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Martin Sticker
University of Bristol
  1. Rationalizing.Martin Sticker - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    Kant was a keen psychological observer and theorist of the forms, mechanisms and sources of self-deception. In this Element, the author discusses the role of rationalizing/Vernünfteln for Kant's moral psychology, normative ethics and philosophical methodology. By drawing on the full breadth of examples of rationalizing Kant discusses, the author shows how rationalizing can extend to general features of morality and corrupt rational agents thoroughly. Furthermore, the author explains the often-overlooked roles common human reason, empirical practical reason and even pure practical (...)
     
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  2. Kant and the Demandingness of the Virtue of Beneficence.Paul Formosa & Martin Sticker - 2019 - European Journal of Philosophy 27 (3):625-642.
    We discuss Kant’s conception of beneficence against the background of the overdemandingness debate. We argue that Kant’s conception of beneficence constitutes a sweet spot between overdemandingess and undemandingess. To this end we defend four key claims that together constitute a novel interpretation of Kant’s account of beneficence: 1) for the same reason that we are obligated to be beneficent to others we are permitted to be beneficent to ourselves; 2) we can prioritise our own ends; 3) it is more virtuous (...)
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  3. Moral Education and Transcendental Idealism.Joe Saunders & Martin Sticker - 2020 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 102 (4):646-673.
    In this paper, we draw attention to several important tensions between Kant’s account of moral education and his commitment to transcendental idealism. Our main claim is that, in locating freedom outside of space and time, transcendental idealism makes it difficult for Kant to both provide an explanation of how moral education occurs, but also to confirm that his own account actually works. Having laid out these problems, we then offer a response on Kant’s behalf. We argue that, while it might (...)
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  4.  61
    Kant, Moral Overdemandingness and Self‐Scrutiny.Martin Sticker - 2021 - Noûs 55 (2):293-316.
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  5.  23
    Moral Rationalism and Demandingness in Kant.Marcel van Ackeren & Martin Sticker - 2018 - Kantian Review 23 (3):407-428.
  6. Kant and Moral Demandingness.Marcel van Ackeren & Martin Sticker - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (1):75-89.
    We discuss the demandingness of Kant’s ethics. Whilst previous discussions of this issue focused on imperfect duties, our first aim is to show that Kantian demandingness is especially salient in the class of perfect duties. Our second aim is to introduce a fine-grained picture of demandingness by distinguishing between different possible components of a moral theory which can lead to demandingness: a required process of decision making, overridingness and the stringent content of demands, due to a standpoint of moral purity. (...)
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  7.  33
    A Funeral March for Those Drowning in Shallow Ponds?: Imperfect Duties and Emergencies.Martin Sticker - 2019 - Kant Studien 110 (2):236-255.
    I discuss the problem that Kant’s ethics seems to be incapable of capturing our strong intuition that emergencies create a context for actions that is very different from other cases of helping and from other opportunities to further obligatory ends. I argue that if we pay attention to how Kant grounds beneficence we see that distress and emergency function as constitutive concerns. They are vital to establishing the duty of beneficence in the first place, and they also guide the application (...)
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  8.  29
    The Demandingness of Beneficence and Kant’s System of Duties.Martin Sticker & Marcel van Ackeren - 2018 - Social Theory and Practice 44 (3):405-436.
    This paper contributes to the discussion of the moral demandingness of Kantian ethics by critically discussing an argument that is currently popular among Kantians. The argument from the system of duties holds that in the Kantian system of duties the demandingness of our duty of beneficence is internally moderated by other moral prescriptions, such as the indirect duty to secure happiness, duties to oneself and special obligations. Furthermore, proponents of this argument claim that via these prescriptions Kant’s system of duties (...)
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  9.  47
    When the Reflective Watch-Dog Barks: Conscience and Self-Deception in Kant.Martin Sticker - 2017 - Journal of Value Inquiry 51 (1):85-104.
  10.  16
    Kant on Thinking for Oneself and with Others—the Ethical a Priori, Openness and Diversity.Martin Sticker - 2021 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 55 (6):949-965.
  11.  33
    Kant's Criticism of Common Moral Rational Cognition.Martin Sticker - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (1):85-108.
    There is a consensus that Kant's aim in the Groundwork is to clarify, systematize and vindicate the common conception of morality. Philosophical theory hence serves a restorative function. It can strengthen agents' motivation, protect against self-deception and correct misunderstandings produced by uncritical moral theory. In this paper, I argue that Kant also corrects the common perspective and that Kant's Groundwork shows in which senses the common perspective, even considered apart from its propensity to self-deception and without being influenced by misleading (...)
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  12.  16
    Kant, Eudaimonism, Act-Consequentialism and the Fact of Reason.Martin Sticker - 2020 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 102 (2):209-241.
