Results for 'Mathematics Philosophy'

997 found
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  1.  18
    Frege: Philosophy of Mathematics[REVIEW]Charles Parsons - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (4):540.
    This work is the long awaited sequel to the author’s classic Frege: Philosophy of Language. But it is not exactly what the author originally planned. He tells us that when he resumed work on the book in the summer of 1989, after a long interruption, he decided to start afresh. The resulting work followed a different plan from the original drafts. The reader does not know what was lost by their abandonment, but clearly much was gained: The present work (...)
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  2.  30
    Frege’s Philosophy of Mathematics[REVIEW]Sanford Shieh - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (2):275.
    The days when Frege was more footnoted than read are now long gone; still, until very recently he has been read rather selectively. No doubt many had an inkling that there’s more to Frege than the sense/reference distinction; but few, one suspects, thought that his philosophy of mathematics was as fertile and intriguing as the present collection demonstrates. Perhaps, as Paul Benacerraf’s essay in this collection suggests, logical positivism should be held partly responsible for the neglect of this (...)
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  3.  24
    Notes on Philosophy, Probability and Mathematics[REVIEW]Brad Armendt - 1994 - Philosophical Review 103 (4):713-715.
    Review of Maria Carla Galavotti (ed), Notes on Philosophy, Probability and Mathematics, 1991, Bibliopolis. Notes are selected from manuscripts by Frank Plumpton Ramsey at the University of Pittsburgh's Hillman Library.
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  4. Kant’s Philosophy of Mathematics and the Greek Mathematical Tradition.Daniel Sutherland - 2004 - Philosophical Review 113 (2):157-201.
    The aggregate EIRP of an N-element antenna array is proportional to N 2. This observation illustrates an effective approach for providing deep space networks with very powerful uplinks. The increased aggregate EIRP can be employed in a number of ways, including improved emergency communications, reaching farther into deep space, increased uplink data rates, and the flexibility of simultaneously providing more than one uplink beam with the array. Furthermore, potential for cost savings also exists since the array can be formed using (...)
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  5.  73
    Towards a Hegelian Philosophy of Mathematics.Alan L. T. Paterson - 1997 - Idealistic Studies 27 (1/2):1-10.
    There is at present no intelligible account of what the statements of pure mathematics are about. The philosophy of mathematics is in a mess! Marvin J. Greenberg.
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  6.  47
    Mathematics as a Science of Patterns. [REVIEW]Mark Steiner - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (1):115-118.
    For the past hundred years, mathematics, for its own reasons, has been shifting away from the study of “mathematical objects” and towards the study of “structures”. One would have expected philosophers to jump onto the bandwagon, as in many other cases, to proclaim that this shift is no accident, since mathematics is “essentially” about structures, not objects. In fact, structuralism has not been a very popular philosophy of mathematics, probably because of the hostility of Frege and (...)
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  7. Philosophy of Mathematics: Structure and Ontology.Stewart Shapiro - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    Do numbers, sets, and so forth, exist? What do mathematical statements mean? Are they literally true or false, or do they lack truth values altogether? Addressing questions that have attracted lively debate in recent years, Stewart Shapiro contends that standard realist and antirealist accounts of mathematics are both problematic. As Benacerraf first noted, we are confronted with the following powerful dilemma. The desired continuity between mathematical and, say, scientific language suggests realism, but realism in this context suggests seemingly intractable (...)
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  8.  15
    Philosophy of Mathematics and Mathematical Practice in the Seventeenth Century.Douglas Jesseph - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (1):146-148.
    The seventeenth century saw dramatic advances in mathematical theory and practice. With the recovery of many of the classical Greek mathematical texts, new techniques were introduced, and within 100 years, the rules of analytic geometry, geometry of indivisibles, arithmetic of infinites, and calculus were developed. Although many technical studies have been devoted to these innovations, Mancosu provides the first comprehensive account of the relationship between mathematical advances of the seventeenth century and the philosophy of mathematics of the period. (...)
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  9.  69
    Philosophy of Mathematics and Natural Science.Hermann Weyl - 1949 - Princeton University Press.
    This is a book that no one but Weyl could have written--and, indeed, no one has written anything quite like it since.
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  10. Frege: Philosophy of Mathematics.Michael Dummett - 1991 - Harvard University Press.
