Results for 'Masahiro Fujita'

251 found
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  1.  7
    [八千頌般若經] の心性本淨說について.Masahiro Fujita - 1989 - Philosophia (Misc.) 76:133-147.
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  2. Autonomous Entertainment Robot and Speech Dialogue.Hideki Shimomura, Kazumi Aoyama & Masahiro Fujita - forthcoming - The Japanese Society for Ai, Sig-Sluda202.
  3.  18
    Syntax, Action, Comparative Cognitive Science, and Darwinian Thinking.Cedric A. Boeckx & Koji Fujita - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  4.  24
    Are Common Names Becoming Less Common? The Rise in Uniqueness and Individualism in Japan.Yuji Ogihara, Hiroyo Fujita, Hitoshi Tominaga, Sho Ishigaki, Takuya Kashimoto, Ayano Takahashi, Kyoko Toyohara & Yukiko Uchida - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  5.  4
    Uniformly Locally o-Minimal Structures and Locally o-Minimal Structures Admitting Local Definable Cell Decomposition.Masato Fujita - 2020 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 171 (2):102756.
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  6.  9
    Construal Level Shifts Integration and Segregation of the Brain Network.Paul E. Stillman, Zhong-Lin Lu & Kentaro Fujita - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
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  7.  41
    Understanding Self-Control as a Whole Vs. Part Dynamic.Kentaro Fujita, Jessica J. Carnevale & Yaacov Trope - 2018 - Neuroethics 11 (3):283-296.
    Although dual-process or divided-mind models of self-control dominate the literature, they suffer from empirical and conceptual challenges. We propose an alternative approach, suggesting that self-control can be characterized by a fragmented part versus integrated whole dynamic. Whereas responses to events derived from fragmented parts of the mind undermine self-control, responses to events derived from integrated wholes enhance self-control. We review empirical evidence from psychology and related disciplines that support this model. We, moreover, discuss the implications of this work for psychology, (...)
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  8.  43
    Clinical Ethics Consultation: Examining How American and Japanese Experts Analyze an Alzheimeras Case.Noriko Nagao, Mark P. Aulisio, Yoshio Nukaga, Misao Fujita, Shinji Kosugi, Stuart Youngner & Akira Akabayashi - 2008 - BMC Medical Ethics 9 (1):2-.
    BackgroundFew comparative studies of clinical ethics consultation practices have been reported. The objective of this study was to explore how American and Japanese experts analyze an Alzheimer's case regarding ethics consultation.MethodsWe presented the case to physicians and ethicists from the US and Japan (one expert from each field from both countries; total = 4) and obtained their responses through a questionnaire and in-depth interviews.ResultsEstablishing a consensus was a common goal among American and Japanese participants. In attempting to achieve consensus, the (...)
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  9.  35
    Bergson's Hand: Toward a History of (Non)-Organic Vitalism.Hisashi Fujita & Roxanne Lapidus - 2007 - Substance 36 (3):115-130.
  10.  7
    A New Academic Workshop to Generate Co-Creation Between Researchers and Citizens研究者と市民の共創を生み出す研究会の提案.Ryoji Horita, Minoru Mitsui, Takayuki Ito, Shun Shiramatsu, Katsuhide Fujita & Naoki Fukuta - 2019 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 34 (4):D-I92_1-8.
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  11.  12
    Throwing the Baby Out with the Bathwater: A Critique of Sparrow's Inclusive Definition of the Term 'in Vitro Eugenics'.M. Fujita, Y. Yashiro & M. Suzuki - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (11):735-736.
    Sparrow highlights three potential applications of in vitro eugenics, that is, (a) research into the heredity of genetic disorders, (b) production of cell lines with specific genotypes, and (c) breeding better babies, and points to the need for researchers to discuss in advance the potential ethical problems that may emerge if the realization of this technology occurs in the near future. In this commentary, we pose a question for the sake of discussion. Is it, in fact, appropriate to label all (...)
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  12.  6
    Sequent Calculus for 3-Valued Paraconsistent Logic QMPT0.Naoyuki Nide, Yuki Goto & Megumi Fujita - 2019 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 27 (4):507-521.
    We present a sequent calculus of a paraconsistent logic QMPT0, which has the paraconsistent-type excluded middle law as an initial sequent. Our system shows that the presence of PEML is essentially important for QMPT0. It also has special rules when the set of constant symbols is finite. We also discuss the cut-elimination property of our system.
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  13. Basic Goal Distinctions.Kentaro Fujita & Karen E. MacGregor - 2012 - In Henk Aarts & Andrew J. Elliot (eds.), Goal-Directed Behavior. Psychology Press.
