Results for 'Marlene B. Pedersen'

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  1.  34
    Actions Necessary to Prevent Childhood Obesity: Creating the Climate for Change.Marlene B. Schwartz & Kelly D. Brownell - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (1):78-89.
    Childhood obesity has become a public health epidemic, and currently a battle exists over how to frame and address this problem. This paper explores how public policy approaches can be employed to address obesity. We present the argument that obesity should be viewed as the consequence of a “toxic environment” rather than the result of the population failing to take enough “personal responsibility.” In order to make progress in decreasing the prevalence of obesity, we must shift our view of obesity (...)
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  2.  23
    Actions Necessary to Prevent Childhood Obesity: Creating the Climate for Change.Marlene B. Schwartz & Kelly D. Brownell - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (1):78-89.
    After years of near total neglect, the problem of childhood obesity is now in the limelight. Terms like “epidemic,” “crisis,” and “emergency” are used frequently when describing the trend. Progress is defined with strong language and fueled by statistics such as the observation that this generation of children will be the first to live shorter lives than their parents. Multi-disciplinary journals such as the Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics have dedicated symposiums to the issue, and conferences have been convened (...)
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  3.  20
    How to Combine Hermeneutics and Wide Reflective Equilibrium?: A Comment on M. Ebbesen and B. Pedersen, How to Formulate Normative Ethical Principles by Use of Empirical Investigations Within Biomedicine.Guy A. M. Widdershoven - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (1):49-52.
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  4.  95
    The Development of a Descriptive Evaluation Tool for Clinical Ethics Case Consultations.R. Pedersen, S. A. Hurst, J. Schildmann, S. Schuster & B. Molewijk - 2010 - Clinical Ethics 5 (3):136-141.
    There is growing interest in clinical ethics. However, we still have sparse knowledge about what is actually going on in the everyday practice of clinical ethics consultations. This paper introduces a descriptive evaluation tool to present, discuss and compare how clinical ethics case consultations are actually carried out. The tool does not aim to define ‘best practice’. Rather, it facilitates concrete comparisons and evaluative discussions of the role, function, procedures and ideals inherent in clinical ethics case consultation practices. The tool (...)
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  5.  20
    Two Years of Moral Case Deliberations on the Use of Coercion in Mental Health Care: Which Ethical Challenges Are Being Discussed by Health Care Professionals?B. Molewijk, I. S. Engerdahl & R. Pedersen - 2016 - Clinical Ethics 11 (2-3):87-96.
  6.  30
    In Quest of Justice? Clinical Prioritisation in Healthcare for the Aged.R. Pedersen, P. Nortvedt, M. Nordhaug, A. Slettebo, K. H. Grothe, M. Kirkevold, B. S. Brinchmann & B. Andersen - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (4):230-235.
    Background: A fair distribution of healthcare services for older patients is an important challenge, but qualitative research exploring clinicians’ consideration in daily clinical prioritisation in healthcare services for the aged is scarce.Objectives: To explore what kind of criteria, values, and other relevant considerations are important in clinical prioritisations in healthcare services for older patients.Design: A semi-structured interview-guide was used to interview 45 clinicians working with older patients. The interviews were analysed qualitatively using hermeneutical content analysis and template organising style.Participants: 20 (...)
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  7.  6
    The Unresponsive Avenger: More Evidence That Disinterested Third Parties Do Not Punish Altruistically.Eric J. Pedersen, William H. B. McAuliffe & Michael E. McCullough - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (4):514-544.
  8.  15
    The Impact of Clinical Encounters on Student Nurses' Ethical Caring.B. Pedersen & K. Sivonen - 2012 - Nursing Ethics 19 (6):838-848.
    The aim of this study was to get a deeper understanding of student nurses’ experiences of personal caring ethics by reflection on caring encounters with patients in clinical practice, ethical caring ideals, ethical problems, and sources for inner strength that give courage to practice good caring. In all, 24 Scandinavian student nurses participated voluntarily in an interview study. The interviews were analyzed within a phenomenological–hermeneutical approach and revealed three themes. The students found themselves in two different states of vulnerability: one (...)
