31 found
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  1.  37
    The Moral Agency Argument Against Moral Bioenhancement.Massimo Reichlin - 2019 - Topoi 38 (1):53-62.
    It is often contended that certain enhancement technologies are acceptable, because they simply update traditional ways of pursuing the improvement of human capacities. This is not true with reference to moral bioenhancement, because of the radical difference between traditional and biotechnological ways of producing moral progress. These latter risk having serious negative effects on our moral agency, by causing a substantial loss of freedom and capacity of authentic moral behaviour, by affecting our moral identity and by imposing a standard conception (...)
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  2.  21
    Of Meatballs, Autonomy, and Human Dignity: Neuroethics and the Boundaries of Decision Making Among Persons with Dementia.Andrea Lavazza & Massimo Reichlin - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 9 (2):88-95.
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  3.  48
    The Argument From Potential: A Reappraisal.Massimo Reichlin - 1997 - Bioethics 11 (1):1–23.
  4.  51
    The Role of Solidarity in Social Responsibility for Health.Massimo Reichlin - 2011 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (4):365-370.
    The Article focuses on the concept of social solidarity, as it is used in the Report of the International Bioethics Committee On Social Responsibility and Health. It is argued that solidarity plays a major role in supporting the whole framework of social responsibility, as presented by the IBC. Moreover, solidarity is not limited to members of particular groups, but potentially extended to all human beings on the basis of their inherent dignity; this sense of human solidarity is a necessary presupposition (...)
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  5.  8
    Prioritarianism in Health-Care: Resisting the Reduction to Utilitarianism.Massimo Reichlin - 2021 - Diametros 18 (69):20-32.
    Tännsjö’s book Setting Health-Care Priorities defends the view that there are three main normative theories in the domain of distributive justice, and that these theories are both highly plausible in themselves, and practically convergent in their normative conclusions. All three theories point to a somewhat radical departure from the present distribution of medical resources: in particular, they suggest redirecting resources from marginal life extension to the care of mentally ill patients. In this paper I wish to argue, firstly, that prioritarianism (...)
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  6.  23
    Informed Consent as an Ethical Requirement in Clinical Trials: An Old, but Still Unresolved Issue. An Observational Study to Evaluate Patient's Informed Consent Comprehension.Virginia Sanchini, Michele Reni, Giliola Calori, Elisabetta Riva & Massimo Reichlin - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (4):269-275.
    We explored the comprehension of the informed consent in 77 cancer patients previously enrolled in randomised phase II or phase III clinical trials, between March and July 2011, at the San Raffaele Scientific Institute in Milano. We asked participants to complete an ad hoc questionnaire and analysed their answers. Sixty-two per cent of the patients understood the purpose and nature of the trial they were participating in; 44% understood the study procedures and 40% correctly listed at least one of the (...)
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  7.  7
    The Role of Conscience in Smith’s Revised Sentimentalism.Massimo Reichlin - forthcoming - Intellectual History Review:1-18.
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  8.  27
    Introduction: Moral Enhancement.Andrea Lavazza & Massimo Reichlin - 2019 - Topoi 38 (1):1-5.
    It is often contended that certain enhancement technologies are acceptable, because they simply update traditional ways of pursuing the improvement of human capacities. This is not true with reference to moral bioenhancement, because of the radical difference between traditional and biotechnological ways of producing moral progress. These latter risk having serious negative effects on our moral agency, by causing a substantial loss of freedom and capacity of authentic moral behaviour, by affecting our moral identity and by imposing a standard conception (...)
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  9.  20
    Observations on the Epistemological Status of Bioethics.Massimo Reichlin - 1994 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (1):79-102.
    Different definitions of bioethics in American and Italian literature are reported. It is argued that they refer to three different conceptions of the epistemological status of bioethics: the first conceives of it as an application of moral principles to biomedical problems, the second as a methodology for the working out of clinical judgement, the third as a broader and interdisciplinary public inquiry. It is suggested that each approach grasps a part of the truth, for each singles out one level of (...)
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  10.  5
    The Reasonableness Standard for Conscientious Objection in Healthcare.Massimo Reichlin - forthcoming - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-10.
    In complex, pluralistic societies, different views concerning the moral duties of healthcare professionals inevitably exist: according to some accounts, doctors can and should cooperate in performing abortion or physician-assisted suicide, while according to others they should always defend human life and protect their patients’ health. It is argued that the very plurality of responses presently given to questions such as these provides a liberal argument in favour of conscientious objection, as an attempt to deal with moral diversity by protecting both (...)
