Results for 'Mathew Bedke'

383 found
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  1. The Iffiest Oughts: A Guise of Reasons Account of End‐Given Conditionals.Mathew Bedke - 2009 - Ethics 119 (4):672-698.
    It often seems that what one ought to do depends on what contingent ends one has adopted and the means to pursuing them. Imagine, for example, that you are applying for jobs, and a particularly attractive one comes your way. It offers excellent colleagues in a desirable location, the pay is good, and acquiring a job like this is one of your ends. If practicing your job talk is a means to getting the job, the following seems true: (1) If (...)
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  2. Choosing Normative Concepts.Matthew S. Bedke - 2019 - Philosophical Review 128 (1):121-126.
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  3. Against Normative Naturalism.Matthew S. Bedke - 2012 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (1):111 - 129.
    This paper considers normative naturalism, understood as the view that (i) normative sentences are descriptive of the way things are, and (ii) their truth/falsity does not require ontology beyond the ontology of the natural world. Assuming (i) for the sake of argument, I here show that (ii) is false not only as applied to ethics, but more generally as applied to practical and epistemic normativity across the board. The argument is a descendant of Moore's Open Question Argument and Hume's Is-Ought (...)
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  4.  18
    Cultural Group Selection Plays an Essential Role in Explaining Human Cooperation: A Sketch of the Evidence.Peter Richerson, Ryan Baldini, Adrian Bell, Kathryn Demps, Karl Frost, Vicken Hillis, Sarah Mathew, Emily Newton, Nicole Narr, Lesley Newson, Cody Ross, Paul Smaldino, Timothy Waring & Matthew Zefferman - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39:1-71.
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  5.  29
    A Dilemma for Non-Naturalists: Irrationality or Immorality?Matthew S. Bedke - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-16.
    Either 1. the non-naturalist is in a state of mind that would treat as relevant information about the existence and patterns of non-natural properties and facts as they make up their mind about normative matters, or 2. the non-naturalist is in a state of mind that would treat as irrelevant information about the existence and patterns of non-natural properties and facts as they make up their mind about normative matters. The first state of mind is morally objectionable, for one should (...)
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  6. No Coincidence?Matthew Bedke - 2014 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 9:102-125.
    This paper critically examines coincidence arguments and evolutionary debunking arguments against non-naturalist realism in metaethics. It advances a version of these arguments that goes roughly like this: Given a non-naturalist, realist metaethic, it would be cosmically coincidental if our first order normative beliefs were true. This coincidence undermines any prima facie justification enjoyed by those beliefs.
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  7. Might All Normativity Be Queer?Matthew S. Bedke - 2010 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (1):41-58.
    Here I discuss the conceptual structure and core semantic commitments of reason-involving thought and discourse needed to underwrite the claim that ethical normativity is not uniquely queer. This deflates a primary source of ethical scepticism and it vindicates so-called partner in crime arguments. When it comes to queerness objections, all reason-implicating normative claims?including those concerning Humean reasons to pursue one's ends, and epistemic reasons to form true beliefs?stand or fall together.
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  8. Phenomenal Abilities: Incompatibilism and the Experience of Agency.Oisín Deery, Matthew S. Bedke & Shaun Nichols - 2013 - In David Shoemaker (ed.), Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility. Oxford University Press. pp. 126–50.
    Incompatibilists often claim that we experience our agency as incompatible with determinism, while compatibilists challenge this claim. We report a series of experiments that focus on whether the experience of having an ability to do otherwise is taken to be at odds with determinism. We found that participants in our studies described their experience as incompatibilist whether the decision was (i) present-focused or retrospective, (ii) imagined or actual, (iii) morally salient or morally neutral. The only case in which participants did (...)
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  9. Moral Judgment Purposivism: Saving Internalism From Amoralism.M. S. Bedke - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 144 (2):189-209.
    Consider orthodox motivational judgment internalism: necessarily, A’s sincere moral judgment that he or she ought to φ motivates A to φ. Such principles fail because they cannot accommodate the amoralist, or one who renders moral judgments without any corresponding motivation. The orthodox alternative, externalism, posits only contingent relations between moral judgment and motivation. In response I first revive conceptual internalism by offering some modifications on the amoralist case to show that certain community-wide motivational failures are not conceptually possible. Second, I (...)
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  10. Intuitive Non-Naturalism Meets Cosmic Coincidence.Matthew S. Bedke - 2009 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 90 (2):188-209.
