Results for 'Markus Mathaus Kosel'

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  1.  37
    Deep brain stimulation to reward circuitry alleviates anhedonia in refractory major depression.Thomas E. Schlaepfer, Michael X. Cohen, Caroline Frick, Markus Mathaus Kosel, Daniela Brodesser, Nikolai Axmacher, Alexius Young Joe, Martina Kreft, Doris Lenartz & Volker Sturm - unknown
    Deep brain stimulation (DBS) to different sites allows interfering with dysfunctional network function implicated in major depression. Because a prominent clinical feature of depression is anhedonia--the inability to experience pleasure from previously pleasurable activities--and because there is clear evidence of dysfunctions of the reward system in depression, DBS to the nucleus accumbens might offer a new possibility to target depressive symptomatology in otherwise treatment-resistant depression. Three patients suffering from extremely resistant forms of depression, who did not respond to pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, (...)
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  2.  36
    Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in depression.Thomas E. Schlaepfer, Markus Kosel & Hans-Ulrich Fisch - 2006 - Poiesis and Praxis 4 (2):111-127.
    Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a relatively non-invasive technique to interfere with the function of small cortical areas through currents induced by alternating magnetic fields emanating from a handheld coil placed directly above the targeted area. This technique has clear effects on a whole range of measures of brain function and has become an important research tool in neuropsychiatry. More recently, TMS has been studied in psychiatry mainly to assess its putative therapeutic effects in the treatment of refractory major depression. Most (...)
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  3.  2
    Culture and Enlightenment: Essays for György Markus.Gy?rgy Markus, John E. Grumley, Paul Crittenden & Pauline Johnson - 2002 - Ashgate.
    Culture and Enlightenment are the two words that best characterise the essence of György Markus's career, in whose honour this book is published. Markus devoted the last twenty years of research towards a theory of cultural objectivations and their pragmatics, and the great depth of his knowledge of the history of culture and philosophy informs all his teaching and writing. The pursuit of Enlightenment ideals attains reflective self-consciousness in Markus' works; forged in the knowledge of its own (...)
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  4.  16
    Interview: Markus Gabriel.Markus Gabriel & Anja Steinbauer - 2016 - Philosophy Now 113:6-10.
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  5.  81
    Markus Gabriel (Hg.): Der Neue Realismus.Markus Gabriel & Kurt Wuchterl - 2016 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 69 (2):170-175.
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  6. Christian Faith and Greek Philosophy [by] A.H. Armstrong and R.A. Markus.A. H. Armstrong & R. A. Markus - 1960 - Darton, Longman & Todd.
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  7. The Role of Disagreement in Pyrrhonian and Cartesian Skepticism.Markus Lammenranta - 2013 - In Diego E. Machuca (ed.), Disagreement and Skepticism. New York: Routledge. pp. 46-65.
    Markus Lammenranta’s essay sheds light on at least one of the reasons for this. Arguing that disagreement plays a key role not only in the Pyrrhonian but also in the Cartesian skeptical arguments, he contends that these arguments are intuitively sound and that their intuitiveness cannot be accounted for unless we assume a dialectical conception of justification. As we saw, this view maintains that one is justified in holding a belief if and only if, when appropriately challenged, one is (...)
     
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  8. The social meaning of common knowledge across development.Gaye Soley & Begüm Köseler - 2021 - Cognition 215 (C):104811.
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  9. Truth, Proof and Gödelian Arguments: A Defence of Tarskian Truth in Mathematics.Markus Pantsar - 2009 - Dissertation, University of Helsinki
    One of the most fundamental questions in the philosophy of mathematics concerns the relation between truth and formal proof. The position according to which the two concepts are the same is called deflationism, and the opposing viewpoint substantialism. In an important result of mathematical logic, Kurt Gödel proved in his first incompleteness theorem that all consistent formal systems containing arithmetic include sentences that can neither be proved nor disproved within that system. However, such undecidable Gödel sentences can be established to (...)
