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Martin H. Fischer [36]Martin Fischer [27]Martina Fischer [3]Martin R. Fischer [3]
Martin S. Fischer [1]
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Martin Fischer
Ludwig Maximilians Universität, München
  1. Hypatia's Silence.Martin Fischer, Leon Horsten & Carlo Nicolai - 2021 - Noûs 55 (1):62-85.
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  2. Axiomatizing Semantic Theories of Truth?Martin Fischer, Volker Halbach, Jönne Kriener & Johannes Stern - 2015 - Review of Symbolic Logic 8 (2):257-278.
    We discuss the interplay between the axiomatic and the semantic approach to truth. Often, semantic constructions have guided the development of axiomatic theories and certain axiomatic theories have been claimed to capture a semantic construction. We ask under which conditions an axiomatic theory captures a semantic construction. After discussing some potential criteria, we focus on the criterion of ℕ-categoricity and discuss its usefulness and limits.
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  3. Hypatia's Silence. Truth, Justification, and Entitlement.Martin Fischer, Leon Horsten & Carlo Nicolai - manuscript
    Hartry Field distinguished two concepts of type-free truth: scientific truth and disquotational truth. We argue that scientific type-free truth cannot do justificatory work in the foundations of mathematics. We also present an argument, based on Crispin Wright's theory of cognitive projects and entitlement, that disquotational truth can do justificatory work in the foundations of mathematics. The price to pay for this is that the concept of disquotational truth requires non-classical logical treatment.
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  4.  22
    Deconstructing Spatial-Numerical Associations.Samuel Shaki & Martin H. Fischer - 2018 - Cognition 175:109-113.
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  5.  86
    TEST: A Tropic, Embodied, and Situated Theory of Cognition.Andriy Myachykov, Christoph Scheepers, Martin H. Fischer & Klaus Kessler - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (3):442-460.
    TEST is a novel taxonomy of knowledge representations based on three distinct hierarchically organized representational features: Tropism, Embodiment, and Situatedness. Tropic representational features reflect constraints of the physical world on the agent's ability to form, reactivate, and enrich embodied (i.e., resulting from the agent's bodily constraints) conceptual representations embedded in situated contexts. The proposed hierarchy entails that representations can, in principle, have tropic features without necessarily having situated and/or embodied features. On the other hand, representations that are situated and/or embodied (...)
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  6.  15
    Reading Space Into Numbers: A Cross-Linguistic Comparison of the SNARC Effect.Samuel Shaki & Martin H. Fischer - 2008 - Cognition 108 (2):590-599.
    Small numbers are spontaneously associated with left space and larger numbers with right space (the SNARC effect), for example when classifying numbers by parity. This effect is often attributed to reading habits but a causal link has so far never been documented. We report that bilingual Russian-Hebrew readers show a SNARC effect after reading Cyrillic script (from left-to-right) that is significantly reduced after reading Hebrew script (from right-to-left). In contrast, they have similar SNARC effects after listening to texts in either (...)
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  7.  9
    Sequent Calculi for the Propositional Logic of HYPE.Martin Fischer - 2021 - Studia Logica:1-35.
    In this paper we discuss sequent calculi for the propositional fragment of the logic of HYPE. The logic of HYPE was recently suggested by Leitgeb as a logic for hyperintensional contexts. On the one hand we introduce a simple \-system employing rules of contraposition. On the other hand we present a \-system with an admissible rule of contraposition. Both systems are equivalent as well as sound and complete proof-system of HYPE. In order to provide a cut-elimination procedure, we expand the (...)
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  8.  17
    The Tarskian Turn: Deflationism and Axiomatic Truth.Martin Fischer - 2012 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 18 (3):403-405.
  9.  20
    Nonclassical Truth with Classical Strength. A Proof-Theoretic Analysis of Compositional Truth Over Hype.Martin Fischer, Carlo Nicolai & Pablo Dopico - 2021 - Review of Symbolic Logic:1-24.
    Questions concerning the proof-theoretic strength of classical versus nonclassical theories of truth have received some attention recently. A particularly convenient case study concerns classical and nonclassical axiomatizations of fixed-point semantics. It is known that nonclassical axiomatizations in four- or three-valued logics are substantially weaker than their classical counterparts. In this paper we consider the addition of a suitable conditional to First-Degree Entailment—a logic recently studied by Hannes Leitgeb under the label HYPE. We show in particular that, by formulating the theory (...)