    Having no recourse to ways of knowing about the natural world, ethical non-naturalists are in need of an epistemology that might apply to a normative breed of facts or properties, and intuitionism seems well suited to fill that bill. Here I argue that the metaphysical inspiration for ethical intuitionism undermines that very epistemology, for this pair of views generates what I call the defeater from cosmic coincidence. Unfortunately, we face not a happy union, but a difficult choice: either ethical intuitionism (...)
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  11. Ethical Intuitions: What They Are, What They Are Not, and How They Justify.Matthew S. Bedke - 2008 - American Philosophical Quarterly 45 (3):253-270.
    There are ways that ethical intuitions might be, and the various possibilities have epistemic ramifications. This paper criticizes some extant accounts of what ethical intuitions are and how they justify, and it offers an alternative account. Roughly, an ethical intuition that p is a kind of seeming state constituted by a consideration whether p, attended by positive phenomenological qualities that count as evidence for p, and so a reason to believe that p. They are distinguished from other kinds of seemings, (...)
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  12.  56
    A Menagerie of Duties? Normative Judgments Are Not Beliefs About Non-Natural Properties.Matthew Bedke - 2014 - American Philosophical Quarterly 51 (3):189-201.
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  13. Rationalist Restrictions and External Reasons.Matthew S. Bedke - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 151 (1):39 - 57.
    Historically, the most persuasive argument against external reasons proceeds through a rationalist restriction: For all agents A, and all actions Φ, there is a reason for A to Φ only if Φing is rationally accessible from A's actual motivational states. Here I distinguish conceptions of rationality, show which one the internalist must rely on to argue against external reasons, and argue that a rationalist restriction that features that conception of rationality is extremely implausible. Other conceptions of rationality can render the (...)
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  14. Practical Reasons, Practical Rationality, Practical Wisdom.Matthew S. Bedke - 2008 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (1):85-111.
    There are a number of proposals as to exactly how reasons, ends and rationality are related. It is often thought that practical reasons can be analyzed in terms of practical rationality, which, in turn, has something to do with the pursuit of ends. I want to argue against the conceptual priority of rationality and the pursuit of ends, and in favor of the conceptual priority of reasons. This case comes in two parts. I first argue for a new conception of (...)
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  15.  86
    The Ought‐Is Gap: Trouble For Hybrid Semantics.Matthew S. Bedke - 2012 - Philosophical Quarterly 62 (249):657-670.
    When it comes to the meanings of normative expressions, descriptivist theories and expressivist theories have distinct explanatory virtues. Noting this, and with the hope of not compromising on explanatory resources, hybrid semantic theories refuse to choose. Here, I examine how well the strategy works for Moorean open questions and associated is‐ought gaps. Though hybrid theorists typically rely on their expressivist resources for this explanandum, there is a type of open question that unadulterated expressivist theories can handle but hybrid theories cannot (...)
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  16.  16
    Ends to Means.Matthew Bedke - 2017 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 12 (1).
    This paper defends a probability-raising theory of what it is to be a means to an end, and how much reason transmits from an end to its means. In short, an action is a means to an end insofar as it raises the probability of the end relative to the worst one could do. The paper also considers and criticizes several alternative probability-raising theories as well as non-probability-raising conditions on being a means and being supported by means-based reason.
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  17.  38
    Passing the Deontic Buck.Matt Bedke - 2011 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 6:128.
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  18.  55
    Intuitions, Meaning, and Normativity: Why Intuition Theory Supports a Non‐Descriptivist Metaethic.Matthew S. Bedke - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 93 (1):144-177.
    Non-descriptivists in metaethics should say more about intuitions. For one popular theory has it that case-based intuitions are in the business of correctly categorizing or classifying merely by bringing to bear a semantic or conceptual competence. If so, then the fact that all normative predicates have case-based intuitions involving them shows that they too are in the business of categorizing or classifying things. This favors a descriptivist position in metaethics—normative predicates have descriptive content—and disfavors a purely non-descriptivist position, like pure (...)
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  19. Intuitional Epistemology in Ethics.Matthew S. Bedke - 1069-1083 - Philosophy Compass 5 (12):1069-1083.
    Here I examine the major theories of ethical intuitions, focusing on the epistemic status of this class of intuitions. We cover self-evidence theory, seeming-state theory, and some of the recent contributions from experimental philosophy.
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  20. Developmental Process Reliabilism: On Justification, Defeat, and Evidence.Matthew S. Bedke - 2010 - Erkenntnis 73 (1):1 - 17.
