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Martin Shuster
Goucher College
  1.  15
    Autonomy After Auschwitz: Adorno, German Idealism, and Modernity.Martin Shuster - 2014 - University of Chicago Press.
    Ever since Kant and Hegel, the notion of autonomy—the idea that we are beholden to no law except one we impose upon ourselves—has been considered the truest philosophical expression of human freedom. But could our commitment to autonomy, as Theodor Adorno asked, be related to the extreme evils that we have witnessed in modernity? In Autonomy after Auschwitz, Martin Shuster explores this difficult question with astonishing theoretical acumen, examining the precise ways autonomy can lead us down a path of evil (...)
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  2. Humor as an Optics: Bergson and the Ethics of Humor.Martin Shuster - 2013 - Hypatia 28 (3):618-632.
    Although the ethics of humor is a relatively new field, it already seems to have achieved a consensus about ethics in general. In this paper, I implicitly (1) question the view of ethics that stands behind many discussions in the ethics of humor; I do this by explicitly (2) focusing on what has been a chief preoccupation in the ethics of humor: the evaluation of humor. Does the immoral content of a joke make it more or less humorous? Specifically, I (...)
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  3.  53
    Language and Loneliness: Arendt, Cavell, and Modernity.Martin Shuster - 2012 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 20 (4):473-497.
    Abstract Many have been struck by Hannah Arendt?s remarks on loneliness in the concluding pages of The Origins of Totalitarianism, but very few have attempted to deal with the remarks in any systematic way. What is especially striking about this state of affairs is that the remarks are crucial to the account contained therein, as they betray a view of agency that undergirds the rest of the account. This article develops Arendt?s thinking on loneliness throughout her corpus, showing how loneliness (...)
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  4.  18
    New Television: The Aesthetics and Politics of a Genre.Martin Shuster - 2017 - University of Chicago Press.
    Even though it’s frequently asserted that we are living in a golden age of scripted television, television as a medium is still not taken seriously as an artistic art form, nor has the stigma of television as “chewing gum for the mind” really disappeared. -/- Philosopher Martin Shuster argues that television is the modern art form, full of promise and urgency, and in New Television, he offers a strong philosophical justification for its importance. Through careful analysis of shows including The (...)
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  5.  33
    A Phenomenology of Home: Jean Améry on Homesickness.Martin Shuster - 2016 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 24 (3):117-127.
    As the contemporary nation state order continues to produce genocide and destruction, and thereby refugees, and as the national and international landscape continues to see the existence of refugees as a political problem, Jean Améry’s 1966 essay “How Much Home Does a Person Need?” takes on a curious urgency. I say ‘curious’ because his own conclusions about the essay’s aims and accomplishments appear uncertain and oftentimes unclear. My aim in what follows, then, is twofold. First, I intend to make clear (...)
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  6.  7
    Internal Relations and the Possibility of Evil: On Cavell and Monstrosity.Martin Shuster - 2010 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 2 (2):74-84.
    In this article, I examine Cavell's understanding and deployment of the catego-ries of 'evil' and the 'monstrous' in The Claim of Reason. Arguing that these notions can-not be understood apart from Cavell's reliance on the notion of an 'internal relation,' I trace this notion to its Wittgensteinian roots. Ultimately, I show that Cavell's view of evil allows us to navigate between two horns of a classic dilemma in thinking about evil: it al-lows us to see evil as neither a privation (...)
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  7.  29
    Adorno and Negative Theology.Martin Shuster - 2016 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 37 (1):97-130.
    This article elaborates Theodor W. Adorno’s understanding of ‘negation’ and ‘negative theology.’ It proceeds by introducing a typology of negation within modern philosophy roughly from Descartes onwards, showing how Adorno both fits and also stands out in this typology. Ultimately, it is argued that Adorno’s approach to negation and thereby to negative theology is throughout distinguished and infused by an ethical commitment.
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  8.  21
    A Comedian and a Fascist Walk Into Freud's Bar: On the Mass Character of Stand‐Up Comedy.Martin Shuster - 2020 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 78 (4):525-534.
    This article explores the psychoanalytic points of commonality between stand‐up comedy shows and fascist rallies, arguing that both are concerned with the creation of a “mass” audience. The article explores the political significance of this analogy by arguing that while stand‐up shows are not as regressive as fascist rallies, their “mass” character does run counter to any political aspirations they may have toward the end of critical consciousness raising.
