Results for 'Masahiro Takatori'

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Masahiro Takatori
Keio University
  1.  12
    An Alternative Approach to Existence Monism: An Interpretation of Truisms Using Linguistic Ontology and the One as Semantic Glue.Masahiro Takatori - 2020 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 29:75-91.
    Existence monism (EM) is a metaphysical view asserting the existence of only one concrete object. EM is well known for its radicalness, and encounters difficulty in terms of its prima facie inconsistency with truisms. This paper aims to propose an alternative (and somewhat easy) way to overcome this difficulty and indicate another means by which the possibility of EM can be defended. I will present a package of theses that are intended to be combined with EM, which I call Linguistic (...)
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  2.  4
    Toward a Satisfactory Formulation of Quinean Ontological Commitment.Masahiro Takatori - 2014 - Journal of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 42 (1):19-37.
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  3. Reconsidering Meaning in Life: A Philosophical Dialogue with Thaddeus Metz.Masahiro Morioka (ed.) - 2015 - Journal of Philosophy of Life, Waseda University.
    An e-book devoted to 13 critical discussions of Thaddeus Metz's book "Meaning in Life: An Analytic Study", with a lengthy reply from the author. -/- Preface Masahiro Morioka i -/- Précis of Meaning in Life: An Analytic Study Thaddeus Metz ii-vi -/- Source and Bearer: Metz on the Pure Part-Life View of Meaning Hasko von Kriegstein 1-18 -/- Fundamentality and Extradimensional Final Value David Matheson 19-32 -/- Meaningful and More Meaningful: A Modest Measure Peter Baumann 33-49 -/- Is Meaning (...)
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  4.  42
    Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation-Induced Global Propagation of Transient Phase Resetting Associated with Directional Information Flow.Masahiro Kawasaki, Yutaka Uno, Jumpei Mori, Kenji Kobata & Keiichi Kitajo - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  5. Rule Following: A Pedestrian Approach.Masahiro Yamada - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 80 (2):283-311.
  6. Getting It Right By Accident.Masahiro Yamada - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 83 (1):72-105.
  7.  1
    Strategyproof Matching with Regional Minimum and Maximum Quotas.Masahiro Goto, Atsushi Iwasaki, Yujiro Kawasaki, Ryoji Kurata, Yosuke Yasuda & Makoto Yokoo - 2016 - Artificial Intelligence 235:40-57.
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  8. What Is Antinatalism?: Definition, History, and Categories.Masahiro Morioka - 2021 - The Review of Life Studies 12:1-39.
    The concept of antinatalism is now becoming popular on the Internet. Many online newspaper articles deal with this topic, and numerous academic papers on antinatalism have been published over the past ten years in the fields of philosophy and ethics. The word “antinatalism” was first used in the current meaning in 2006, when the two books that justify the universal negation of procreation were published: one by David Benatar and the other by Théophile de Giraud. However, we can find various (...)
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  9.  80
    The Problem of Other Minds in the Buddhist Epistemological Tradition.Masahiro Inami - 2001 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 29 (4):465-483.
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  10.  26
    Masahiro Hamano and Mitsuhiro Okada. A Direct Independence Proof of Buchholz's Hydra Game on Finite Labeled Trees. Archive for Mathematical Logic, Vol. 37 No. 2 , Pp. 67–89. [REVIEW]Lev Gordeev - 2001 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 7 (4):534-535.
  11. Animated Persona: The Ontological Status of a Deceased Person Who Continues to Appear in This World.Masahiro Morioka - 2021 - European Journal of Japanese Philosophy 6:115-131.
    In this paper, I propose the concept of the “animated persona,” a soundless voice that says, “I am here” and appears on the surface of someone or something. This concept can bring clarity to the experience of perceiving a kind of personhood on a corpse, a wooden mask, or even a tree. In the first half of this paper, I will examine some Japanese literature and a work of Viktor Frankl’s that discuss these phenomena. In the second half, I will (...)
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  12.  51
    Philosophy, Manga, and Ōmori Shōzō.Pierre Bonneels & Masahiro M. M. Morioka - 2018 - European Journal of Japanese Philosophy 3.
