Results for 'Marvin J. Karson'

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  1.  60
    Managers, Values, and Executive Decisions: An Exploration of the Role of Gender, Career Stage, Organizational Level, Function, and the Importance of Ethics, Relationships and Results in Managerial Decision-Making. [REVIEW]John H. Barnett & Marvin J. Karson - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (10):747 - 771.
    A study of 513 executives researched decisions involving ethics, relationships and results. Analyzing personal values, organization role and level, career stage, gender and sex role with decisions in ten scenarios produced conclusions about both the role of gender, subjective values, and the other study variables and about situational relativity, gender stereotypes, career stages, and future research opportunities.
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  2.  45
    Personal Values and Business Decisions: An Exploratory Investigation. [REVIEW]John H. Barnett & Marvin J. Karson - 1987 - Journal of Business Ethics 6 (5):371 - 382.
    Interest in subjective values and decision responses are investigated empirically, including statistically testing the predictive relationships between subjective values, other independent variables such as level and area of executive responsibility, and decision responses.
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  3. Personal Values and Business Decisions.J. Burnett & A. Karson - 1987 - Journal of Business Ethics 6:371-382.
     
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  4. Overcoming the Legacy of Mistrust: African Americans’ Mistrust of Medical Profession.Marvin J. H. Lee, Kruthika Reddy, Junad Chowdhury, Nishant Kumar, Peter A. Clark, Papa Ndao, Stacey J. Suh & Sarah Song - 2018 - Journal of Healthcare Ethics and Administration 4 (1):16-40.
    Recent studies show that racism still exists in the American medical profession, the fact of which legitimizes the historically long-legacy of mistrust towards medical profession and health authorities among African Americans. Thus, it was suspected that the participation of black patients in end-of-life care has always been significantly low stemmed primarily from their mistrust of the medical profession. On the other hand, much research finds that there are other reasons than the mistrust which makes African Americans feel reluctant to the (...)
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  5.  53
    The Problem of 'Thick in Status, Thin in Content' in Beauchamp and Childress' Principlism.Marvin J. H. Lee - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (9):525-528.
    For many, Thomas Beauchamp and James Childress have elaborated moral reasoning by using the four principles whereby all substantive problems of medical ethics (and of ethics more generally) can be properly analysed and cogent philosophical solutions for the problems can be found. It seems that their ‘principlism’ gets updated, with better features being added during the course of the six editions of Principles of Biomedical Ethics. Nonetheless, Beauchamp and Childress seem to have been losing their way when it comes to (...)
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  6. Why Naming Disease Differs From Naming Illness.Marvin J. H. Lee - 2018 - AMA Journal of Ethics 20 (12):E1195-1200.
    Addressing the question of how medicine should engage with people who consider their clinical disease condition to be importantly constitutive of their identity, this article focuses on one group—advocates for the fat acceptance (FA) or body positivity movement in American society. Drawing on philosophical analysis, I try to show that FA and physician communities represent different traditions within the larger culture and that whether obesity should be considered a disease is a culture battle. I argue that diseases (medical) and illnesses (...)
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  7. On the Oregon Health Authority's Recent Ban on Elective Surgery for Smokers with Medicaid: An Ethical Analysis.Marvin J. H. Lee & Peter Grossnickle - 2017 - Journal of Healthcare Ethics and Administration 3 (2):40-50.
    Starting January 1, 2017, the Oregon Health Authority (OHA, henceforth) made a sweeping decision that no elective surgery is to be performed for Medicaid recipients who smoke tobacco. The authors of this paper investigate the administrative procedures behind the OHA’s decision, explore some possible ethical arguments for and against the decision, and render our ethical verdict about the ban and our suggestion for the OHA. Meanwhile, since this issue involves the problems of smoking-related addiction, the agent’s autonomy which may be (...)
     
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  8. Between Social Justice and Market Justice: Ethics of Health Care Leadership.Marvin J. H. Lee - 2016 - Journal of Healthcare Ethics and Administration 2 (2).
  9. Equipping Police with Naloxone Spray and Decriminalizing All Opioid Use in the U.S.: An Ethical Analysis.Marvin J. H. Lee - 2018 - Journal of Healthcare Ethics and Administration 4 (2):17-25.
    The number of police departments carrying Narcan keeps increasing at a fast pace throughout the U.S., as it is considered an effective measure to fight the opioid epidemic. However, there have been strong oppositions to the idea of the police Narcan use. Still, in 2018, the nation is debating about it. Though not clearly visible to the public, there are important ethical arguments against the police Narcan use which necessarily involve understanding of the ethical roles and responsibilities of police as (...)