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  10. The Modal Status of Contextually A Priori Arithmetical Truths.Markus Pantsar - 2016 - In Andrea Sereni & Francesca Boccuni (eds.), Objectivity, Realism, and Proof. Springer International Publishing. pp. 67-79.
    In Pantsar (2014), an outline for an empirically feasible epistemological theory of arithmetic is presented. According to that theory, arithmetical knowledge is based on biological primitives but in the resulting empirical context develops an essentially a priori character. Such contextual a priori theory of arithmetical knowledge can explain two of the three characteristics that are usually associated with mathematical knowledge: that it appears to be a priori and objective. In this paper it is argued that it can also explain the (...)
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  11. Ethical issues of 'morality mining': When the moral identity of individuals becomes a focus of data-mining.Markus Christen, Mark Alfano, Endre Bangerter & Daniel Lapsley - 2013 - In Hakikur Rahman & I. Ramos (eds.), Ethical Data Mining Applications for Socio-Economic Development. IGI Global. pp. 1-21.
  12. The Semantic Neighborhood of Intellectual Humility.Markus Christen, Mark Alfano & Brian Robinson - 2014 - Proceedings of the European Conference on Social Intelligence.
    Intellectual humility is an interesting but underexplored disposition. The claim “I am (intellectually) humble” seems paradoxical in that someone who has the disposition in question would not typically volunteer it. There is an explanatory gap between the meaning of the sentence and the meaning the speaker expresses by uttering it. We therefore suggest analyzing intellectual humility semantically, using a psycholexical approach that focuses on both synonyms and antonyms of ‘intellectual humility’. We present a thesaurus-based method to map the semantic space (...)
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  13. Epistemic Relativism. A Constructive Critique.Markus Seidel - 2014 - Houndsmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Are our beliefs justified only relatively to a specific culture or society? Is it possible to give reasons for the superiority of our scientific, epistemic methods? Markus Seidel sets out to answer these questions in his critique of epistemic relativism. Focusing on the work of the most prominent, explicitly relativist position in the sociology of scientific knowledge – so-called 'Edinburgh relativism' or the 'Strong Programme' –, he scrutinizes the key arguments for epistemic relativism from a philosophical perspective: underdetermination and (...)
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  14. Husserl, Edmund and Russian philosophy.Z. Mathauser - 1990 - Filosoficky Casopis 38 (1-2):107-117.
  15. La parole est au Diamat. L'esthétique en URSS et en Tchécoslovaquie 70 ans après la Révolution.Z. Mathauser - 1987 - Estetika: The European Journal of Aesthetics 24 (4):199-212.
     
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  16. Odraz—vrstvy-vhled.Z. Mathauser - 1977 - Estetika: The European Journal of Aesthetics 1:22-39.
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  17. Semiotics and hermeneutics.Zdenëk Mathauser - 1991 - Filosoficky Casopis 39 (5):801-830.
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  18. ST La situation artistique.Z. Mathauser - 1985 - Estetika: The European Journal of Aesthetics 22 (3):137-157.
     
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  19. Metaphysics of Science: A Systematic and Historical Introduction.Markus Schrenk - 2017 - London & New York: Routledge.
    Metaphysics and science have a long but troubled relationship. In the twentieth century the Logical Positivists argued metaphysics was irrelevant and that philosophy should be guided by science. However, metaphysics and science attempt to answer many of the same, fundamental questions: What are laws of nature? What is causation? What are natural kinds? -/- In this book, Markus Schrenk examines and explains the central questions and problems in the metaphysics of science. He reviews the development of the field from (...)
  20.  4
    Fields of Sense: A New Realist Ontology.Markus Gabriel - 2015 - Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    It is still a widespread assumption that metaphysics and ontology deal with roughly the same questions. They are supposed to be concerned with the fundamental nature of reality and to give an account of the meaning of 'existence' or 'being' in line with the broadest possible metaphysical assumptions. Against this, Markus Gabriel proposes a radical form of ontological pluralism that divorces ontology from metaphysics, understood as the most fundamental theory of absolutely everything. He argues that the concept of existence (...)