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  9.  17
    Adorno’s Practical Philosophy: Living Less Wrongly, Written by Fabian Freyenhagen. [REVIEW]Martin Shuster - 2016 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 13 (4):502-505.
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  10.  22
    Adorno's Theory of Philosophical and Aesthetic Truth by Owen Hulatt. [REVIEW]Martin Shuster - 2017 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 55 (4):743-744.
    Owen Hulatt has written an exceptional book. As truth takes a beating at the hands of late capitalism, Theodor W. Adorno's assessment of the modern world and of truth becomes intimately relevant. There is a lot to recommend in this book, and it is a bold contribution to understanding Adorno.Following Adorno, Hulatt suggests that there is a connection between epistemology and aesthetics, that the objects of both admit of being true. As he puts it, "art is itself a kind of (...)
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  11.  7
    Book Review: Levinas’s Politics: Justice, Mercy, Universality, by Annabel Herzog. [REVIEW]Martin Shuster - forthcoming - Political Theory:009059172110051.
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  12.  43
    Espen Dahl and Stanley Cavell: Religion, and Continental Philosophy: Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IN, 2014, X + 177 Pages, $45. [REVIEW]Martin Shuster - 2015 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 77 (2):183-186.
    Although short, Espen Dahl has written a book that truly delivers on its title: it clearly, concisely, and powerfully shows Cavell’s frequent and deep links to and engagements with religion and religious themes and with Continental philosophy. While both of these strands have been explored piecemeal by scholars, Dahl’s innovation consists in the detail with which he can engage these themes and the position he is able to carve out. That position is one that sees Cavell’s thought “as essentially open (...)
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  13.  4
    FOSTER, ROGER S. Adorno and Philosophical Modernism: The Inside of Things. Lenham, MD: Lexington Books, 2016, Xiii + 245 Pp., $99.00 Cloth. [REVIEW]Martin Shuster - 2017 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 75 (3):324-326.
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  14.  38
    Hannah Arendt on the Evil of Not Being a Person.Martin Shuster - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (7):e12504.
    This article presents Hannah Arendt's novel conception of evil, arguing that what animates and undergirds this conception is an understanding of human agency, of what it means to be a person at all. The banality of evil that Arendt theorizes is exactly the failure to become a person in the first place—it is, in short, the evil of being a nobody. For Arendt, this evil becomes extreme when a mass of such nobodies becomes organized by totalitarianism. This article focuses on (...)
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  15.  29
    Kant's Opus Postumum and McDowell's Critique of Kant.Martin Shuster - 2014 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 52 (4):427-444.
    In this article, I have a modest goal: to sketch how Kant can avoid the charge of “subjective idealism” advanced against him by John McDowell and to do so with reference to Kant's last work, the so-called Opus Postumum. I am interested in defending Kant on this point because doing so not only shows how we need not—at least not because of this point about idealism—jump ship from Kant to Hegel , but also suggests that the Opus Postumum is a (...)
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  16.  65
    Nothing to Know.Martin Shuster - 2014 - Idealistic Studies 44 (1):1-29.
    I argue that Theodor W. Adorno is best understood as a moral perfectionist thinker in the stripe of Stanley Cavell. This is significant because Adorno’s moral philosophy has not received serious interest from moral philosophers, and much of this has to do with difficulties in situating his thought. I argue that once Adorno is situated in this way, then, like Cavell, he offers an interesting moral perspective that will be of value to a variety of moral theorists. My argument proceeds (...)
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  17. On Ever-Growing Numbers of Human Refuse Heaps and the Scope of History.Martin Shuster - 2021 - Arendt Studies 5:27-35.
    This is a response to Seyla Benhabib’s Exile, Stateless, and Migration. I focus on Benhabib’s engagement with Arendt and her assessment of stateless persons in addition to what such a discussion suggests for the scope of our historical inquiry.
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  18.  12
    Rorty and (the Politics of) Love.Martin Shuster - 2019 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 40 (1):65-78.
    This essay argues that Rorty's reliance on love evinces a residual bit of dogmatism on his part (with some guest appearances by Hannah Arendt, Walter Benjamin, and Theodor W. Adorno).
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  19.  4
    Translation of Theodor W. Adorno's "Thesen Über Bedürfnis".Martin Shuster & Iain Macdonald - 2017 - Adorno Studies 1 (1):101-104.
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