ERP Components of Intracranial Hippocampal Recordings Correlate to Patient Performance in a Working Memory Task.Jonathan K. Kleen, Markus E. Testorf, David W. Roberts, Rod C. Scott, Barbara J. Jobst, Gregory L. Holmes & Pierre-Pascal Lenck-Santini - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  24.  8
    “You Never Get a Second Chance”: First Impressions of Physicians Depend on Their Body Posture and Gender.Felix C. Grün, Maren Heibges, Viola Westfal & Markus A. Feufel - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    A first impression matters, in particular when encounters are brief as in most doctor-patient interactions. In this study, we investigate how physicians’ body postures impact patients’ first impressions of them and extend previous research by exploring posture effects on the perception of all roles of a physician – not just single aspects such as scholarly expertise or empathy. In an online survey, 167 participants ranked photographs of 4 physicians in 4 postures. The results show that male physicians were rated more (...)
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  25. Common genetic variants in the CLDN2 and PRSS1-PRSS2 loci alter risk for alcohol-related and sporadic pancreatitis.David C. Whitcomb, Jessica LaRusch, Alyssa M. Krasinskas, Lambertus Klei, Jill P. Smith, Randall E. Brand, John P. Neoptolemos, Markus M. Lerch, Matt Tector, Bimaljit S. Sandhu, Nalini M. Guda, Lidiya Orlichenko, Samer Alkaade, Stephen T. Amann, Michelle A. Anderson, John Baillie, Peter A. Banks, Darwin Conwell, Gregory A. Coté, Peter B. Cotton, James DiSario, Lindsay A. Farrer, Chris E. Forsmark, Marianne Johnstone, Timothy B. Gardner, Andres Gelrud, William Greenhalf, Jonathan L. Haines, Douglas J. Hartman, Robert A. Hawes, Christopher Lawrence, Michele Lewis, Julia Mayerle, Richard Mayeux, Nadine M. Melhem, Mary E. Money, Thiruvengadam Muniraj, Georgios I. Papachristou, Margaret A. Pericak-Vance, Joseph Romagnuolo, Gerard D. Schellenberg, Stuart Sherman, Peter Simon, Vijay P. Singh, Adam Slivka, Donna Stolz, Robert Sutton, Frank Ulrich Weiss, C. Mel Wilcox, Narcis Octavian Zarnescu, Stephen R. Wisniewski, Michael R. O'Connell, Michelle L. Kienholz, Kathryn Roeder & M. Micha Barmada - unknown
    Pancreatitis is a complex, progressively destructive inflammatory disorder. Alcohol was long thought to be the primary causative agent, but genetic contributions have been of interest since the discovery that rare PRSS1, CFTR and SPINK1 variants were associated with pancreatitis risk. We now report two associations at genome-wide significance identified and replicated at PRSS1-PRSS2 and X-linked CLDN2 through a two-stage genome-wide study. The PRSS1 variant likely affects disease susceptibility by altering expression of the primary trypsinogen gene. The CLDN2 risk allele is (...)
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  26.  11
    Human–Computer Interaction in Face Matching.Matthew C. Fysh & Markus Bindemann - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (5):1714-1732.
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  27. Are There Cross-Cultural Legal Principles? Modal Reasoning Uncovers Procedural Constraints on Law.Ivar R. Hannikainen, Kevin P. Tobia, Guilherme da F. C. F. de Almeida, Raff Donelson, Vilius Dranseika, Markus Kneer, Niek Strohmaier, Piotr Bystranowski, Kristina Dolinina, Bartosz Janik, Sothie Keo, Eglė Lauraitytė, Alice Liefgreen, Maciej Próchnicki, Alejandro Rosas & Noel Struchiner - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (8):e13024.
    Despite pervasive variation in the content of laws, legal theorists and anthropologists have argued that laws share certain abstract features and even speculated that law may be a human universal. In the present report, we evaluate this thesis through an experiment administered in 11 different countries. Are there cross‐cultural principles of law? In a between‐subjects design, participants (N = 3,054) were asked whether there could be laws that violate certain procedural principles (e.g., laws applied retrospectively or unintelligible laws), and also (...)
