Results for 'Mathias Nebel'

618 found
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  1. L'agapè comme universel concret.Mathias Nebel - 2007 - Gregorianum 88 (3):533-556.
    Cet article cherche à préciser, à partir de la foi, dans quelle mesure le Christ peut être dit Norme de notre vie et de l'Histoire. L'auteur articule sa réponse à partir de la théologie de la grâce de Von Balthasar, de la morale théonome de Tillich et de la réflexion de Ricoeur sur le rapport à autrui. L'auteur soutient qu'il est possible de comprendre l'agapè comme un impératif catégorique non seulement formel, mais également concret. L'acte de la rencontre du Christ, (...)
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  2. A Fixed-Population Problem for the Person-Affecting Restriction.Jacob M. Nebel - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies.
    According to the person-affecting restriction, one distribution of welfare can be better than another only if there is someone for whom it is better. Extant problems for the person-affecting restriction involve variable-population cases, such as the nonidentity problem, which are notoriously controversial and difficult to resolve. This paper develops a fixed-population problem for the person-affecting restriction. The problem reveals that, in the presence of incommensurable welfare levels, the person-affecting restriction is incompatible with minimal requirements of impartial beneficence even in fixed-population (...)
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  3. Normative Reasons as Reasons Why We Ought.Jacob M. Nebel - 2019 - Mind 128 (510):459-484.
    I defend the view that a reason for someone to do something is just a reason why she ought to do it. This simple view has been thought incompatible with the existence of reasons to do things that we may refrain from doing or even ought not to do. For it is widely assumed that there are reasons why we ought to do something only if we ought to do it. I present several counterexamples to this principle and reject some (...)
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  4. Hopes, Fears, and Other Grammatical Scarecrows.Jacob M. Nebel - 2019 - Philosophical Review 128 (1):63-105.
    The standard view of "believes" and other propositional attitude verbs is that such verbs express relations between agents and propositions. A sentence of the form “S believes that p” is true just in case S stands in the belief-relation to the proposition that p; this proposition is the referent of the complement clause "that p." On this view, we would expect the clausal complements of propositional attitude verbs to be freely intersubstitutable with their corresponding proposition descriptions—e.g., "the proposition that p"—as (...)
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  5. Status Quo Bias, Rationality, and Conservatism About Value.Jacob M. Nebel - 2015 - Ethics 125 (2):449-476.
    Many economists and philosophers assume that status quo bias is necessarily irrational. I argue that, in some cases, status quo bias is fully rational. I discuss the rationality of status quo bias on both subjective and objective theories of the rationality of preferences. I argue that subjective theories cannot plausibly condemn this bias as irrational. I then discuss one kind of objective theory, which holds that a conservative bias toward existing things of value is rational. This account can fruitfully explain (...)
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  6. The Good, the Bad, and the Transitivity of Better Than.Jacob M. Nebel - 2018 - Noûs 52 (4):874-899.
    The Rachels–Temkin spectrum arguments against the transitivity of better than involve good or bad experiences, lives, or outcomes that vary along multiple dimensions—e.g., duration and intensity of pleasure or pain. This paper presents variations on these arguments involving combinations of good and bad experiences, which have even more radical implications than the violation of transitivity. These variations force opponents of transitivity to conclude that something good is worse than something that isn’t good, on pain of rejecting the good altogether. That (...)
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  7. An Intrapersonal Addition Paradox.Jacob M. Nebel - 2019 - Ethics 129 (2):309-343.
    I present a new argument for the repugnant conclusion. The core of the argument is a risky, intrapersonal analogue of the mere addition paradox. The argument is important for three reasons. First, some solutions to Parfit’s original puzzle do not obviously generalize to the intrapersonal puzzle in a plausible way. Second, it raises independently important questions about how to make decisions under uncertainty for the sake of people whose existence might depend on what we do. And, third, it suggests various (...)
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  8. Priority, Not Equality, for Possible People.Jacob M. Nebel - 2017 - Ethics 127 (4):896-911.
    How should we choose between uncertain prospects in which different possible people might exist at different levels of wellbeing? Alex Voorhoeve and Marc Fleurbaey offer an egalitarian answer to this question. I give some reasons to reject their answer and then sketch an alternative, which I call person-affecting prioritarianism.
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  9. A Counterexample to Parfit's Rule Consequentialism.Jacob Nebel - 2012 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 6 (2):1-10.
    Derek Parfit argues that everyone ought to follow the principles whose universal acceptance would make things go best. I present a counterexample: a world in which no one's moral beliefs have any motivating force. I explain how Parfit's metaethical commitments imply that such a world is possible, and why this possibility is a problem for Parfit's project of reconciling Kantianism, contractualism, and consequentialism. I consider two of Parfit's responses to my counterexample.