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  9.  16
    Evaluating Clinical Ethics Support in Mental Healthcare: A Systematic Literature Review.M. H. Hem, R. Pedersen, R. Norvoll & B. Molewijk - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (4):452-466.
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  10.  21
    Clinical Prioritisations of Healthcare for the Aged—Professional Roles.P. Nortvedt, R. Pedersen, K. H. Grothe, M. Nordhaug, M. Kirkevold, A. Slettebo, B. S. Brinchmann & B. Andersen - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (5):332-335.
    Background: Although fair distribution of healthcare services for older patients is an important challenge, qualitative research exploring clinicians’ considerations in clinical prioritisation within this field is scarce. Objectives: To explore how clinicians understand their professional role in clinical prioritisations in healthcare services for old patients. Design: A semi-structured interview-guide was employed to interview 45 clinicians working with older patients. The interviews were analysed qualitatively using hermeneutical content analysis. Participants: 20 physicians and 25 nurses working in public hospitals and nursing homes (...)
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  11. Balanced Wonder: Experiential Sources of Imagination, Virtue, and Human Flourishing.Jan B. W. Pedersen - 2019 - Lexington Books.
    In Balanced Wonder, Jan B. W. Pedersen digs deep into the alluring topic of wonder, in dialogue with Neo-Aristotelian philosophers, arguing that the experience of wonder, when balanced, serves as a strong contributor to human flourishing.
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  12.  4
    Er Kliniske Etikk-Komiteer I den Kommunale Helse- Og Omsorgstjenesten Bærekraftige?Lillian Lillemoen, Irene Syse, Reidar Pedersen & Reidun Førde - 2016 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 10 (2):127.
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  13.  56
    Null.Doohwan Ahn, Sanda Badescu, Giorgio Baruchello, Raj Nath Bhat, Laura Boileau, Rosalind Carey, Camelia-Mihaela Cmeciu, Alan Goldstone, James Grieve, John Grumley, Grant Havers, Stefan Höjelid, Peter Isackson, Marguerite Johnson, Adrienne Kertzer, J.-Guy Lalande, Clinton R. Long, Joseph Mali, Ben Marsden, Peter Monteath, Michael Edward Moore, Jeff Noonan, Lynda Payne, Joyce Senders Pedersen, Brayton Polka, Lily Polliack, John Preston, Anthony Pym, Marina Ritzarev, Joseph Rouse, Peter N. Saeta, Arthur B. Shostak, Stanley Shostak, Marcia Landy, Kenneth R. Stunkel, I. I. I. Wheeler & Phillip H. Wiebe - 2009 - The European Legacy 14 (6):731-771.
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  14. The Elementary Science, Health, and Technology Project - Developmental Approaches in Science and Health.Marlene N. Hapai, Donald B. Young & Francis M. Pottenger - 1987 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 7 (1-2):233-238.
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  15.  9
    Marlene Bradford. Scanning the Skies: A History of Tornado Forecasting. 256 Pp., Illus., Tables, Notes, Bibl., Index. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2001. $24.95. [REVIEW]William B. Meyer - 2003 - Isis 94 (4):779-780.
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  16. Fagets Videnskabsteori.Tom Børsen, David Budtz Pedersen & Hanne Andersen (eds.) - 2018 - Samfundslitteratur.
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  17.  15
    Inheritance and the Family.Jørgen Pedersen & Steinar Bøyum - 2020 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 37 (2):299-313.
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  18. Stitching Together the Heterogeneous Party: A Complementary Social Data Science Experiment.Morten A. Pedersen, Snorre Ralund, Mette M. Madsen, Tobias B. Jørgensen, Hjalmar B. Carlsen & Anders Blok - 2017 - Big Data and Society 4 (2).
