17 found
Order:
Disambiguations
Martin L. Jönsson [9]Martin Jönsson [8]
  1.  14
    The Kind of Group You Want to Belong To: Effects of Group Structure on Group Accuracy.Martin L. Jönsson, Ulrike Hahn & Erik J. Olsson - 2015 - Cognition 142:191-204.
    There has been much interest in group judgment and the so-called 'wisdom of crowds'. In many real world contexts, members of groups not only share a dependence on external sources of information, but they also communicate with one another, thus introducing correlations among their responses that can diminish collective accuracy. This has long been known, but it has-to date-not been examined to what extent different kinds of communication networks may give rise to systematically different effects on accuracy. We argue that (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  2.  59
    Semantic Holism and Language Learning.Martin L. Jönsson - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 43 (4):725-759.
    Holistic theories of meaning have, at least since Dummett’s Frege: The Philosophy of language, been assumed to be problematic from the perspective of the incremental nature of natural language learning. In this essay I argue that the general relationship between holism and language learning is in fact the opposite of that claimed by Dummett. It is only given a particular form of language learning, and a particular form of holism, that there is a problem at all; in general, for all (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  3.  10
    The Inverse Conjunction Fallacy.Martin Jönsson & James A. Hampton - unknown
    If people believe that some property is true of all members of a class such as sofas, then they should also believe that the same property is true of all members of a conjunctively defined subset of that class such as uncomfortable handmade sofas. A series of experiments demonstrated a failure to observe this constraint, leading to what is termed the inverse conjunction fallacy. Not only did people often express a belief in the more general statement but not in the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  4.  28
    A Reliabilism Built on Cognitive Convergence: An Empirically Grounded Solution to the Generality Problem.Martin L. Jönsson - 2013 - Episteme 10 (3):241-268.
    Process-reliabilist analyses of justification and knowledge face the generality problem. Recent discussion of this problem turns on certain untested empirical assumptions that this paper investigates. Three experiments are reported: two are free-naming studies that support the existence of a basic level in the previously unexplored domain of names for belief-forming processes; the third demonstrates that reliability judgments for the basic-level belief-forming process types are very strongly correlated with the corresponding justification and knowledge judgments. I argue that these results lend support (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  5.  27
    Increasing the Veracity of Implicitly Biased Rankings.Martin L. Jönsson & Julia Sjödahl - 2017 - Episteme 14 (4):499-517.
    In spite of our good intentions and explicit egalitarian convictions, we habitually disfavor the underprivileged. The rapidly growing literature on implicit bias – unconscious, automatic tendencies to associate negative traits with members of particular social groups – points towards explanations of this dissonance, although rarely towards generalizable solutions. In a recent paper, Jennifer Saul draws attention to the alarming epistemological problems that implicit bias carries with it; since our judgments about each other are likely influenced by implicit bias, we have (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  6. Kinds of Learning and the Likelihood of Future True Beliefs: Reply to Jäger on Reliabilism and the Value Problem.Erik J. Olsson & Martin L. Jönsson - 2011 - Theoria 77 (3):214-222.
    We reply to Christoph Jäger's criticism of the conditional probability solution (CPS) to the value problem for reliabilism due to Goldman and Olsson (2009). We argue that while Jäger raises some legitimate concerns about the compatibility of CPS with externalist epistemology, his objections do not in the end reduce the plausibility of that solution.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  7.  22
    Linguistic Convergence in Verbs for Belief-Forming Processes.Martin L. Jönsson - 2015 - Philosophical Psychology 28 (1):114-138.
    This paper has two goals. First, it aims to investigate the empirical assumptions of a recent proposal due to Olsson (forthcoming), according to which the generality problem for process-reliabilism can be approached by recruiting patterns and models from the basic-level research in cognitive psychology. Second, the paper attempts to generalize findings in the basic-level literature pertaining to concrete nouns to the abstract verbs that denote belief-forming processes. I will demonstrate that verbs for belief-forming processes exhibit the kind of linguistic convergence (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  8.  22
    On Prototypes as Defaults.Martin L. Jönsson & James A. Hampton - 2008 - Cognition 106 (2):913-923.
