Results for 'Martin Ossikovski'

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  1.  53
    Some Medieval Readings of Aristotle’s Argument for the Collective Superiority of “the Many”.Martin Ossikovski - 2012 - Studia Neoaristotelica 9 (2):135-153.
    An essential challenge of Aristotle’s Politics arises from the juxtaposition of contrasting and competing arguments in favour of virtuous monarchy, on the one hand, and the collective superiority of “the many”, on the other. This paper examines the purely theoretical reception of this contrast in the writings of some late medieval Aristotelians by focusing on a key section in Politics Γ (1280a8–1284b34). After reviewing Aristotle’s problematic position, the paper discusses its interpretation in the commentaries of Albert the Great, Thomas Aquinas/Peter (...)
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  2. Being and time.Martin Heidegger, John Macquarrie & Edward Robinson - 1967 - Oxford,: Blackwell.
    A revised translation of Heidegger's most important work.
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  3. Belief, Attitude, Intention, and Behavior: An Introduction to Theory and Research.Martin Fishbein & Icek Ajzen - 1977 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 10 (2):130-132.
     
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  4. Being and Time.Martin Heidegger - 2010 - Oxford,: SUNY Press.
    A revised translation of Heidegger's most important work.
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  5. Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues.Martin Curd & Jan A. Cover (eds.) - 1998 - Norton.
    Contents Preface General Introduction 1 | Science and Pseudoscience Introduction Karl Popper, Science: Conjectures and Refutations Thomas S. Kuhn, Logic of Discovery or Psychology of Research? Imre Lakatos, Science and Pseudoscience Paul R. Thagard, Why Astrology Is a Pseudoscience Michael Ruse, Creation-Science Is Not Science Larry Laudan, Commentary: Science at the Bar---Causes for Concern Commentary 2 | Rationality, Objectivity, and Values in Science Introduction Thomas S. Kuhn, The Nature and Necessity of Scientific Revolutions Thomas S. Kuhn, Objectivity, Value Judgment, and (...)
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  6.  25
    Die Technik und die Kehre.Martin Heidegger - 1962 - [Pfullingen]: Neske.
    Wie kein anderer Philosoph vor oder nach ihm thematisierte Heidegger die metaphysischen Denkschemata, die der abendländisch-neuzeitlichen Technikentwicklung zugrunde liegen. Auf verständliche Weise rekonstruiert dieses Buch Heideggers radikal metaphysikkritischen Ansatz vor dem Hintergrund seiner frühen und mittleren Schriften. Dabei wird nicht nur deutlich, wie sehr sein spätes Denken der Technik in Kontinuität zu seinem frühen fundamentalontologischen Projekt (und dessen Scheitern) steht, sondern es werden auch die Alternativen zum rechnenden Denken und Handeln in Kunst und Dichtung aufgezeigt. (Quelle: www.buchhandel.de).
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  7. The Cost of Treating Knowledge as a Mental State.Martin Smith - 2017 - In A. Carter, E. Gordon & B. Jarvis (eds.), Knowledge First Approaches to Epistemology and Mind. Oxford University Press. pp. 95-112.
    My concern in this paper is with the claim that knowledge is a mental state – a claim that Williamson places front and centre in Knowledge and Its Limits. While I am not by any means convinced that the claim is false, I do think it carries certain costs that have not been widely appreciated. One source of resistance to this claim derives from internalism about the mental – the view, roughly speaking, that one’s mental states are determined by one’s (...)
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  8.  6
    Ich und du.Martin Buber - 1923 - Köln,: J. Hegner.
    Bubers programmatische Grundschrift 'Ich und Du' erschien erstmals 1923. In suggestiver Einfachheit bringt der Titel Bubers Erkenntnis nahe - Im Anfang ist die Beziehung, und die Beziehung ist Gegenseitigkeit. Was geschieht, geschieht zwischen 'Ich und Du'.
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  9.  30
    The Strategy of Lyell’s Principles of Geology.Martin J. S. Rudwick - 1970 - Isis 61 (1):4-33.
  10.  27
    Collective Affordances.Martin Weichold & Gerhard Thonhauser - 2020 - Ecological Psychology 32 (1).
