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Martin Fischer
Ludwig Maximilians Universität, München
  1.  21
    Deconstructing Spatial-Numerical Associations.Samuel Shaki & Martin H. Fischer - 2018 - Cognition 175:109-113.
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  2.  26
    Heuristics and Biases in Mental Arithmetic: Revisiting and Reversing Operational Momentum.Samuel Shaki, Michal Pinhas & Martin H. Fischer - 2018 - Thinking and Reasoning 24 (2):138-156.
    Mental arithmetic is characterised by a tendency to overestimate addition and to underestimate subtraction results: the operational momentum effect. Here, motivated by contentious explanations of this effect, we developed and tested an arithmetic heuristics and biases model that predicts reverse OM due to cognitive anchoring effects. Participants produced bi-directional lines with lengths corresponding to the results of arithmetic problems. In two experiments, we found regular OM with zero problems but reverse OM with non-zero problems. In a third experiment, we tested (...)
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  3.  82
    TEST: A Tropic, Embodied, and Situated Theory of Cognition.Andriy Myachykov, Christoph Scheepers, Martin H. Fischer & Klaus Kessler - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (3):442-460.
    TEST is a novel taxonomy of knowledge representations based on three distinct hierarchically organized representational features: Tropism, Embodiment, and Situatedness. Tropic representational features reflect constraints of the physical world on the agent's ability to form, reactivate, and enrich embodied (i.e., resulting from the agent's bodily constraints) conceptual representations embedded in situated contexts. The proposed hierarchy entails that representations can, in principle, have tropic features without necessarily having situated and/or embodied features. On the other hand, representations that are situated and/or embodied (...)
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  4.  37
    Spatial Biases During Mental Arithmetic: Evidence From Eye Movements on a Blank Screen.Matthias Hartmann, Fred W. Mast & Martin H. Fischer - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  5.  19
    Mental Movements Without Magnitude? A Study of Spatial Biases in Symbolic Arithmetic.Michal Pinhas & Martin H. Fischer - 2008 - Cognition 109 (3):408-415.
  6.  15
    Reading Space Into Numbers: A Cross-Linguistic Comparison of the SNARC Effect.Samuel Shaki & Martin H. Fischer - 2008 - Cognition 108 (2):590-599.
    Small numbers are spontaneously associated with left space and larger numbers with right space (the SNARC effect), for example when classifying numbers by parity. This effect is often attributed to reading habits but a causal link has so far never been documented. We report that bilingual Russian-Hebrew readers show a SNARC effect after reading Cyrillic script (from left-to-right) that is significantly reduced after reading Hebrew script (from right-to-left). In contrast, they have similar SNARC effects after listening to texts in either (...)
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  7. Singing Numbers… in Cognitive Space — A Dual‐Task Study of the Link Between Pitch, Space, and Numbers.Martin H. Fischer, Marianna Riello, Bruno L. Giordano & Elena Rusconi - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (2):354-366.
    We assessed the automaticity of spatial-numerical and spatial-musical associations by testing their intentionality and load sensitivity in a dual-task paradigm. In separate sessions, 16 healthy adults performed magnitude and pitch comparisons on sung numbers with variable pitch. Stimuli and response alternatives were identical, but the relevant stimulus attribute (pitch or number) differed between tasks. Concomitant tasks required retention of either color or location information. Results show that spatial associations of both magnitude and pitch are load sensitive and that the spatial (...)
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  8.  2
    Cross-Representational Interactions: Interface and Overlap Mechanisms.Andriy Myachykov, Ashley J. Chapman & Martin H. Fischer - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  9.  14
    Moving Arms: The Effects of Sensorimotor Information on the Problem-Solving Process.Karsten Werner, Markus Raab & Martin H. Fischer - 2018 - Thinking and Reasoning 25 (2):171-191.
    Embodied cognition postulates a bi-directional link between the human body and its cognitive functions. Whether this holds for higher cognitive functions such as problem solving is unknown. We predicted that arm movement manipulations performed by the participants could affect the problem-solving solutions. We tested this prediction in quantitative reasoning tasks that allowed two solutions to each problem. In two studies with healthy adults, we found an effect of problem-congruent movements on problem solutions. Consistent with embodied cognition, sensorimotor information gained via (...)