  9.  30
    Interpersonal Sameness of Meaning for Inferential Role Semantics.Martin L. Jönsson - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 46 (3):269-297.
    Inferential Role Semantics is often criticized for being incompatible with the platitude that words of different speakers can mean the same thing. While many assume that this platitude can be accommodated by understanding sameness of meaning in terms of similarity of meaning, no worked out proposal has ever been produced for Inferential Role Semantics. I rectify this important omission by giving a detailed structural account of meaning similarity in terms of graph theory. I go on to argue that this account (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10.  38
    Individual Belief Revision Dynamics in a Group Context.Igor Volzhanin, Ulrike Hahn, Martin Jönsson & Erik J. Olsson - unknown
  11.  5
    The Modifier Effect in Within-Category Induction: Default Inheritance in Complex Noun Phrases.Martin Jönsson & James Hampton - unknown
    Within-category induction is the projection of a generic property from a class to a subtype of that class. The modifier effect refers to the discovery reported by Connolly et al., that the subtype statement tends to be judged less likely to be true than the original unmodified sentence. The effect was replicated and shown to be moderated by the typicality of the modifier. Likelihood judgements were also found to correlate between modified and unmodified versions of sentences. Experiment 2 elicited justifications, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  12.  44
    Shogenji's Measure of Justification and the Inverse Conjunction Fallacy.Martin Jönsson & Elias Assarsson - 2013 - Synthese 190 (15):3075-3085.
    This paper takes issue with a recent proposal due to Shogenji (Synthese 184:29–48, 2012). In his paper, Shogenji introduces J, a normatively motivated formal measure of justification (and of confirmation), and then proceeds to recruit it descriptively in an explanation of the conjunction fallacy. We argue that this explanation is undermined by the fact that it cannot be extended in any natural way to the inverse conjunction fallacy, a more recently discovered, closely related fallacy. We point out that since the (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  13.  10
    A Unified Account of the Conjunction Fallacy by Coherence.Tomoji Shogenji & Martin Jönsson - 2019 - Synthese 196 (1):221-237.
    We propose a coherence account of the conjunction fallacy applicable to both of its two paradigms. We compare our account with a recent proposal by Tentori et al. : 235–255, 2013) that attempts to generalize earlier confirmation accounts. Their model works better than its predecessors in some respects, but it exhibits only a shallow form of generality and is unsatisfactory in other ways as well: it is strained, complex, and untestable as it stands. Our coherence account inherits the strength of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  14
    The Modifier Effect and Property Mutability.James A. Hampton, Alessia Passanisi & Martin Jönsson - unknown
    The modifier effect is the reduction in perceived likelihood of a generic property sentence, when the head noun is modified. We investigated the prediction that the modifier effect would be stronger for mutable than for central properties, without finding evidence for this predicted interaction over the course of five experiments. However Experiment 6, which provided a brief context for the modified concepts to lend them greater credibility, did reveal the predicted interaction. It is argued that the modifier effect arises primarily (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  15.  51
    Compositionality and Other Issues in the Philosophy of Mind and Language An Interview with Jerry Fodor.Martin L. Jönsson & Ingar Brinck - 2005 - Theoria 71 (4):294-308.
  16.  29
    A Problem for Confirmation Theoretic Accounts of the Conjunction Fallacy.Martin Jönsson & Elias Assarsson - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (2):437-449.
    This paper raises a principled objection against the idea that Bayesian confirmation theory can be used to explain the conjunction fallacy. The paper demonstrates that confirmation-based explanations are limited in scope and can only be applied to cases of the fallacy of a certain restricted kind. In particular; confirmation-based explanations cannot account for the inverse conjunction fallacy, a more recently discovered form of the conjunction fallacy. Once the problem has been set out, the paper explores four different ways for the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. Proceedings of the Lund-Rutgers Conference.Martin Jönsson (ed.) - 2008 - Lund University.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark