Results for 'Martín Roger Penrose'

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  1. La nueva mente del emperador.Carlos Javier Blanco Martín & Martín Roger Penrose - 1992 - El Basilisco 11:96.
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  2.  44
    How Subtle is Gödel's Theorem? More on Roger Penrose.Martin Davis - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):611-612.
  3.  18
    S. Barry Cooper and Andrew Hodges , The Once and Future Turing: Computing the World. Cambridge University Press, 2016. Xviii + 379 Pp.— Therein: - Martin Davis. Algorithms, Equations, and Logic. Pp. 4–19. - J.M.E. Hyland. The Forgotten Turing. Pp. 20–33. - Andrew R. Booker. Turing and the Primes. Pp. 34–52. - Ueli Maurer. Cryptography and Computation After Turing. Pp. 53–77. - Kanti V. Mardia and S. Barry Cooper. Alan Turing and Enigmatic Statistics. Pp. 78–89. - Stephen Wolfram. What Alan Turing Might Have Discovered. Pp. 92–105. - Christof Teuscher. Designed Versus Intrinsic Computation. Pp. 106–116. - Solomon Feferman. Turing’s ‘Oracle’: From Absolute to Relative Computability and Back. Pp. 300–334. - P.D. Welch. Turing Transcendent: Beyond the Event Horizon. Pp. 335–360. - Roger Penrose. On Attempting to Model the Mathematical Mind. Pp. 361–378. [REVIEW]Alasdair Urquhart - 2016 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 22 (3):354-356.
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  4. Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Volume 1: 1953-1967.Roger Penrose - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose's work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together for the first time and arranged chronologically over six volumes, each with an introduction from the author. Where relevant, individual papers also come with specific introductions or notes. The first volume covers the beginnings of a career that is ground-breaking from the outset. Inspired by courses given by Dirac and Bondi, much of the (...)
     
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  5. Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Volume 3: 1976-1980.Roger Penrose - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose's work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together for the first time and arranged chronologically over six volumes, each with an introduction from the author. Where relevant, individual papers also come with specific introductions or notes. Many important realizations concerning twistor theory occurred during the short period of this third volume, providing a new perspective on the way that mathematical features of (...)
     
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  6. Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Volume 4: 1981-1989.Roger Penrose - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose's work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together for the first time and arranged chronologically over six volumes, each with an introduction from the author. Where relevant, individual papers also come with specific introductions or notes. Among the new developments that occurred during this period was the introduction of a particular notion of 'quasi-local mass-momentum and angular momentum', the topic of (...)'s Royal Society paper. Many encouraging results were initially obtained but, later, difficulties began to emerge and remain today. Also, an extensive paper (with Eastwood and Wells) gives a thorough account of the relation between twistor cohomology and massless fields. This volume witnesses Penrose's increasing conviction that the puzzling issue of quantum measurement could only be resolved by the appropriate unification of quantum mechanics with general relativity, where that union must involve an actual change in the rules of quantum mechanics as well as in space-time structure. Penrose's first incursions into a possible relation between consciousness and quantum state reduction are also covered here. (shrink)
     
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  7. Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Volume 2: 1968-1975.Roger Penrose - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose's work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together for the first time and arranged chronologically over six volumes, each with an introduction from the author. Where relevant, individual papers also come with specific introductions or notes. Developing ideas sketched in the first volume, twistor theory is now applied to genuine issues of physics, and there are the beginnings of twistor diagram theory (...)
     
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  8. Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Six Volume Set.Roger Penrose - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose is one of the truly original thinkers of our time. He has made several remarkable contributions to science, from quantum physics and theories of human consciousness to relativity theory and observations on the structure of the universe. Unusually for a scientist, some of his ideas have crossed over into the public arena. Now his work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together (...)
     
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  9. Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Volume 5: 1990-1996.Roger Penrose - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose's work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together for the first time and arranged chronologically over six volumes, each with an introduction from the author. Where relevant, individual papers also come with specific introductions or notes. Publication of The Emperor's New Mind (OUP 1989) had caused considerable debate and Penrose's responses are included in this volume. Arising from this came the (...)
     
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  10. Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Volume 6: 1997-2003.Roger Penrose - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose's work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together for the first time and arranged chronologically over six volumes, each with an introduction from the author. Where relevant, individual papers also come with specific introductions or notes. This sixth volume describes an actual experiment to measure the length of time that a quantum superposition might last (developing the Diósi-Penrose proposal). It also (...)
     