    Kant considers eudaimonism as his main opponent and he assumes that his ethics is the only viable alternative to eudaimonism. He does not explicitly address theories differing from both eudaimonism and from his own. I argue that whilst Kant and Act-Consequentialists advocate different normative principles, their positions share the important abstract feature that they establish what is to be done from a rational principle and not based on what is in the self-interest of the respective agent, as Kant thinks eudaimonism (...)
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  13.  45
    Educating the Common Agent: Kant on the Varieties of Moral Education.Martin Sticker - 2015 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 97 (3).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie Jahrgang: 97 Heft: 3 Seiten: 358-387.
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  14.  16
    The Demandingness of Beneficence and Kant’s System of Duties in Advance.Martin Sticker & Marcel van Ackeren - forthcoming - Social Theory and Practice.
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  15.  20
    Kant's Criticism of Common Moral Rational Cognition.Martin Sticker - 2016 - European Journal of Philosophy 24 (4).
    There is a consensus that Kant's aim in the Groundwork is to clarify, systematize and vindicate the common conception of morality. Philosophical theory hence serves a restorative function. It can strengthen agents' motivation, protect against self-deception and correct misunderstandings produced by uncritical moral theory. In this paper, I argue that Kant also corrects the common perspective and that Kant's Groundwork shows in which senses the common perspective, even considered apart from its propensity to self-deception and without being influenced by misleading (...)
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  16.  13
    Poverty, Exploitation, Mere Things and Mere Means.Martin Sticker - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-17.
    I argue that, alongside the already well-established prohibition against treating persons as mere means, Kant’s Formula of Humanity requires a prohibition against treating persons as mere things. The former captures ethical violations due to someone’s instrumental value, e.g. exploitation, the latter captures cases in which I mistreat others because they have no instrumental value to me. These are cases in which I am indifferent and complacent towards persons in need; forms of mistreatment frequently suffered by the world’s poorest. I explain (...)
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  17.  90
    The Case Against Different-Sex Marriage in Kant.Martin Sticker - 2020 - Kantian Review 25 (3):441-464.
    Recently, a number of Kantians have argued that despite Kant’s own disparaging comments about same-sex intercourse and marriage, his ethical and legal philosophy lacks the resources to show that they are impermissible. I go further by arguing that his framework is in fact more open to same-sex than to different-sex marriage. Central is Kant’s claim that marriage requires equality between spouses. Kant himself thought that men and women are not equal, and some of his more insightful remarks on the issue (...)
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  18.  34
    The Moral-Psychology of the Common Agent – A Reply to Ido Geiger.Martin Sticker - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (5):976-989.
    Ido Geiger's paper ‘What it is the Use of the Universal Law Formula of the Categorical Imperative?’ is part of a growing trend in Kant scholarship, which stresses the significance of the rational competence of ordinary human beings. I argue that this approach needs to take into account that the common agent is an active reasoner who has the means to find out what she ought to do. The purpose of my paper is to show how universality already figures in (...)
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  19.  37
    Why We Go Wrong: Beyond Kant’s Dichotomy Between Duty and Self-Love.Martin Sticker & Joe Saunders - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    Kant holds that whenever we fail to act from duty, we are driven by self-love. In this paper, we argue that there are a variety of different ways in which people go wrong, and we show why it is unsatisfying to reduce all of these to self-love. In doing so, we present Kant with five cases of wrongdoing that are difficult to account for in terms of self-love. We end by suggesting a possible fix for Kant, arguing that he should (...)
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  20.  3
    Kant on Thinking for Oneself and with Others—the Ethical a Priori, Openness and Diversity.Martin Sticker - 2022 - Wiley: Journal of Philosophy of Education 55 (6).
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, Volume 55, Issue 6, Page 949-965, December 2021.
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  21.  24
    Kant and the Problem of Demandingness: Introduction.Marcel van Ackeren & Martin Sticker - 2018 - Kantian Review 23 (3):373-378.
  22.  22
    How Can Common Rational Capacities Confirm the Correctness of the Deduction in Groundwork III—and Why Does It Matter?Martin Sticker - 2014 - Hegel Bulletin 35 (2):228-251.
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  23.  3
    Common Human Reason and the Fact of Reason.Martin Sticker - 2018 - In Violetta L. Waibel, Margit Ruffing & David Wagner (eds.), Natur Und Freiheit. Akten des Xii. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. De Gruyter. pp. 2191-2198.
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  24.  23
    Experiments in Ethics?Martin Sticker - 2016 - Idealistic Studies 46 (1):41-64.
    I discuss two puzzling and neglected passages in the Critique of Practical Reason, namely, V:92 and V:163. In these passages Kant claims that practical philosophers should follow the paradigm of the chemist and conduct experiments on common human reason. I explain Kant’s conception of the chemical experiment, provide a detailed interpretation of the two passages in question, and conclude by applying the structure of the chemical experiment to the Analytic of the Critique of Practical Reason. Chemical experiments as a model (...)
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  25.  67
    Peer-Disagreement About Restaurant Bills and Abortion.Martin Sticker - 2017 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 94 (4):577-604.