    Here I present and defend an etiological theory of objective, doxastic justification, and related theories of defeat and evidence. The theory is intended to solve a problem for reliabilist epistemologies— the problem of identifying relevant environments for assessing a process's reliability. It is also intended to go some way to accommodating, neutralizing, or explaining away many internalist-friendly elements in our epistemic thinking.
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  21.  3
    Position Measurement-Induced Collapse: A Unified Quantum Description of Fraunhofer and Fresnel Diffractions.Moncy V. John & Kiran Mathew - forthcoming - Foundations of Physics:1-13.
    Position measurement-induced collapse states are shown to provide a unified quantum description of diffraction of particles passing through a single slit. These states, which we here call ‘quantum location states’, are represented by the conventional rectangular wave function at the initial time of position measurement. We expand this state in terms of the position eigenstates, which in turn can be represented as a linear combination of energy eigenfunctions of the problem, using the closure property. The time-evolution of the location states (...)
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  22. A New Theory of Humean Reasons? A Critical Note on Schroeder's Hypotheticalism.Matthew Bedke - 2008 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy (3):1-5.
  23.  91
    22 Ethics Makes Strange Bedfellows: Intuitions and Quasi-Realism.Matt Bedke - 2013 - In Matthew C. Haug (ed.), Philosophical Methodology: The Armchair or the Laboratory? Routledge. pp. 416.
    You know the story. You have a few intuitions. You propose a few theories that fit them. It’s a living. Of course, things are more complicated than this. We are sensitive to counterexamples raised by others and wish to accommodate or explain away an ever-wider base of intuitive starting points. And a great deal of the action occurs in rational reflection that can alter what is intuitive, and in theorizing that overturns formerly justified beliefs and moves us to new justified (...)
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  24.  3
    Generalized Stacking Fault Energies in the Basal Plane of Triclinic Molecular Crystal 1,3,5-Triamino-2,4,6-Trinitrobenzene. [REVIEW]Nithin Mathew & Thomas D. Sewell - 2015 - Philosophical Magazine 95 (4):424-440.
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  25. An Objectivist Argument for Thirdism.Ian Evans, Don Fallis, Peter Gross, Terry Horgan, Jenann Ismael, John Pollock, Paul D. Thorn, Jacob N. Caton, Adam Arico, Daniel Sanderman, Orlin Vakerelov, Nathan Ballantyne, Matthew S. Bedke, Brian Fiala & Martin Fricke - 2008 - Analysis 68 (2):149-155.
    Bayesians take “definite” or “single-case” probabilities to be basic. Definite probabilities attach to closed formulas or propositions. We write them here using small caps: PROB(P) and PROB(P/Q). Most objective probability theories begin instead with “indefinite” or “general” probabilities (sometimes called “statistical probabilities”). Indefinite probabilities attach to open formulas or propositions. We write indefinite probabilities using lower case “prob” and free variables: prob(Bx/Ax). The indefinite probability of an A being a B is not about any particular A, but rather about the (...)
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  26.  5
    May the Fittest Protein Evolve: Favoring the Plant‐Specific Origin and Expansion of NAC Transcription Factors.Iny Elizebeth Mathew & Pinky Agarwal - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (8):1800018.
    Plant‐specific NAC transcription factors (TFs) evolve during the transition from aquatic to terrestrial plant life and are amplified to become one of the biggest TF families. This is because they regulate genes involved in water conductance and cell support. They also control flower and fruit formation. The review presented here focuses on various properties, regulatory intricacies, and developmental roles of NAC family members. Processes controlled by NACs depend majorly on their transcriptional properties. NACs can function as both activators and/or repressors. (...)
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  27.  40
    Coherent States and Modified de Broglie-Bohm Complex Quantum Trajectories.Moncy V. John & Kiran Mathew - 2013 - Foundations of Physics 43 (7):859-871.
    This paper examines the nature of classical correspondence in the case of coherent states at the level of quantum trajectories. We first show that for a harmonic oscillator, the coherent state complex quantum trajectories and the complex classical trajectories are identical to each other. This congruence in the complex plane, not restricted to high quantum numbers alone, illustrates that the harmonic oscillator in a coherent state executes classical motion. The quantum trajectories we consider are those conceived in a modified de (...)