    This article develops an ecological framework for understanding collective action. This is contrasted with approaches familiar from the collective intentionality debate, which treat individuals as fundamental units of collective action. Instead, we turn to social ecological psychology and dynamical systems theory and argue that they provide a promising framework for understanding collectives as the central unit in collective action. However, we submit that these approaches do not yet appreciate enough the relevance of social identities for collective action. To analyze this (...)
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  11.  68
    Situated agency: towards an affordance-based, sensorimotor theory of action.Martin Weichold - 2018 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 17 (4):761-785.
    Recent empirical findings from social psychology, ecological psychology, and embodied cognitive science indicate that situational factors crucially shape the course of human behavior. For instance, it has been shown that finding a dime, being under the influence of an authority figure, or just being presented with food in easy reach often influences behavior tremendously. These findings raise important new questions for the philosophy of action: Are these findings a threat to classical conceptions of human agency? Are humans passively pushed around (...)
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  12.  5
    Charles Darwin in London: The Integration of Public and Private Science.Martin J. S. Rudwick - 1982 - Isis 73 (2):186-206.
  13. Zur Seinsfrage.Martin Heidegger - 1959 - Frankfurt am Main,: V. Klostermann.
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  14.  8
    Artificial Intelligence and the Phenomenology of Crisis.Jacob Martin Rump - manuscript
    This is the lightly revised text of my commentary/response to David Carr’s keynote address, “Phenomenology of Crisis,” at the 2024 meeting of the Husserl Circle.
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  15.  8
    International Theory: The Three Traditions.Martin Wight, Gabriele Wright & Brian Porter - 2002 - Burns & Oates.
  16.  82
    On Respecting Animals, or Can Animals be Wronged Without Being Harmed?Angela K. Martin - 2019 - Res Publica 25 (1):83-99.
    There is broad agreement that humans can be wronged independently of their incurring any harm, that is, when their welfare is not affected. Examples include unnoticed infringements of privacy, ridiculing unaware individuals, or disregarding individuals’ autonomous decision-making in their best interest. However, it is less clear whether the same is true of animals—that is, whether moral agents can wrong animals in situations that do not involve any harm to the animals concerned. In order to answer this question, I concentrate on (...)
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  17.  53
    Spinozas metaphysics of desire.L. In Martin - 2004 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 86 (1):21-55.
  18.  57
    Reply to Martin’s “A Critique of Nietzsche’s Metaphysical Scepticism”.Glen T. Martin - 1987 - International Studies in Philosophy 19 (2):61-65.
  19.  55
    Mixed method nursing studies: a critical realist critique.Martin Lipscomb - 2008 - Nursing Philosophy 9 (1):32-45.
    Mixed method study designs are becoming increasingly popular among nurse researchers. Mixed studies can have advantages over single method or methodological investigative designs. However, these advantages may be squandered where researchers fail to think through and justify their theoretic decisions. This paper argues that nurse researchers do not always pay sufficient heed to the philosophic and theoretic elements of research design and, in consequence, some mixed study reports lack argumentative coherence and validity. It is here suggested that Hempel's concept of (...)
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  20.  25
    Beyond moral distress: Preserving the ethical integrity of nurses.Martin Woods - 2014 - Nursing Ethics 21 (2):127-128.
  21.  13
    La percepción como interpretación.Javier San Martín - 2008 - Investigaciones Fenomenológicas 6:13-31.
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  22.  40
    The Prometheus trilogy.Martin L. West - 1979 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 99:130-148.
  23.  63
    The Expressive Power of Truth.Martin Fischer & Leon Horsten - 2015 - Review of Symbolic Logic 8 (2):345-369.
    There are two perspectives from which formal theories can be viewed. On the one hand, one can take a theory to be about some privileged models. On the other hand, one can take all models of a theory to be on a par. In contrast with what is usually done in philosophical debates, we adopt the latter viewpoint. Suppose that from this perspective we want to add an adequate truth predicate to a background theory. Then on the one hand the (...)
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  24.  43
    Conservatism, analytically reconsidered.Martin Https://Orcidorg Beckstein & Francis Cheneval - 2016 - The Monist 99 (4):333-335.
    This special issue is motivated by the observation that conservatism plays a marginal role in contemporary philosophy even though it appears to be of considerable importance in moral, social, and political reality. One reason for this neglect is that defenders of conservatism have often refrained from articulating their arguments in a language that is acceptable to and understandable by analytically -trained philosophers. The contributions of this special issue show that conservatism can profitably be approached from the point of view of (...)