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  21. Language and Production. A Critique of the Paradigms.György Márkus - 1986 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 96.
  22. The Euro and the Battle of Ideas.Markus K. Brunnermeier, Harold James & Jean-Pierre Landau - 2016
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  23. Obituary: Zdeněk Mathauser.Vlastimil Zuska - 2007 - Estetika: The European Journal of Aesthetics 1.
    Professor Zdeněk Mathauser, Czech aesthetician and literary scholar, expert on Husserl’s phenomenology and French and Czech Structuralism, author of many publications, including Básnivé nápovědi Husserlovy fenomenologie.
     
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  24. the pyrrhonian problematic.Markus Lammenranta - 2008 - In John Greco (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism. Oxford University Press. pp. 9--33.
     
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  25.  41
    The Model of an "Artistic Situation".Zdenek Mathauser - 2000 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 15 (3):497-513.
    The essay investigates the possibility of a closer connection of Husserlian phenomenology and that tradition in semiotics of art which originates mainly withSchelling and Goethe. The affinity between semiotically approached tropology and phenomenology is supported if a symbol is conceived not only as an analogy of the designated, but also as its direct grasping. This grasping shows some features of rational contemplation as understood by phenomenology. Modelling symbol as a synthetic trope enables us to proceed to the model of an (...)
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  26. The Great Gibberish - Mathematics in Western Popular Culture.Markus Pantsar - 2016 - In Brendan Larvor (ed.), Mathematical Cultures: The London Meetings 2012--2014. Springer International Publishing. pp. 409-437.
    In this paper, I study how mathematicians are presented in western popular culture. I identify five stereotypes that I test on the best-known modern movies and television shows containing a significant amount of mathematics or important mathematician characters: (1) Mathematics is highly valued as an intellectual pursuit. (2) Little attention is given to the mathematical content. (3) Mathematical practice is portrayed in an unrealistic way. (4) Mathematicians are asocial and unable to enjoy normal life. (5) Higher mathematics is ...
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  27. Skepticism and Disagreement.Markus Lammenranta - 2011 - In Diego E. Machuca (ed.), Pyrrhonism in Ancient, Modern, and Contemporary Philosophy. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 203-216.
    Though ancient Pyrrhonian skepticism is apparently based on disagreement, this aspect of skepticism has been widely neglected in contemporary discussion on skepticism. The paper provides a rational reconstruction of the skeptical argument from disagreement that can be found in the books of Sextus Empiricus. It is argued that this argument forms a genuine skeptical paradox that has no fully satisfactory resolution. All attempts to resolve it make knowledge or justified belief either intuitively too easy or impossible.
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  28.  92
    The Oxford Handbook of Compositionality.Markus Werning, Wolfram Hinzen & Edouard Machery (eds.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Leading linguists and philosophers report on all aspects of compositionality, the notion that the meaning of an expression can be derived from its parts. This book explores every dimension of this field, reporting critically on different lines of research, revealing connections between them, and highlighting current problems and opportunities.
  29. A research program for empirically informed ethics.Markus Christen & Mark Alfano - 2013 - In Empirically Informed Ethics. Springer. pp. 3-27.
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  30.  9
    Well-Ordered License: On the Unity of Machiavelli's Thought.Markus Fischer - 2000 - Lexington Books.
    Interpreters of Machiavelli easily agree that his political writings have profoundly influenced our fundamental ideas of state and society, yet these interpreters rarely agree on what Machiavelli really thought. Did Machiavelli seek to recover classical republicanism in the Aristotelian tradition, or did he aspire to usher in modernity? Was he a cynic who assumed human beings to be inescapably wicked and offered technical advice to tyrants, or did he aim at some version of "the good life"? Did he create a (...)
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  31. Rethinking OER and their use: Open education as Bildung.Markus Deimann & Robert Farrow - 2013 - The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning 14 (3):344--360.
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  32. The Power of Paradox: Impossible Conversations.Markus Locker - 2019 - Boston: Brill | Rodopi.