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  11. Minds, Machines, And Mathematics A Review of Shadows of the Mind by Roger Penrose[REVIEW]David J. Chalmers - 1995 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 2:11-20.
    In his stimulating book SHADOWS OF THE MIND, Roger Penrose presents arguments, based on Gödel's theorem, for the conclusion that human thought is uncomputable. There are actually two separate arguments in Penrose's book. The second has been widely ignored, but seems to me to be much more interesting and novel than the first. I will address both forms of the argument in some detail. Toward the end, I will also comment on Penrose's proposals for a "new (...)
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  12. Penrose's Gödelian Argument A Review of Shadows of the Mind by Roger Penrose[REVIEW]S. Feferman - 1995 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 2:21-32.
    In his book Shadows of the Mind: A search for the missing science of con- sciousness [SM below], Roger Penrose has turned in another bravura perfor- mance, the kind we have come to expect ever since The Emperor’s New Mind [ENM ] appeared. In the service of advancing his deep convictions and daring conjectures about the nature of human thought and consciousness, Penrose has once more drawn a wide swath through such topics as logic, computa- tion, artificial (...)
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  13. The Emperor's Real Mind -- Review of Roger Penrose's The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers Minds and the Laws of Physics.Aaron Sloman - 1992 - Artificial Intelligence 56 (2-3):355-396.
    "The Emperor's New Mind" by Roger Penrose has received a great deal of both praise and criticism. This review discusses philosophical aspects of the book that form an attack on the "strong" AI thesis. Eight different versions of this thesis are distinguished, and sources of ambiguity diagnosed, including different requirements for relationships between program and behaviour. Excessively strong versions attacked by Penrose (and Searle) are not worth defending or attacking, whereas weaker versions remain problematic. Penrose (like (...)
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  14.  95
    Roger Penrose the Large, the Small and the Human Mind.Michael Redhead - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (4):913-917.
  15. Roger Penrose, The Large, the Small and the Human Mind.M. Rowlands - 2000 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 8:140-142.
     
