Results for 'Martin Pallauf'

992 found
Order:
  1.  14
    Covid-19 Schutzmaßnahmen in Alten- und Pflegeheimen: zwischen Autonomie und Fürsorge – Ergebnisse einer Interviewstudie.Magdalena Flatscher-Thöni, Elisabeth Holzer, Martin Pallauf & Christiane Kreyer - 2022 - Ethik in der Medizin 34 (2):221-238.
    Die vorliegende Interviewstudie untersucht ethische Herausforderungen des Pflegealltags in Einrichtungen der Langzeitpflege aus Sicht der Pflegepersonen während der Covid-19-Pandemie. Durch das explorative, wie auch deskriptive methodische Vorgehen liegen Interviewdaten vor, die vier Themenbereichen zugeordnet werden können, die eine komplexe und teilweise konfliktreiche Arbeits- und Lebenswirklichkeit der Langzeitpflege in der Pandemie aufzeigen. Zum einen werden von den Pflegepersonen die staatlich und institutionell getroffenen Schutzmaßnahmen sowie die daraus resultierenden Einschränkungen der persönlichen Freiheit der Bewohner:innen kritisch reflektiert und damit verbunden der Grad der (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  8
    COVID-19 protective measures in nursing homes: Between autonomy and care – Results of an interview study. [REVIEW]Magdalena Flatscher-Thöni, Elisabeth Holzer, Martin Pallauf & Christiane Kreyer - 2022 - Ethik in der Medizin 34 (2):221-238.
    Definition of the problem This interview study investigated ethical issues in long-term care facilities from the perspective of caregivers during the coronavirus disease pandemic. Due to the explorative as well as descriptive methodological approach, interview data are available and can be assigned to four central topics, which reveal a complex and sometimes conflictual reality of work and life in long-term care during the pandemic. On the one hand, the protective measures taken by the state and the institutions, as well as (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  5
    Enlightenment underground: radical Germany, 1680-1720.Martin Mulsow - 2015 - Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.
    Online supplement, "Mulsow: Additions to Notes drawn from the 2002 edition of Moderne aus dem Untergrund" full versions of nearly 300 notes that were truncated in the print edition. Hosted on H. C. Erik Midelfort's website. Martin Mulsow's seismic reinterpretation of the origins of the Enlightenment in Germany won awards and renown in its original German edition, and now H. C. Erik Midelfort's translation makes this sensational book available to English-speaking readers. In Enlightenment Underground, Mulsow shows that even in (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  7
    Der Kampf um den Wald. Zur Geschichte der Forstgesetzgebung am Beispiel des Erzstiftes Salzburg.Sonja Pallauf - 2008 - Das Mittelalter 13 (2):85-91.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  31
    Words, ideas, and representation: the genesis of the definition of a sign in the Port-Royal Logique.Martine Pécharman - 2016 - Methodos 16.
    L’addition, dans la cinquième édition en 1683 de La Logique ou L’Art de penser, d’un chapitre consacré à la définition générale du signe et de plusieurs chapitres relevant spécifiquement d’une analyse des signes linguistiques, a été parfois interprétée comme une apparition tardive du “problème du langage” dans le traité d’Arnauld et Nicole. Parce que la plupart de ces chapitres supplémentaires sont la transposition de passages auparavant destinés dans la Perpétuité de la foi (1669-1674) à réfuter le sens calviniste de Ceci (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  28
    Mental Simulation: Evaluations and Applications - Reading in Mind and Language.Martin Davies & Tony Stone (eds.) - 1995 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Many philosophers and psychologists argue that out everyday ability to predict and explain the actions and mental states of others is grounded in out possession of a primitive 'folk' psychological theory. Recently however, this theory has come under challenge from the simulation alternative. This alternative view says that human beings are able to predict and explain each other's actions by using the resources of their own minds to simulate the psychological aetiology of the actions of the others. This book and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   54 citations  
  7. Coreference and modality.Martin Stokhof, Jeroen Groenendijk & Frank Veltman - 1996 - In Shalom Lappin (ed.), The handbook of contemporary semantic theory. Cambridge, Mass., USA: Blackwell Reference. pp. 179-216.