    The era of ‘big data’ studies and computational social science has recently given rise to a number of realignments within and beyond the social sciences, where otherwise distinct data formats – digital, numerical, ethnographic, visual, etc. – rub off and emerge from one another in new ways. This article chronicles the collaboration between a team of anthropologists and sociologists, who worked together for one week in an experimental attempt to combine ‘big’ transactional and ‘small’ ethnographic data formats. Our collaboration is (...)
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  19. Why Do Species Matter?Lilly-Marlene Russow - 1981 - Environmental Ethics 3 (2):101-112.
    One seldom-noted consequence of most recent arguments for “animal rights” or against “speciesism” is their inability to provide a justification for differential treatment on the basis of species membership, even in cases of rare or endangered species. I defend the claim that arguments about the moral status of individual animals inadequately deal with this issue, and go on, with the help of several test cases, to reject three traditional analyses of our alleged obligation to protect endangered species. I conclude (a) (...)
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  20.  17
    Priority Dilemmas in Dialysis: The Impact of Old Age.K. Halvorsen, A. Slettebo, P. Nortvedt, R. Pedersen, M. Kirkevold, M. Nordhaug & B. S. Brinchmann - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (8):585-589.
    Aim: This study explores priority dilemmas in dialysis treatment and care offered elderly patients within the Norwegian public healthcare system.Background: Inadequate healthcare due to advanced age is frequently reported in Norway. The Norwegian guidelines for healthcare priorities state that age alone is not a relevant criterion. However, chronological age, if it affects the risk or effect of medical treatment, can be a legitimate criterion.Method: A qualitative approach is used. Data were collected through semistructured interviews and analysed through hermeneutical content analysis. (...)
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  21.  13
    “The Soul of the Soul is the Body” Rethinking the Concept of Soul Through North Asian Ethnography.Morten Axel Pedersen & Rane Willerslev - 2012 - Common Knowledge 18 (3):464-486.
    As part of a Common Knowledge symposium on the “consequence of blur,” this article reassesses the anthropologist E. B. Tylor’s famous but vague concept of the animist soul as an optimal reflection of the soul’s fuzzy ontological status among animist peoples. Unlike the Platonic body/soul dichotomy, with its fixed appearance/essence distinction, indigenous conceptions of the soul among North Asian peoples, such as the Chukchi of Siberia and the Darhads of Mongolia, are reversible: persons can turn themselves inside-out as their inner (...)
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  22.  7
    Fluvial Reservoirs Stacked in Thin Deltaic Successions of the Lower Cretaceous Grand Rapids Formation, East-Central Alberta, Canada.Hugo F. Pouderoux, Per K. Pedersen & Adam B. Coderre - 2015 - Interpretation: SEG 3 (4):T207-T232.
    The Manatokan Field in east-central Alberta offers a unique opportunity to characterize paralic sandstone reservoirs in 3D using a dense network of well data. Within the [Formula: see text] study area, the 100-m thick Lower Cretaceous Grand Rapids Formation is dominantly composed of sediment deposited in two depositional environments: river-dominated deltas and marine-influenced fluvial rivers. Up to 33 individual fluvial bodies, occurring at five stratigraphic levels and eroding into deltaic parasequences, are identified in the oil-charged upper part of the formation. (...)
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  23.  7
    Archives and Libraries in the Ancient Near East 1500-300 B. C.Corinne Castel, Olof Pedersén & Olof Pedersen - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (3):480.
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  24.  28
    Rule Violations in Intercollegiate Athletics: A Qualitative Investigation Utilizing an Organizational Justice Framework. [REVIEW]Marlene A. Dixon, Brian A. Turner, Donna L. Pastore & Daniel F. Mahony - 2003 - Journal of Academic Ethics 1 (1):59-90.
    Cheating and rule violations in intercollegiate athletics continue to be relevant issues in many institutions of higher education because they reflect upon the integrity of the institutions in which they are housed, causing concern among many faculty members, administrators, and trustees. Although a great deal of research has documented the numerous rule violations in NCAA intercollegiate athletics, much of it has failed to combine sound theory with practical solutions. The purpose of this study was to examine the possible extensions of (...)