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  10.  15
    Groundwork for the Moral Evaluation of Speech Acts.Emily Mathias - 2019 - Social Philosophy Today 35:129-142.
    The childhood platitude, “sticks and stones may break my bones, but words will never hurt me,” has become nothing more than wishful thinking as we prepare each new generation for the slew of hurtful words they will inevitably encounter throughout their life. The truth of the matter is, words can hurt. To discuss how this is possible, a recent surge in philosophy of language literature has had the sole focus of analyzing pejorative language, particularly slurs. From semantic content theories to (...)
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  11.  41
    Happy Families.A. R. D. Mathias - 1977 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 12 (1):59.
  12. Teaching Philosophy Through Lincoln-Douglas Debate.Jacob Nebel, Ryan W. Davis, Peter van Elswyk & Ben Holguin - 2013 - Teaching Philosophy 36 (3):271-289.
    This paper is about teaching philosophy to high school students through Lincoln-Douglas (LD) debate. LD, also known as “values debate,” includes topics from ethics and political philosophy. Thousands of high school students across the U.S. debate these topics in class, after school, and at weekend tournaments. We argue that LD is a particularly effective tool for teaching philosophy, but also that LD today falls short of its potential. We argue that the problems with LD are not inevitable, and we offer (...)
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  13.  14
    The Strength of Mac Lane Set Theory.A. R. D. Mathias - 2001 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 110 (1-3):107-234.
    Saunders Mac Lane has drawn attention many times, particularly in his book Mathematics: Form and Function, to the system of set theory of which the axioms are Extensionality, Null Set, Pairing, Union, Infinity, Power Set, Restricted Separation, Foundation, and Choice, to which system, afforced by the principle, , of Transitive Containment, we shall refer as . His system is naturally related to systems derived from topos-theoretic notions concerning the category of sets, and is, as Mac Lane emphasises, one that is (...)
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  14.  13
    Doubting Pritchard’s Account of Hinge Propositions.Jonathan Nebel - forthcoming - Synthese:1-13.
    In On Certainty, Ludwig Wittgenstein puts forth a unique defense against skepticism. According to Wittgenstein, “we just can’t investigate everything, and for that reason we are forced to rest content with assumption. If I want the door to turn, the hinges must stay put.” These hinges provide the necessary framework for epistemic evaluation. The question is how to understand Wittgenstein’s language here. Duncan Pritchard puts forward a non-belief reading whereby one has a non-belief propositional attitude towards hinge propositions. In this (...)
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  15.  18
    Competing Against the Unknown: The Impact of Enabling and Constraining Institutions on the Informal Economy.B. D. Mathias, Sean Lux, T. Russell Crook, Chad Autry & Russell Zaretzki - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (2):251-264.
    In addition to facing the known competitors in the formal economy, entrepreneurs must also be concerned with rivalry emanating from the informal economy. The informal economy is characterized by actions outside the normal scope of commerce, such as unsanctioned payments and gift-giving, as means of influencing competition. Scholars and policy makers alike have an interest in mitigating the impacts of such informal activity in that it might present an obstacle for legitimate commerce. Received theory suggests that country institutions can enable (...)
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  16.  20
    Slim Models of Zermelo Set Theory.A. R. D. Mathias - 2001 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 66 (2):487-496.
    Working in Z + KP, we give a new proof that the class of hereditarily finite sets cannot be proved to be a set in Zermelo set theory, extend the method to establish other failures of replacement, and exhibit a formula Φ(λ, a) such that for any sequence $\langle A_{\lambda} \mid \lambda \text{a limit ordinal} \rangle$ where for each $\lambda, A_{\lambda} \subseteq ^{\lambda}2$ , there is a supertransitive inner model of Zermelo containing all ordinals in which for every λ A (...)
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  17.  25
    Mengenlehre, Edited by Ulrich Feigner, Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt1979, Vii + 331 Pp. [REVIEW]A. R. D. Mathias - 1991 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (1):345-348.
  18. Incommensurability in Population Ethics.Jacob Nebel - 2015 - Dissertation, University of Oxford
    Values are incommensurable when they cannot be measured on a single cardinal scale. Many philosophers suggest that incommensurability can help us solve the problems of population ethics. I agree. But some philosophers claim that populations bear incommensurable values merely because they contain different numbers of people, perhaps within some range. I argue that mere differences in how many people exist, even within some range, do not suffice for incommensurability. I argue that the intuitive neutrality of creating happy people is better (...)