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  10.  59
    Teaching the Practical Relevance of Propositional Logic.Marvin J. Croy - 2010 - Teaching Philosophy 33 (3):253-270.
    This article advances the view that propositional logic can and should be taught within general education logic courses in ways that emphasizes its practical usefulness, much beyond what commonly occurs in logic textbooks. Discussion and examples of this relevance include database searching, understanding structured documents, and integrating concepts of proof construction with argument analysis. The underlying rationale for this approach is shown to have import for questions concerning the design of logic courses, textbooks, and the general education curriculum, particularly the (...)
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  11. Religious Education: A Comprehensive Survey of Background, Theory, Methods, Administration and Agencies.Marvin J. Taylor - 1960
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  12. On Charlie Gard: Ethics, Culture, and Religion.Marvin J. H. Lee - 2018 - Journal of Healthcare Ethics and Administration 4 (2):1-17.
    The 2017 story of Charlie Gard is revisited. Upon the British High Court’s ruling in favor of the physicians that the infant should be allowed to die without the experimental treatment, the view of the public as well as the opinions of bioethicists and Catholic bishops are divided, interestingly along with a cultural line. American bioethicists and Catholic bishops tend to believe that the parents should have the final say while British/European bioethicists and Catholic bishops in general side with the (...)
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  13. Two Cautions for a Common Morality Debate: Investigating the Argument From Empirical Evidence Through the Comparative Cultural Study Between Western Liberal Individualist Culture and East Asian Neo-Confucian Culture.Marvin J. H. Lee - 2012 - In Peter A. Clark (ed.), Contemporary Issues in Bioethics. InTech Publisher. pp. 1-14.
    The paper attempts to set a guideline to contemporary common morality debate. The author points out what he sees as two common problems that occur in the field of comparative cultural studies related to a common morality debate. The first problem is that the advocates and opponents of common morality, consciously or unconsciously, define the moral terms in question in a way that their respective meanings would naturally lead to the outcomes that each party desires. The second problem is that (...)
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  14. Arguments for and Against Germline Intervention: A Critical Review of Ronald Green’s Babies by Design.Marvin J. H. Lee & Sophia Lozowski - 2017 - Journal of Healthcare Ethics and Administration 3 (1).
    It seems certain that one day we will allow the genetic technology which will enhance our offspring. A highly effective new tool, called CRISPR, which allows for carving out genes, is already being used to edit the genomes of animals. In July 2017, the FDA legalized that germline drugs for therapeutic purposes could be sold in the market. It is a high time, now, that we need engage in discussions about the ethics of germline intervention. To contribute to the discussion (...)
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  15. Ethical Dilemma for a Medical Resident: A Case Study Analysis.Marvin J. H. Lee, Ana Maheshwari & Peter A. Clark - 2016 - Internet Journal of Infectious Diseases 15 (1).
    Ebola is a deadly disease with no cure; there is no vaccine developed yet. Many died during the 2014 outbreak in West Africa, and many healthcare professionals went to the virus infected area to treat the patients while placing their lives in danger. Not every medical professional placed in the field is a fully trained specialist, and sometimes one or two under-trained doctors are in charge of the entire clinic with some nurses and operating technicians. When unexpected outbreaks of the (...)
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  16. Deafness and Prenatal Testing: A Study Analysis.Marvin J. H. Lee, Benjamin Chan & Peter A. Clark - 2016 - Internet Journal of Family Practice 14 (1).
    The Deaf culture in the United States is a unique culture that is not widely understood. To members of the Deaf community in the United States, deafness is not viewed as a disease or pathology to be treated or cured; instead it is seen as a difference in human experience. Members of this community do not hide their deafness; instead they take great pride in their Deaf identity. The Deaf culture in the United States is very communitarian not individualistic. Mary (...)
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  17. Does Technology Warrant Absolute Power of Religious Autonomy?Marvin J. H. Lee & Bridget McGarry - 2017 - Journal of Healthcare Ethics and Administration 3 (1).
    Investigating an actual case that occurred in a New York state hospital where an Orthodox Jewish patient’s legal proxy demands that the clinicians and hospital administrators should provide aggressive treatment with all available technological resources for the seemingly brain-dead patient with a medically futile condition. The authors argue that a health care policy or regulation should be developed to limit patient’s access to technology in critical care. Otherwise, we will be allowing society to issue a carte blanche to religious autonomy (...)
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  18. Zika Virus: Can Artificial Contraception Be Condoned?Marvin J. H. Lee, Ravi S. Edara, Peter A. Clark & Andrew T. Myers - 2016 - Internet Journal of Infectious Diseases 15 (1).