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  10.  20
    Mental Movements Without Magnitude? A Study of Spatial Biases in Symbolic Arithmetic.Michal Pinhas & Martin H. Fischer - 2008 - Cognition 109 (3):408-415.
  11.  26
    Heuristics and Biases in Mental Arithmetic: Revisiting and Reversing Operational Momentum.Samuel Shaki, Michal Pinhas & Martin H. Fischer - 2018 - Thinking and Reasoning 24 (2):138-156.
    Mental arithmetic is characterised by a tendency to overestimate addition and to underestimate subtraction results: the operational momentum effect. Here, motivated by contentious explanations of this effect, we developed and tested an arithmetic heuristics and biases model that predicts reverse OM due to cognitive anchoring effects. Participants produced bi-directional lines with lengths corresponding to the results of arithmetic problems. In two experiments, we found regular OM with zero problems but reverse OM with non-zero problems. In a third experiment, we tested (...)
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  12.  40
    Spatial Biases During Mental Arithmetic: Evidence From Eye Movements on a Blank Screen.Matthias Hartmann, Fred W. Mast & Martin H. Fischer - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  13.  50
    Minimal Truth and Interpretability.Martin Fischer - 2009 - Review of Symbolic Logic 2 (4):799-815.
    In this paper we will investigate different axiomatic theories of truth that are minimal in some sense. One criterion for minimality will be conservativity over Peano Arithmetic. We will then give a more fine-grained characterization by investigating some interpretability relations. We will show that disquotational theories of truth, as well as compositional theories of truth with restricted induction are relatively interpretable in Peano Arithmetic. Furthermore, we will give an example of a theory of truth that is a conservative extension of (...)
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  14.  32
    Truth and Speed-Up.Martin Fischer - 2014 - Review of Symbolic Logic 7 (2):319-340.
    In this paper, we investigate the phenomenon ofspeed-upin the context of theories of truth. We focus on axiomatic theories of truth extending Peano arithmetic. We are particularly interested on whether conservative extensions of PA have speed-up and on how this relates to a deflationist account. We show that disquotational theories have no significant speed-up, in contrast to some compositional theories, and we briefly assess the philosophical implications of these results.
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  15.  61
    Some Remarks on Restricting the Knowability Principle.Martin Fischer - 2013 - Synthese 190 (1):63-88.
    The Fitch paradox poses a serious challenge for anti-realism. This paper investigates the option for an anti-realist to answer the challenge by restricting the knowability principle. Based on a critical discussion of Dummett's and Tennant's suggestions for a restriction desiderata for a principled solution are developed. In the second part of the paper a different restriction is proposed. The proposal uses the notion of uniform formulas and diagnoses the problem arising in the case of Moore sentences in the different status (...)
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  16.  66
    Truth, Partial Logic and Infinitary Proof Systems.Martin Fischer & Norbert Gratzl - 2017 - Studia Logica 106 (3):1-26.
    In this paper we apply proof theoretic methods used for classical systems in order to obtain upper bounds for systems in partial logic. We focus on a truth predicate interpreted in a Kripke style way via strong Kleene; whereas the aim is to connect harmoniously the partial version of Kripke–Feferman with its intended semantics. The method we apply is based on infinitary proof systems containing an ω-rule.
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  17.  51
    The Expressive Power of Truth.Martin Fischer & Leon Horsten - 2015 - Review of Symbolic Logic 8 (2):345-369.
    There are two perspectives from which formal theories can be viewed. On the one hand, one can take a theory to be about some privileged models. On the other hand, one can take all models of a theory to be on a par. In contrast with what is usually done in philosophical debates, we adopt the latter viewpoint. Suppose that from this perspective we want to add an adequate truth predicate to a background theory. Then on the one hand the (...)
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  18.  21
    Principle-Based Structured Case Discussions: Do They Foster Moral Competence in Medical Students? - A Pilot Study.Orsolya Friedrich, Kay Hemmerling, Katja Kuehlmeyer, Stefanie Nörtemann, Martin Fischer & Georg Marckmann - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):21.
    Recent findings suggest that medical students’ moral competence decreases throughout medical school. This pilot study gives preliminary insights into the effects of two educational interventions in ethics classes on moral competence among medical students in Munich, Germany. Between 2012 and 2013, medical students were tested using Lind’s Moral Competence Test prior to and after completing different ethics classes. The experimental group participated in principle-based structured case discussions and was compared with a control group with theory-based case discussions. The pre/post C-scores (...)