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  16. Roger Penrose, Shadows of the Mind: A Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness.R. Teiszen - 1996 - Philosophia Mathematica 4 (3):281-289.
  17. The Emperor’s New Mind.Roger Penrose - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
    Winner of the Wolf Prize for his contribution to our understanding of the universe, Penrose takes on the question of whether artificial intelligence will ever ...
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  18.  13
    Roger Penrose and the Quest for the Quantum Soul.Bernard J. Baars - 1994 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 1 (2):261-263.
    [opening paragraph]: As some of us in the brain and cognitive sciences struggled in relative obscurity over the last two decades to gain some sound empirical understanding of conscious experience, a succession of celebrated philosophers and scientists told us that our work was doomed to failure. They expended extraordinary ingenuity trying to prove their case, at least as much as those of us toiling in the trenches devoted to the job of gaining a little bit of clarity. Fortunately, `impossibility proofs' (...)
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  19. Roger Penrose's Quantization of the Mind.Wojciech P. Grygiel & Mateusz Hohol - 2009 - Filozofia Nauki 17 (3):5.
  20. Roger Penrose, The Large, the Small and the Human Mind. [REVIEW]B. Josephson - 1997 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 4 (3):271-273.
  21.  24
    Roger Penrose's Quantization of the Mind (Rogera Penrose'a Kwantowanie Umyslu).Hohol Mateusz - 2009 - Filozofia Nauki 17 (3 (67)).
  22.  46
    Roger Penrose's Gravitonic Brains: A Review of Shadows of the Mind by Roger Penrose[REVIEW]Hans Moravec - 1995 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 2.
    Summarizing a surrounding 200 pages, pages 179 to 190 of Shadows of the Mind contain a future dialog between a human identified as "Albert Imperator" and an advanced robot, the "Mathematically Justified Cybersystem", allegedly Albert's creation. The two have been discussing a Gödel sentence for an algorithm by which a robot society named SMIRC certifies mathematical proofs. The sentence, referred to in mathematical notation as Omega(Q*), is to be precisely constructed from on a definition of SMIRC's algorithm. It can be (...)
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  23.  6
    Review: Roger Penrose, Shadows of the Mind. A Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness. [REVIEW]Piergiorgio Odifreddi - 1997 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (2):673-675.
  24. Shadows of the Mind.Roger Penrose - 1994 - Oxford University Press.
    Presenting a look at the human mind's capacity while criticizing artificial intelligence, the author makes suggestions about classical and quantum physics and ..
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  25.  47
    The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds, and the Laws of Physics.Roger Penrose - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    In his bestselling work of popular science, Sir Roger Penrose takes us on a fascinating roller-coaster ride through the basic principles of physics, cosmology, mathematics, and philosophy to show that human thinking can never be emulated by a machine.
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  26.  74
    The Large, the Small and the Human Mind.Roger Penrose - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is a fascinating and accessible summary of Roger Penrose's current thinking on those areas of physics in which he feels there are major...
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  27.  47
    Through the Ethics Looking Glass: Another View of the World of Auditors and Ethics. [REVIEW]Roger D. Martin - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 70 (1):5 - 14.
    Most people are familiar with the traditional view of the role of ethics in the auditing profession – the need for auditors with integrity and objectivity. This essay addresses a second dimension of ethics in the auditing profession – the demand for auditors to assess the integrity and ethical values of clients. This second dimension is a difficult task for auditors in practice and demands a deep and robust understanding of ethics, ethical infrastructures, and the products of those infrastructures. The (...)
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  28.  14
    Through the Ethics Looking Glass: Another View of the World of Auditors and Ethics.Roger D. Martin - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 70 (1):5-14.
    Most people are familiar with the traditional view of the role of ethics in the auditing profession - the need for auditors with integrity and objectivity. This essay addresses a second dimension of ethics in the auditing profession - the demand for auditors to assess the integrity and ethical values of clients. This second dimension is a difficult task for auditors in practice and demands a deep and robust understanding of ethics, ethical infrastructures, and the products of those infrastructures. The (...)
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  29. Review of Roger Penrose's Shadows of the Mind. [REVIEW]W. S. Robinson - 1996 - Philosophical Psychology 9:119-121.
  30.  77
    Is Quantum Mechanics Relevant To Understanding Consciousness A Review of Shadows of the Mind by Roger Penrose[REVIEW]Stanley Klein - 1995 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 2.
  31. Shadows of the Mind a Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness.Roger Penrose - 1995
  32.  26
    Fashion, Faith, and Fantasy in the New Physics of the Universe. By Roger Penrose. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2016. 520 Pages. US $29.95. [REVIEW]Javier Sánchez-Cañizares - 2017 - Zygon 52 (3):905-913.
    In his latest book,Roger Penrose deals with three foundational problems of current physics fromhis particularly fresh perspective.He criticizes mainstream string the- ories, standard interpretations of quantum mechanics, and pre-Big Bang cosmolo- gies inasmuch as they aim to solve profound questions while glossing over equally deep issues in our understanding of nature. In this review, I analyze Penrose’s main arguments, emphasizing his presentation of the Second Law conundrum as “the most profound mystery of cosmology”, and discuss his own (...)
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  33.  61
    Does God Play Dice? Roger Penrose, Quantum Consciousness, and the Debate Over the Limits of Science.Gabriel Finkelstein - manuscript
    A talk delivered at the conference “Science and Religion: The Religious Beliefs and Practices of Scientists—20th Century,” Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Georg-August-Universität, Göttingen, 28 May 2002.
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  34. El programa de Roger Penrose contra el dualismo.Carlos Eduardo Maldonado - 1998 - Universitas Philosophica 31:31-54.
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  35. El programa de Roger Penrose contra el dualismo.Re Maldonado - 1998 - Universitas Philosophica 31:31-54.
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  36. The Cyclic Multiverse of Roger Penrose Hawking and Penrose, Two Alternative Models of Multi-Univrses.Javier Monserrat - 2011 - Pensamiento 67 (254):1147-1156.
     
