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  1.  31
    The shifting sands of self: a framework for the experience of self in addiction.Mary Tod Gray - 2005 - Nursing Philosophy 6 (2):119-130.
    The self is a common yet unclear theme in addiction studies. William James's model of self provides a framework to explore the experience of self. His model details the subjective and objective constituents, the sense of self‐continuity through time, and the ephemeral and plural nature of the changing self. This exploration yields insights into the self that can be usefully applied to subjective experiences with psychoactive drugs of addiction. Results of this application add depth to the common understanding of self (...)
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  2.  17
    Nursing Leaders' Experiences With the Ethical Dimensions of Nursing Education.Mary Tod Gray - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (3):332-345.
    This pilot study explores four nursing leaders' experiences with the ethical dimensions of leadership in education. Gathering and interpreting such data of experience fosters greater understanding of the nature of moral leadership as it is lived in nursing education. A phenomenological approach was used to collect and analyze the data. The results revealed four major themes: integrity, justice, wrestling with decisions in the light of consequences, and the power of information. These themes clarify the values that direct these leaders' actions (...)
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    Freedom and resistance: the phenomenal will in addiction.Mary Tod Gray - 2007 - Nursing Philosophy 8 (1):3-15.
  4.  31
    Habits, rituals, and addiction: an inquiry into substance abuse in older persons.Mary Tod Gray - 2014 - Nursing Philosophy 15 (2):138-151.
    Older people enter the final phases of their lives with well‐established habits and rituals, some of which might be or become substance abuse. This inquiry focused on the relationship between habits, rituals, and the compulsive addictive behaviours evident in older persons' substance abuse. Habits and rituals, examined as adaptive and limiting functions in older persons, revealed changes in autonomy, social inclusion, and emotional responses to such changes as older persons experience declining energy reserves and physical debilities. Older persons' ebbing sense (...)
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