     
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  14.  13
    Psychological Distance Can Improve Decision Making Under Information Overload Via Gist Memory.Jun Fukukura, Melissa J. Ferguson & Kentaro Fujita - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (3):658-665.
  15.  13
    On the Indistinguishability of Classical Particles.S. Fujita - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (4):439-457.
    If no property of a system of many particles discriminates among the particles, they are said to be indistinguishable. This indistinguishability is equivalent to the requirement that the many-particle distribution function and all of the dynamic functions for the system be symmetric. The indistinguishability defined in terms of the discrete symmetry of many-particle functions cannot change in the continuous classical statistical limit in which the number density n and the reciprocal temperature β become small. Thus, microscopic particles like electrons must (...)
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  16.  8
    The Rise, Decline, and Revitalization of the Marxist Tradition in Japanese Science and Technology Studies.Yasumoto Fujita - 2013 - Social Epistemology 27 (2):130 - 144.
    Japanese science and technology studies has historically developed under the influence of Marxism, which generally had a great impact on prewar and postwar Japanese social sciences. However, since the late 1970s, the Marxist tradition was taken over by postmodernism and then neoliberalism. The global immiserization of working class recently brought back Marx and his critique of capital. The Marxist tradition should be revitalized by reviewing neo-Marxist works in the 1960s and 1970s, which rightly made science and technology the subject of (...)
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  17.  5
    Capuchin Monkeys Judge Third-Party Reciprocity.James R. Anderson, Ayaka Takimoto, Hika Kuroshima & Kazuo Fujita - 2013 - Cognition 127 (1):140-146.
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  18.  84
    List of Contents: Volume 11, Number 5, October 1998.S. Fujita, D. Nguyen, E. S. Nam, Phonon-Exchange Attraction, Type I. I. Superconductivity, Wave Cooper & Infinite Well - 1999 - Foundations of Physics 29 (1).
  19.  9
    Modeling Cooperative Actions Using an Extended BDI Logic TOMATOes.Naoyuki Nide, Shiro Takata & Megumi Fujita - 2011 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 26:13-24.
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  20.  20
    Inhabitation of Polymorphic and Existential Types.Makoto Tatsuta, Ken-Etsu Fujita, Ryu Hasegawa & Hiroshi Nakano - 2010 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 161 (11):1390-1399.
    This paper shows that the inhabitation problem in the lambda calculus with negation, product, polymorphic, and existential types is decidable, where the inhabitation problem asks whether there exists some term that belongs to a given type. In order to do that, this paper proves the decidability of the provability in the logical system defined from the second-order natural deduction by removing implication and disjunction. This is proved by showing the quantifier elimination theorem and reducing the problem to the provability in (...)
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  21.  8
    A Rebuttal to Akabayashi and Colleagues’ Criticisms of the iPSC Stock Project.Misao Fujita & Keiichi Tabuchi - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (7):476-477.
    In the October edition of the Journal of Medical Ethics, Akabayashi and colleagues state that ’to establish a heterogeneous [induced pluripotent stem cell] iPSC bank covering roughly 80% of Japan’s population…the Japanese government decided to invest JPY110 billion over 10 years in regenerative medicine research; a quarter of this was to be allocated to the iPSC stock project'. While they claim this amount of money to be an unfair distribution of state resources, we believe their assessment is based on a (...)
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  22.  23
    Transplant Tourism From Japan.Misao Fujita, Brian Taylor Slingsby & Akira Akabayashi - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (2):24-26.
  23.  72
    Bloch Electron Dynamics.Shigeji Fujita, Salvador Godoy & Diep Nguyen - 1995 - Foundations of Physics 25 (8):1209-1220.
    New equations of motion for a Bloch electron [momentum p=h k,energy ε n(p),zone number n, charge -e]: $$m_j \frac{{dv_j }}{{dt}} = - e(E + v \times B)_j $$ are proposed, where v≡∂εn(p)/∂p is the velocity, and {mj}are the principal masses m j − 1=∂2εn/∂p j 2 along the normal and the two principal axes of curvatures at each point of the constant-energy surface represented by ε=εn(p).Their advantages over the prevalent equations of motion where the left-hand-side is replaced by hk j (...)
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  24.  2
    Modeling Reinforcement Learning Using an Extended BDI Logic TOMATOes.Shiro Takata, Naoyuki Nide & Megumi Fujita - 2011 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 26:156-165.
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  25.  10
    Japan's Encounter with Christianity: The Catholic Mission in Pre-Modern Japan.Paul O. Ingram & Neil S. Fujita - 1992 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 12:283.
