36 found
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  1. Sympathy for Dolores: Moral Consideration for Robots Based on Virtue and Recognition.Massimiliano L. Cappuccio, Anco Peeters & William McDonald - 2019 - Philosophy and Technology 33 (1):9-31.
    This paper motivates the idea that social robots should be credited as moral patients, building on an argumentative approach that combines virtue ethics and social recognition theory. Our proposal answers the call for a nuanced ethical evaluation of human-robot interaction that does justice to both the robustness of the social responses solicited in humans by robots and the fact that robots are designed to be used as instruments. On the one hand, we acknowledge that the instrumental nature of robots and (...)
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  2. Wax On, Wax Off! Habits, Sport Skills, and Motor Intentionality.Massimiliano Lorenzo Cappuccio, Katsunori Miyahara & Jesús Ilundáin-Agurruza - 2020 - Topoi 40 (3):609-622.
    What role does habit formation play in the development of sport skills? We argue that motor habits are both necessary for and constitutive of sensorimotor skill as they support an automatic, yet inherently intelligent and flexible, form of action control. Intellectualists about skills generally assume that what makes action intelligent and flexible is its intentionality, and that intentionality must be necessarily cognitive in nature to allow for both deliberation and explicit goal-representation. Against Intellectualism we argue that the habitual behaviours that (...)
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  3.  27
    Handbook of Embodied Cognition and Sport Psychology.Massimiliano L. Cappuccio (ed.) - 2019 - MIT Press.
    The first systematic collaboration between cognitive scientists and sports psychologists considers the mind–body relationship from the perspective of athletic skill and sports practice. This landmark work is the first systematic collaboration between cognitive scientists and sports psychologists that considers the mind–body relationship from the perspective of athletic skill and sports practice. With twenty-six chapters by leading researchers, the book connects and integrates findings from fields that range from philosophy of mind to sociology of sports. The chapters show not only that (...)
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  4.  20
    Choking and The Yips.Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):295-308.
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  5.  17
    Putting pressure on theories of choking: towards an expanded perspective on breakdown in skilled performance.Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):253-293.
    There is a widespread view that well-learned skills are automated, and that attention to the performance of these skills is damaging because it disrupts the automatic processes involved in their execution. This idea serves as the basis for an account of choking in high pressure situations. On this view, choking is the result of self-focused attention induced by anxiety. Recent research in sports psychology has produced a significant body of experimental evidence widely interpreted as supporting this account of choking in (...)
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  6.  20
    Dreyfus is right: knowledge-that limits your skill.Massimiliano L. Cappuccio - 2023 - Synthese 202 (3):1-69.
    Skilful expertise is grounded in practical, performative knowledge-how, not in detached, spectatorial knowledge-that, and knowledge-how is embodied by habitual dispositions, not representation of facts and rules. Consequently, as action control is a key requirement for the intelligent selection, initiation, and regulation of skilful performance, habitual action control, i.e. the kind of action control based on habitual dispositions, is the true hallmark of skill and the only veridical criterion to evaluate expertise. Not only does this imply that knowledge-that does not make (...)
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  7.  37
    Enactive Cognition at the Edge of Sense-Making: Making Sense of Non-Sense.Tom Froese & Massimiliano Cappuccio (eds.) - 2014 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The enactive approach is a growing movement in cognitive science that replaces the classical computer metaphor of the mind with an emphasis on biological embodiment and social interaction as the sources of our goals and concerns. Mind is viewed as an activity of making sense in embodied interaction with our world. However, if mind is essentially a concrete activity of sense-making, how do we account for the more typically human forms of cognition, including those involving the abstract and the patently (...)
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  8.  23
    Choking RECtified: embodied expertise beyond Dreyfus.Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):309-331.
    On a Dreyfusian account performers choke when they reflect upon and interfere with established routines of purely embodied expertise. This basic explanation of choking remains popular even today and apparently enjoys empirical support. Its driving insight can be understood through the lens of diverse philosophical visions of the embodied basis of expertise. These range from accounts of embodied cognition that are ultra conservative with respect to representational theories of cognition to those that are more radically embodied. This paper provides an (...)