    Why would a philosopher choose to convey his ideas in the form of Manga? This discussion between Masahiro Morioka, author of Manga Introduction to Philosophy, and the translator of its French edition, Pierre Bonneels, shows how philosopher and artist Morioka became acquainted, through images, with fundamental abstract notions. After a short historical analysis of the aesthetic advantages of Manga, consideration is given to this unique way of provoking thought. On this basis, theoretical aspects of “time” and the “I” proposed (...)
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  13. A New Argument for Evidentialism?Masahiro Yamada - 2010 - Philosophia 38 (2):399-404.
    In his “A new argument for evidentialism” (Shah, Philos Q 56(225): 481–498, 2006 ), Nishi Shah argues that the best explanation of a feature of deliberation whether to believe that p which he calls transparency entails that only evidence can be reason to believe that p. I show that his argument fails because a crucial lemma that his argument appeals to cannot be supported without assuming evidentialism to be true in the first place.
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  14.  12
    Time Allocation to Subsistence Activities Among the Huli in Rural and Urban Papua New Guinea.Masahiro Umezaki, Taro Yamauchi & Ryutaro Ohtsuka - 2002 - Journal of Biosocial Science 34 (1):133-138.
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  15.  12
    Daily Time Budgets of Long‐Distance Commuting Workers in Tokyo Megalopolis.Masahiro Umezaki, Hitoshi Ishimaru & Ryutaro Ohtsuka - 1999 - Journal of Biosocial Science 31 (1):71-78.
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  16.  4
    More Japanese Than the Japanese: Translations of Interviews with Foreigners.Yuki Takatori - 2015 - Perspectives 23 (3):475-488.
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  17.  5
    Impact of Rural‐Urban Migration on Fertility: A Population Ecology Analysis in the Kombio, Papua New Guinea.Masahiro Umezaki & Ryutaro Ohtsuka - 1998 - Journal of Biosocial Science 30 (3):411-422.
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  18.  11
    On Technique.Masahiro Oka - 1971 - Kagaku Tetsugaku 4:53-61.
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  19.  9
    [八千頌般若經] の心性本淨說について.Masahiro Fujita - 1989 - Philosophia (Misc.) 76:133-147.
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  20.  11
    A 1-Generic Degree Which Bounds a Minimal Degree.Masahiro Kumabe - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (2):733-743.
  21. The Personal Trait of Spiritual Growth Is Correlated With the White Matter Integrity of the Brain.Masahiro Fujino, Keita Watanabe & Yoshinori Yamakawa - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Determining the relationship between the entire brain structure and individual differences is important in extending healthy life expectancy, which can be affected by brain atrophy. The entire brain structure has been gradually known to be correlated not only with age but also with individual differences, such as quality of life, general intelligence, and lifestyle. However, little attention has been paid to the relationship between the entire brain structure and personal traits. We herein focused on one personal trait, namely spiritual growth, (...)
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  22. Painless Civilization 1: A Philosophical Critique of Desire.Masahiro Morioka - 2021 - Tokyo: Tokyo Philosophy Project.
    This is the English translation of Chapter One of Mutsu Bunmei Ron, which was published in Japanese in 2003. Since this book’s publication I have received many requests for an English translation from people around the world. I decided to begin by publishing this first chapter under the title Painless Civilization 1 and make it available to readers who have a keen interest in this topic. * The original text of this chapter was written in 1998, more than twenty years (...)
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  23.  44
    Pleasure, Suffering, and Painless Civilization.Masahiro Morioka - 2022 - The Review of Life Studies 13:1-9.
    Beyza Şen and Ali Tacar's interview with Masahiro Morioka on painless civilization and his recent works. "In our contemporary civilization we can experience pleasure, pleasantness, and comfort, and can avoid pain and suffering, albeit at the sacrifice of joy of life, which is indispensable for acquiring our life without regret. Of course we have a lot of pain and suffering in our society, so our lives are not painless at all, but I cannot help feeling that our contemporary scientific (...)
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  24.  65
    Can Artificial Intelligence Philosophize?Masahiro Morioka - 2021 - The Review of Life Studies 12:40-41.
    A short essay that discusses whether it is possible for AI to do philosophy in its true sense of the word.
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  25.  19
    Infinitary Jónsson Functions and Elementary Embeddings.Masahiro Shioya - 1994 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 33 (2):81-86.
    We give an extender characterization of a very strong elementary embedding between transitive models of set theory, whose existence is known as the axiom I2. As an application, we show that the positive solution of a partition problem raised by Magidor would refute it.