    In this book, Markus Locker demonstrates that the paradox behind each truth claim opens a channel of communication of truths.
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  33. Assessing the “Empirical Philosophy of Mathematics”.Markus Pantsar - 2015 - Discipline Filosofiche:111-130.
    Abstract In the new millennium there have been important empirical developments in the philosophy of mathematics. One of these is the so-called “Empirical Philosophy of Mathematics”(EPM) of Buldt, Löwe, Müller and Müller-Hill, which aims to complement the methodology of the philosophy of mathematics with empirical work. Among other things, this includes surveys of mathematicians, which EPM believes to give philosophically important results. In this paper I take a critical look at the sociological part of EPM as a case study of (...)
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  34. Agency.Markus Schlosser - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    In very general terms, an agent is a being with the capacity to act, and 'agency' denotes the exercise or manifestation of this capacity. The philosophy of action provides us with a standard conception and a standard theory of action. The former construes action in terms of intentionality, the latter explains the intentionality of action in terms of causation by the agent’s mental states and events. From this, we obtain a standard conception and a standard theory of agency. There are (...)
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  35.  19
    Why the World Does Not Exist.Markus Gabriel - 2015 - Malden, MA: Polity.
    Where do we come from? Are we merely a cluster of elementary particles in a gigantic world receptacle? And what does it all mean? In this highly original new book, the philosopher Markus Gabriel challenges our notion of what exists and what it means to exist. He questions the idea that there is a world that encompasses everything like a container life, the universe, and everything else. This all-inclusive being does not exist and cannot exist. For the world itself (...)
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  36. How Art Teaches: A Lesson from Goodman.Markus Lammenranta - 2019 - Paths From the Philosophy of Art to Everyday Aesthetics.
    In “How Art Teaches: A Lesson from Goodman”, Markus Lammenranta inquires if and how artworks can convey propositional knowledge about the world. Lammenranta argues that the cognitive role of art can be explained by revising Nelson Goodman’s theory of symbols. According to Lammenranta, the problem of Goodman’s theory is that, despite providing an account of art’s symbolic function, it denies art the possibility of mediating propositional knowledge. Lammenranta claims that Goodman’s theory can be augmented by enlarging it with an (...)
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  37. Gibt es einen numerus clausus der Rechtsquellen?Markus Kaltenborn - 2003 - Rechtstheorie 34 (4):459-486.
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  38.  12
    Anerkennung Und Gerechtigkeit in Heilpädagogik, Pflegewissenschaft Und Medizin: Auf Dem Weg Zu Einer Nichtexklusiven Ethik.Markus Dederich & Martin W. Schnell (eds.) - 2011 - Transcript.
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  39. An Evaluation Schema for the Ethical Use of Autonomous Robotic Systems in Security Applications.Markus Christen, Thomas Burri, Joseph O. Chapa, Raphael Salvi, Filippo Santoni de Sio & John P. Sullins - unknown
    We propose a multi-step evaluation schema designed to help procurement agencies and others to examine the ethical dimensions of autonomous systems to be applied in the security sector, including autonomous weapons systems.
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  40.  10
    Wenn Götterväter zürnen... Von Zeus und Aigisth zu Jupiter, Augustus und Lykaon.Markus Janka - 1999 - Hermes 127 (3):345-355.
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  41.  11
    A Hybrid Theory of Metaphor: Relevance Theory and Cognitive Linguistics.Markus Tendahl - 2009 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    A provoking new approach to how we understand metaphors thoroughly comparing and contrasting the claims made by relevance theorists and cognitive linguists. The resulting hybrid theory shows the complementarity of many positions as well as the need and possibility of achieving a broader and more realistic theory of our understanding.
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  42.  65
    Markus Zimmermann-Acklin (2010) Bioethik in theologischer Perspektive. Grundlagen, Methoden, Bereiche. Zweite erweiterte Auflage: Studien zur theologischen Ethik, Bd. 126, Academic Press Fribourg, Freiburg Schweiz, Verlag Herder, Freiburg/wien, 429 Seiten, 52,00 €, ISBN 978-3-7278-1656-7 (Academic Press Fribourg) ISBN 978-3-451-33062-9. [REVIEW]Sylvia Agbih - 2012 - Ethik in der Medizin 24 (4):341-342.