     
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  19.  10
    Context and Meter Enhance Long-Range Planning in Music Performance.Brian Mathias, Peter Q. Pfordresher & Caroline Palmer - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  20.  13
    A Note on the Schemes of Replacement and Collection.A. R. D. Mathias - 2007 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 46 (1):43-50.
    We derive the schemes of from certain weak forms of the same.
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  21.  29
    A Term of Length 4 523 659 424 929.A. R. D. Mathias - 2002 - Synthese 133 (1-2):75 - 86.
    Bourbaki suggest that their definition of the number 1 runs to some tens of thousands of symbols. We show that that is a considerable under-estimate, the true number of symbols being that in the title, not counting 1 179 618 517 981 links between symbols that are needed to disambiguate the whole expression.
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  22.  13
    Fostering Understanding of Multimedia Messages Through Pre-Training: Evidence for a Two-Stage Theory of Mental Model Construction.Richard E. Mayer, Amanda Mathias & Karen Wetzell - 2002 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 8 (3):147-154.
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  23. Who Unbound Prometheus.Peter Mathias - 1900 - Science and Society 1600:54-79.
     
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  24.  24
    On the Expressivity of Feature Logics with Negation, Functional Uncertainty, and Sort Equations.Franz Baader, Hans-Jürgen Bürckert, Bernhard Nebel, Werner Nutt & Gert Smolka - 1993 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 2 (1):1-18.
    Feature logics are the logical basis for so-called unification grammars studied in computational linguistics. We investigate the expressivity of feature terms with negation and the functional uncertainty construct needed for the description of long-distance dependencies and obtain the following results: satisfiability of feature terms is undecidable, sort equations can be internalized, consistency of sort equations is decidable if there is at least one atom, and consistency of sort equations is undecidable if there is no atom.
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  25.  58
    On the Existence of Large P-Ideals.Winfried Just, A. R. D. Mathias, Karel Prikry & Petr Simon - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (2):457-465.
    We prove the existence of p-ideals that are nonmeagre subsets of P(ω) under various set-theoretic assumptions.
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  26.  11
    A Term of Length 4 523 659 424 929.A. Mathias - 2002 - Synthese 133 (1):75-86.
    Bourbaki suggest that their definition of the number 1 runs to some tens of thousands of symbols. We show that that is a considerable under-estimate, the true number of symbols being that in the title, not counting 1 179 618 517 981 links between symbols that are needed to disambiguate the whole expression.
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  27.  28
    Ready, Set, Go! Low Anticipatory Response During a Dyadic Task in Infants at High Familial Risk for Autism.Rebecca J. Landa, Joshua L. Haworth & Mary Beth Nebel - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  28.  15
    Essay Review: Technological Change on the Grand Scale: The Unbound Prometheus: Technological Change and Industrial Development in Western Europe From 1750 to the PresentThe Unbound Prometheus: Technological Change and Industrial Development in Western Europe From 1750 to the Present. LandesDavid S. . Pp. Ix + 566. Paper £1.25.Peter Mathias - 1971 - History of Science 10 (1):113-117.
  29.  26
    Le principe d'inconnexion web.Geert Lovink & Paul Mathias - 2007 - Rue Descartes 55 (1):34.
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  30.  7
    Slim Models of Zermelo Set Theory.A. R. D. Mathias - 2001 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 66 (2):487-496.
    Working in Z + KP, we give a new proof that the class of hereditarily finite sets cannot be proved to be a set in Zermelo set theory, extend the method to establish other failures of replacement, and exhibit a formula $\Phi$ such that for any sequence $\langle A_{\lambda} \mid \lambda \text{a limit ordinal} \rangle$ where for each $\lambda, A_{\lambda} \subseteq ^{\lambda}2$, there is a supertransitive inner model of Zermelo containing all ordinals in which for every $\lambda A_{\lambda} = \{\alpha (...)
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  31.  35
    Mike King (2009) The American Cinema of Excess: Extremes of the National Mind on Film.Michael B. Mathias - 2010 - Film-Philosophy 14 (2):169-175.
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  32.  19
    Note Introductive aux Identités Numériques.Paul Mathias - 2009 - Cités 39 (3):59.
    Les mots parlent souvent d’eux-mêmes et au-delà de nos intentions les plus naturelles. Parler de décliner son identité, c’est un peu comme prétendre qu’elle est susceptible de descriptions diversement colorées. On ne se dit effectivement pas sur le même ton à l’officier de police et au groupe de travail nouvellement intégré et où l’on est..
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  33. Charles Henry Wilson 1914–1991.Peter Mathias - 2000 - In Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 105: 1999 Lectures and Memoirs. pp. 555-574.