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  9.  32
    A Taste of Armageddon: A Virtue Ethics Perspective on Autonomous Weapons and Moral Injury.Massimiliano Lorenzo Cappuccio, Jai Christian Galliott & Fady Shibata Alnajjar - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 21 (1):19-38.
    Autonomous weapon systems could in principle release military personnel from the onus of killing during combat missions, reducing the related risk of suffering a moral injury and its debilita...
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  10.  36
    Introduction: when embodied cognition and sport psychology team-up.Massimiliano L. Cappuccio - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):213-225.
    I.One of the main undertakings of the embodied approach to cognition is to spell out effectively the intuition that our body shapes what our mind can do . This endeavor is motivated—among other things – by the deep sense of awe that cognitive scientists experience in front of the sophistication, flexibility, and variability that can be reached by the motor abilities of well-trained humans. In particular, excellence in sporting skills inspires embodied cognition by exhibiting tangible evidence that the details of (...)
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  11.  13
    From clumsy failure to skillful fluency: a phenomenological analysis of and Eastern solution to sport’s choking effect.Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):397-421.
    Excellent performance in sport involves specialized and refined skills within very narrow applications. Choking throws a wrench in the works of finely tuned performances. Functionally, and reduced to its simplest expression, choking is severe underperformance when engaging already mastered skills. Choking is a complex phenomenon with many intersecting facets: its dysfunctions result from the multifaceted interaction of cognitive and psychological processes, neurophysiological mechanisms, and phenomenological dynamics. This article develops a phenomenological model that, complementing empirical and theoretical research, helps understand and (...)
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  12.  14
    Strengths and weaknesses of reflection as a guide to action: pressure assails performance in multiple ways.Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):227-252.
    The current status of Beilock and Carr's "execution focus" theory of choking under pressure in performance of a sensorimotor skill is reviewed and assessed, mainly from the perspective of cognitive psychology, and put into the context of a wider range of issues, attempting to take philosophical analysis into account. These issues include other kinds of skills, pre-performance practice, post-performance evaluation and repair, and integrating new and creative achievements into repertoires of heavily practiced routines. The focus is on variation in the (...)
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  13.  30
    When the twain meet : Could the study of mind be a meeting of minds.Michael Wheeler & Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2010 - In James Williams (ed.), Postanalytic and Metacontinental: Crossing Philosophical Divides. Continuum. pp. 125.
  14. The Sign of the Hand: Symbolic Practices and the Extended Mind.Massimiliano Cappuccio & Michael Wheeler - 2011 - Versus 113:33-56.
     
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  15.  10
    Winning with mētis: embodied virtues in sport practice, from Odysseus to Maradona.Raúl Sánchez-García, Massimiliano Lorenzo Cappuccio & Jesús Ilundáin-Agurruza - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-19.
    The Greek word mētis (μῆτις) traditionally refers to a particular form of wily intelligence associated with the arts of deception (dolos) and the knowledge of tricks (kerdē), subterfuges, and traps. Mētis evokes innovative and ground-breaking solutions, based on the capability to understand, anticipate, and possibly violate the others’ expectations. Most importantly, mētis presupposes practical wisdom, or prudence (phrόnesis), a dispositional quality that underpins all the virtues that deserve to be cultivated by sportspersons and that is pivotal to perfect sportspersons’ moral (...)
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  16. Mind-upload. The ultimate challenge to the embodied mind theory.Massimiliano Lorenzo Cappuccio - 2017 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 16 (3):425-448.
    The ‘Mind-Upload’ hypothesis, a radical version of the Brain-in-a-Vat thought experiment, asserts that a whole mind can safely be transferred from a brain to a digital device, after being exactly encoded into substrate independent informational patterns. Prima facie, MU seems the philosophical archenemy of the Embodied Mind theory, which understands embodiment as a necessary and constitutive condition for the existence of a mind and its functions. In truth, whether and why MU and EM are ultimately incompatible is unobvious. This paper, (...)