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  43. The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of Ai.Markus Dirk Dubber, Frank Pasquale & Sunit Das (eds.) - 2020 - Oxford Handbooks.
    This 44-chapter volume tackles a quickly-evolving field of inquiry, mapping the existing discourse as part of a general attempt to place current developments in historical context; at the same time, breaking new ground in taking on novel subjects and pursuing fresh approaches. The term "A.I." is used to refer to a broad range of phenomena, from machine learning and data mining to artificial general intelligence. The recent advent of more sophisticated AI systems, which function with partial or full autonomy and (...)
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  44.  55
    ¿Contingencia O necesidad? Schelling Y Hegel acerca Del estatus modal Del espacio lógico.Markus Gabriel - 2010 - Ideas Y Valores 59 (142):5-23.
    Palabras pronunciadas por Markus Gabriel en el marco del encuentro internacional "Presente del idealismo alemán" organizado por el Departamento de Filosofía de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Conferencia que tuvo lugar el 9 de octubre de 2009.
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  45. A multi-modal, cross-cultural study of the semantics of intellectual humility.Markus Christen, Mark Alfano & Brian Robinson - forthcoming - AI and Society.
    Intellectual humility can be broadly construed as being conscious of the limits of one’s existing knowledge and capable to acquire more knowledge, which makes it a key virtue of the information age. However, the claim “I am (intellectually) humble” seems paradoxical in that someone who has the disposition in question would not typically volunteer it. There is an explanatory gap between the meaning of the sentence and the meaning the speaker ex- presses by uttering it. We therefore suggest analyzing intellectual (...)
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  46. Die Menschenwürde als Prinzip des Rechts. Eine rechtsphilosophische Rekonstruktion.Markus Rothhaar - 2015
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  47.  36
    Presentation.Ladislav Tondl & Zdenek Mathauser - 2000 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 15 (3):409-411.
    The spheres of communication theory, semiotics, linguistics and partly also the modern information technologies had in Bohemia and, especially, in Prague, a city with one of the first European universities, good traditions, very stimulating conditions and a good interdisciplinary atmosphere. This atmosphere had its foundations in traditions of one of the European intellectual and cultural cross-roads connecting Slavic, German and Jewish values. In the period between the two world wars Prague had a Czech university, a German university and many years (...)
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  48.  32
    The Austrian Contribution to Analytic Philosophy.Markus Textor (ed.) - 2006 - Routledge.
    Although an important part of the origins of analytic philosophy can be traced back to philosophy in Austria in the first part of the twentieth century, remarkably little is known about the specific contribution made by Austrian philosophy and philosophers. In The Austrian Contribution to Analytic Philosophy prominent analytic philosophers take a fresh look at the roots of analytic philosophy in the thought of influential but often overlooked Austrian philosophers, including Brentano, Meinong, Bolzano, Husserl, and Witasek. The contributors to this (...)
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  49.  29
    Culture, Science, Society: The Constitution of Cultural Modernity.Gyorgy Markus - 2011 - Brill.
    The book addresses the constitution of the high culture of modernity as an uneasy unity of the sciences, including philosophy, and the arts. Their internal dynamism and strain is established through, on the one hand, the relationship of the author - work - recipient, and, on the other, the respective roles of experts and the market.
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  50. Nachmetaphysische Reformulierungen. Der unvollendete Abschied von der Metaphysik : Wilhelm Herrmann / Dietrich Korsch ; Gott selbst ist nicht fromm : Georg Simmels nach-theistischer Gottesbegriff.Markus Buntfuss - 2009 - In Jörg Lauster & Bernd Oberdorfer (eds.), Der Gott der Vernunft: Protestantismus Und Vernünftiger Gottesgedanke. Mohr Siebeck.
     
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