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  11.  25
    L’allocazione delle risorse sanitarie durante la pandemia da Covid-19: un’analisi comparativa dei documenti della SIAARTI e del CNB.Davide Battisti, Luca Marelli, Mario Picozzi, Massimo Reichlin & Virginia Sanchini - 2021 - Notizie di Politeia 141:25-45.
    In Italy, during the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic, the Italian Society of Resuscitators and Pain Therapists (SIAARTI) and the Italian National Bioethics Committee (CNB) published ethical guidance on the allocation of scarce intensive care resources. In this paper, we outline and compare these documents in detail, highlighting differences and similarities. In particular, we argue that major differences exist with respect to the principles and values underpinning the documents and the normative allocation criteria proposed. Conversely, similarities can be traced (...)
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  12. AIDS 519 Murphy, Timothy F. Health-Care Workers with AIDS and a Patient's Right to Know 553 Nelson, James Lindemann. Publicity and Pricelessness: Grassroots Decisionmaking and Justice in Rationing 333. [REVIEW]Laurence J. O'Connell, James Parker, Mary C. Rawlinson, Massimo Reichlin, David Resnik, John Sadler, Yosaf Hulgus, George Agich, Marian Gray Secundy & Mark J. Sedler - 1994 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19:641-645.
  13.  2
    "Principles of Biomedical Ethics": Un Bilancio.Massimo Reichlin - 2021 - Società Degli Individui 72:13-25.
  14. Ordinary Moral Knowledge and Philosophical Ethics in Sidgwick and Kant.Massimo Reichlin - 2008 - Etica E Politica 10 (2):109-136.
    Sidgwick considered Kant as one of his masters. However, he never devoted any systematic attention to Kant’s ethical theory; moreover, in The Methods of Ethics he concluded that Kantian ethics is inadequate to guide moral life. I review Sidgwick’s references to Kant in order to show that – along with basic differences − there are significant similarities in the main project of the two philosophers; and I suggest that, should Sidgwick have deepened his understanding of Kant, he might have realised (...)
     
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  15.  38
    Hume and Utilitarianism: Another Look at an Age-Old Question.Massimo Reichlin - 2016 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 14 (1):1-20.
    The discussion on the relationship between Hume and utilitarianism has been lively for many decades. To contribute to this discussion, I identify four main features of a utilitarian view: a) a consequentialist theory of the right, b) a hedonist theory of the good, c) some kind of impartiality in evaluating consequences, and d) an essentially prescriptive, rather than merely explicative, attitude. I then show that, first, although he borrowed the word ‘utility’ from Hume, Bentham did not consider Hume as a (...)
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  16. Tra legge e virtù. La filosofia pratica angloamericana contemporanea. A cura di Angelo Campodonico.Angelo Campodonico, Sergio Cremaschi, Massimo Reichlin, Roberto Mordacci, Alberto Pirni & Mario Ricciardi - 2004 - Genova: Il nuovo melangolo.
    Nella seconda metà del Novecento la conoscenza dell'etica anglosassone in Italia è stata alquanto parziale. Si pensava che il mondo dell'etica di lingua inglese fosse stato dominato nel Novecento dallo scientismo neopositivista o pragmatista che non riusciva a concepire l'etica se non nella forma tecnicizzata dell'analisi del linguaggio o metaetica. In questo modo si è ignorata tutta una ripresa dell'etica normativa, in particolare di Kant e di Aristotele, o la ripresa del diritto naturale che ha tra i suoi principali riferimenti (...)
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  17. Appunti Sulla Relazione di Roberto Festa.Massimo Reichlin - 2007 - Etica E Politica 9 (2):188-193.
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  18. Morality in Times of Naturalising the Mind.Massimo Reichlin - 2014 - De Gruyter.
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  19. Può Il Sentimentalismo Etico Essere Un’Epistemologia?Massimo Reichlin - 2005 - Etica E Politica 7 (2):1-7.
     
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  20. Roberta Sala, Bioetica E Pluralismo Dei Valori: Tolleranza, Principi, Ideali Morali (Bioethics and Pluralism of Values: Toleration, Principles, Moral.Massimo Reichlin - 2003 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 8:199-203.