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  25.  7
    Vom Wesen der Wahrheit.Martin Heidegger - 1954 - Frankfurt am Main,: V. Klostermann.
    Die Abhandlung "Vom Wesen der Wahrheit" enthalt den von Heidegger mehrfach uberpruften Text eines Vortrags, der 1930 u. A. In Marburg und Freiburg gehalten wurde. DIe 8. AUflage der Einzelausgabe ist wort- und seitengleich mit dem Abdruck des Textes in der 3., durchgesehenen Auflage der Einzelausgabe der "Wegmarken" sowie mit dem Abdruck in der 2., durchgesehenen Auflage der "Wegmarken" als Band 9 der Gesamtausgabe. SIe enthalt damit erstmals auch die Randbemerkungen Heideggers aus seinen Handexemplaren.
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  26.  20
    Kant über den Selbstbetrug des Bösen.Martin Welsch - 2019 - Kant Studien 110 (1):49-73.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 110 Heft: 1 Seiten: 49-73.
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  27.  52
    The rise of the Greek epic.Martin L. West - 1988 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 108:151-172.
  28.  58
    The singing of Homer and the modes of early Greek music.Martin L. West - 1981 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 101:113-129.
    In their invocations of the Muses the early epic poets use indifferently verbs meaning ‘tell’, ‘speak of’ and the verb which we normally translate as ‘sing’ When they refer directly to their own performance they may use the non-committalμνήσομαι, or ἐρέω, ἐνισπεῖνbut more often it isάείδω, ἄρχομ ἀείδεινor something of the sort; and they will pray for goodἀοιδήor hope for reward from it. We cannot make a distinction between two styles of performance, one characterized asἀείδειν the other as ἐνέπεινthe Iliad (...)
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  29. Christian Humanism in Economics and Business.Martin Schlag & Domènec Melé - 2015 - In Martin Schlag & Domènec Melé (eds.), Humanism in Economics and Business: Perspectives of the Catholic Social Tradition. Dordrecht: Springer Verlag.
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  30.  44
    Music As a Sacred Cue? Effects of Religious Music on Moral Behavior.Martin Lang, Panagiotis Mitkidis, Radek Kundt, Aaron Nichols, Lenka Krajčíková & Dimitris Xygalatas - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7:175848.
    Religion can have an important influence in moral decision-making, and religious reminders may deter people from unethical behavior. Previous research indicated that religious contexts may increase prosocial behavior and reduce cheating. However, the perceptual-behavioral link between religious contexts and decision-making lacks thorough scientific understanding. This study adds to the current literature by testing the effects of purely audial religious symbols (instrumental music) on moral behavior across three different sites: Mauritius, the Czech Republic, and the USA. Participants were exposed to one (...)
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  31.  8
    How you think about an emotion predicts how you regulate: an experience-sampling study.Martin F. Wittkamp, Ulrike Nowak, Annika Clamor & Tania M. Lincoln - 2022 - Cognition and Emotion 36 (4):713-721.
    Emotion evaluations are assumed to play a crucial role in the emotion regulation process. We tested a postulate from our framework of emotion dysregulation (Nowak, U., Wittkamp, M. F., Clamor, A., & Lincoln, T. M. [2021]. Using the Ball-in-Bowl metaphor to outline an integrative framework for understanding dysregulated emotion. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 12, 118), namely that the extent to which individuals evaluate an emotion as harmful and their personal resources to modify and accept/tolerate the emotion as sufficient predict the subsequent (...)
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  32. The Shifts and the Shocks; What we’ve learned – and have still to learn – from the financial crisis.Martin Wolf - 2014
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  33.  18
    A Systems Theoretic View of Speculative Realism.Martin Zwick - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (2):263-288.
    Recent developments in Continental philosophy have included the emergence of a school of “speculative realism,” which rejects the human-centered orientation that has long dominated Continental thought. Proponents of speculative realism differ on several issues, but many agree on the need for an object-oriented ontology. Some speculative realists identify realism with materialism, while others accord equal reality to objects that are non-material, even fictional. Several thinkers retain a focus on difference, a well-established theme in Continental thought. This paper looks at speculative (...)