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  28.  5
    David Arnold. Toxic Histories: Poison and Pollution in Modern India. Ix + 241 Pp., Figs., Bibl., Index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016. $49.99. [REVIEW]John Mathew - 2017 - Isis 108 (4):922-923.
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  29.  20
    Explaining Compensatory Duties.Matthew S. Bedke - 2010 - Legal Theory 16 (2):91-110.
    In some cases, harming another gives rise to a duty to compensate for harm done. This paper argues that the influential explanations of such duties of compensation—that they are somehow derived from rights intrusions, or breaches of duties not to harm—fail. I offer and defend an alternative explanation for why certain harms and not others give rise to compensatory duties, an explanation that seeks to derive them from wide-scope duties not to harm or to compensate for harm done.
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  30.  17
    Nuccitelli, Susana, and Seay, Gary, Eds. Ethical Naturalism: Current Debates.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Pp. 270. $90.00. [REVIEW]Matthew S. Bedke - 2013 - Ethics 123 (4):776-780.
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  31.  8
    Indo-Portuguese Trade and the Fuggers of Germany: Sixteenth Century.Roderich Ptak & K. S. Mathew - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (1):137.
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  32.  3
    The Implications of Human and Other Animal Displays in U.S. Based Museums.John Mathew - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 66:87-93.
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  33.  6
    A Kind of Fate: Agricultural Change in Virginia, 1861-1920. G. Terry Sharrer.William M. Mathew - 2001 - Isis 92 (4):758-759.
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  34.  11
    The Punishment That Sustains Cooperation is Often Coordinated and Costly.Samuel Bowles, Robert Boyd, Sarah Mathew & Peter J. Richerson - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (1):20 - 21.
    Experiments are not models of cooperation; instead, they demonstrate the presence of the ethical and other-regarding predispositions that often motivate cooperation and the punishment of free-riders. Experimental behavior predicts subjects' cooperation in the field. Ethnographic studies in small-scale societies without formal coercive institutions demonstrate that disciplining defectors is both essential to cooperation and often costly to the punisher.
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  35.  7
    Dumbarton Oaks Papers, No. 17.Gervase Mathew & Dumbarton Oaks - 1965 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 85:254.
  36.  5
    The Religion of Teilhard de Chardin.Gervase Mathew - 1968 - New Blackfriars 49 (574):320-323.
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  37.  7
    Materials for the Study of the Mosaics of St Sophia at Istanbul.Gervase Mathew & C. Mango - 1965 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 85:252.
  38.  4
    The Chaplain at Aldenham.David Mathew - 1964 - New Blackfriars 46 (532):15-20.
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  39.  4
    The Literature of Africa.Gervase Mathew - 1964 - New Blackfriars 46 (532):41-43.
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  40.  4
    Finite Element Analysis of Type IV Cracking in 2.25Cr–1Mo Steel Weldment Based on Micro-Mechanistic Approach.Sunil Goyal, K. Laha, K. S. Chandravathi, P. Parameswaran & M. D. Mathew - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (23):3128-3154.
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  41.  4
    Patristic Revival.Gervase Mathew - 1938 - New Blackfriars 19 (214):16-22.
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  42.  5
    Explaining Group-Level Traits Requires Distinguishing Process From Product.Karthik Panchanathan, Sarah Mathew & Charles Perreault - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):269-270.
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  43.  9
    Arguing Against the Real?David Mathew - 2012 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 15 (2):225 - 226.
    Ethics, Policy & Environment, Volume 15, Issue 2, Page 225-226, June 2012.
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  44.  6
    Virtual Augmented Reality (VAR): Insides for Web Based Management Education.Nicolas Van Vosselen, M. Mathew & Fernand Vandamme - forthcoming - Communication and Cognition: Monographies.
  45.  5
    Corinth. Vol. XVI. Mediaeval Architecture in the Central Area of Corinth.Gervase Mathew & R. L. Scranton - 1959 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 79:221.
  46.  3
    Cajetan.Gervase Mathew - 1934 - New Blackfriars 15 (177):826-829.
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  47.  3
    Dominican Spirituality.Gervase Mathew - 1936 - New Blackfriars 17 (198):650-657.
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  48.  3
    Elegy in a Country Churchyard.David Mathew - 1932 - New Blackfriars 13 (146):270-277.
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  49.  3
    Fra Angelico.Gervase Mathew - 1953 - New Blackfriars 34 (397):193-195.
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  50.  3
    Philosophy and the Meaning of History.Gervase Mathew - 1936 - New Blackfriars 17 (200):820-826.
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