    Of course, although this view on meaning was the prevailing one for almost a century, many of the people who initiated the enterprise of logical semantics, including people like Frege and Wittgenstein, had an open eye for all that it did not catch. However, the logical means which Frege, Wittgenstein, Russell, and the generation that succeeded them, had at their disposal were those of classical mathematical logic and set-theory, and these indeed are not very suited for an analysis of other (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   78 citations  
  8. Between Probability and Certainty: What Justifies Belief.Martin Smith - 2016 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    This book explores a question central to philosophy--namely, what does it take for a belief to be justified or rational? According to a widespread view, whether one has justification for believing a proposition is determined by how probable that proposition is, given one's evidence. In this book this view is rejected and replaced with another: in order for one to have justification for believing a proposition, one's evidence must normically support it--roughly, one's evidence must make the falsity of that proposition (...)
  9. The Situationalist Account of Change.Martin Pickup - forthcoming - Oxford Studies in Metaphysics.
    In this paper I propose a new solution to the problem of change: situationalism. According to this view, parts of reality fundamentally disagree about what is the case and reality as a whole is unsettled (i.e. metaphysically indeterminate). When something changes, parts of the world irreconcilably disagree about what properties it has. From this irreconcilable disagreement, indeterminacy arises. I develop this picture using situations, which are parts of possible worlds; this gives it the name situationalism. It allows a B-theory endurance (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  10.  45
    Facing the Credibility Crisis of Science: On the Ambivalent Role of Pluralism in Establishing Relevance and Reliability.Martin Carrier - 2017 - Perspectives on Science 25 (4):439-464.
    . Science at the interface with society is regarded with mistrust among parts of the public. Scientific judgments on matters of practical concern are not infrequently suspected of being incompetent and biased. I discuss two proposals for remedying this deficiency. The first aims at strengthening the independence of science and suggests increasing the distance to political and economic powers. The drawback is that this runs the risk of locking science in an academic ivory tower. The second proposal favors “counter-politicization” in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  11. Computability & unsolvability.Martin Davis - 1958 - New York: Dover Publications.
    Classic text considersgeneral theory of computability, computable functions, operations on computable functions, Turing machines self-applied, unsolvable decision problems, applications of general theory, mathematical logic, Kleene hierarchy, computable functionals, classification of unsolvable decision problems and more.
  12.  22
    Atheism, morality, and meaning.Michael Martin - 2002 - Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books.
    Divided into four parts, this treatise begins with well-known criticisms of nonreligious ethics and then develops an atheistic metaethics. In Part 2, Martin criticizes the Christian foundation of ethics, specifically the ’divine command theory’ and the idea of imitating the life of Jesus as the basis of Christian morality. Part 3 demonstrates that life can be meaningful in the absence of religious belief. Part 4 criticizes the theistic point of view in general terms as well as the specific Christian (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  13. On being alienated.Michael G. F. Martin - 2006 - In Tamar Gendler & John Hawthorne (eds.), Perceptual experience. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Disjunctivism about perceptual appearances, as I conceive of it, is a theory which seeks to preserve a naïve realist conception of veridical perception in the light of the challenge from the argument from hallucination. The naïve realist claims that some sensory experiences are relations to mind-independent objects. That is to say, taking experiences to be episodes or events, the naïve realist supposes that some such episodes have as constituents mind-independent objects. In turn, the disjunctivist claims that in a case of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   183 citations  
  14. What is metaphysics?Martin Heidegger - 1988 - In Martin Heidegger & Werner Brock (eds.), Existence and being. [U.S.]: Kampmann.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   136 citations  
  15. Sight and touch.Michael Martin - 1992 - In Tim Crane (ed.), The Contents of Experience. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  16.  36
    Monothematic Delusions: Towards a Two-Factor Account.Martin Davies, Max Coltheart, Robyn Langdon & Nora Breen - 2001 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 8 (2):133-158.
    Article copyright 2002. We provide a battery of examples of delusions against which theoretical accounts can be tested. Then we identify neuropsychological anomalies that could produce the unusual experiences that may lead, in turn, to the delusions in our battery. However, we argue against Maher's view that delusions are false beliefs that arise as normal responses to anomalous experiences. We propose, instead, that a second factor is required to account for the transition from unusual experience to delusional belief. The second (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   115 citations  
  17.  26
    What is a thing?Martin Heidegger - 1967 - Lanham [Md.]: University Press of America. Edited by Eugene T. Gendlin.
