17 found
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  1.  7
    Working Memory in Wayfinding—A Dual Task Experiment in a Virtual City.Tobias Meilinger, Markus Knauff & Heinrich H. Bülthoff - 2008 - Cognitive Science 32 (4):755-770.
  2.  1
    A Theory and a Computational Model of Spatial Reasoning with Preferred Mental Models.Marco Ragni & Markus Knauff - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (3):561-588.
  3.  17
    The Effects of Source Trustworthiness and Inference Type on Human Belief Revision.Ann G. Wolf, Susann Rieger & Markus Knauff - 2012 - Thinking and Reasoning 18 (4):417-440.
  4.  4
    Space to Reason: A Spatial Theory of Human Thought.Markus Knauff - 2013 - MIT Press.
    Behind the images, the actual logical work iscarried out by reasoning-specific operations on these spatial layout models.
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  5.  90
    Mental Models and the Mind: Current Developments in Cognitive Psychology, Neuroscience, and Philosophy of Mind.Carsten Held, Markus Knauff & Gottfried Vosgerau (eds.) - 2006 - Elsevier.
    "Cognitive psychology," "cognitive neuroscience," and "philosophy of mind" are names for three very different scientific fields, but they label aspects of the same scientific goal: to understand the nature of mental phenomena. Today, the three disciplines strongly overlap under the roof of the cognitive sciences. The book's purpose is to present views from the different disciplines on one of the central theories in cognitive science: the theory of mental models. Cognitive psychologists report their research on the representation and processing of (...)
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  6.  5
    How Emotions Affect Logical Reasoning: Evidence From Experiments with Mood-Manipulated Participants, Spider Phobics, and People with Exam Anxiety.Nadine Jung, Christina Wranke, Kai Hamburger & Markus Knauff - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  7.  50
    How Our Brains Reason Logically.Markus Knauff - 2007 - Topoi 26 (1):19-36.
    The aim of this article is to strengthen links between cognitive brain research and formal logic. The work covers three fundamental sorts of logical inferences: reasoning in the propositional calculus, i.e. inferences with the conditional “if...then”, reasoning in the predicate calculus, i.e. inferences based on quantifiers such as “all”, “some”, “none”, and reasoning with n-place relations. Studies with brain-damaged patients and neuroimaging experiments indicate that such logical inferences are implemented in overlapping but different bilateral cortical networks, including parts of the (...)
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  8.  83
    Construction and Revision of Spatial Mental Models Under High Task Demand.Jelica Nejasmic, Leandra Bucher, Paul D. Thorn & Markus Knauff - 2014 - In Paul Bello, Marcello Guarini, Marjorie McShane & Brian Scassellati (eds.), Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 1066-72.
    Individuals often revise their beliefs when confronted with contradicting evidence. Belief revision in the spatial domain can be regarded as variation of initially constructed spatial mental models. Construction and revision usually follow distinct cognitive principles. The present study examines whether principles of revisions which follow constructions under high task demands differ from principles applied after less demanding constructions. We manipulated the task demands for model constructions by means of the continuity with which a spatial model was constructed. We administered tasks (...)
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  9.  1
    The Specificity of Terms Affects Conditional Reasoning.Lupita Estefania Gazzo Castañeda & Markus Knauff - forthcoming - Thinking and Reasoning:1-22.
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  10.  9
    Reasoning with Imperfect Information and Knowledge.Gabriele Kern-Isberner, Igor Douven, Markus Knauff & Henri Prade - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (1):7-9.
  11.  29
    Spatial Reasoning as Verbal Reasoning.Antje Krumnack, Leandra Bucher, Jelica Nejasmic & Markus Knauff - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
  12.  3
    Quantifying Disablers in Reasoning with Universal and Existential Rules.Lupita Estefania Gazzo Castañeda & Markus Knauff - 2018 - Thinking and Reasoning 24 (3):344-365.
    People accept conclusions of valid conditional inferences less, the more disablers exist. We investigated whether rules that through their phrasing exclude disablers evoke higher acceptance ratings than rules that do not exclude disablers. In three experiments we re-phrased content-rich conditionals from the literature as either universal or existential rules and embedded these rules in Modus Ponens and Modus Tollens inferences. In Experiments 2 and 3, we also used abstract rules. The acceptance of conclusions increased when the rule was phrased with (...)
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  13.  18
    Negativity Bias in Defeasible Reasoning.Lupita Estefania Gazzo Castañeda, Bruno Richter & Markus Knauff - 2016 - Thinking and Reasoning 22 (2):209-220.
    ABSTRACTIn defeasible reasoning, initially drawn conclusions can be withdrawn in light of new information. In this paper, we examine how the conclusions drawn from conditionals describing positive or negative situations can be defeated by subsequent negative or positive information, respectively. Participants were confronted with conditionals of the form “If [situation], then I am happy/sad” which were either followed by no additional information or by additional information describing situations of the same or the opposite valence. The participant's task was to decide (...)
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  14.  15
    The Strategy Behind Belief Revision: A Matter of Judging Probability or the Use of Mental Models.Ann G. Wolf & Markus Knauff - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 831--836.
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  15.  31
    Spatial Inference: No Difference Between Mental Images and Mental Models.Markus Knauff & Christoph Schlieder - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):589-590.
    In contrast to Pylyshyn's view, there is no such thing as “reasoning in general.” Different types of reasoning tasks are solved with different reasoning strategies. A more specific null hypothesis is that spatial inference with mental images involves the same representational formalism as that of spatial inference with mental models. There is no evidence that this hypothesis must be rejected.
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  16. Logic and Cognition.H. Cowles, Matthew Walenski, Robert Kluender, Markus Knauff, Artur S. Davila Garcez, Dov M. Gabbay, Oliver Ray, John Woods, Robin Clark & Murray Grossman - 2007 - Topoi 26 (1).
     
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  17. Handbook of Rationality.Markus Knauff & Wolfgang Spohn (eds.) - forthcoming - MIT Press.
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