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  34.  31
    Commentary on Action in Perception.M. G. F. Martin - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (3):674-681.
  35.  10
    A Nursing Ethic: The Moral Voice Of Experienced Nurses.Martin Woods - 1999 - Nursing Ethics 6 (5):423-433.
    Nursing acts occur in thousands of instances daily, being a major component of professional health care delivery in institutions, communities and homes. It follows that the ethical practice of most nurses is put to the test on an everyday rather than an occasional basis. Hence, within nursing practice there must be a rich and deep seam of reflective interpretation and practical wisdom that is ‘embedded’ within the experiences of every experienced nurse. This article presents discussion on some of the main (...)
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  36.  40
    Levels of Altruism.Martin Zwick & Jeffrey A. Fletcher - 2014 - Biological Theory 9 (1):100-107.
    The phenomenon of altruism extends from the biological realm to the human sociocultural realm. This article sketches a coherent outline of multiple types of altruism of progressively increasing scope that span these two realms and are grounded in an ever-expanding sense of “self.” Discussion of this framework notes difficulties associated with altruism at different levels. It links scientific ideas about the evolution of cooperation and about hierarchical order to perennial philosophical and religious concerns. It offers a conceptual background for inquiry (...)
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  37.  29
    Cultural safety and the socioethical nurse.Martin Woods - 2010 - Nursing Ethics 17 (6):715-725.
    This article explores the social and ethical elements of cultural safety and combines them in a model of culturally safe practice that should be of interest and relevance for nurses, nurse educators and nurse ethicists in other cultures. To achieve this, the article briefly reviews and critiques the main underpinnings of the concept from its origins and development in New Zealand, describes its sociocultural and sociopolitical elements, and provides an in-depth exploration of the key socioethical elements. Finally, a model is (...)
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  38.  50
    Exploring the relevance of social justice within a relational nursing ethic.Martin Woods - 2012 - Nursing Philosophy 13 (1):56-65.
    Abstract In the last few decades, a growing number of commentators have questioned the appropriateness of the 'justice view' of ethics as a suitable approach in health care ethics, and most certainly in nursing. Essentially, in their ethical deliberations, it is argued that nurses do not readily adopt the high degree of impartiality and objectivity that is associated with a justice view; instead their moral practices are more accurately reflected through the use of alternative approaches such as relational or care-based (...)
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  39.  7
    De la Crítica de la Razón Pura a Ser y Tiempo. La influencia del proyecto filosófico de Kant en Martin Heidegger.Francisco Romero Martín - 2023 - Studia Heideggeriana 12:155-165.
    En esta investigación intentaremos explicitar hasta qué punto Ser y Tiempo es una suerte de tentativa por retomar, en forma correcta, el originario proyecto filosófico que Kant desplegó en su Crítica de la razón pura. Para lograr justificar nuestra conjetura nos centraremos especialmente en la obra de Heidegger Kant y el problema de la Metafísica (1929). En dicho texto nos encontraremos con una controvertida interpretación que el pensador de Meßkirch elaboró del opus magnum de Immanuel Kant. Interpretación que, justamente, podría (...)
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  40.  14
    Applied Nonstandard Analysis.Martin Davis - 1978 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 43 (2):383-384.
  41.  11
    Healthy people and biochemical enhancement: A new paradigmatic approach to the enhancement of human beings?Martin Farbák & Zlatica Plašienková - 2021 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 11 (3-4):231-239.
    The authors analyse a new paradigmatic approach to the enhancement of human beings proposed in transhumanist visions. Transhumanist authors promote the biochemical enhancement of healthy people via the concepts of bio-happiness and bio-love. The paper is based on an assessment of the value attributed to the lives of disabled people vis-à-vis those of healthy people. The value imbalance in the transhumanist conception is criticized on the grounds that it is an incorrect response to the posthuman urge to redefine human beings. (...)
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  42.  33
    Rebutting the suggestion that Anthony Giddens’s Structuration Theory offers a useful framework for sociological nursing research: a critique based upon Margaret Archer’s Realist Social Theory.Martin Lipscomb - 2006 - Nursing Philosophy 7 (3):175-180.