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  26.  8
    Superquasicrystals with 8-, 10- and 12-Fold Point Symmetries.N. Fujita & K. Niizeki - 2006 - Philosophical Magazine 86 (3-5):587-592.
  27.  32
    Use and Misuse of Godel's Theorem.Shingo Fujita - 2003 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 12 (1):1-14.
  28.  36
    Force and Knowledge: Foucault’s Reading of Nietzsche.Kojiro Fujita - 2013 - Foucault Studies 16:116-133.
    Building on Nietzsche’s view of power, Foucault developed an original analysis of power by making use of concepts like “disciplinary power,” “bio-power,” “governmentality,” etc.; however, existing studies have not sufficiently examined his reading of Nietzsche’s works on this topic. Therefore, in order to clarify the connection between the two, this article examines Foucault’s reading of Nietzsche in detail. Firstly, this article examines the notion of “force” which Foucault recognized is at the center of Nietzsche’s view of power, and will explicitly (...)
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  29.  11
    Microsatellite Polymorphisms Adjacent to the Oxytocin Receptor Gene in Domestic Cats: Association with Personality?Minori Arahori, Hitomi Chijiiwa, Saho Takagi, Benoit Bucher, Hideaki Abe, Miho Inoue-Murayama & Kazuo Fujita - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  30.  12
    An Interpretation on Structural Realism to Spacetime Used in Big-Bang Cosmology.Sho Fujita - 2017 - Journal of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 44 (1-2):1-14.
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  31.  30
    On the Bose-Einstein Condensation of Free Relativistic Bosons with or Without Mass.S. Fujita, T. Kimura & Y. Zheng - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (9):1117-1130.
    The Bose-Einstein condensation of free relativistic particles [ε=(M 2 c 4 +c 2 p 2 ) 1/2 −Mc 2 ] is studied rigorously. For massless bosons (ε=cp), the condensation transition of third (second) order occurs in2 (3) dimensions (D). The molar heat capacity follows the T 2 (T 3 ) law below the condensation temperature Tc [k B Tc=(2πħ 2 c 2 n/1.645) 1/2 [(π 2 ħ 3 c 3 n/1.202) 1/3 ], reaches4.38 (10.8) R at T=Tc, and approaches the (...)
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  32.  9
    Mottainai Embryos and the Earthquake.S. Takahashi, M. Fujita & A. Akabayashi - 2016 - Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 7 (1).
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  33.  12
    A Legal Negotiatiton Support System Based on A Diagram.Katsumi Nitta, Masato Shibasaki, Yoshiaki Yasumura, Ryuzo Hasegawa, Hiroshi Fujita, Miyuki Koshimura, Katsumi Inoue, Yasuyuki Shirai & Hiroshi Komatsu - 2002 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 17 (1):32-43.
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  34.  17
    Reduction Rules for Intuitionistic $${{\Lambda}{\Rho}}$$ Λ Ρ -Calculus.Ken-Etsu Fujita, Ryo Kashima, Yuichi Komori & Naosuke Matsuda - 2015 - Studia Logica 103 (6):1225-1244.
    The third author gave a natural deduction style proof system called the \-calculus for implicational fragment of classical logic in. In -calculus, 2015, Post-proceedings of the RIMS Workshop “Proof Theory, Computability Theory and Related Issues”, to appear), the fourth author gave a natural subsystem “intuitionistic \-calculus” of the \-calculus, and showed the system corresponds to intuitionistic logic. The proof is given with tree sequent calculus, but is complicated. In this paper, we introduce some reduction rules for the \-calculus, and give (...)
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  35.  22
    Book Review: Methods of Statistical Physics. By Tomoyasu Tanaka. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 2002, Xv + 293 Pp., $110.00/$40.00 . ISBN 0-521-58056-0/0-521-58958-4. [REVIEW]S. Fujita - 2004 - Foundations of Physics 34 (4):711-713.
  36.  11
    The Significance of Japanese Philosophy.Masakatsu Fujita & Bret W. Davis - 2013 - Journal of Japanese Philosophy 1 (1):5-20.
    When I deliver an introductory lecture on Japanese Philosophy, I always raise the following question: Is it appropriate to modify the word philosophy with an adjective such as Japanese? Philosophy is, after all, a discipline that addresses universal problems, and so transcends the restrictions implied in geographical descriptors. However, as Kuki Shūzō argues in his essay “Tokyo and Kyoto,” I think that this is only part, and not the whole truth of the matter.One’s thinking takes place within the framework of (...)
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  37.  16
    Ming-Ch'ing Studies in Japan: 1980.Wada Masahiro & Shigaku Zasshi - 1984 - Chinese Studies in History 18 (1-2):58-81.