  18.  20
    Off the beaten track.Martin Heidegger - 2002 - New York: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Julian Young & Kenneth Haynes.
    This collection of texts (originally published in German under the title Holzwege) is Heidegger's first post-war book and contains some of the major expositions of his later philosophy. Of particular note are 'The Origin of the Work of Art', perhaps the most discussed of all of Heidegger's essays, and 'Nietzsche's Word 'God is Dead',' which sums up a decade of Nietzsche research. Although translations of the essays have appeared individually in a variety of places, this is the first English translation (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   47 citations  
  19. On the essence of truth.Martin Heidegger - 1988 - In Martin Heidegger & Werner Brock (eds.), Existence and being. [U.S.]: Kampmann. pp. 274-287.
  20. Externalism, architecturalism, and epistemic warrant.Martin Davies - 1998 - In Crispin Wright, Barry C. Smith & Cynthia Macdonald (eds.), Knowing Our Own Minds. Oxford University Press. pp. 321-363.
    This paper addresses a problem about epistemic warrant. The problem is posed by philosophical arguments for externalism about the contents of thoughts, and similarly by philosophical arguments for architecturalism about thinking, when these arguments are put together with a thesis of first person authority. In each case, first personal knowledge about our thoughts plus the kind of knowledge that is provided by a philosophical argument seem, together, to open an unacceptably ‘non-empirical’ route to knowledge of empirical facts. Furthermore, this unwelcome (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   89 citations  
  21. 6 The Reality of Appearances.M. G. F. Martin - 1997 - In Heather Logue & Alex Byrne (eds.), Disjunctivism: Contemporary Readings. MIT Press. pp. 91.
  22. Against legal probabilism.Martin Smith - 2021 - In Jon Robson & Zachary Hoskins (eds.), The Social Epistemology of Legal Trials. Routledge.
    Is it right to convict a person of a crime on the basis of purely statistical evidence? Many who have considered this question agree that it is not, posing a direct challenge to legal probabilism – the claim that the criminal standard of proof should be understood in terms of a high probability threshold. Some defenders of legal probabilism have, however, held their ground: Schoeman (1987) argues that there are no clear epistemic or moral problems with convictions based on purely (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  23.  51
    The Rise and Fall of Soul and Self: An Intellectual History of Personal Identity.Raymond Martin & John Barresi - 2006 - Columbia University Press.
    This book traces the development of theories of the self and personal identity from the ancient Greeks to the present day. From Plato and Aristotle to Freud and Foucault, Raymond Martin and John Barresi explore the works of a wide range of thinkers and reveal the larger intellectual trends, controversies, and ideas that have revolutionized the way we think about ourselves. The authors open with ancient Greece, where the ideas of Plato, Aristotle, and the materialistic atomists laid the groundwork (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   29 citations  
  24. The role of context in contextualism.Martin Montminy - 2013 - Synthese 190 (12):2341-2366.
    According to a view widely held by epistemic contextualists, the truth conditions of a knowledge claim depend on features of the context such as the presuppositions, interests and purposes of the conversational participants. Against this view, I defend an intentionalist account, according to which the truth conditions of a knowledge attribution are determined by the speaker’s intention. I show that an intentionalist version of contextualism has several advantages over its more widely accepted rival account.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  25.  34
    The promise of salvation: a theory of religion.Martin Riesebrodt - 2010 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    And, as The Promise of Salvation makes clear through abundant empirical evidence, religion will not disappear as long as these promises continue to help people ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  26.  16
    Early Greek thinking.Martin Heidegger - 1975 - San Francisco: Harper & Row.
    The Anaximander fragment -- Logos (Heraclitus, fragment B 50) -- Moira (Parmenides VIII, 34-41) -- Aletheia (Heraclitus, fragment B 16).
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  27. More on Normic Support and the Criminal Standard of Proof.Martin Smith - 2021 - Mind 130 (519):943-960.
    In this paper I respond to Marcello Di Bello’s criticisms of the ‘normic account’ of the criminal standard of proof. In so doing, I further elaborate on what the normic account predicts about certain significant legal categories of evidence, including DNA and fingerprint evidence and eyewitness identifications.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  28.  89
    The global age: state and society beyond modernity.Martin Albrow - 1996 - Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press.