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  37.  62
    Precis of the Emperor's New Mind.Roger Penrose - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):643-705.
    The emperor's new mind (hereafter Emperor) is an attempt to put forward a scientific alternative to the viewpoint of according to which mental activity is merely the acting out of some algorithmic procedure. John Searle and other thinkers have likewise argued that mere calculation does not, of itself, evoke conscious mental attributes, such as understanding or intentionality, but they are still prepared to accept the action the brain, like that of any other physical object, could in principle be simulated by (...)
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  38.  6
    On the Adequacy of Qualifying Roger Penrose as a Complex Pythagorean.Wojciech P. Grygiel - 2018 - Philosophical Problems in Science 65:61-84.
    The aim of the presented article is to provide an in-depth analysis of the adequacy of designating Penrose as a complex Pythagorean in view of his much more common designation as a Platonist. Firstly, the original doctrine of the Pythagoreans will be briefly surveyed with the special emphasis on the relation between the doctrine of this school and the teachings of the late Platonic School as well as its further modifications. These modifications serve as the prototype of the contemporary (...)
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  39.  25
    Mechanisms, Microtubules, and the Mind.Roger Penrose - 1994 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 1 (2):241-49.
    The following is an edited version of Roger Penrose's lecture at the Fifth Mind and Brain Symposium at the Institute of Psychiatry, London, on 29 October 1994, introducing the themes of his recent book Shadows of the Mind. The talk begins by outlining some options for the modelling of the relationship between consciousness and computation, and provides evidence for a model in which it is not possible even in principle to simulate mathematical understanding computationally. It is argued that (...)
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  40.  76
    What 'Gaps'? Reply to Grush and Churchland.Roger Penrose & Stuart R. Hameroff - 1995 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 2 (2):98-111.
    Grush and Churchland (1995) attempt to address aspects of the proposal that we have been making concerning a possible physical mechanism underlying the phenomenon of consciousness. Unfortunately, they employ arguments that are highly misleading and, in some important respects, factually incorrect. Their article ‘Gaps in Penrose’s Toilings’ is addressed specifically at the writings of one of us (Penrose), but since the particular model they attack is one put forward by both of us (Hameroff and Penrose, 1995; 1996), (...)
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  41. Impossible Objects: A Special Type of Visual Illusion.Lionel S. Penrose & Roger Penrose - 1958 - British Journal of Psychology 49:31-33.
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  42.  17
    Martin Roger. Les idées actuelles sur la structure de la pensée logique. Centre International de Synthèse, Notion de structure et structure de la connaissance, XXe Semaine de Synthèse, 18–27 Avril 1956, Éditions Albin Michel, Paris 1957, pp. 1–16. [REVIEW]John van Heijenoort - 1958 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (1):29-29.
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  43.  9
    Martin Roger. Raisonnement mathématique et récurrence. Les études philosophiques, n.s. vol. 11 , pp. 242–262.John van Heijenoort - 1958 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (3):358-359.
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  44. ¿ES LA MATEMÁTICA LA NOMOGONÍA DE LA CONCIENCIA? REFLEXIONES ACERCA DEL ORIGEN DE LA CONCIENCIA Y EL PLATONISMO MATEMÁTICO DE ROGER PENROSE / Is Mathematics the “nomogony” of Consciousness? Reflections on the origin of consciousness and mathematical Platonism of Roger Penrose.Miguel Acosta - 2016 - Naturaleza y Libertad. Revista de Estudios Interdisciplinares 7:15-39.
    Al final de su libro “La conciencia inexplicada”, Juan Arana señala que la nomología, explicación según las leyes de la naturaleza, requiere de una nomogonía, una consideración del origen de las leyes. Es decir, que el orden que observamos en el mundo natural requiere una instancia previa que ponga ese orden específico. Sabemos que desde la revolución científica la mejor manera de explicar dicha nomología ha sido mediante las matemáticas. Sin embargo, en las últimas décadas se han presentado algunas propuestas (...)
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  45.  85
    Comments on 'Penrose and Mathematical Ability'.Roger Penrose - 1992 - Analysis 52 (2):87 - 88.
  46. Beyond the Doubting of a Shadow.Roger Penrose - 1995 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 2:89-129.
  47. Singularities, Black Holes, and Cosmic Censorship: A Tribute to Roger Penrose[REVIEW]Klaas Landsman - 2021 - Foundations of Physics 51 (2):1-38.
    In the light of his recent Nobel Prize, this pedagogical paper draws attention to a fundamental tension that drove Penrose’s work on general relativity. His 1965 singularity theorem does not in fact imply the existence of black holes. Similarly, his versatile definition of a singular space–time does not match the generally accepted definition of a black hole. To overcome this, Penrose launched his cosmic censorship conjecture, whose evolution we discuss. In particular, we review both his own formulation and (...)
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  48.  45
    Quantum Concepts in Space and Time.Roger Penrose & C. J. Isham (eds.) - 1986 - New York ;Oxford University Press.
    Recent developments in quantum theory have focused attention on fundamental questions, in particular on whether it might be necessary to modify quantum mechanics to reconcile quantum gravity and general relativity. This book is based on a conference held in Oxford in the spring of 1984 to discuss quantum gravity. It brings together contributors who examine different aspects of the problem, including the experimental support for quantum mechanics, its strange and apparently paradoxical features, its underlying philosophy, and possible modifications to the (...)
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  49.  94
    Godel, the Mind, and the Laws of Physics.Roger Penrose - 2011 - In Matthias Baaz (ed.), Kurt Gödel and the Foundations of Mathematics: Horizons of Truth. Cambridge University Press. pp. 339.
    Gödel appears to have believed strongly that the human mind cannot be explained in terms of any kind of computational physics, but he remained cautious in formulating this belief as a rigorous consequence of his incompleteness theorems. In this chapter, I discuss a modification of standard Gödel-type logical arguments, these appearing to strengthen Gödel’s conclusions, and attempt to provide a persuasive case in support of his standpoint that the actions of the mind must transcend computation. It appears that Gödel did (...)
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  50.  25
    The Nature of Space and Time.Stephen Hawking & Roger Penrose - 1996 - Princeton University Press.
    Why does time go forward, not backward?In this book, the two opponents touch on all these questions.
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