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Martina Reuter
University of Helsinki
  1.  86
    “Like a Fanciful Kind of Half Being”: Mary Wollstonecraft's Criticism of Jean‐Jacques Rousseau.Martina Reuter - 2014 - Hypatia 29 (4):925-941.
    The article investigates the philosophical foundations and details of Mary Wollstonecraft's criticism of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's views on the education and nature of women. I argue that Wollstonecraft's criticism must not be understood as a constructionist critique of biological reductionism. The first section analyzes the differences between Wollstonecraft's and Rousseau's views on the possibility of a true civilization and shows how these differences connect to their respective conceptions of moral psychology. The section shows that Wollstonecraft's disagreement with Rousseau's views on women (...)
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  2. Merleau-Ponty's Notion of Pre-Reflective Intentionality.Martina Reuter - 1999 - Synthese 118 (1):69-88.
    This article presents an interpretation of Merleau-Ponty's notion of pre-reflective intentionality, explicating the similarities and differences between his and Husserl's understandings of intentionality. The main difference is located in Merleau-Ponty's critique of Husserl's noesis-noema structure. Merleau-Ponty seems to claim that there can be intentional acts which are not of or about anything specific. He defines intentionality by its ``directedness'', which is described as a bodily, concrete spatial motility. Merleau-Ponty's understanding of intentionality is part of his attempt to rewrite the relation (...)
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  3.  7
    Elisabeth on Free Will, Preordination, and Philosophical Doubt.Martina Reuter - 2021 - In Sabrina Ebbersmeyer & Sarah Hutton (eds.), Elisabeth of Bohemia : A Philosopher in Her Historical Context. Springer Verlag. pp. 163-176.
    Elisabeth is widely known as a critic of René Descartes’ account of mind–body interaction and scholarly interpretations of her view on the will most often pose the question about the freedom of the will in relation to bodily impulses such as the passions. This chapter takes a different perspective and focuses on the problem of the compatibility of free will and providence, as it is discussed in a sequence of six letters that Elisabeth and Descartes wrote between September 1645 and (...)
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  4.  4
    Mind, Body, and Morality: New Perspectives on Descartes and Spinoza.Frans Svensson & Martina Reuter (eds.) - 2019 - New York: Routledge.
    The turn of the millennium has been marked by new developments in the study of early modern philosophy. In particular, the philosophy of René Descartes has been reinterpreted in a number of important and exciting ways, specifically concerning his work on the mind-body union, the connection between objective and formal reality, and his status as a moral philosopher. These fresh interpretations have coincided with a renewed interest in overlooked parts of the Cartesian corpus and a sustained focus on the similarities (...)
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  5.  31
    Cluster Introduction: Mary Wollstonecraft: Philosophy and Enlightenment.Martina Reuter, Lena Halldenius & Alan Coffee - 2014 - Hypatia 29 (4):906-907.
  6.  2
    Equality and Difference in Olympe de Gouges’ Les Droits de la Femme. A La Reine.Martina Reuter - 2019 - Australasian Philosophical Review 3 (4):403-412.
    ABSTRACT This article examines Olympe de Gouges’ demands for the rights of woman in her famous but still understudied work Les droits de la femme. A La Reine [1791]. Particular emphasis is put on analysing how she combines her demand for equality with her conception of sexual difference. The article consists of three parts. The first part gives a brief overview of the demands for the equality of the sexes as they were presented in seventeenth-century France and critically reacted upon (...)
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  7.  28
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Mary Wollstonecraft on the Imagination.Martina Reuter - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (6):1138-1160.
    ABSTRACTThe article compares Rousseau’s and Wollstonecraft’s views on the imagination. It is argued that though Wollstonecraft was evidently influenced by Rousseau, there are significant differences between their views. These differences are grounded in their different views on the faculty of reason and its relation to the passions. Whereas Rousseau characterizes reason as a derivative faculty, grounded in the more primary faculty of perfectibility, Wollstonecraft perceives reason as the faculty defining human nature. It is argued that contrary to what is often (...)
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  8.  4
    Subjugation, Freedom, and Recognition in Poulain de la Barre and Simone de Beauvoir.Martina Reuter - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-18.
    In 1949, Simone de Beauvoir cited the fairly unknown author Poulain de la Barre in an epigraph for The Second Sex (1949). When reading The Second Sex, one soon realizes that there are profound similarities between the two authors’ discussions of women’s situation. Both Poulain and Beauvoir view the subjection of women as a process that includes choice as well as force. Liberation necessarily requires overcoming opinions rooted in custom and prejudice. The article develops a comparison between the arguments of (...)
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  9.  1
    Psychology and Philosophy : Inquiries Into the Soul From Late Scholasticism to Contemporary Thought.Sara Heinämaa & Martina Reuter (eds.) - 2009 - Springer.
    Psychology and Philosophy provides a history of the relations between philosophy and the science of psychology from late scholasticism to contemporary discussions. The book covers the development from 16th-century interpretations of Aristotle’s De Anima, through Kantianism and the 19th-century revival of Aristotelianism, up to 20th-century phenomenological and analytic studies of consciousness and the mind. In this volume historically divergent conceptions of psychology as a science receive special emphasis. The volume illuminates the particular nature of studies of the psyche in the (...)
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  10. Spiritus animalis: kirjoituksia filosofian historiasta.Sara Heinämaa, Martina Reuter & Mikko Yrjönsuuri (eds.) - 2003 - Gaudeamus.
     
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  11. Kan filosofin tillämpas?Martina Reuter - 2001 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 2.
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  12. Recension av Åsa Carlsons Kön, kropp och konstruktion.Martina Reuter - 2003 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 1.
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  13.  11
    Mary Wollstonecraft’s Critique of J-J Rousseau.Martina Reuter - 2018 - Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 29:83-87.
    It is well known that Mary Wollstonecraft wrote a fierce critique of J-J Rousseau’s views on the nature and education of women, but the philosophical foundation of this critique has not yet been sufficiently explored. Wendy Gunther-Canada, for example, assumes that Wollstonecraft is attacking Rousseau’s biological determinism. I will argue that Gunther-Canada’s assumption is based on an anachronistic understanding of Wollstonecraft’s critical project and fails to capture its philosophical significance. Gunther-Canada’s distinction between social and biological differences belongs to a much (...)
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  14.  27
    The Body at Century's End.Martina Reuter - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (2):160-169.
  15.  18
    Book Review: Barbara Brook. The Body at Century's End: A Review of Feminist Perspectives on the Body London and New York: Longman, 1999; Gail Weiss and Honi Fern Haber. Perspectives on Embodiment: The Intersection of Nature and Culture and Jane Arthurs and Jean Grimshaw. Women's Bodies: Discipline and Transgression. [REVIEW]Martina Reuter - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (2):160-169.
  16. Questions of Sexual Difference and Equality in Descartes' Philosophy.Martina Reuter - 1999 - Acta Philosophica Fennica 64:183-210.
  17.  4
    Mary Wollstonecraft Och Autonomins Uppkomst.Martina Reuter - 2018 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 53 (2-03):105-118.
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