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Martin Ritter
Czech Academy of Sciences
  1.  1
    Into the World: The Movement of Patočka’s Phenomenology.Martin Ritter - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    Critically evaluating and synthesizing all the previous research on the phenomenology of Czech philosopher Jan Patočka, the book brings a new voice into contemporary philosophical discussions. It elucidates the development of Patočka’s phenomenology and offers a critical appropriation of his work by connecting it with non-phenomenological approaches. The first half of the book offers a succinct, and systematizing, overview of Patočka’s phenomenology throughout its development to help readers appreciate the motives behind and grounds for its transformations. The second half systematically (...)
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  2.  5
    Postphenomenological Method and Technological Things Themselves.Martin Ritter - 2021 - Human Studies 44 (4):581-593.
    We live in a world where it is impossible to exist without, and beyond, technologies. Despite this omnipresence, we tend to overlook their influence on us. The vigorously developing approach of postphenomenology, combining insights from phenomenology and pragmatism, focuses on the so-called technological mediation, i.e., on how technologies as mediators of human-world relations influence the appearing of both the world and the human beings in it. My analysis aims at demonstrating both the methodological weaknesses and open possibilities of postphenomenology. After (...)
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  3.  22
    Patočka’s Care of the Soul Reconsidered: Performing the Soul Through Movement.Martin Ritter - 2017 - Human Studies 40 (2):233-247.
    Care of the soul is arguably the core concept in Patočka’s phenomenology. However, what is the soul? In this paper I seek to determine its ontological meaning, connecting the concept of caring for the soul with that of the movement of existence. Starting from Patočka’s affirmative presentation of Aristotle’s criticism of Plato, I interrogate the “orthodox” Platonic concept of caring for the soul and develop an alternative notion, putting emphasis on action in the world. I demonstrate the impossibility of identifying (...)
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  4.  38
    The Hubris of Transcendental Idealism: Understanding Patočka's Early Concept of the Lifeworld.Martin Ritter - 2018 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 49 (2):171-181.
    Jan Patočka’s early phenomenology, as presented in The Natural World as a Philosophical Problem, does not merely adopt Husserl’s concept of the lifeworld. The paper demonstrates the originality of Patočka’s appropriation of this concept, but also its internal tensions and difficulties. Seeking to elaborate a concept of a phenomenology allowing for a theory of the lifeworld stricto sensu, i.e. of the life of the world, Patočka’s book effectively shows that there is no ahistorical, absolute or “natural” starting point for phenomenology. (...)
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  5. »Dolmetscherin der Vergangenheit Und Prophetin der Zukunft«: Das Profil der Jüdischen Philosophie Im Werk von Leopold Zunz, Abraham Geiger Und Salomon Munk.Martin Ritter - 2003 - Archiv für Begriffsgeschichte 45:121-150.
    While up to the 19th century there were philosophers within Judaism, these sages neither perceived themselves as Jewish philosophers nor did the Jewish community categorized them under this term. This situation changed with the rise of historicism. The first academically trained scholars in Judaism faced a new challenge: almost all leading contemporay German philosophers operated with a concept of a Christian philosophy which left no room for an acknowledgement of Jewish contributions to the history of philosophy. Zunz was the first (...)
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  6. Konstitutivní rysy Platónova Timaia.Martin Ritter - 2005 - Reflexe: Filosoficky Casopis 29:5-26.
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  7. Nitro a jeho základ. Pokus o shrnutí diskuse k Patočkovým válečným rukopisům.Martin Ritter - 2011 - Reflexe: Filosoficky Casopis 40:99-104.
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  8. Odcizené nitro. Polemická reakce na článek Jana Puce.Martin Ritter - 2010 - Reflexe: Filosoficky Casopis 38:99-107.
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  9. Patočka mezi Sókratem a Platónem. K interpretaci negativního platonismu.Martin Ritter - 2008 - Reflexe: Filosoficky Casopis 34:81-97.