    Taking issue with those who see recent social transformations as an extension of modernity, the author contends that social theory must confront an epochal change from the modern era to a new era of globality, in which human beings can conceive of forces at work on a global scale, and in which they espouse values that take the globe as their reference point. The book begins by assessing the problems of writing about modernity, showing how narratives of an endlessly self-perpetuating (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  29. Testimony and the Value of Knowledge.Martin Kusch - 2009 - In Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Epistemic Value. Oxford, GB: Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 60--94.
    This chapter gives substance to the idea of a ‘communitarian value-driven epistemology’ by developing and combining ideas from Edward Craig's and Bernard Williams' ‘epistemic genealogy’ and Barry Barnes' and Steven Shapin's ‘sociology of knowledge’. In order to make transparent how this project might slot into more familiar, or more mainstream, projects, the paper maintains throughout a critical dialogue with Jon Kvanvig's position. The chapter is structured around an attempt to defend Craig's position against Kvanvig's criticisms: by treating the institution of (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   44 citations  
  30.  8
    The knowledge of man.Martin Buber - 1965 - London: Allen & Unwin. Edited by Maurice S. Friedman.
  31. Nietzsche.Martin Heidegger - 1979 - [San Francisco]: HarperSanFrancisco. Edited by David Farrell Krell.
    A landmark discussion between two great thinkers, vital to an understanding of twentieth-century philosophy and intellectual history.
  32. The Philosophy of Mind.Martin Davies - 1995 - In A. C. Grayling (ed.), Philosophy: a guide through the subject. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  33.  60
    The Education of John Dewey: A Biography.Jay Martin - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    During John Dewey's lifetime, one public opinion poll after another revealed that he was esteemed to be one of the ten most important thinkers in American history. His body of thought, conventionally identified by the shorthand word "Pragmatism," has been the distinctive American philosophy of the last fifty years. His work on education is famous worldwide and is still influential today, anticipating as it did the ascendance in contemporary American pedagogy of multiculturalism and independent thinking. His University of Chicago Laboratory (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  34.  7
    De musica liber VI.Martin Jacobsson & Augustine - 2002
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  35.  75
    Achieving Crpd Compliance: Is the Mental Capacity Act of England and Wales Compatible with the Un Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disability? If Not, What Next?W. Martin, S. Michalowski, T. Juetten & M. Burch - 2014 - In W. Martin, S. Michalowski, T. Juetten & M. Burch (eds.), Report for the Uk Ministry of Justice, Essex Autonomy Project, University of Essex.
    In 2014 the Essex Autonomy Project undertook a six month project, funded by the AHRC, to provide technical advice to the UK Ministry of Justice on the question of whether the Mental Capacity Act is compliant with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Over the course of the project, the EAP research team organised a series of public policy roundtables, hosted by the Ministry of Justice, and which brought together leading experts to discuss and debate (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  36. Two purposes of arguing and two epistemic projects.Martin Davies - 2009 - In Ian Ravenscroft (ed.), Minds, Ethics, and Conditionals: Themes from the Philosophy of Frank Jackson. Oxford University Press. pp. 337.
  37. Atheism: a philosophical justification.Michael Martin - 1992 - Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
    "Thousands of philosophers--from the ancient Greeks to modern thinkers--have defended atheism, but none more comprehensively than Martin.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   49 citations  
  38.  16
    The moral warrior: ethics and service in the U.S. military.Martin L. Cook - 2004 - Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
    Explores the moral dimensions of the current global role of the U.S. military.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  39. The Practice-Based Approach to the Philosophy of Logic.Ben Martin - forthcoming - In Oxford Handbook for the Philosophy of Logic. Oxford University Press.
    Philosophers of logic are particularly interested in understanding the aims, epistemology, and methodology of logic. This raises the question of how the philosophy of logic should go about these enquires. According to the practice-based approach, the most reliable method we have to investigate the methodology and epistemology of a research field is by considering in detail the activities of its practitioners. This holds just as true for logic as it does for the recognised empirical and abstract sciences. If we wish (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  40. An eye directed outward.Michael G. F. Martin - 1998 - In Crispin Wright, Barry C. Smith & Cynthia Macdonald (eds.), Knowing Our Own Minds. Oxford University Press.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   32 citations  
  41.  80
    Externalism and experience.Martin Davies - 1997 - In Ned Block & Owen J. Flanagan (eds.), The Nature of Consciousness: Philosophical Debates. MIT Press. pp. 244-250.