    In this work Dummett discusses, section by section, Frege's masterpiece The Foundations of Arithmetic and Frege's treatment of real numbers in the second volume ...
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  11.  31
    Philosophy of Mathematics.Paul Benacerraf - 1964 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.
    The present collection brings together in a convenient form the seminal articles in the philosophy of mathematics by these and other major thinkers.
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  12.  69
    On the Failure of Mathematics' Philosophy: Review of P. Maddy, Realism in Mathematics; and C. Chihara, Constructibility and Mathematical Existence.David Charles McCarty - 1993 - Synthese 96 (2):255-291.
  13. Philosophy of Mathematics: Selected Readings.Paul Benacerraf & Hilary Putnam (eds.) - 1964 - Cambridge University Press.
    The twentieth century has witnessed an unprecedented 'crisis in the foundations of mathematics', featuring a world-famous paradox (Russell's Paradox), a challenge to 'classical' mathematics from a world-famous mathematician (the 'mathematical intuitionism' of Brouwer), a new foundational school (Hilbert's Formalism), and the profound incompleteness results of Kurt Gödel. In the same period, the cross-fertilization of mathematics and philosophy resulted in a new sort of 'mathematical philosophy', associated most notably (but in different ways) with Bertrand Russell, W. (...)
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  14. Philosophy of Mathematics and Deductive Structure of Euclid 's "Elements".Ian Mueller - 1981 - Dover Publications.
    A survey of Euclid's Elements, this text provides an understanding of the classical Greek conception of mathematics and its similarities to modern views as well as its differences. It focuses on philosophical, foundational, and logical questions — rather than strictly historical and mathematical issues — and features several helpful appendixes.
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  15. Logic, Mathematics, Philosophy, Vintage Enthusiasms: Essays in Honour of John L. Bell.David DeVidi, Michael Hallet & Peter Clark (eds.) - 2011 - Springer.
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  16.  11
    Logic–MathematicsPhilosophy.Pavel Materna - 2010 - In Jaroslav Peregrin (ed.), Foundations of Logic. Charles University in Prague/Karolinum Press.
  17.  82
    Mathematics in Philosophy: Selected Essays.Charles Parsons - 1983 - Cornell University Press.
    This important book by a major American philosopher brings together eleven essays treating problems in logic and the philosophy of mathematics.
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  18.  76
    Philosophy of Mathematics: An Introduction to a World of Proofs and Pictures.James Robert Brown - 1999 - Routledge.
    _Philosophy of Mathematics_ is an excellent introductory text. This student friendly book discusses the great philosophers and the importance of mathematics to their thought. It includes the following topics: * the mathematical image * platonism * picture-proofs * applied mathematics * Hilbert and Godel * knots and nations * definitions * picture-proofs and Wittgenstein * computation, proof and conjecture. The book is ideal for courses on philosophy of mathematics and logic.
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  19. Mathematics as a Science of Patterns.Michael D. Resnik - 1997 - New York ;Oxford University Press.
    This book expounds a system of ideas about the nature of mathematics which Michael Resnik has been elaborating for a number of years. In calling mathematics a science he implies that it has a factual subject-matter and that mathematical knowledge is on a par with other scientific knowledge; in calling it a science of patterns he expresses his commitment to a structuralist philosophy of mathematics. He links this to a defense of realism about the metaphysics of (...)
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  20.  74
    Philosophy of Mathematics: A Contemporary Introduction to the World of Proofs and Pictures.James Robert Brown - 2008 - Routledge.
    1. Introduction : the mathematical image -- 2. Platonism -- 3. Picture-proofs and Platonism -- 4. What is applied mathematics? -- 5. Hilbert and Gödel -- 6. Knots and notation -- 7. What is a definition? -- 8. Constructive approaches -- 9. Proofs, pictures and procedures in Wittgenstein -- 10. Computation, proof and conjecture -- 11. How to refute the continuum hypothesis -- 12. Calling the bluff.
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  21. The Philosophy of Mathematics.W. D. Hart (ed.) - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume offers a selection of the most interesting and important work from recent years in the philosophy of mathematics, which has always been closely linked to, and has exerted a significant influence upon, the main stream of analytical philosophy. The issues discussed are of interest throughout philosophy, and no mathematical expertise is required of the reader. Contributors include W.V. Quine, W.D. Hart, Michael Dummett, Charles Parsons, Paul Benacerraf, Penelope Maddy, W.W. Tait, Hilary Putnam, George Boolos, (...)