    Studie systematicky sleduje Patočkovu inspiraci sókratovskými a platónskými motivy od počátku jeho myslitelského úsilí po formulaci „negativního platonismu“. Vůdčí se postupně stává otázka, proč chce být Patočkova koncepce negativním platonismem, a nikoli tím, co bychom mohli nazvat existenciálním sókratovstvím. S oporou v interpretaci Patočkových přednášek o Sókratovi a Platónovi, jakož i jeho nepublikované knihy Věčnost a dějinnost, se pokoušíme podat interpretaci negativního platonismu.
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  10. Péče o duši a otázka zjevování.Martin Ritter - 2009 - Reflexe: Filosoficky Casopis 36:35-55.
    Studie je interpretací Patočkova pozdního myšlení a snaží se osvětlit určité netriviální souvislosti, zejména úzký vztah mezi Patočkovou filosofií dějin a fenomenologií. Patočkův pokus využít pro interpretaci současné situace Evropy platónský pojem psyché je zasazen do dějinně-filosofického kontextu, ale zejména je situován do kontextu Patočkových husserlovských a heideggerovských filosofických východisek. Jako desideratum Patočkova myšlení se ukazuje koncepce pravdy, jež by brala v potaz problematiku lidské zodpovědnosti.
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  11. Rorty's Conception of Knowledge.Martin Ritter - 2012 - Filosoficky Casopis 60 (6):869-883.
     
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  12. Vom Sinn der Übersetzung. Versuch einer Gegenüberstellung von Benjamin und Gadamer.Martin Ritter - 2010 - Internationales Jahrbuch für Hermeneutik.
     
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  13. Vznik z nutnosti v Platónově Timaiovi.Martin Ritter - 2006 - Reflexe: Filosoficky Casopis 31:45-60.
    Studie se snaží určit, co přesně v Platónově Timaiovi znamená ”vznik z nutnosti”, z jakého důvodu je k popisu nutnosti nezbytné postulovat existenci chóry, jak máme tuto entitu chápat, a konečně v jakém smyslu je matematická konstituce stoicheiai živlů dílem nutnosti, resp. rozumu. Výklad bere v potaz některé textové nesrovnalosti a nejprve ukazuje, že z nutnosti vznikají parciální tělesa, tento materiál vjemového světa, a zákonitosti jejich střetů, které jsou alogon. Tyto fenomény jsou sice jistým, jim přiměřeným způsobem logizovány, a to (...)
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  14. Walter Benjamins Jugendschriften.Martin Ritter - 2007 - Internationales Jahrbuch für Hermeneutik.
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  15.  20
    Towards a Non-Eurocentric Analysis of the World Crisis: Reconsidering Patočka’s Approach.Martin Ritter - 2017 - Research in Phenomenology 47 (3):388-405.
    _ Source: _Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 388 - 405 The paper tackles Patočka’s ideas on the world crisis and on the possibility that it may be overcome. The key flaw in Patočka’s approach, one which also underpins his Eurocentrism, is identified as his drawing a firm line between a free, truly historical way of life, and unfree, earthbound living. In order to sketch a usable conception, the paper reinterprets Patočka’s notion of the three movements of existence, thereby connecting his (...)
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  16.  3
    Philosophical Potencies of Postphenomenology.Martin Ritter - 2021 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (4):1501-1516.
    As a distinctive voice in the current philosophy of technology, postphenomenology elucidates various ways of how technologies “shape” both the world and humans in it. Distancing itself from more speculative approaches, postphenomenology advocates the so-called empirical turn in philosophy of technology: It focuses on diverse effects of particular technologies instead of speculating on the essence of technology and its general impact. Critics of postphenomenology argue that by turning to particularities and emphasizing that technologies are always open to different uses and (...)
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  17.  3
    Die Unmittelbarkeit des Mediums: Zur Aktualität der Medienphilosophie Walter Benjamins.Martin Ritter - 2019 - Internationales Jahrbuch Für Medienphilosophie 5 (1):81-98.
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  18.  3
    Review of Martin Koci: Thinking Faith After Christianity. A Theological Reading of Jan Patočka's Phenomenological Philosophy. New York: SUNY Press, 301 Pp. Hardcover: ISBN: 978-1-4384-7893-7, $95.00, Paperback: ISBN: 978-1-4384-7892-0, $32.95. [REVIEW]Martin Ritter - 2021 - Studies in East European Thought 73 (3):377-379.