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  17.  15
    Is monitoring one’s actions causally relevant to choking under pressure?Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):379-395.
  18.  21
    Know-How, procedural knowledge, and choking under pressure.Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):361-378.
    I examine two explanatory models of choking: the representationalist model and the anti-representationalist model. The representationalist model is based largely on Anderson's ACT model of procedural knowledge and is developed by Masters, Beilock and Carr. The antirepresentationalist model is based on dynamical models of cognition and embodied action and is developed by Dreyfus who employs an antirepresentational view of know-how. I identify the models' similarities and differences. I then suggest that Dreyfus is wrong to believe representational activity requires reflection and (...)
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  19.  30
    Unreflective actions? complex motor skill acquisition to enhance spatial cognition.Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):349-359.
    Cognitive science has recently moved toward action-integrated paradigms to account for some of its most remarkable findings. This novel approach has opened up new venues for the sport sciences. In particular, a large body of literature has investigated the relationship between complex motor practice and cognition, which in the sports domain has mostly concerned the effect of imagery and other forms of mental practice on motor skill acquisition and emotional control. Yet recent evidence indicates that this relationship is bidirectional: motor (...)
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  20.  7
    Joker and Philosophy: Why So Serious?Massimiliano L. Cappuccio, George A. Dunn & Jason T. Eberl (eds.) - 2024 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    "Timed to publish in advance of the Joker sequel Joker: Folie a Deux, the volume will have at least two sections will be dedicated to chapters that take up questions raised by 2019's Joker and the Todd Phillips depiction in general. Chapters will also be sought on the many other iterations of the Joker. A number of high-profile philosophers have already written insightful pieces on Joker and the volume editors hope to solicit new essays from some of them. Joker is (...)
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  21.  20
    Consciousness and choking in visually-guided actions.Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):333-348.
    Choking under pressure describes the phenomenon of people performing well below their expected standard under circumstances where optimal performance is crucial. One of the prevailing explanations for choking is that pressure increases the conscious attention to the underlying processes of the performer's task execution, thereby disrupting what would normally be a relatively automatic process. However, research on choking has focused mainly on the influence of pressure on motor performance, typically overlooking how it might alter the way that vision is controlled (...)
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  22. Constructing the space of action: From bio-robotics to mirror neurons.Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2009 - World Futures 65 (2):126 – 132.
    This article distinguishes three archetypal ways of articulating spatial cognition: (1) via metric representation of objective geometry, (2) via somatosensory constitution of the peripersonal environment, and (3) via pragmatic comprehension of the finalistic sense of action. The last one is documented by neuroscientific studies concerning mirror neurons. Bio-robotic experiments implementing mirror functions confirm the constitutive role of goal-oriented actions in spatial processes.
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  23. Dentro la matrice. Filosofia, scienza e spiritualità in Matrix.Massimiliano Cappuccio (ed.) - 2004 - Alboversorio.
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  24.  24
    Empatia e neuroni specchio. Dalle neuroscienze cognitive alla Quinta Meditazione cartesiana.Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2008 - Rivista di Estetica 37:43-65.
    Premessa Questo lavoro documenta una significativa convergenza tra la dottrina fenomenologica dell’empatia sviluppata da Edmund Husserl e la teoria della simulazione incarnata, suggerita dal funzionamento dei neuroni specchio nei primati (si farà riferimento ai lavori più recenti di Vittorio gallese). Posticipiamo, riservandola ad altra sede, la discussione fondazionale che risulterebbe indispensabile per giustificare un’analisi comparativa di questo tipo, limitandoci a constatare per il mome...
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  25.  9
    Enzo Paci.Massimiliano Cappuccio & Alessandro Sardi (eds.) - 2005 - Milano: CUEM.
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  26. Introduzione. La crisi delle scienze e la neurofenomenologia come missione filosofica.Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2008 - Rivista di Estetica 37.