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  10.  11
    Commentary: The Mental Representation of Integers: An Abstract-to-Concrete Shift in the Understanding of Mathematical Concepts.Melinda A. Mende, Samuel Shaki & Martin H. Fischer - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  11.  7
    Commentary : The Developmental Trajectory of the Operational Momentum Effect.Martin H. Fischer, Alex Miklashevsky & Samuel Shaki - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  12.  17
    Finger Counting and Numerical Cognition.Martin H. Fischer, Liane Kaufmann & Frank Domahs - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
  13.  16
    Moving Beyond Imagination.Robert Dufour, Martin H. Fischer & David A. Rosenbaum - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):206-207.
  14.  17
    Two Steps to Space for Numbers.Martin H. Fischer & Samuel Shaki - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  15.  16
    Newborn Chicks Need No Number Tricks. Commentary: Number-Space Mapping in the Newborn Chick Resembles Humans' Mental Number Line.Samuel Shaki & Martin H. Fischer - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  16.  9
    Non-Abstractness as Mental Simulation in the Representation of Number.Andriy Myachykov, Wouter Platenburg & Martin H. Fischer - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):343 - 344.
    ion is instrumental for our understanding of how numbers are cognitively represented. We propose that the notion of abstraction becomes testable from within the framework of simulated cognition. We describe mental simulation as embodied, grounded, and situated cognition, and report evidence for number representation at each of these levels of abstraction.
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  17.  42
    Cognition in the Bisection Task.Martin H. Fischer - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (11):460-462.
  18. Perceptual and Emotional Embodiment: Foundations of Embodied Cognition Volume 1.Yann Coello & Martin H. Fischer (eds.) - 2015 - Routledge.
    This two-volume set provides a comprehensive overview of the multidisciplinary field of Embodied Cognition. With contributions from internationally acknowledged researchers from a variety of fields, _Foundations of Embodied Cognition_ reveals how intelligent behaviour emerges from the interplay between brain, body and environment. Covering early research and emerging trends in embodied cognition, Volume 1 _Perceptual and Emotional Embodiment_ is divided into four distinct parts, bringing together a number of influential perspectives and new ideas. Part one opens the volume with an overview (...)
     
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  19.  3
    Commentary: A Mental Number Line in Human Newborns.Arianna Felisatti, Jochen Laubrock, Samuel Shaki & Martin H. Fischer - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  20.  2
    Separation/Connection Procedures: From Cleansing Behavior to Numerical Cognition.Arianna Felisatti, Martin H. Fischer, Elena Kulkova, Katharina Kühne & Alexej Michirev - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44.
    Lee and Schwarz suggest that separation is the grounded procedure underlying cleansing effects in different psychological domains. Here, we interpret L&S's account from a hierarchical view of cognition that considers the influence of physical properties and sensorimotor constraints on mental representations. This approach allows theoretical integration and generalization of L&S's account to the domain of formal quantitative reasoning.
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  21. Attention Allocation During Movement Preparation. In A. Ram, & K. Eiselt (Eds.).Martin H. Fischer - 1994 - In Ashwin Ram & Kurt Eiselt (eds.), Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Erlbaum. pp. 16--307.
     
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  22.  15
    A Reader's Point of View on Looking.Martin H. Fischer - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):748-748.
    Questions about the validity of eye fixations in the blocks task as a memory indicator are discussed. Examples from reading research illustrate the influence of extraneous factors.
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  23.  22
    A Spatial Perspective on Numerical Concepts.Martin H. Fischer & Richard A. Mills - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):651-652.
    The reliable covariation between numerosity and spatial extent is considered as a strong constraint for inferring the successor principle in numerical cognition. We suggest that children can derive a general number concept from the (experientially) infinite succession of spatial positions during object manipulation.
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  24. Conceptual and Interactive Embodiment: Foundations of Embodied Cognition Volume 2.Martin H. Fischer & Yann Coello (eds.) - 2015 - Routledge.