     
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  22.  41
    Platonism and Anti-Platonism in Mathematics.John P. Burgess - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (1):79.
    Mathematics tells us there exist infinitely many prime numbers. Nominalist philosophy, introduced by Goodman and Quine, tells us there exist no numbers at all, and so no prime numbers. Nominalists are aware that the assertion of the existence of prime numbers is warranted by the standards of mathematical science; they simply reject scientific standards of warrant.
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  23. Philosophy of Mathematics and Mathematical Practice in the Seventeenth Century.Paolo Mancosu - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
    The seventeenth century saw dramatic advances in mathematical theory and practice. With the recovery of many of the classical Greek mathematical texts, new techniques were introduced, and within 100 years, the rules of analytic geometry, geometry of indivisibles, arithmatic of infinites, and calculus were developed. Although many technical studies have been devoted to these innovations, Mancosu provides the first comprehensive account of the relationship between mathematical advances of the seventeenth century and the philosophy of mathematics of the period. (...)
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  24. Philosophy of Mathematics.Øystein Linnebo - 2017 - Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    Mathematics is one of the most successful human endeavors—a paradigm of precision and objectivity. It is also one of our most puzzling endeavors, as it seems to deliver non-experiential knowledge of a non-physical reality consisting of numbers, sets, and functions. How can the success and objectivity of mathematics be reconciled with its puzzling features, which seem to set it apart from all the usual empirical sciences? This book offers a short but systematic introduction to the philosophy of (...)
     
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  25. Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Mathematics.Juliet Floyd - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    For Wittgenstein mathematics is a human activity characterizing ways of seeing conceptual possibilities and empirical situations, proof and logical methods central to its progress. Sentences exhibit differing 'aspects', or dimensions of meaning, projecting mathematical 'realities'. Mathematics is an activity of constructing standpoints on equalities and differences of these. Wittgenstein's Later Philosophy of Mathematics grew from his Early and Middle philosophies, a dialectical path reconstructed here partly as a response to the limitative results of Gödel and Turing.
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  26. Realism, Mathematics and Modality.Hartry Field - 1988 - Philosophical Topics 16 (1):57-107.
  27. Leibniz on Mathematics and the Actually Infinite Division of Matter.Samuel Levey - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (1):49-96.
    Mathematician and philosopher Hermann Weyl had our subject dead to rights.
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  28.  66
    From Mathematics to Philosophy.Hao Wang - 1974 - London.
    First published in 1974. Despite the tendency of contemporary analytic philosophy to put logic and mathematics at a central position, the author argues it failed to appreciate or account for their rich content. Through discussions of such mathematical concepts as number, the continuum, set, proof and mechanical procedure, the author provides an introduction to the philosophy of mathematics and an internal criticism of the then current academic philosophy. The material presented is also an illustration of (...)
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  29. Kant's Philosophy of Mathematics: Volume 1: The Critical Philosophy and its Roots.Carl Posy & Ofra Rechter (eds.) - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    The late 1960s saw the emergence of new philosophical interest in Kant's philosophy of mathematics, and since then this interest has developed into a major and dynamic field of study. In this state-of-the-art survey of contemporary scholarship on Kant's mathematical thinking, Carl Posy and Ofra Rechter gather leading authors who approach it from multiple perspectives, engaging with topics including geometry, arithmetic, logic, and metaphysics. Their essays offer fine-grained analysis of Kant's philosophy of mathematics in the context (...)
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  30. Thinking About Mathematics: The Philosophy of Mathematics.Stewart Shapiro - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    This unique book by Stewart Shapiro looks at a range of philosophical issues and positions concerning mathematics in four comprehensive sections. Part I describes questions and issues about mathematics that have motivated philosophers since the beginning of intellectual history. Part II is an historical survey, discussing the role of mathematics in the thought of such philosophers as Plato, Aristotle, Kant, and Mill. Part III covers the three major positions held throughout the twentieth century: the idea that (...) is logic (logicism), the view that the essence of mathematics is the rule-governed manipulation of characters (formalism), and a revisionist philosophy that focuses on the mental activity of mathematics (intuitionism). Finally, Part IV brings the reader up-to-date with a look at contemporary developments within the discipline. This sweeping introductory guide to the philosophy of mathematics makes these fascinating concepts accessible to those with little background in either mathematics or philosophy. (shrink)
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  31. Mathematics and Reality.Mary Leng (ed.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Mary Leng defends a philosophical account of the nature of mathematics which views it as a kind of fiction. On this view, the claims of our ordinary mathematical theories are more closely analogous to utterances made in the context of storytelling than to utterances whose aim is to assert literal truths.