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  26. The Cruelty of Living in a Painless Civilization.Masahiro Morioka - 2022 - The Review of Life Studies 13:10-11.
    Our society has moved in the direction of eliminating pain, suffering, and discomfort. At first glance, this may seem like a good thing, but I believe that the meaning of life is being increasingly lost in the process.
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  27. A 1-Generic Degree with a Strong Minimal Cover.Masahiro Kumabe - 2000 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (3):1395-1442.
  28.  11
    Softness of MALL Proof-Structures and a Correctness Criterion with Mix.Masahiro Hamano - 2004 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 43 (6):751-794.
    We show that every MALL proof-structure [9] satisfies the property of softness, originally a categorical notion introduced by Joyal. Furthermore, we show that the notion of hereditary softness precisely captures Girard’s algebraic restriction of the technical condition on proof-structures. Relying on this characterization, we prove a MALL+Mix sequentialization theorem by a proof-theoretical method, using Girard’s notion of jump. Our MALL+Mix correctness criterion subsumes the Danos/Fleury-Retoré criterion [6] for MLL+Mix.
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  29.  15
    Knowledge From Outside: Knowledge for 'Divertissement' and Beyond.Masahiro Hamashita - 2003 - Diogenes 50 (1):97-104.
    Many cultures have had knowledge imposed from outside, whether by force or for reasons of power, to the detriment of their own endogenous knowledge and the wisdom developed throughout their history. Would Japan’s acquisition of Western knowledge have led but to the development of a lesser know-how, devoid of meaning or sense, or even of knowledge which it might be better to ignore? Far from benefiting from an endogenous development or a modernization respectful of beings and of their environment, the (...)
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  30.  11
    A Method of Discovery of Shared Topic Networks Among People From WWW Bookmarks and Its Evaluations.Masahiro Hamasaki, Hideaki Takeda, Takeshi Matsuzuka, Yuichiro Taniguchi, Yasuyuki Kono & Masatsugu Kidode - 2002 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 17 (3):276-284.
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  31.  18
    Wikipedia Mining.Kotaro Nakayama, Masahiro Ito, Maike Erdmann, Masumi Shirakawa, Tomoyuki Michishita, Takahiro Hara & Shojiro Nishio - 2009 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 24 (6):549-557.
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  32. Beauty, Odds, and Credence.Masahiro Yamada - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (5):1247-1261.
    This paper considers fair betting odds for certain bets that might be placed in the situation discussed in the so-called Sleeping Beauty Problem. This paper examines what Thirders, Halfers, and Double Halfers must say about the odds as determined by various decision theoretic approaches and argues that Thirders and Halfers have difficulties formulating plausible and coherent positions concerning the relevant betting odds. Double Halfers do not face this problem and that is an important consideration in favor of Double Halfers.
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  33. Is Meaning in Life Comparable?: From the Viewpoint of ‘The Heart of Meaning in Life’.Masahiro Morioka - 2015 - Journal of Philosophy of Life 5 (3):50-65.
    The aim of this paper is to propose a new approach to the question of meaning in life by criticizing Thaddeus Metz’s objectivist theory in his book Meaning in Life: An Analytic Study. I propose the concept of “the heart of meaning in life,” which alone can answer the question, “Alas, does my life like this have any meaning at all?” and I demonstrate that “the heart of meaning in life” cannot be compared, in principle, with other people’s meaning in (...)
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  34. Relative Recursive Enumerability of Generic Degrees.Masahiro Kumabe - 1991 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (3):1075-1084.
  35.  7
    The Relative Importance of Spatial Versus Temporal Structure in the Perception of Biological Motion: An Event-Related Potential Study.Masahiro Hirai & Kazuo Hiraki - 2006 - Cognition 99 (1):B15-B29.
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  36. Reconsidering Brain Death: A Lesson From Japan's Fifteen Years of Experience.Masahiro Morioka - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (4):41-46.
    The Japanese Transplantation Law is unique among others in that it allows us to choose between "brain death" and "traditional death" as our death. In every country 20 to 40 % of the popularion doubts the idea of brain death. This paper reconsiders the concept, and reports the ongoing rivision process of the current law. Published in Hastings Center Report, 2001.