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  28.  50
    Left inferior-parietal lobe activity in perspective tasks: identity statements.Aditi Arora, Benjamin Weiss, Matthias Schurz, Markus Aichhorn, Rebecca C. Wieshofer & Josef Perner - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  29.  12
    Guardians and research staff experiences and views about the consent process in hospital-based paediatric research studies in urban Malawi: A qualitative study.Nicola Desmond, Michael Parker, David Lalloo, Ian J. C. MacCormick, Markus Gmeiner, Charity Gunda, Neema Mtunthama Toto & Mtisunge Joshua Gondwe - 2022 - BMC Medical Ethics 23 (1):1-15.
    BackgroundObtaining consent has become a standard way of respecting the patient’s rights and autonomy in clinical research. Ethical guidelines recommend that the child’s parent/s or authorised legal guardian provides informed consent for their child’s participation. However, obtaining informed consent in paediatric research is challenging. Parents become vulnerable because of stress related to their child’s illness. Understanding the views held by guardians and researchers about the consent process in Malawi, where there are limitations in health care access and research literacy will (...)
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  30.  26
    Coordination and expertise foster legal textualism.Ivar R. Hannikainen, Kevin P. Tobia, Guilherme da F. C. F. de Almeida, N. Struchiner, Markus Kneer, P. Bystranowski, V. Dranseika, N. Strohmaier, S. Bensinger, K. Dolinina, B. Janik, Egle Lauraityte, M. Laakasuo, A. Liefgreen, I. Neiders, M. Prochnicki, A. Rosas, J. Sundvall & Tomasz Zuradzki - 2022 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 119 (44):e2206531119.
    A cross-cultural survey experiment revealed a dominant tendency to rely on a rule’s letter over its spirit when deciding which behaviors violate the rule. This tendency varied markedly across (k = 15) countries, owing to variation in the impact of moral appraisals on judgments of rule violation. Compared with laypeople, legal experts were more inclined to disregard their moral evaluations of the acts altogether and consequently exhibited stronger textualist tendencies. Finally, we evaluated a plausible mechanism for the emergence of textualism: (...)
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  31.  54
    Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Research Integrity: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro. 31 May - 3 June 2015.Lex Bouter, Melissa S. Anderson, Ana Marusic, Sabine Kleinert, Susan Zimmerman, Paulo S. L. Beirão, Laura Beranzoli, Giuseppe Di Capua, Silvia Peppoloni, Maria Betânia de Freitas Marques, Adriana Sousa, Claudia Rech, Torunn Ellefsen, Adele Flakke Johannessen, Jacob Holen, Raymond Tait, Jillon Van der Wall, John Chibnall, James M. DuBois, Farida Lada, Jigisha Patel, Stephanie Harriman, Leila Posenato Garcia, Adriana Nascimento Sousa, Cláudia Maria Correia Borges Rech, Oliveira Patrocínio, Raphaela Dias Fernandes, Laressa Lima Amâncio, Anja Gillis, David Gallacher, David Malwitz, Tom Lavrijssen, Mariusz Lubomirski, Malini Dasgupta, Katie Speanburg, Elizabeth C. Moylan, Maria K. Kowalczuk, Nikolas Offenhauser, Markus Feufel, Niklas Keller, Volker Bähr, Diego Oliveira Guedes, Douglas Leonardo Gomes Filho, Vincent Larivière, Rodrigo Costas, Daniele Fanelli, Mark William Neff, Aline Carolina de Oliveira Machado Prata, Limbanazo Matandika, Sonia Maria Ramos de Vasconcelos & Karina de A. Rocha - 2016 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 1 (Suppl 1).