    The author defends Conciliationism as a response to peer-disagreement in ethics against a prominent objection: if in cases of peer-disagreement we have to move our credences towards those of our dissenting peers, then we have to adopt scepticism in fields where disagreement between peers abounds. For this objection, the case of ethics is particularly worrisome. The author argues that the objection from scepticism is based on a highly idealised notion of an epistemic peer. In cases of disagreement about ethical issues, (...)
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  26.  10
    Kant on Education and Improvement: Themes and Problems.Martin Sticker & David Bakhurst - 2022 - Wiley: Journal of Philosophy of Education 55 (6).
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, Volume 55, Issue 6, Page 909-920, December 2021.
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  27.  24
    Parfit Und Kant Über Vernünftige Zustimmung ​.Martin Sticker - 2016 - Zeitschrift für Praktische Philosophie 3 (2):221-254.
    Nach Parfit konvergieren die systematisch stärksten Versionen von Kantianismus, Regel-Konsequentialismus und Kontraktualismus in einer Triple Theory. Ich konzentriere mich auf eine der zentralen Schwierigkeiten, Kantianismus und Konsequentialismus zusammenzubringen: die Rolle von Zustimmung, welche ihren deutlichsten Ausdruck in Kants Zweck-an-sich-Formel findet. Ich zeige zunächst, wie die Einführung unparteilicher, nichtmoralischer Gründe, auf der viel Gewicht in Parfits Zustimmungsprinzip liegt, in einigen Fällen die Zweck-an-sich-Formel zu dem intuitiv richtigen Ergebnis führen kann. Anschließend wende ich mich kritisch gegen Parfit. Ich diskutiere zwei Einwände gegen (...)
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  28.  9
    Owen Ware, Kant’s Justification of Ethics Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021 Pp. 192 ISBN 9780198849933 (Hbk), $70.00. [REVIEW]Martin Sticker - 2022 - Kantian Review 27 (2):338-341.
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  29.  13
    Kant on Education and Improvement: Themes and Problems.Martin Sticker & David Bakhurst - 2021 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 55 (6):909-920.
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, EarlyView.
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  30.  32
    Common Human Reason in Kant : A Study in Kant’s Moral Psychology and Philosophical Method.Martin Sticker - unknown
    In my thesis I explain why the common, pre-theoretical understanding of morality is an important part of Kant’s ethics, and I critically evaluate what the strengths and weaknesses are of doing ethics with the common perspective as a point of reference. In chapter 1, I discuss the significance of common rational capacities for the deduction in Groundwork III as well as for the Fact of Reason. Attention to the fundamental role of common rational capacities in the Second Critique reveals that (...)
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  31.  62
    Review: Grenberg, Kant's Defense of Common Moral Experience: A Phenomenological Account[REVIEW]Martin Sticker - 2014 - Kantian Review 19 (2):315-318.
  32.  8
    Parfit’s Mixed Maxim Objection against the Formula of Universal Law Reconsidered.Matthias Hoesch & Martin Sticker - forthcoming - Journal of Value Inquiry:1-20.
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  33.  51
    Procreation, Footprint and Responsibility for Climate Change.Felix Pinkert & Martin Sticker - 2020 - The Journal of Ethics 25 (3):293-321.
    Several climate ethicists have recently argued that having children is morally equivalent to over-consumption, and contributes greatly to parents’ personal carbon footprints. We show that these claims are mistaken, for two reasons. First, including procreation in parents’ carbon footprints double-counts children’s consumption emissions, once towards their own, and once towards their parents’ footprints. We show that such double-counting defeats the chief purpose of the concept of carbon footprint, namely to measure the sustainability and equitability of one’s activities and choices. Furthermore, (...)
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  34.  28
    The Limits of Moral Authority. [REVIEW]Martin Sticker - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (5):739-743.
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  35.  19
    Kant’s Transition Project and Late Philosophy. Connecting the Opus Postumum and Metaphysics of Morals. [REVIEW]Martin Sticker - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 27 (3):656-659.
    Volume 27, Issue 3, May 2019, Page 656-659.
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  36.  14
    Kant on Reflection and Virtue Melissa Merritt, (Cambridge: University Press, 2018, 234pp ISBN: 9781108344005, £75.00 Hbk. [REVIEW]Martin Sticker - 2019 - European Journal of Philosophy 27 (2):532-534.
    European Journal of Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  37.  24
    Die Ansprüche der Theorie und Praxis in der Nikomachischen Ethik.Martin Sticker - 2016 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 70 (3):380-399.
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  38.  19
    Die Ansprüche der Theorie und Praxis in der Nikomachischen Ethik.Martin Sticker - 2016 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 70 (4):380-399.
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  39.  10
    Reflection or Ethical Community? Kant’s and Hegel’s Conception of Pre-Theoretical Moral Cognition.Martin Sticker - 2017 - Hegel-Jahrbuch 2017 (1):247-252.
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