     
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  32.  39
    The Philosophy of Mathematics: An Introductory Essay.S. KÖRNER - 1960 - Hutchinson.
    This lucid and comprehensive essay by a distinguished philosopher surveys the views of Plato, Aristotle, Leibniz, and Kant on the nature of mathematics. It examines the propositions and theories of the schools these philosophers inspired, and it concludes by discussing the relationship between mathematical theories, empirical data, and philosophical presuppositions. 1968 edition.
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  33.  29
    Lagrange's Analytical Mathematics, its Cartesian Origins and Reception in Comte's Positive Philosophy.Craig G. Fraser - 1990 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 21 (2):243.
  34. Hegel’s Misunderstood Treatment of Gauss in the Science of Logic: Its Implications for His Philosophy of Mathematics.Edward Beach - 2006 - Idealistic Studies 36 (3):191-218.
    This essay explores Hegel’s treatment of Carl Friedrich Gauss’s mathematical discoveries as examples of “Analytic Cognition.” Unfortunately, Hegel’s main point has been virtually lost due to an editorial blunder tracing back almost a century, an error that has been perpetuated in many subsequent editions and translations.The paper accordingly has three sections. In the first, I expose the mistake and trace its pervasive influence in multiple languages and editions of the Wissenschaft der Logik. In the second section, I undertake to explain (...)
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  35.  70
    Towards a Philosophy of Real Mathematics.David Corfield - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this ambitious study, David Corfield attacks the widely held view that it is the nature of mathematical knowledge which has shaped the way in which mathematics is treated philosophically and claims that contingent factors have brought us to the present thematically limited discipline. Illustrating his discussion with a wealth of examples, he sets out a variety of approaches to new thinking about the philosophy of mathematics, ranging from an exploration of whether computers producing mathematical proofs or (...)
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  36.  23
    The Philosophy of Mathematics Education.Paul Ernest - 1991 - Falmer Press.
  37.  40
    Polanyi and Mathematics, Torrance and Philosophy of Science: A Response to Apczynski’s Review.Colin Weightman - 1997 - Tradition and Discovery 24 (1):35-38.
    The question of how Michael Polanyi understood religious realities has often been debated. I suggest, in this response to a review of my book on Polanyi and theologian Thomas Torrance, that Polanyi's treatment of mathematical realities can throw light on his understanding of religious realities especially since he clearly links or groups these in a number of places. In addition, I point out that Torrance develops and moves beyond the Barthian theological tradition in his adoptin of a Polanyian natural theology.
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  38.  39
    From Mathematics to Philosophy.Hao Wang - 1974 - Routledge.
    First published in 1974. Despite the tendency of contemporary analytic philosophy to put logic and mathematics at a central position, the author argues it failed to appreciate or account for their rich content. Through discussions of such mathematical concepts as number, the continuum, set, proof and mechanical procedure, the author provides an introduction to the philosophy of mathematics and an internal criticism of the then current academic philosophy. The material presented is also an illustration of (...)
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  39.  45
    The Philosophy of Mathematics: An Introductory Essay.Stephan Körner - 1960 - Dover Publications.
    This lucid and comprehensive essay by a distinguished philosopher surveys the views of Plato, Aristotle, Leibniz, and Kant on the nature of mathematics. It examines the propositions and theories of the schools these philosophers inspired, and it concludes by discussing the relationship between mathematical theories, empirical data, and philosophical presuppositions. 1968 edition.
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  40. Philosophy of Mathematics: Selected Readings.Paul Benacerraf & Hilary Putnam (eds.) - 1984 - Cambridge University Press.