     
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  21.  23
    Contentsintroductionmorality in Times of Naturalising the Mind – an Overviewpart I: Free Will, Responsibility and the Naturalised Mind1. Naturalizing Free Will – Empirical and Conceptual Issues2. Libet’s Experiments and the Possibility of Free Conscious Decision3. The Effectiveness of Intentions – a Critique of Wegnerpart II: Naturalising Ethics? – Metaethical Perspectives4. Neuroethics and the Rationalism/Sentimentalism Divide5. Experimental Ethics – a Critical Analysispart III: Naturalised Ethics? Empirical Perspectives6. Moral Soulfulness & Moral Hypocrisy – is Scientific Study of Moral Agency Relevant to Ethical Reflection?Part IV: Neuroethics – Which Values?7. The Rationale Behind Surgery –Truth, Facts, Valuesbiographical Notes on the Authorsname Index. [REVIEW]Massimo Reichlin - 2014 - In Christoph Lumer (ed.), Morality in Times of Naturalising the Mind. De Gruyter. pp. 127-144.
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  22.  32
    The Sanctity / Quality of Life and the Ethics of Respect for Persons.Massimo Reichlin - 2002 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):37-54.
    It is often argued that scientific developments in the area of biomedicine call for new ethical paradigms. Given the inadequacies of the traditional “sanctity-of-life ethics” (SLE), many have argued for a quality-of-life ethics (QLE), based on a non-speciesistic theory ofthe value of life. In this paper, I claim that QLE cannot account for the normativity of moral judgments, which can be explained only within the context of a theory of practical rationality: the peculiarity of moral normativity calls for an ethics (...)
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  23.  16
    4. Neuroethics and the Rationalism/Sentimentalism Divide.Massimo Reichlin - 2014 - In Christoph Lumer (ed.), Morality in Times of Naturalising the Mind. De Gruyter. pp. 127-144.
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  24.  8
    L’amore non è soltanto chimica. I limiti di una comprensione “naturalizzata” dei legami affettivi.Massimo Reichlin - 2013 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 4 (3):285-295.
    In questo testo viene discussa la tesi secondo cui sarebbe possibile una comprensione esaustiva del fenomeno amoroso sulla base dei meccanismi della chimica cerebrale. Si distinguono diversi aspetti dell'amore e si portano ragioni per le quali le chimica cerebrale può svolgere un ruolo più o meno ampio in ciascuno di essi nel fornire una spiegazione del fenomeno amoroso.
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  25.  32
    Introduction.Paolo Cattorini & Massimo Reichlin - 1997 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 18 (3):217-219.
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  26. Persistent Vegetative State: A Presumption to Treat.Paolo Cattorini & Massimo Reichlin - 1997 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 18 (3).
    The article briefly analyzes the concept of a person, arguing that personhood does not coincide with the actual enjoyment of certain intellectual capacities, but is coextensive with the embodiment of a human individual. Since in PVS patients we can observe a human individual functioning as a whole, we must conclude that these patients are still human persons, even if in a condition of extreme impairment. It is then argued that some forms of minimal treatment may not be futile for these (...)
     
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  27.  20
    Bioetica E Pluralismo Dei Valori: Tolleranza, Principi, Ideali Morali.Massimo Reichlin - 2003 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 3 (2):199-203.
  28.  7
    La sofferenza e la buona morte.Massimo Reichlin - 2006 - Acta Philosophica 15 (2):247-270.
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  29.  10
    The Experience of Illness and the Meaning of Death.Massimo Reichlin - 2001 - In Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka & Evandro Agazzi (eds.), Life Interpretation and the Sense of Illness Within the Human Condition. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 81--95.
  30.  6
    La sofferenza e la buona morte.Massimo Reichlin - 2006 - Acta Philosophica: Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia 15 (2):247-272.
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  31.  2
    Persistent Vegetative State: A Presumption to Treat.Massimo Reichlin & Paolo Cattorini - 1997 - Theoretical Medicine 18 (3):263-281.
    The article briefly analyzes the concept of a person, arguing that personhood does not coincide with the actual enjoyment of certain intellectual capacities, but is coextensive with the embodiment of a human individual. Since in PVS patients we can observe a human individual functioning as a whole, we must conclude that these patients are still human persons, even if in a condition of extreme impairment. It is then argued that some forms of minimal treatment may not be futile for these (...)
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