    This two-volume set provides a comprehensive overview of the multidisciplinary field of Embodied Cognition. With contributions from internationally acknowledged researchers from a variety of fields, Foundations of Embodied Cognition reveals how intelligent behaviour emerges from the interplay between brain, body and environment. Drawing on the most recent theoretical and empirical findings in embodied cognition, Volume 2 _Conceptual and Interactive Embodiment_ is divided into four distinct parts, bringing together a number of influential perspectives and new ideas. Part one introduces the field (...)
     
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  25.  22
    Commentary: A Pointer About Grasping Numbers.Martin H. Fischer, Elena Sixtus & Silke M. Göbel - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  26.  9
    On the Functional Significance of Express Saccades.Martin H. Fischer & Keith Rayner - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):577-577.
  27.  7
    Repeating Numbers Reduces Results: Violations of the Identity Axiom in Mental Arithmetic.Martin H. Fischer & Samuel Shaki - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  28.  23
    Why Numbers Are Embodied Concepts.Martin H. Fischer - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  29.  4
    Commentary: Robots As Intentional Agents: Using Neuroscientific Methods to Make Robots Appear More Social.Viktor Kewenig, Yuefang Zhou & Martin H. Fischer - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  30.  7
    Idioms in the World: A Focus on Processing.Elena S. Kulkova & Martin H. Fischer - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  31.  19
    Motivational Aspects of Recognizing a Smile.Janek S. Lobmaier & Martin H. Fischer - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (6):452-453.
    What are the underlying processes that enable human beings to recognize a happy face? Clearly, featural and configural cues will help to identify the distinctive smile. In addition, the motivational state of the observer will influence the interpretation of emotional expressions. Therefore, a model accounting for emotion recognition is only complete if bottom-up and top-down aspects are integrated.
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  32.  8
    The Use of Social Robots and the Uncanny Valley Phenomenon.Melinda A. Mende, Martin H. Fischer & Katharina Kühne - 2019 - In Yuefang Zhou & Martin H. Fischer (eds.), Ai Love You : Developments in Human-Robot Intimate Relationships. Springer Verlag.
    Social robots are increasingly used in different areas of society such as public health, elderly care, education, and commerce. They have also been successfully employed in autism spectrum disorders therapy with children. Humans strive to find in them not only assistants but also friends. Although forms and functionalities of such robots vary, there is a strong tendency to anthropomorphize artificial agents, making them look and behave as human as possible and imputing human attributes to them. The more human a robot (...)
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  33.  4
    The Force of Numbers: Investigating Manual Signatures of Embodied Number Processing.Alex Miklashevsky, Oliver Lindemann & Martin H. Fischer - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    The study has two objectives: to introduce grip force recording as a new technique for studying embodied numerical processing; and to demonstrate how three competing accounts of numerical magnitude representation can be tested by using this new technique: the Mental Number Line, A Theory of Magnitude and Embodied Cognition account. While 26 healthy adults processed visually presented single digits in a go/no-go n-back paradigm, their passive holding forces for two small sensors were recorded in both hands. Spontaneous and unconscious grip (...)
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  34.  20
    Language and Arithmetic: A Failure to Find Cross Cognitive Domain Semantic Priming Between Exception Phrases and Subtraction or Addition.Golnoush Ronasi, Martin H. Fischer & Malte Zimmermann - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  35.  10
    Effects of Hand Proximity and Movement Direction in Spatial and Temporal Gap Discrimination.Michael Wiemers & Martin H. Fischer - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  36. Ai Love You : Developments in Human-Robot Intimate Relationships.Yuefang Zhou & Martin H. Fischer (eds.) - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
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  37.  5
    Intimate Relationships with Humanoid Robots: Exploring Human Sexuality in the Twenty-First Century.Yuefang Zhou & Martin H. Fischer - 2019 - In Yuefang Zhou & Martin H. Fischer (eds.), Ai Love You : Developments in Human-Robot Intimate Relationships. Springer Verlag.
    Sex robots are humanoid robots with artificial intelligence, designed to interact sexually with humans. They have received much attention in recent discussions about technology, human relationships and the future of human sexuality. Based on available evidence so far, this outlook aims to give tentative answers to two fundamental questions surrounding the topic of human–robot intimate relationships. First, whether intelligent humanoid robots are technologically ready to be our intimate partners. Second, whether humans are ready to accept the idea of developing intimate (...)
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