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  19.  15
    Another Look at Reflection.Martin Fischer - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-31.
    Reflection principles are of central interest in the development of axiomatic theories. Whereas they are independent statements they appear to have a specific epistemological status. Our trust in those principles is as warranted as our trust in the axioms of the system itself. This paper is an attempt in clarifying this special epistemic status. We provide a motivation for the adoption of uniform reflection principles by their analogy to a form of the constructive \-rule. Additionally, we analyse the role of (...)
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  20.  5
    Ai Love You : Developments in Human-Robot Intimate Relationships.Yuefang Zhou & Martin H. Fischer (eds.) - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    Using an interdisciplinary approach, this book explores the emerging topics and rapid technological developments of robotics and artificial intelligence through the lens of the evolving role of sex robots, and how they should best be designed to serve human needs. An international panel of authors provides the most up-to-date, evidence-based empirical research on the potential sexual applications of artificial intelligence. Early chapters discuss the objections to sexual activity with robots while also providing a counterargument to each objection. Subsequent chapters present (...)
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  21. Singing Numbers… in Cognitive Space — A Dual‐Task Study of the Link Between Pitch, Space, and Numbers.Martin H. Fischer, Marianna Riello, Bruno L. Giordano & Elena Rusconi - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (2):354-366.
    We assessed the automaticity of spatial-numerical and spatial-musical associations by testing their intentionality and load sensitivity in a dual-task paradigm. In separate sessions, 16 healthy adults performed magnitude and pitch comparisons on sung numbers with variable pitch. Stimuli and response alternatives were identical, but the relevant stimulus attribute (pitch or number) differed between tasks. Concomitant tasks required retention of either color or location information. Results show that spatial associations of both magnitude and pitch are load sensitive and that the spatial (...)
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  22. Deflationism and Instrumentalism.Martin Fischer - 2015 - In Kentaro Fujimoto, José Martínez Fernández, Henri Galinon & Theodora Achourioti (eds.), Unifying the Philosophy of Truth. Springer Verlag.
     
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  23.  41
    Service Robotics: Do You Know Your New Companion? Framing an Interdisciplinary Technology Assessment.Indra Spiecker Genannt Döhmann, Ingrid Ott, Mathias Gutmann, Martin Fischer, Thomas Dreier, Rüdiger Dillmann & Michael Decker - 2011 - Poiesis and Praxis 8 (1):25-44.
    Service-Robotic—mainly defined as “non-industrial robotics”—is identified as the next economical success story to be expected after robots have been ubiquitously implemented into industrial production lines. Under the heading of service-robotic, we found a widespread area of applications reaching from robotics in agriculture and in the public transportation system to service robots applied in private homes. We propose for our interdisciplinary perspective of technology assessment to take the human user/worker as common focus. In some cases, the user/worker is the effective subject (...)
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  24.  2
    Cross-Representational Interactions: Interface and Overlap Mechanisms.Andriy Myachykov, Ashley J. Chapman & Martin H. Fischer - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  25.  15
    Moving Arms: The Effects of Sensorimotor Information on the Problem-Solving Process.Karsten Werner, Markus Raab & Martin H. Fischer - 2018 - Thinking and Reasoning 25 (2):171-191.
    Embodied cognition postulates a bi-directional link between the human body and its cognitive functions. Whether this holds for higher cognitive functions such as problem solving is unknown. We predicted that arm movement manipulations performed by the participants could affect the problem-solving solutions. We tested this prediction in quantitative reasoning tasks that allowed two solutions to each problem. In two studies with healthy adults, we found an effect of problem-congruent movements on problem solutions. Consistent with embodied cognition, sensorimotor information gained via (...)
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  26.  12
    Commentary: The Mental Representation of Integers: An Abstract-to-Concrete Shift in the Understanding of Mathematical Concepts.Melinda A. Mende, Samuel Shaki & Martin H. Fischer - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  27.  7
    Commentary : The Developmental Trajectory of the Operational Momentum Effect.Martin H. Fischer, Alex Miklashevsky & Samuel Shaki - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  28.  40
    Constructional Morphology: The Analysis of Constraints in Evolution Dedicated to A. Seilacher in Honour of His 60. Birthday.Wolf-Ernst Reify, Roger D. K. Thomas & Martin S. Fischer - 1985 - Acta Biotheoretica 34 (2-4):233-248.