     
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  27.  6
    “I See You” through a Glass Darkly.Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2014-09-02 - In George A. Dunn (ed.), Avatar and Philosophy. Wiley. pp. 74–86.
    Avatar, a passionate movie about empathy, features characters who, in various ways, are able to experience the world through the eyes of another or, as the saying goes, to “put themselves into another's shoes”. But, concealed beneath a surface of ecological pantheism, a contradiction lies at the heart of the movie's portrayal of empathy. On the one hand, in ordinary empathy access to another person's mind is mediated by our perception of her unique embodied identity. On the other hand, Avatar (...)
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  28.  13
    Joseph K. Schear , Mind, Reason, and Being-in-the-World: The McDowell-Dreyfus Debate.Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):423-431.
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  29.  10
    La crisi delle scienze e la neurofenomenologia come missione filosofica.Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2008 - Rivista di Estetica 37:3-8.
    Spero che mi si perdonerà lo slancio con cui, in queste pagine, sottolineerò gli aspetti militanti del pensiero neurofenomenologico, concedendomi toni che potrebbero apparire enfatici o retorici, e che potrebbero forse non rispecchiare la sensibilità degli altri contributori di questo volume, ma che ritengo più che mai opportuno usare, anche per onestà intellettuale, essendo implicitamente chiamato a dichiarare, in questa curatela, la mia opinione sulla funzione reale della neurofenomenologia...
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  30.  2
    Remo Cantoni.Massimiliano Cappuccio, Alessandro Sardi & Maria Brunelli Cantoni (eds.) - 2007 - Milano: CUEM.
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  31.  8
    SAMCRO and The Art of Motorcycle Maintenance.Massimiliano L. Cappuccio - 2013-09-05 - In George A. Dunn & Jason T. Eberl (eds.), Sons of Anarchy and Philosophy. Wiley. pp. 139–149.
    Jax Teller, Clay Morrow, and the other members of SAMCRO are first and foremost bikers and mechanics who fix bikes. Many bikers experience riding as therapeutic, since a good ride can help a suffering soul to forget the worries of life. Martin Heidegger argues that practical skills, such as the ones Tig needs to repair bikes, are the most fundamental form of knowledge. Many bike owners don't feel confident when they have to do repairs and finally face the dreaded encounter (...)
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  32.  24
    Traces of a computational mind.Massimiliano Lorenzo Cappuccio - 2003 - Revue de Synthèse 124 (1):43-59.
    L'image de l'écriture est singulièrement fréquente dans des explications cognitivistes du fonctionnement de l'esprit, non seulement comme métaphore mais également comme paradigme conceptuel: la machine de Turing, en particulier, montre un isomorphisme structural complet avec l'utilisation de l'écriture alphabétique. La machine de Turing effectue exactement les mêmes opérations effectuées par un homme écrivant avec le stylo et le papier et cela dépend de deux raisons: 1. il a été conçu dans l'image et la similarité de la pratique concrète humaine de (...)
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  33. The Seminal Speculation of a Precursor: Elements of Embodied Cognition and Situated AI in Alan Turing.Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2016 - In Vincent C. Müller (ed.), Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence. Cham: Springer.
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  34.  15
    What’s going on in there?Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2014 - The Philosophers' Magazine 66:61-66.
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  35. What’s going on in there?Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2014 - The Philosophers' Magazine 66:61-66.
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  36.  21
    Can a robot invigilator prevent cheating?Omar Mubin, Massimiliano Cappuccio, Fady Alnajjar, Muneeb Imtiaz Ahmad & Suleman Shahid - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (4):981-989.
    One of the open questions in Educational robots is the role a robot should take in the classroom. The current focus in this area is on employing robots as a tool or in an assistive capacity such as the invigilator of an exam. With robots becoming commonplace in the classroom, inquiries will be raised regarding not only their suitability but also their ability to influence and control the morality and behaviour of the students via their presence. Therefore, as a means (...)
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