    In this paper, I shall defend externalism for the contents of perceptual experience. A perceptual experience has representational properties; it presents the world as being a certain way. A visual experience, for example, might present the world to a subject as containing a surface with a certain shape, lying at a certain distance, in a certain direction; perhaps a square with sides about 30 cm, lying about one metre in front of the subject, in a direction about 20 degrees to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  42.  35
    The end of philosophy.Martin Heidegger - 1973 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Joan Stambaugh's translations of the works of Heidegger, accomplished with his guidance, have made key aspects of his thought and philosophy accessible to readers of English for many years. This collection, writes Stambaugh, contains Heidegger's attempt "to show the history of Being as metaphysics," combining three chapters from the philosopher's Nietzsche ("Metaphysics as a History of Being," "Sketches for a History of Being as Metaphysics," and "Recollection in Metaphysics") with a selection from Vortrage und Aufsatze ("Overcoming Metaphysics").
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  43.  26
    Delusion: Cognitive Approaches—Bayesian Inference and Compartmentalisation.Martin Davies & Andy Egan - 2013 - In K. W. M. Fulford, Martin Davies, Richard Gipps, George Graham, John Sadler, Giovanni Stanghellini & Tim Thornton (eds.), The Oxford handbook of philosophy and psychiatry. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 689-727.
    Cognitive approaches contribute to our understanding of delusions by providing an explanatory framework that extends beyond the personal level to the sub personal level of information-processing systems. According to one influential cognitive approach, two factors are required to account for the content of a delusion, its initial adoption as a belief, and its persistence. This chapter reviews Bayesian developments of the two-factor framework.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  44. On being alienated.M. G. F. Martin - 2006 - In Tamar Gendler & John Hawthorne (eds.), Perceptual experience. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  45.  46
    The moral warrior: ethics and service in the U.S. military.Martin L. Cook - 2004 - Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
    Explores the moral dimensions of the current global role of the U.S. military.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  46.  37
    Ontologie der Selbstbestimmung: eine operationale Rekonstruktion von Hegels "Wissenschaft der Logik".Christian Georg Martin - 2012 - Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
    Christian Georg Martin offers an argumentative reconstruction of the whole work, reading it as a critical ontology, namely as the attempt to abstract from all presuppositions and to immanently unfold conceptual determinations characterizing ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  47.  48
    From a Logical Point of View.Richard M. Martin - 1955 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 15 (4):574-575.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   566 citations  
  48. Standpoints: A Study of a Metaphysical Picture.Martin A. Lipman - 2023 - Journal of Philosophy 120 (3):117-138.
    There is a type of metaphysical picture that surfaces in a range of philosophical discussions, is of intrinsic interest, and yet remains ill-understood. According to this picture, the world contains a range of standpoints relative to which different facts obtain. Any true representation of the world cannot but adopt a particular standpoint. The aim of this paper is to propose a regimentation of a metaphysics that underwrites this picture. Key components are a factive notion of metaphysical relativity, a deflationary notion (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  49. Dynamic Montague grammar.Martin Stokhof - 1990 - In L. Kalman (ed.), Proceedings of the Second Symposion on Logic and Language, Budapest, Eotvos Lorand University Press, 1990, pp. 3-48. Budapest: Eotvos Lorand University Press. pp. 3-48.
    In Groenendijk & Stokhof [1989] a system of dynamic predicate logic (DPL) was developed, as a compositional alternative for classical discourse representation theory (DRT ). DPL shares with DRT the restriction of being a first-order system. In the present paper, we are mainly concerned with overcoming this limitation. We shall define a dynamic semantics for a typed language with λ-abstraction which is compatible with the semantics DPL specifies for the language of first-order predicate logic. We shall propose to use this (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   76 citations  
  50. Full Blooded Entitlement.Martin Smith - 2019 - In Nikolaj Pedersen & Peter Graham (eds.), Epistemic Entitlement. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Entitlement is defined as a sort of epistemic justification that one can possess by default – a sort of epistemic justification that does not need to be earned or acquired. Epistemologists who accept the existence of entitlement generally have a certain anti-sceptical role in mind for it – entitlement is intended to help us resist what would otherwise be compelling radical sceptical arguments. But this role leaves various details unspecified and, thus, leaves scope for a number of different potential conceptions (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
1 — 50 / 992