    Table of contentsI1 Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Research IntegrityConcurrent Sessions:1. Countries' systems and policies to foster research integrityCS01.1 Second time around: Implementing and embedding a review of responsible conduct of research policy and practice in an Australian research-intensive universitySusan Patricia O'BrienCS01.2 Measures to promote research integrity in a university: the case of an Asian universityDanny Chan, Frederick Leung2. Examples of research integrity education programmes in different countriesCS02.1 Development of a state-run “cyber education program of research ethics” in (...)
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  32.  13
    Domination and Resistance; Egyptian Military Activity in the Southern Levant Ca. 1300-1185 B. C.A. F. Rainey & Michael G. Hasel - 2001 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 121 (3):489.
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  33.  6
    Consolatio philologiae: Horaz, C. III 3,1–8 bei Edmund Husserl.Markus Asper & Sebastian Luft - 2000 - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 144 (2):361-374.
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  34.  75
    Neuroethik – Geschichte, Definition und Gegenstandsbereich eines neuen Wissenschaftsgebiets Neuroethics—history, definition, and scope of a new field of science.Sabine Müller, Merlin Bittlinger, Kirsten Brukamp, Markus Christen, Orsolya Friedrich, Malte-C. Gruber, Jon Leefmann, Grischa Merkel, Saskia K. Nagel, Marco Stier & Ralf J. Jox - 2018 - Ethik in der Medizin 30 (2):91-106.
    ZusammenfassungFünfzehn Jahre nach ihrer Entstehung ist die Neuroethik ein internationales wissenschaftliches Feld mit enormer Dynamik. Innerhalb weniger Jahre wurden eigene Kongresse, Zeitschriften, Forschungsförderprogramme, Fachgesellschaften und Institute gegründet. Gleichwohl besteht erheblicher Dissens über die Definition und den Gegenstandsbereich dieses neuen Gebiets. Wir argumentieren hier für eine differenzierte Konzeption, wonach neben der Reflexion ethischer Probleme der Neurowissenschaft und ihrer überwiegend neurotechnologischen Anwendungen auch die ethische Reflexion neurowissenschaftlicher Forschung zur Moralität zur Neuroethik gehört. Dies umfasst zwar nicht neurowissenschaftliche oder neuropsychologische Studien zur Moralität, (...)
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  35.  17
    Haben Patient*innen die moralische Pflicht, ihre klinischen Daten für Forschung bereitzustellen? Eine kritische Prüfung möglicher Gründe.Martin Jungkunz, Anja Köngeter, Katja Mehlis, Markus Spitz, Eva C. Winkler & Christoph Schickhardt - 2022 - Ethik in der Medizin 34 (2):195-220.
    Die Sekundärnutzung klinischer Daten für Forschungs- und Lernaktivitäten hat das Potenzial, medizinisches Wissen und klinische Versorgung erheblich zu verbessern. Zur Realisierung dieses Potenzials bedarf es einer ethischen und rechtlichen Grundlage für die Datennutzung, vorzugsweise in Form der Einwilligung von Patient*innen. Damit stellt sich die grundsätzliche Frage: Haben Patient*innen eine moralische Pflicht, ihre klinischen Daten für Forschungs- und Lernaktivitäten zur Verfügung zu stellen?Auf Basis eines ethischen Ansatzes, der als „sorgender Liberalismus“ bezeichnet werden kann, werden folgende Argumente zur Begründung einer Pflicht von (...)
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  36.  18
    Do patients have a moral duty to provide their clinical data for research? A critical examination of possible reasons.Martin Jungkunz, Anja Köngeter, Katja Mehlis, Markus Spitz, Eva C. Winkler & Christoph Schickhardt - 2022 - Ethik in der Medizin 34 (2):195-220.
    Research question The secondary use of clinical data for research and learning activities has the potential to significantly improve medical knowledge and clinical care. To realize this potential, an ethical and legal basis for data use is needed, preferably in the form of patient consent. This raises the question: Do patients have a moral duty to provide their clinical data for research and learning activities? Methods On the basis of an ethical approach that we call “caring liberalism,” we evaluate plausibility (...)