    A recent paper in this journal by Hardcastle et al. in 2005 argued that Anthony Giddens’s Structuration Theory (ST) might usefully inform sociological nursing research. In response, a critique of ST based upon the Realist Social Theory of Margaret Archer is presented. Archer maintains that ST is fatally flawed and, in consequence, it has little to offer nursing research. Following an analysis of the concepts epiphenomenalism and elisionism, it is suggested that emergentist Realist Social Theory captures or describes a more (...)
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  43. What does determining that a disagreement is not a “peer disagreement” mean?Noah Gabriel Martin - 2020 - South African Journal of Philosophy 39 (1):79-88.
    Assessment of those with whom one finds oneself in dispute is indispensable in the epistemology of disagreement. The assessment of one’s opponents is necessary in order to determine whether a particular disagreement constitutes evidence of a likely error in one’s own understanding. However, assessment of an opponent’s capacity to know the matter in dispute is only possible when the conditions for knowledge are not themselves open to debate. Consequently, epistemic significance can only be recognised in disagreements among those who are (...)
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  44. What is the Epistemic Significance of Disagreement?Noah Gabriel Martin - 2019 - Logos and Episteme 10 (3):283–298.
    Over the past decade, attention to epistemically significant disagreement has centered on the question of whose disagreement qualifies as significant, but ignored another fundamental question: what is the epistemic significance of disagreement? While epistemologists have assumed that disagreement is only significant when it indicates a determinate likelihood that one’s own belief is false, and therefore that only disagreements with epistemic peers are significant at all, they have ignored a more subtle and more basic significance that belongs to all disagreements, regardless (...)
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  45.  23
    Analytic theology and contemporary inquiry.Martin Westerholm - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 80 (3):230-254.
    ABSTRACTContemporary theology appears to be in a transitional phase that brings with it a search for forms of thought that can support theology’s ongoing work. As a result in part of the institutio...
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  46.  34
    Forming the Professional Self: Bildung and the ontological perspective on professional education and development.Martin R. Fellenz - 2016 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 48 (3).
    Ontological perspectives in higher education and particularly in professional education and development have focused attention on the question of the learner’s being and becoming rather than on the epistemological concern of what and how they know. This study considers the formation of the professional self in the light of the requirements for professional practice. It raises the question of agency in relation to this formational process and considers the implications of the autonomy paradox which arises from the simultaneous influence of (...)
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  47.  17
    Through the Ethics Looking Glass: Another View of the World of Auditors and Ethics.Roger D. Martin - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 70 (1):5-14.
    Most people are familiar with the traditional view of the role of ethics in the auditing profession - the need for auditors with integrity and objectivity. This essay addresses a second dimension of ethics in the auditing profession - the demand for auditors to assess the integrity and ethical values of clients. This second dimension is a difficult task for auditors in practice and demands a deep and robust understanding of ethics, ethical infrastructures, and the products of those infrastructures. The (...)
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  48.  56
    Conservatism: Analytically Reconsidered.Martin Https://Orcidorg Beckstein & Francis Cheneval - 2016 - The Monist 99 (4):333-335.
    This special issue is motivated by the observation that conservatism plays a marginal role in contemporary philosophy even though it appears to be of considerable importance in moral, social, and political reality. One reason for this neglect is that defenders of conservatism have often refrained from articulating their arguments in a language that is acceptable to and understandable by analytically -trained philosophers. The contributions of this special issue show that conservatism can profitably be approached from the point of view of (...)
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  49.  15
    Rawls's idea of human rights revisited.Rex Martin - 2024 - Journal of Social Philosophy 55 (2):336-351.
    Journal of Social Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  50.  7
    Social Authenticity: Towards a Heideggerian Analysis of Social Change.Martin Weichold - 2017 - In Schmid Hans Bernhard & Thonhauser Gerhard (eds.), From conventionalism to social authenticity : Heidegger’s anyone and contemporary social theory. Cham: Springer.
    Drawing on resources from Heidegger, social theory, ecological psychology, and enactive cognitive science, this paper presents novel analyses of social normativity and social change. The key idea is that we humans are often stunned with the practical necessities we experience in everyday action: Often, it feels hard or even impossible for us to act differently from what “one” has to do – for instance, it just feels “wrong” to go shopping in a dressing gown. However, a philosophical analysis reveals that (...)
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