    Evolutionary change is opportunistic, but its course is strongly constrained in several fundamental ways. These constraints (historical/phylogenetic, functional/adaptive, constructional/morphogenetic) and their dynamic relationships are discussed here and shown to constitute the conceptual framework of Constructional Morphology. Notwithstanding recent published opinions which claim that the discovery of constraints renders Neodarwinian selection theory obsolete, we regard the insights of Constructional Morphology as being entirely consistent with this theory. As is shown here in the case of the Hyracoidea, formal analysis of the constraints (...)
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  29.  19
    Finger Counting and Numerical Cognition.Martin H. Fischer, Liane Kaufmann & Frank Domahs - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
  30.  16
    Moving Beyond Imagination.Robert Dufour, Martin H. Fischer & David A. Rosenbaum - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):206-207.
  31.  4
    Is the HYPE about strength warranted?Martin Fischer - 2022 - Synthese 200 (3):1-25.
    In comparing classical and non-classical solutions to the semantic paradoxes arguments relying on strength have been influential. In this paper I argue that non-classical solutions should preserve the proof-theoretic strength of classical solutions. Leitgeb’s logic of HYPE is then presented as an interesting possibility to strengthen FDE with a suitable conditional. It is shown that HYPE allows for a non-classical Kripkean theory of truth, called KFL, that is strong enough for the relevant purposes and has additional attractive properties.
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  32.  50
    Paradoxes of Interaction?Johannes Stern & Martin Fischer - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 44 (3):287-308.
    Since Montague’s work it is well known that treating a single modality as a predicate may lead to paradox. In their paper “No Future”, Horsten and Leitgeb show that if the two temporal modalities are treated as predicates paradox might arise as well. In our paper we investigate whether paradoxes of multiple modalities, such as the No Future paradox, are genuinely new paradoxes or whether they “reduce” to the paradoxes of single modalities. In order to address this question we develop (...)
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  33.  18
    Newborn Chicks Need No Number Tricks. Commentary: Number-Space Mapping in the Newborn Chick Resembles Humans' Mental Number Line.Samuel Shaki & Martin H. Fischer - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  34.  18
    Two Steps to Space for Numbers.Martin H. Fischer & Samuel Shaki - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  35.  11
    Non-Abstractness as Mental Simulation in the Representation of Number.Andriy Myachykov, Wouter Platenburg & Martin H. Fischer - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):343 - 344.
    ion is instrumental for our understanding of how numbers are cognitively represented. We propose that the notion of abstraction becomes testable from within the framework of simulated cognition. We describe mental simulation as embodied, grounded, and situated cognition, and report evidence for number representation at each of these levels of abstraction.
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  36.  12
    The Use of Social Robots and the Uncanny Valley Phenomenon.Melinda A. Mende, Martin H. Fischer & Katharina Kühne - 2019 - In Yuefang Zhou & Martin H. Fischer (eds.), Ai Love You : Developments in Human-Robot Intimate Relationships. Springer Verlag.
    Social robots are increasingly used in different areas of society such as public health, elderly care, education, and commerce. They have also been successfully employed in autism spectrum disorders therapy with children. Humans strive to find in them not only assistants but also friends. Although forms and functionalities of such robots vary, there is a strong tendency to anthropomorphize artificial agents, making them look and behave as human as possible and imputing human attributes to them. The more human a robot (...)
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  37.  20
    Language and Arithmetic: A Failure to Find Cross Cognitive Domain Semantic Priming Between Exception Phrases and Subtraction or Addition.Golnoush Ronasi, Martin H. Fischer & Malte Zimmermann - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  38.  23
    Why Numbers Are Embodied Concepts.Martin H. Fischer - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  39. Foundations of Embodied Cognition: Perceptual and Emotional Embodiment.Yann Coello & Martin Fischer (eds.) - 2016
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  40. Perceptual and Emotional Embodiment: Foundations of Embodied Cognition Volume 1.Yann Coello & Martin H. Fischer (eds.) - 2015 - Routledge.
    This two-volume set provides a comprehensive overview of the multidisciplinary field of Embodied Cognition. With contributions from internationally acknowledged researchers from a variety of fields, _Foundations of Embodied Cognition_ reveals how intelligent behaviour emerges from the interplay between brain, body and environment. Covering early research and emerging trends in embodied cognition, Volume 1 _Perceptual and Emotional Embodiment_ is divided into four distinct parts, bringing together a number of influential perspectives and new ideas. Part one opens the volume with an overview (...)