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  37.  8
    Stellungnahme zur Etablierung der sekundären Forschungsnutzung von Behandlungsdaten in Deutschland. Ergebnisse des Verbundprojekts LinCDat: "Learning from Clinical Data. Ethical, Social and Legal Aspects".Martin Jungkunz, Anja Köngeter, Markus Spitz, Katja Mehlis, Kai Cornelius, Christoph Schickhardt & Eva C. Winkler - 2022 - Forum Marsilius Kolleg.
    Die sekundäre Forschungsnutzung von Behandlungsdaten hat großes Potenzial, biomedizinisches Wissen zu erweitern und die Patientenversorgung zu verbessern. Gleichzeitig sind für eine bessere Ausschöpfung dieses Potenzials diverse Herausforderungen zu bewältigen. Dies gilt insbesondere in Deutschland, wo im Vergleich zu anderen Ländern, wie z.B. Dänemark oder Finnland, die sekundäre Forschungsnutzung von Behandlungsdaten unterentwickelt ist. Die Intensivierung der Nutzung der Daten aus Diagnose und Therapie von Patienten und die Entwicklung der dafür notwendigen Strukturen in Deutschland ist ethisch und politisch geboten: für die Verbesserung (...)
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  38.  17
    Coordination Favors Legal Textualism by Suppressing Moral Valuation.Ivar R. Https://orcidorg357X Hannikainen, Kevin P. Tobia, Guilherme da F. C. F. Almeida, Noel Struchiner, Markus Https://Orcidorg Kneer, Piotr Bystranowski, Vilius Dranseika, Niek Strohmaier, Samantha Bensinger, Kristina Dolinina, Bartosz Janik, Egle Lauraityte, Michael Laakasuo, Alice Liefgreen, Ivars Neiders, Maciej Próchnicki, Alejandro Rosas Martinez, Jukka Sundvall & Tomasz Żuradzki - unknown
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  39.  76
    The significance of levels of organization for scientific research: A heuristic approach.Daniel S. Brooks & Markus I. Eronen - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 68:34-41.
    The concept of 'levels of organization' has come under fire recently as being useless for scientific and philosophical purposes. In this paper, we show that 'levels' is actually a remarkably resilient and constructive conceptual tool that can be, and in fact is, used for a variety of purposes. To this effect, we articulate an account of the importance of the levels concept seen in light of its status as a major organizing concept of biology. We argue that the usefulness of (...)
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  40.  6
    Horazens sogenannte romulusode (c. 3,3) AlS revocati O amici?Markus Janka - 2000 - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 144 (2):277-302.
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  41.  22
    Endurance- and Resistance-Trained Men Exhibit Lower Cardiovascular Responses to Psychosocial Stress Than Untrained Men.Peter Gröpel, Maren Urner, Jens C. Pruessner & Markus Quirin - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  42. How the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex Controls Affective Processing in Absence of Visual Awareness – Insights From a Combined EEG-rTMS Study.Kati Keuper, Esslin L. Terrighena, Chetwyn C. H. Chan, Markus Junghoefer & Tatia M. C. Lee - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  43.  36
    Oceans of need in the desert: Ethical issues identified while researching humanitarian agency response in afghanistan.Markus Michael & Anthony B. Zwi - 2002 - Developing World Bioethics 2 (2):109–130.
    This paper describes the interventions by the International Committee of the Red Cross to support a hospital in Afghanistan during the mid 1990s. We present elements of the interventions introduced in Ghazni, Afghanistan, and consider a number of ethical issues stimulated by this analysis. Ethical challenges arise whenever humanitarian interventions to deal with complex political emergencies are undertaken: among those related to the case study presented are questions concerning: a) whether humanitarian support runs the risk of propping up repressive and (...)