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  25. The Way Through Science and Philosophy: Essays in Honour of Stig Andur Pedersen.H. B. Andersen, F. V. Christiansen, K. F. Jørgensen & Vincent Hendriccks (eds.) - 2006 - College Publications.
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  26.  15
    Staff’s Normative Attitudes Towards Coercion: The Role of Moral Doubt and Professional Context—a Cross-Sectional Survey Study.Bert Molewijk, Almar Kok, Tonje Husum, Reidar Pedersen & Olaf Aasland - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):37.
    The use of coercion is morally problematic and requires an ongoing critical reflection. We wondered if not knowing or being uncertain whether coercion is morally right or justified is related to professionals’ normative attitudes regarding the use of coercion. This paper describes an explorative statistical analysis based on a cross-sectional survey across seven wards in three Norwegian mental health care institutions. Descriptive analyses showed that in general the 379 respondents a) were not so sure whether coercion should be seen as (...)
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  27. A Hardcastle, Valerie Gray, 173 Pauen, Michael, 202 Peters, Madelon L., 27 Heywood, CA, 410 Azzopardi, Paul, 292 Hirshman, Elliot, 103 Hobson, J. Allan, 67 R B. [REVIEW]Valerie Huemer, Cristina Ramponi, Talis Bachmann, G. Keith Humphrey, Antti Revonsuo, Marlene Behrmann, Raffaella Ricci, Neil Binder, Edoardo Bisiach & Marc Jeannerod - 1998 - Consciousness and Cognition 7:647.
     
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  28.  39
    The Acropolis Lambert Schneider, Christoph Höcker: Die Akropolis von Athen: Antikes Heiligtum Und Modernes Reiseziel. (Du Mont Dokumente.) Pp. 312; Frontispiece, 32 Colour, 150 Black and White Illustrations, 1 Map, 1 Plan. Cologne: Du Mont, 1990. Paper, DM 39.80. Sara B. Aleshire: The Athenian Asklepieion: The People, Their Dedications, and the Inventories. Pp. Xii + 385; 3 Illustrations, 12 Plates. Amsterdam: J. C. Gieben, 1989. Paper. Poul Pedersen: The Parthenon and the Origin of the Corinthian Capital. (Odense University Classical Studies, 13.) Pp. 48; 24 Illustrations. Odense University Press, 1989. Paper. [REVIEW]Susan E. Alcock - 1991 - The Classical Review 41 (02):441-442.
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  29.  1
    The Practices of Global Ethics: Historical Backgrounds, Current Issues and Future Prospects. By Frederick Bird, Sumner B. Twiss, Kusumita P. Pedersen, Clark A. Miller, and Bruce Grelle. [REVIEW]Amos Winarto - 2019 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 39 (1):190-191.
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  30.  19
    Marlene Ruck Simmonds 79.Marlene Ruck Simmonds - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
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  31.  44
    True Alethic Functionalism?Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen - 2012 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 20 (1):125-133.
    International Journal of Philosophical Studies, Volume 20, Issue 1, Page 125-133, February 2012.
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  32.  24
    Empathy: A Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing? [REVIEW]Reidar Pedersen - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (3):325-335.
    Empathy is generally regarded as important and positive. However, descriptions of empathy are often inadequate and deceptive. Furthermore, there is a widespread lack of critical attention to such deficiencies. This critical review of the medical discourse of empathy shows that tendencies to evade and misrepresent the understanding subject are common. The understanding subject’s contributions to the empathic process are often neglected or described as something that can and should be avoided or controlled. Furthermore, the intrinsic and closely interwoven relationship between (...)
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  33.  32
    Using Empirical Research to Formulate Normative Ethical Principles in Biomedicine.Mette Ebbesen & Birthe D. Pedersen - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (1):33-48.