    As the Zika virus pandemic continues to bring worry and fear to health officials and medical scientists, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO) have recommended that residents of the Zika-infected countries, e.g., Brazil, and those who have traveled to the area should delay having babies which may involve artificial contraceptive, particularly condom. This preventive policy, however, is seemingly at odds with the Roman Catholic Church’s position on the contraceptive. As least since the promulgation of (...)
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  19.  7
    UCS Intensity and the Associative Strength of the Eyelid CR with a Masked Conditioning Procedure.Marvin J. Homzie & Gerald Weiss - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (1):101.
  20. The Effect of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) on Elementary and Secondary Student Football Players and Preventive Guidelines.Marvin J. H. Lee, Brandon Eck, Peter Clark & Brant Edmonds - 2017 - Internet Journal of Pediatrics and Neonatology 19 (1).
     
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  21.  4
    Time Course of Visual and Auditory Encoding.Marvin J. Dainoff - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (2):214.
  22.  18
    Health Care Disparities.Marvin J. H. Lee & Sally Kuykendall - 2018 - In Encyclopedia of Public Health: Principles, People, and Programs. Santa Barbara, CA, USA:
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  23. In Higher Education.Marvin J. Croy - unknown
    A number of national educational organizations and individual authors have called for the use of information technology to radically reform higher education. Several projections of how this reformation will unfold are presented here. Three different approaches to critically assessing these projections are considered in this article, two briefly and one in more detail. Brief consideration is given to an approach based on educational values and to an approach based on cost/benefit analysis. After some discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of (...)
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  24.  9
    Ethics in Public Health and Population Health.Marvin J. H. Lee - 2018 - In Sally Kuykendall (ed.), Encyclopedia of Public Health Principles, People, and Programs. Santa Barbara, CA, USA:
    Ethics in Public Health and Population Health.
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  25.  37
    The Exclusion and Distortion of African American Perspectives in Peace Education.Marvin J. Berlowitz, Nathan A. Long & Eric R. Jackson - 2006 - Educational Studies 39 (1):5-15.
  26.  7
    Population Health.Marvin J. H. Lee - 2018 - In Sally Kuykendall (ed.), Encyclopedia of Public Health: Principles, People, and Programs. Santa Barbara, CA, USA:
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  27.  45
    Turing's Man.Marvin J. Croy - 1985 - Teaching Philosophy 8 (3):252-253.
  28. Faculty as Machine Monitors in Higher Education?Marvin J. Croy - 2000 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 20 (2):106-114.
    Predictions concerning postindustrial society include that of workers serving as machine monitors. That concept is explored in this article in respect to faculty in higher education serving as monitors of computers that are executing instructional programs. Questions concerning changes in faculty roles and the control of educational quality are addressed. Alfred Bork’s vision of asynchronous learning systems is elaborated, and that alternative is compared to the concept of machine monitoring. It is concluded that monitoring in higher education is not likely (...)
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  29.  31
    The Current State of Computer-Assisted Instruction for Logic.Marvin J. Croy - 1986 - Teaching Philosophy 9 (4):333-350.
  30.  26
    Tribbles.Marvin J. Croy - 1986 - Teaching Philosophy 9 (3):284-286.
  31. An Incrementalist View... An Incrementalist View of Proposed Uses of Information Technology.Marvin J. Croy - unknown
    A number of national educational organizations and individual authors have called for the use of information technology to radically reform higher education. Several projections of how this reformation will unfold are presented here. Three different approaches to critically assessing these projections are considered in this article, two briefly and one in more detail. Brief consideration is given to an approach based on educational values and to an approach based on cost/benefit analysis. After some discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of (...)
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  32.  3
    Labor Relations Consultants, the Bankruptcy Loophole, Concession Bargaining and Two-Tier Wages: Recent Labor Relations Trends or Aberrations?Marvin J. Levine - 1990 - Business and Society 29 (1):29-37.
  33.  35
    Ethical Issues Concerning Expert Systems' Applications in Education.Marvin J. Croy - 1989 - AI and Society 3 (3):209-219.
    This article traces the connection between expert systems used as consultants in medicine and their design for instructional purposes in education. It is suggested that there are important differences between these applications. Recognizing these differences leads to the view that the development of intelligent computer-assisted instructions (ICAI) should be guided by empirical research into social/psychological consequences and by ethical inquiries into the acceptability of those consequences. Three proposals are put forward: (1) that the pedagogical role of intelligent CAI be clarified, (...)
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  34.  25
    An Incrementalist View of Proposed Uses of Information Technology in Higher Education.Marvin J. Croy - 1997 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 4 (1/2):1-9.