    The twentieth century has witnessed an unprecedented 'crisis in the foundations of mathematics', featuring a world-famous paradox, a challenge to 'classical' mathematics from a world-famous mathematician, a new foundational school, and the profound incompleteness results of Kurt Gödel. In the same period, the cross-fertilization of mathematics and philosophy resulted in a new sort of 'mathematical philosophy', associated most notably with Bertrand Russell, W. V. Quine, and Gödel himself, and which remains at the focus of Anglo-Saxon (...)
     
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  41.  48
    The Successor Function and Induction Principle in a Hegelian Philosophy of Mathematics.Alan L. T. Paterson - 2000 - Idealistic Studies 30 (1):25-60.
  42. Phenomenology, Logic, and the Philosophy of Mathematics.Richard Tieszen - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    Offering a collection of fifteen essays that deal with issues at the intersection of phenomenology, logic, and the philosophy of mathematics, this 2005 book is divided into three parts. Part I contains a general essay on Husserl's conception of science and logic, an essay of mathematics and transcendental phenomenology, and an essay on phenomenology and modern pure geometry. Part II is focused on Kurt Godel's interest in phenomenology. It explores Godel's ideas and also some work of Quine, (...)
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  43.  45
    An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mathematics.Mark Colyvan - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Mathematics and its philosophy; 2. The limits of mathematics; 3. Plato's heaven; 4. Fiction, metaphor, and partial truths; 5. Mathematical explanation; 6. The applicability of mathematics; 7. Who's afraid of inconsistent mathematics?; 8. A rose by any other name; 9. Epilogue: desert island theorems.
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  44. Naturalism in Mathematics.Penelope Maddy - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    Naturalism in Mathematics investigates how the most fundamental assumptions of mathematics can be justified. One prevalent philosophical approach to the problem--realism--is examined and rejected in favor of another approach--naturalism. Penelope Maddy defines this naturalism, explains the motivation for it, and shows how it can be successfully applied in set theory. Her clear, original treatment of this fundamental issue is informed by current work in both philosophy and mathematics, and will be accessible and enlightening to readers from (...)
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  45.  37
    Cambridge Mathematics and Cavendish Physics: Cunningham, Campbell and Einstein's Relativity 1905–1911 Part I: The Uses of Theory. [REVIEW]Andrew Warwick - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 23 (4):625-656.
  46.  36
    Three Views of Logic: Mathematics, Philosophy, Computer Science.Donald W. Loveland, Richard E. Hodel & Susan G. Sterrett - 2014 - Princeton University Press.
    Demonstrating the different roles that logic plays in the disciplines of computer science, mathematics, and philosophy, this concise undergraduate textbook covers select topics from three different areas of logic: proof theory, computability theory, and nonclassical logic. The book balances accessibility, breadth, and rigor, and is designed so that its materials will fit into a single semester. Its distinctive presentation of traditional logic material will enhance readers' capabilities and mathematical maturity. The proof theory portion presents classical propositional logic and (...)
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  47.  72
    Mathematics, Science, and Epistemology.Imre Lakatos - 1978 - Cambridge University Press.
    Imre Lakatos' philosophical and scientific papers are published here in two volumes. Volume I brings together his very influential but scattered papers on the philosophy of the physical sciences, and includes one important unpublished essay on the effect of Newton's scientific achievement. Volume 2 presents his work on the philosophy of mathematics (much of it unpublished), together with some critical essays on contemporary philosophers of science and some famous polemical writings on political and educational issues.
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  48.  27
    Philosophy of Mathematics: An Introduction.David Bostock - 2009 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Finally the book concludes with a discussion of the most recent debates between realists and nominalists.
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  49. An Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics: Mathematics as the Science of Quantity and Stucture.James Franklin - 2014 - Palgrave MacMillan.
    An Aristotelian Philosophy of Mathematics breaks the impasse between Platonist and nominalist views of mathematics. Neither a study of abstract objects nor a mere language or logic, mathematics is a science of real aspects of the world as much as biology is. For the first time, a philosophy of mathematics puts applied mathematics at the centre. Quantitative aspects of the world such as ratios of heights, and structural ones such as symmetry and continuity, (...)
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  50. Phimsamp: Philosophy of Mathematics: Sociological Aspsects and Mathematical Practice.Benedikt Löwe & Thomas Müller (eds.) - 2010 - College Publications.
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