    Bioethical research has tended to focus on theoretical discussion of the principles on which the analysis of ethical issues in biomedicine should be based. But this discussion often seems remote from biomedical practice where researchers and physicians confront ethical problems. On the other hand, published empirical research on the ethical reasoning of health care professionals offer only descriptions of how physicians and nurses actually reason ethically. The question remains whether these descriptions have any normative implications for nurses and physicians? In (...)
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  34.  35
    Making Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Operable: How Companies Translate Stakeholder Dialogue Into Practice.Esben Rahbek Pedersen - 2006 - Business and Society Review 111 (2):137-163.
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  35. Distributed Circuits, Not Circumscribed Centers, Mediate Visual Recognition.Marlene Behrmann & David C. Plaut - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (5):210-219.
  36. Demystifying Dilation.Arthur Paul Pedersen & Gregory Wheeler - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (6):1305-1342.
    Dilation occurs when an interval probability estimate of some event E is properly included in the interval probability estimate of E conditional on every event F of some partition, which means that one’s initial estimate of E becomes less precise no matter how an experiment turns out. Critics maintain that dilation is a pathological feature of imprecise probability models, while others have thought the problem is with Bayesian updating. However, two points are often overlooked: (1) knowing that E is stochastically (...)
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  37.  36
    Peskett's Caesar B.C.I. Gai Iuli Commentariorum de Bello Civili, Liber Primus, with Introduction, Notes, and Maps, by A. G. Peskett, M.A. XX. + 172 Pp. Cambridge, Pitt Press Series, 1890. 3s. [REVIEW]B. Perrin - 1891 - The Classical Review 5 (7):324-325.
  38.  87
    Congenital Prosopagnosia: Face-Blind From Birth.Marlene Behrmann & Galia Avidan - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (4):180-187.
  39.  6
    Evaluación de satisfacción a los estudiantes sobre el uso del software Microsoft Teams.Mateo Sarauz, Jorge Shuguli, David Vaca & Rita Villafuerte - 2020 - Minerva 1 (2):13-18.
    El uso de las Tecnologías de la información y la comunicación ha permitido introducir mejoras en la forma como se desarrollan los procesos de enseñanza y aprendizaje, así como los procesos propios a la gestión y administración de las actividades académicas. Sin embargo, el índice de adopción de estas herramientas es reducido en cobertura y en profundidad. No obstante, para el uso de la herramienta Teams hay que detallar las ventajas y desventajas encontradas y finalizar con conclusiones en base a (...)
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  40. Pluralism About Truth as Alethic Disjunctivism.Nikolaj Jang Linding Lee Pedersen & Cory Wright - 2013 - In Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen & Cory Wright (eds.), Truth and Pluralism: Current Debates. Oxford University Press.
    The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of various forms of alethic pluralism. Along the way we will draw a number of distinctions that, hopefully, will be useful in mapping the pluralist landscape. Finally, we will argue that a commitment to alethic disjunctivism, a certain brand of pluralism, might be difficult to avoid for adherents of the other pluralist views to be discussed. We will proceed as follows: Section 1 introduces alethic monism and alethic pluralism. Section 2 (...)
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  41.  19
    Comparative Expectations.Arthur Paul Pedersen - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (4):811-848.
    I introduce a mathematical account of expectation based on a qualitative criterion of coherence for qualitative comparisons between gambles (or random quantities). The qualitative comparisons may be interpreted as an agent’s comparative preference judgments over options or more directly as an agent’s comparative expectation judgments over random quantities. The criterion of coherence is reminiscent of de Finetti’s quantitative criterion of coherence for betting, yet it does not impose an Archimedean condition on an agent’s comparative judgments, it does not require the (...)
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  42.  35
    Value Frame Fusion in Cross Sector Interactions.Marlene J. Le Ber & Oana Branzei - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 94 (1):163 - 195.