    A number of national educational organizations and individual authors have called for the use of information technology to radically reform higher education. Several projections of how this reformation will unfold are presented here. Three different approaches to critically assessing these projections are considered in this article, two briefly and one in more detail. Brief consideration is given to an approach based on educational values and to an approach based on cost/benefit analysis. After some discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of (...)
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  35.  15
    Ethical Concerns in Computer-Assisted Instruction,.Marvin J. Croy - 1985 - Metaphilosophy 16 (4):338-349.
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  36.  36
    Post-Physicalism and Beyond.D. Vaden House & Marvin J. McDonald - 1992 - Dialogue 31 (4):593-.
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  37.  6
    Post-Physicalism and Beyond.D. House Vaden & Marvin J. McDonald - 1992 - Dialogue 31 (4):593-621.
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  38. Comprehensive User Engagement Sites (CUES) in Philadelphia: A Constructive Proposal.Peter Clark, Marvin J. H. Lee, S. Gulati, A. Minupuri, P. Patel, S. Zheng, Sam A. Schadt, J. Dubensky, M. DiMeglio, S. Umapathy, Olivia Nguyen, Kevin Cooney & S. Lathrop - 2018 - Internet Journal of Public Health 18 (1):1-22.
    This paper is a study about Philadelphia’s comprehensive user engagement sites (CUESs) as the authors address and examine issues related to the upcoming implementation of a CUES while seeking solutions for its disputed questions and plans. Beginning with the federal drug schedules, the authors visit some of the medical and public health issues vis-à-vis safe injection facilities (SIFs). Insite, a successful Canadian SIF, has been thoroughly researched as it represents a paradigm for which a Philadelphia CUES can expand upon. Also, (...)
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  39.  16
    Insecticides Evaluated for Lettuce Root Aphid Control.Nick C. Toscano, Ken Kido, Marvin J. Snyder, Carlton S. Koehler, George C. Kennedy, Vahram Sevacherian, J. Ian Stewart, Demetrios G. Kontaxis, Ivan J. Thomason & Will Crites - 1977 - In Vincent Stuart (ed.), Order. Random House.
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  40. Pharma's Marketing Influence on Medical Students and the Need for Culturally Competent and Stricter Policy and Educational Curriculum in Medical Schools: A Comparative Analysis of Social Scientific Research Between Poland and the U.S.Marta Makowska, George Sillup & Marvin J. H. Lee - 2017 - Journal of Healthcare Ethics and Administration 3 (2):19-33.
    It is reported that medical students both in the U.S. and Poland have experience of interacting with pharmaceutical company representatives (pharma reps) during their school years. Studies have warned that the interaction typically initiated by the pharma reps’ general gift-giving eventually leads to the quid pro quo relationship between the pharma company and the future doctors, the result of which is that the doctors will prescribe their patients drugs in favor of the pharma company. Built upon the existing finding, this (...)
     
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  41. Managers Vs. Owners the Struggle for Corporate Control in American Democracy.Allen Kaufman, Lawrence Zacharias & Marvin Jay Karson - 1995 - Oxford University Press, Usa.
    Addressing the place of the large corporation in a democratic society, this study examines the debate over the rules that individuals or organized groups would agree to follow in their actions to accrue social advantages. Business ethics are discussed from.
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  42.  13
    Archaic Bookkeeping: Writing and Techniques of Economic Administration in the Ancient Near East.Marvin A. Powell, Hans J. Nissen, Peter Damerow, Robert K. Englund & Paul Larsen - 1995 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 115 (3):533.
  43.  30
    The Games That Managers Play.Allen Kaufman, Lawrence Zacharias & Marvin Karson - 1995 - The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:161-194.
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  44.  26
    Notes.Allen Kaufman, Lawrence Zacharias & Marvin Karson - 1995 - The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:199-259.
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  45.  25
    Introduction.Allen Kaufman, Lawrence Zacharias & Marvin Karson - 1995 - The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:3-8.
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  46.  24
    From Trust to Contract.Allen Kaufman, Lawrence Zacharias & Marvin Karson - 1995 - The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:59-79.
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  47.  23
    The Progressive Move From Ideology to Functional Administration.Allen Kaufman, Lawrence Zacharias & Marvin Karson - 1995 - The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:29-41.
  48.  19
    Afterword.Allen Kaufman, Lawrence Zacharias & Marvin Karson - 1995 - The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:195-198.
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  49.  26
    Dependencies, Externalities, and Corporate Social Responsibility.Allen Kaufman, Lawrence Zacharias & Marvin Karson - 1995 - The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:80-94.
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  50.  17
    Constitutional Acceptance of the Business Corporation.Allen Kaufman, Lawrence Zacharias & Marvin Karson - 1995 - The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:11-28.
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