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  41. Conceptual and Interactive Embodiment: Foundations of Embodied Cognition Volume 2.Martin Fischer & Yann Coello (eds.) - 2015 - Routledge.
    This two-volume set provides a comprehensive overview of the multidisciplinary field of Embodied Cognition. With contributions from internationally acknowledged researchers from a variety of fields, Foundations of Embodied Cognition reveals how intelligent behaviour emerges from the interplay between brain, body and environment. Drawing on the most recent theoretical and empirical findings in embodied cognition, Volume 2 _Conceptual and Interactive Embodiment_ is divided into four distinct parts, bringing together a number of influential perspectives and new ideas. Part one introduces the field (...)
     
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  42. Die Öffentliche Verantwortung des Christen Heute.Martin Fischer - 1953 - Lettner.
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  43. Editorial-Learning with Artifacts.Martin Fischer, Thomas Binder & Jorn Nilsson - 1996 - Ai and Society-Artificial Intelligence 10 (1):1-5.
     
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  44.  24
    Commentary: A Pointer About Grasping Numbers.Martin H. Fischer, Elena Sixtus & Silke M. Göbel - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  45.  6
    The Force of Numbers: Investigating Manual Signatures of Embodied Number Processing.Alex Miklashevsky, Oliver Lindemann & Martin H. Fischer - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    The study has two objectives: to introduce grip force recording as a new technique for studying embodied numerical processing; and to demonstrate how three competing accounts of numerical magnitude representation can be tested by using this new technique: the Mental Number Line, A Theory of Magnitude and Embodied Cognition account. While 26 healthy adults processed visually presented single digits in a go/no-go n-back paradigm, their passive holding forces for two small sensors were recorded in both hands. Spontaneous and unconscious grip (...)
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  46.  27
    Interdisciplinary Technology Assessment of Service Robots: The Psychological/Work Science Perspective.Martin Fischer - 2012 - Poiesis and Praxis 9 (3-4):231-248.
    The article sheds light on psychological and work science aspects of the design and utilization of service robots. An initial presentation of the characteristics of man–robot interaction is followed by a discussion of the principles of the division of functions between human beings and robots in service area work systems. The following aspects are to be considered: (1) the organisation of societal work (such as the different employment and professional profiles of service employees), (2) the work tasks to be performed (...)
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  47.  10
    Leon Horsten. The Tarskian Turn: Deflationism and Axiomatic Truth. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2011, Xii + 157 Pp. [REVIEW]Martin Fischer - 2012 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 18 (3):403-405.
  48.  7
    Intimate Relationships with Humanoid Robots: Exploring Human Sexuality in the Twenty-First Century.Yuefang Zhou & Martin H. Fischer - 2019 - In Yuefang Zhou & Martin H. Fischer (eds.), Ai Love You : Developments in Human-Robot Intimate Relationships. Springer Verlag.
    Sex robots are humanoid robots with artificial intelligence, designed to interact sexually with humans. They have received much attention in recent discussions about technology, human relationships and the future of human sexuality. Based on available evidence so far, this outlook aims to give tentative answers to two fundamental questions surrounding the topic of human–robot intimate relationships. First, whether intelligent humanoid robots are technologically ready to be our intimate partners. Second, whether humans are ready to accept the idea of developing intimate (...)
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  49.  4
    Cross-Disciplinary Research on Learning and Instruction – Coming to Terms.Nicole Heitzmann, Ansgar Opitz, Matthias Stadler, Daniel Sommerhoff, Maximilian C. Fink, Andreas Obersteiner, Ralf Schmidmaier, Birgit J. Neuhaus, Stefan Ufer, Tina Seidel, Martin R. Fischer & Frank Fischer - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  50.  19
    Motivational Aspects of Recognizing a Smile.Janek S. Lobmaier & Martin H. Fischer - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (6):452-453.
    What are the underlying processes that enable human beings to recognize a happy face? Clearly, featural and configural cues will help to identify the distinctive smile. In addition, the motivational state of the observer will influence the interpretation of emotional expressions. Therefore, a model accounting for emotion recognition is only complete if bottom-up and top-down aspects are integrated.
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