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  38.  35
    On Proof Terms and Embeddings of Classical Substructural Logics.Ken-etsu Fujita - 1998 - Studia Logica 61 (2):199-221.
    There is an intimate connection between proofs of the natural deduction systems and typed lambda calculus. It is well-known that in simply typed lambda calculus, the notion of formulae-as-types makes it possible to find fine structure of the implicational fragment of intuitionistic logic, i.e., relevant logic, BCK-logic and linear logic. In this paper, we investigate three classical substructural logics (GL, GLc, GLw) of Gentzen's sequent calculus consisting of implication and negation, which contain some of the right structural rules. In terms (...)
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  39.  12
    Analysis of Reward Programs in Membership Services Using Agent-Based Simulation.Kousuke Fujita, Nariaki Nishino, Yuki Sato, Kanji Ueda & Hajime Asama - 2011 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 26:190-198.
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  40.  11
    A Region-Based Two-Step P300-BMI in Patients with Spinocerebellar Ataxia.Takano Kouji, Ikegami Shiro, Kawase Toshihiro, Nagao Masahiro, Komori Tetsuo & Kansaku Kenji - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  41.  11
    Super-Coloured Tilings: A Novel Class of Two-Dimensional Limit-Periodic Structures.K. Niizeki & N. Fujita - 2007 - Philosophical Magazine 87 (18-21):3073-3078.
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  42.  11
    Study of User Uninterruptibility Estimation Based on Focused Application-Switching.Takahiro Tanaka, Kyohei Matsumura & Kinya Fujita - 2010 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 25:683-693.
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  43.  23
    The Decision-Making Process for the Fate of Frozen Embryos by Japanese Infertile Women: A Qualitative Study. [REVIEW]Shizuko Takahashi, Misao Fujita, Akihisa Fujimoto, Toshihiro Fujiwara, Tetsu Yano, Osamu Tsutsumi, Yuji Taketani & Akira Akabayashi - 2012 - BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):9-.
    BackgroundPrevious studies have found that the decision-making process for stored unused frozen embryos involves much emotional burden influenced by socio-cultural factors. This study aims to ascertain how Japanese patients make a decision on the fate of their frozen embryos: whether to continue storage discard or donate to research.MethodsTen Japanese women who continued storage, 5 who discarded and 16 who donated to research were recruited from our infertility clinic. Tape-recorded interviews were transcribed and analyzed for emergent themes.ResultsA model of patients’ decision-making (...)
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  44.  24
    Chimpanzees Show More Understanding of Human Attentional States When They Request Food in the Experimenter’s Hand Than on the Table.Yuko Hattori, Masaki Tomonaga & Kazuo Fujita - 2011 - Interaction Studies 12 (3):418-429.
    Although chimpanzees have been reported to understand to some extent others' visual perception, previous studies using food requesting tasks are divided on whether or not chimpanzees understand the role of eye gaze. One plausible reason for this discrepancy may be the familiarity of the testing situation. Previous food requesting tasks with negative results used an unfamiliar situation that may be difficult for some chimpanzees to recognize as a requesting situation, whereas those with positive results used a familiar situation. The present (...)
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  45.  14
    Regulation of Mast Cell Differentiation.Yukihiko Kitamura & Jun Fujita - 1989 - Bioessays 10 (6):193-196.
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  46.  10
    Coordination and Cluster Packing in Quasicrystals.N. Fujita & K. Niizeki - 2008 - Philosophical Magazine 88 (13-15):1913-1919.
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  47.  10
    Scalable and Efficient Protocols by Grouping Issues in Multiple Interdependent-Issue Negotiations.Katsuhide Fujita, Takayuki Ito & Mark Klein - 2011 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 26:147-155.
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  48.  20
    University with Conditions: A Deconstructive Reading of Derrida's “the University Without Condition”.Hisashi Fujita - 2012 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 50 (2):250-272.
    The possibility of a Derridian theory of the university lies not in the discussion of the “as if” in “The University without Condition” but, rather, in a theoretical crack that Derrida's book promised to elucidate—between the “as if” and the “perhaps,” the performative and the event, transcendence and immanence. Moreover, we see a kind of rupture between this book and numerous texts from the 1970s and 80s, which are collected and published under the title of Right to Philosophy. Here lies (...)
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  49.  11
    Sport and Gender.Yoshitaka Kondo, Kyoko Raita, Nobuko Sano & Motoaki Fujita - 2003 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport and Physical Education 25 (1):47-57.
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  50.  11
    Das Individuum in der Japanischen Ästhetik.Kazuyoshi Fujita - 1982 - Perspektiven der Philosophie 8:163-173.
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