    Prior research flags the inherent incompatibilities between for-profit and nonprofit partners and cautions that clashing value creation logics and conflicting identities can stall social innovation in cross sector partnerships. Process narratives of successful versus unsuccessful cross sector partnerships paint a more optimistic picture, whereby the frequency, intensity, breadth, and depth of interactions may afford frame alignment despite partners' divergent value creation approaches. However, little is known about how cross sector partners come to recognize and reconcile their divergent value creation frames (...)
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  43.  22
    Erratum: Distributed Circuits, Not Circumscribed Centers, Mediate Visual Recognition.Marlene Behrmann & David C. Plaut - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (7):361.
  44. What Can the Problem of Mixed Inferences Teach Us About Alethic Pluralism?Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen - 2006 - The Monist 89 (1):103-117.
    Here is a well-known thought about truth: Truth consists in correspondence with reality. A sentence is true just in case what it says corresponds with how the world is. Theories of truth that incorporate this thought are naturally regarded as robust or “heavyweight”. Truth is to be understood in a realist fashion. The world decides what is true and what is not. A recent incarnation of the correspondence view is found in truth-maker theories, whose adherents maintain that truths are true (...)
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  45. The Tradition of the Topics in the Middle Ages: The Commentaries on Aristotle's and Boethius' Topics.Niels Jørgen Green-Pedersen - 1984 - Philosophia Verlag.
  46.  37
    Truth and Pluralism: Current Debates.Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen & Cory Wright (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    The relative merits and demerits of historically prominent views such as the correspondence theory, coherentism, pragmatism, verificationism, and instrumentalism have been subject to much attention in the truth literature and have fueled the long-lived debate over which of these views is the most plausible one. While diverging in their specific philosophical commitments, adherents of these historically prominent views agree in at least one fundamental respect. They are all alethic monists. They all endorse the thesis that there is only one property (...)
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  47. Stabilizing Alethic Pluralism.Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen - 2010 - Philosophical Quarterly 60 (238):92-108.
    Alethic pluralism is the view that the nature of truth is not uniform across domains. There are several ways of bang true $(T_1 ...\,T_n )$ A simple argument, the 'instability challenge', purports to show that this view is inherently unstable. One can simply say that something is uniformly true if and only if it is T₁ or ... or $\,T_n $ . Being uniformly true is a single truth property that applies across the board, and so the nature of truth (...)
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  48.  22
    Instruments and Rules: R. B. Woodward and the Tools of Twentieth-Century Organic Chemistry.Leo B. Slater - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (1):1-33.
    The paper illustrates how organic chemists dramatically altered their practices in the middle part of the twentieth century through the adoption of analytical instrumentation — such as ultraviolet and infrared absorption spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy — through which the difficult process of structure determination for small molecules became routine. Changes in practice were manifested in two ways: in the use of these instruments in the development of ‘rule-based’ theories; and in an increased focus on synthesis, at the expense (...)
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  49.  28
    PR Professionals as Organizational Conscience.Marlene S. Neill & Minette E. Drumwright - 2012 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 27 (4):220-234.
    Scholars have long asserted that public relations (PR) professionals should play the role of organizational conscience, but little research has focused on why and how they play this role effectively. We found that PR professionals who played the role of organizational conscience had broadened conceptions of their roles and responsibilities, including a fervent duty to the public interest. This often put them in the position of providing criticism to powerful organizational players. Rather than raising their ethical concerns as persuasive orators, (...)
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  50.  50
    Barriers and Challenges in Clinical Ethics Consultations: The Experiences of Nine Clinical Ethics Committees: Country Reports.Reidar Pedersen - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (8):460-469.
    Clinical ethics committees have recently been established in nearly all Norwegian hospital trusts. One important task for these committees is clinical ethics consultations. This qualitative study explores significant barriers confronting the ethics committees in providing such consultation services. The interviews with the committees indicate that there is a substantial need for clinical ethics support services and, in general, the committee members expressed a great deal of enthusiasm for the committee work. They also reported, however, that tendencies to evade moral disagreement, (...)
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