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  34.  10
    Descriptive Set Theory in L Ω 1 Ω.Robert Vaught, A. R. D. Mathias & H. Rogers - 1982 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (1):217-218.
  35.  8
    The Japanese Language.Gerald B. Mathias & Roy Andrew Miller - 1971 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 91 (2):348.
  36.  17
    Back To No Future.Paul Mathias & Pierre Todorov - 2008 - Rue Descartes 60 (2):38.
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  37.  17
    Implications of the One-Medicine Concept for Healthcare Provision.Evelyn Mathias - 1998 - Agriculture and Human Values 15 (2):145-151.
    Human and veterinary medicine have many commonalities. The split into distinct disciplines occurred at different times in different places. In Europe, the establishment of the first veterinary universities towards the end of the 18th century was triggered by ravaging rinderpest epidemics and the increasing importance of livestock for draft, food supply, and war fare. Given this background, would it make sense to combine human, animal, traditional and modern medicine in healthcare provision, especially in less developed countries? Such a “one-medicine” approach (...)
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  38.  18
    Probability Learning: Left-Right Variables and Response Latency.Irma R. Gerjuoy, Herbert Gerjuoy & Richard Mathias - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (4):344.
  39.  13
    Pour une pragmatique des flux.Peter Lunenfeld & Paul Mathias - 2007 - Rue Descartes 55 (1):21.
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  40.  16
    Rudimentary Recursion, Gentle Functions and Provident Sets.A. R. D. Mathias & N. J. Bowler - 2015 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 56 (1):3-60.
    This paper, a contribution to “micro set theory”, is the study promised by the first author in [M4], as improved and extended by work of the second. We use the rudimentarily recursive functions and the slightly larger collection of gentle functions to initiate the study of provident sets, which are transitive models of $\mathsf{PROVI}$, a subsystem of $\mathsf{KP}$ whose minimal model is Jensen’s $J_{\omega}$. $\mathsf{PROVI}$ supports familiar definitions, such as rank, transitive closure and ordinal addition—though not ordinal multiplication—and Shoenfield’s unramified (...)
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  41.  13
    La Gara Poetica: Sardinian Shepherds' Verbal Dueling and the Expression of Male Values in an Agro-Pastoral Society.Elizabeth Mathias - 1976 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 4 (4):483-507.
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  42.  11
    Horizons.Paul Mathias - 2007 - Rue Descartes 55 (1):2.
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  43.  11
    The Application of Pedological Methods to the Study of Some Weathered Malmesbury Argillites of the Cape Peninsula.Morna Mathias - 1947 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 31 (4):421-435.
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  44.  34
    Clinical and Neuropsychological Correlates of Impaired Awareness of Deficits in Alzheimer Disease and Parkinson Disease: A Comparative Study.Benjamin Seltzer, Jennifer J. Vasterling, Charles W. Mathias & Angela Brennan - 2001 - Neuropsychiatry, Neuropsychology, and Behavioral Neurology 14 (2):122-129.
  45.  12
    Bonaventurian Ways to God Through Reason.Thomas R. Mathias - 1977 - Franciscan Studies 37 (1):153-206.
  46.  15
    The Gift of Science: Leibniz and the Modern Legal Tradition.Michael B. Mathias - 2006 - Review of Metaphysics 60 (2):389-390.
  47.  15
    La Gara Poetica.Elizabeth Mathias - 1976 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 4 (4):483-507.
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  48.  9
    De quelques peurs et des réseaux.Paul Mathias - 2008 - Cités 36 (4):107.
    Notre monde n’est plus un monde. Disons plutôt : « monde » ne désigne plus simplement une présence et un être-là, une magie de la matière et des choses, l’espace de toutes les résistances destinales et l’opposition à une ténue liberté d’ordres immuables, incommensurables, désespérants ou extatiques. Espèce de treillis plus ou moins serré, notre monde..
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  49.  8
    Célébration des ruines de l'ego cartésien.Michael Heim & Paul Mathias - 2007 - Rue Descartes 55 (1):99.
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  50.  10
    On Qualitative Route Descriptions.Matthias Westphal, Stefan Wölfl, Bernhard Nebel & Jochen Renz - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 44 (2):177-201.
    The generation of route descriptions is a fundamental task of navigation systems. A particular problem in this context is to identify routes that can easily be described and processed by users. In this work, we present a framework for representing route networks with the qualitative information necessary to evaluate and optimize route descriptions with regard to ambiguities in them. We identify different agent models that differ in how agents are assumed to process route descriptions while navigating through route networks and (...)
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