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  44.  6
    C. Fundamentalanalyse der normativen Grenzen der Wahrheitserforschung im Strafverfahren.Markus Löffelmann - 2008 - In Die Normativen Grenzen der Wahrheitserforschung Im Strafverfahrenthe Normative Limitations to the Investigation of the Truth in Criminal Trials: Ideen Zu Einer Kritik der Funktionsfähigkeit der Strafrechtspflege. De Gruyter Recht.
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  45. Can a Robot Lie? Exploring the Folk Concept of Lying as Applied to Artificial Agents.Markus Https://Orcidorg Kneer - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (10):e13032.
    The potential capacity for robots to deceive has received considerable attention recently. Many papers explore the technical possibility for a robot to engage in deception for beneficial purposes (e.g., in education or health). In this short experimental paper, I focus on a more paradigmatic case: robot lying (lying being the textbook example of deception) for nonbeneficial purposes as judged from the human point of view. More precisely, I present an empirical experiment that investigates the following three questions: (a) Are ordinary (...)
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  46.  24
    Krankheit als Funktionsgestörtheit.Markus Pawelzik - 1990 - Analyse & Kritik 12 (1):5-33.
    Contrary to the bio-medical sciences most philosophers of medicine regard disease as an evaluative concept. C. Boorse’s well- known naturalist attempt to conceptualize disease exclusively on the basis of physiological fact seems highly plausible at first sight, since on this Supposition it is possible to make use of the impressive explanatory knowledge of modern medicine. But critical examination of his meta- physiological notion of “disease” as subnormal functioning shows that it does not conform to licensed medical disease-judgements. Furthermore his doctrine (...)
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  47. Augustine; a collection of critical essays.R. A. Markus - 1972 - Garden City, N.Y.,: Anchor Books.
    Introduction, by R. A. Markus.--St. Augustine and Christian Platonism, by A. H. Armstrong.--Action and contemplation, by F. R. J. O'Connell.--St. Augustine on signs, by R. A. Markus.--The theory of signs in St. Augustine's De doctrina Christiana, by B. D. Jackson.--Si fallor, sum, by G. B. Matthews.--Augustine on speaking from memory, by G. B. Matthews.--The inner man, by G. B. Matthews.--On Augustine's concept of a person, by A. C. Lloyd.--Augustine on foreknowledge and free will, by W. L. Rowe.--Augustine on (...)
     
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  48.  28
    Performing the Book: The Recital of Epic in First-Century C.E. Rome.Donka D. Markus - 2000 - Classical Antiquity 19 (1):138-179.
    The detrimental effect of the public recital on the quality of epic production in the first century is a stock theme both in ancient and in modern literary criticism. While previous studies on the epic recital emphasize its negative effects, or aim at its reconstruction as social reality, I focus on its conflicting representations by the ancients themselves and the lessons that we can learn from them. The voices of critics and defenders reveal anxieties about who controls the prestigious high (...)
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    Oceans of Need in the Desert: Ethical Issues Identified While Researching Humanitarian Agency Response in Afghanistan.Anthony B. Zwi Markus Michael - 2002 - Developing World Bioethics 2 (2):109-130.
    This paper describes the interventions by the International Committee of the Red Cross to support a hospital in Afghanistan during the mid–1990s. We present elements of the interventions introduced in Ghazni, Afghanistan, and consider a number of ethical issues stimulated by this analysis. Ethical challenges arise wherever humanitarian interventions to deal with complex political emergencies are undertaken: among those related to the case study presented are questions concerning: a) whether humanitarian support runs the risk of propping up repressive and irresponsible (...)
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    The complexity of first-order and monadic second-order logic revisited.Markus Frick & Martin Grohe - 2004 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 130 (1-3):3-31.
    The model-checking problem for a logic L on a class C of structures asks whether a given L-sentence holds in a given structure in C. In this paper, we give super-exponential lower bounds for fixed-parameter tractable model-checking problems for first-order and monadic second-order logic. We show that unless PTIME=NP, the model-checking problem for monadic second-order logic on finite words is not solvable in time f·p, for any elementary function f and any polynomial p. Here k denotes the size of the (...)
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