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  37.  12
    Explicit Performance in Girls and Implicit Processing in Boys: A Simultaneous fNIRS–ERP Study on Second Language Syntactic Learning in Young Adolescents.Lisa Sugiura, Masahiro Hata, Hiroko Matsuba-Kurita, Minako Uga, Daisuke Tsuzuki, Ippeita Dan, Hiroko Hagiwara & Fumitaka Homae - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  38.  9
    Design of a Gaze Behavior at a Small Mistake Moment for a Robot.Masahiro Shiomi, Kayako Nakagawa & Norihiro Hagita - 2013 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 14 (3):317-328.
    A change of gaze behavior at a small mistake moment is a natural response that reveals our own mistakes and suggests an apology to others with whom we are working or interacting. In this paper we investigate how robot gaze behaviors at small mistake moments change the impressions of others. To prepare gaze behaviors for a robot, first, we identified by questionnaires how human gaze behaviors change in such situations and extracted three kinds: looking at the other, looking down, and (...)
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  39. Le Principe d'Intégrité Comme Droit Naturel.Masahiro Morioka - 2009 - Diogène 227 (3):140-.
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  40. Commentary on Masahiro Morioka, "Bioethics and Japanese Culture", EJAIB 5 , 87-91.Margaret Lock - 1995 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 5 (5):120-121.
     
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  41. Taking Aim at the Truth.Masahiro Yamada - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 157 (1):47-59.
    One prominent feature of belief is that a belief cannot be formed at will. This paper argues that the best explanation of this fact is that belief formation is a process that takes aim at the truth. Taking aim at the truth is to be understood as causal responsiveness of the processes constituting belief formation to what facilitates achieving true beliefs. The requirement for this responsiveness precludes the possibility of belief formation responding to intentions in a way that would count (...)
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  42. Minimal Upper Bounds for Arithmetical Degrees.Masahiro Kumabe - 1994 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (2):516-528.
  43.  30
    Temporal, but Not Directional, Prior Knowledge Shortens Muscle Reflex Latency in Response to Sudden Transition of Support Surface During Walking.Masahiro Shinya, Noritaka Kawashima & Kimitaka Nakazawa - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  44.  41
    A Direct Independence Proof of Buchholz's Hydra Game on Finite Labeled Trees.Masahiro Hamano & Mitsuhiro Okada - 1998 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 37 (2):67-89.
    We shall give a direct proof of the independence result of a Buchholz style-Hydra Game on labeled finite trees. We shall show that Takeuti-Arai's cut-elimination procedure of $(\Pi^{1}_{1}-CA) + BI$ and of the iterated inductive definition systems can be directly expressed by the reduction rules of Buchholz's Hydra Game. As a direct corollary the independence result of the Hydra Game follows.
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  45. Every N-Generic Degree is a Minimal Cover of an N-Generic Degree.Masahiro Kumabe - 1993 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 58 (1):219-231.
  46.  38
    Minimal Complementation Below Uniform Upper Bounds for the Arithmetical Degrees.Masahiro Kumabe - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (4):1158-1192.
  47. Laying Sleeping Beauty to Rest.Masahiro Yamada -
    There are three main points of the paper. 1. There are straightforward ways of manipulating expected gains and losses that result in a divergence between fair betting odds and credence. Such manipulations are familiar from tools of finance. One can easily see that the Sleeping Beauty case is structured in such a way as to result in a divergence between fair betting odds and credence. 2. The inspection of credences and betting odds in certain betting situations shows that the two (...)
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  48.  12
    AI and Philosophy of Science人工知能と科学哲学.Masahiro Matsuo - 2017 - Kagaku Tetsugaku 50:71-84.
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  49.  4
    Generic Degrees Are Complemented.Masahiro Kumabe - 1993 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 59 (3):257-272.
  50.  23
    Does Truth-Table of Linear Norm Reduce the One-Query Tautologies to a Random Oracle?Masahiro Kumabe, Toshio Suzuki & Takeshi Yamazaki - 2008 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 47 (2):159-180.
    In our former works, for a given concept of reduction, we study the following hypothesis: “For a random oracle A, with probability one, the degree of the one-query tautologies with respect to A is strictly higher than the degree of A.” In our former works (Suzuki in Kobe J. Math. 15, 91–102, 1998; in Inf. Comput. 176, 66–87, 2002; in Arch. Math. Logic 44, 751–762), the following three results are shown: The hypothesis for p-T (polynomial-time Turing) reduction is equivalent to (...)
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