Modeling legal argumentation is one of the most important research in AI and Law, and a lot of models have been proposed. However, most research has not treated value judgement and debate. In this paper, we introduce a legal reasoning model which covers various aspects of legalreasoning such as making argument, selecting argument and debate.Furthermore, we present how criminal law is described and reasoned inthis model.
N'ayant pas réussi à joindre Masato Goda, nous publions ce magnifique texte sans son autorisation. Nous espérons qu'il nous en excusera. It has been more than thirty years since I discovered the texts of Emmanuel Levinas. Before publishing the Japanese translations of Totality and Infinite and Otherwise than being, I published an anthology of Levinas' work that included texts such as ‘‘Il y a'', ‘‘Reality and its shadow'' and so on. While I translated these texts, I noticed the importance (...) - Philosophie – Nouvel article. (shrink)
In this paper we introduce a paradigm of experiment which, we believe, is of interest both in psychology and philosophy. There the subject wears an HMD (head-mount display), and a camera is set up at the upper corner of the room, in which the subject is. As a result, the subject observes his own body through the HMD. We will mainly focus on the philosophical relevance of this experiment, especially to the thesis of so-called 'immunity to error through misidentification relative (...) to the first-person pronoun'. We will argue that one experiment conducted in this setting, which we call the bodily illusion experiment, provides a counterexample to that thesis. (shrink)
In contrast to temporal asymmetry stressed in process philosophy, symmetry prevails in Mahayana Buddhism and East Asian philosophy formed under its influence. The paper clarifies the meaning of symmetry from the perspectives of Kitaro Nishida and Dogen, it explores similar or overlapping ideas in Whitehead’s philosophy oforganism, and it suggests that the differences among them are much smaller than commonly believed.
comes from the Greek o o ( technologia ), which in turn derives from ( technê ), meaning art or technique, and o ( logos ). Modern technology has reached its present advanced level thanks to the pursuit of ever greater efficiency. In other words, technology has achieved its present level of development by changing from the quest for techniques grounded in o to a form of engineering that is devoid of o and merely pursues efficiency. We must not overlook (...) the great danger in this sort of technology. Technology advancing radically and transformed into engineering devoid of o cannot perceive its raison dêtre and the meaning of its tasks from the perspective of the overall quest for knowledge; as a result, the process of technological development hurtles ahead blindly without a normal sense of balance. The effects on human society are immense. At this juncture we must return to the spirit of Greek o o and urgently rebuild a technology grounded in awareness of o as the wellspring of all knowledge. This is a task that we must address without delay in order to avoid the destruction of humankind. Key Words: applied ethics logos technologia wellspring of technology. (shrink)