Results for 'Mathias S. Fleck'

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  1.  6
    Generalized “Satisfaction of Search”: Adverse Influences on Dual-Target Search Accuracy.Mathias S. Fleck, Ehsan Samei & Stephen R. Mitroff - 2010 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 16 (1):60-71.
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  2.  51
    The Medial Temporal Lobe Distinguishes Old From New Independently of Consciousness.Sander M. Daselaar, Mathias S. Fleck, Steven E. Prince & Roberto Cabeza - 2006 - Journal of Neuroscience 26 (21):5835-5839.
  3.  7
    Adorno Resignation? Praxis and Politics in Theodor W. Adorno’s Late Critical Theory.Amaro Fleck - 2017 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 58 (138):467-490.
    Resumo A teoria crítica tardia de Theodor W. Adorno é considerada por muitos como quietista e resignada. O presente artigo busca questionar tal veredito por meio de uma análise tanto do diagnóstico de época, feito pelo autor, quanto da relação entre teoria e práxis delineada nas obras do período tardio do pensador frankfurtiano. Sugere-se que, em vez de resignada, a teoria crítica de Adorno está engajada seja nos processos de resistência à barbárie latente, seja nas melhorias pontuais que poderiam ser (...)
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  4.  32
    Pricing Life: Why It's Time for Health Care Rationing, by Peter A. Ubel, M.D. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2000. 208 Pp. $25.00. [REVIEW]Leonard M. Fleck - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (2):214-218.
    This is a book for reflective laypersons and health professionals who wish to better understand what the problem of healthcare rationing is all about. Ubel says clearly in the Introduction that it is unlikely that professional economists or philosophers are going to be very satisfied with this effort. For him it is more important (p. xix). This is a reasonable aim made achievable by Ubel's clear and engaging writing style. Probably the people who most need to be drawn into these (...)
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  5.  14
    Idle Emancipation, or, What Does Marx's Critical Theory Propose?Amaro Fleck - 2012 - Trans/Form/Ação 35 (1):73-88.
    In this paper I succinctly outline the standpoint from which Marx criticizes capitalism, namely, by pointing to the difference between the transforming potentiality of technology as developed under the capitalist mode of production, and its effective reality in this same system . On these grounds, I argue that Marx's critique of the capitalist system consists mainly in the fact that the permanent valorization of capital is the goal of production, and that this is an irrational aim which creates as a (...)
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  6.  39
    Personalized Medicine's Ragged Edge.Leonard M. Fleck - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (5):16-18.
    The phrase "personalized medicine" has a built-in positive spin. Simple genetic tests can sometimes predict whether a particular individual will have a positive response to a particular drug or, alternatively, suffer costly and debilitating side effects. But little attention has been given to some challenging issues of justice raised by personalized medicine. How should we determine who would have a just claim to access particular treatments, especially very expensive ones? How effective do those treatments need to be?If there were a (...)
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  7.  22
    It’s Not Fair! Or is It? The Promise and the Tyranny of Evidence-Based Performance Assessment.Elizabeth Bogdan-Lovis, Leonard Fleck & Henry C. Barry - 2012 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (4):293-311.
    Evidence-based medicine (EBM), by its ability to decrease irrational variations in health care, was expected to improve healthcare quality and outcomes. The utility of EBM principles evolved from individual clinical decision-making to wider foundational clinical practice guideline applications, cost containment measures, and clinical quality performance measures. At this evolutionary juncture one can ask the following questions. Given the time-limited exigencies of daily clinical practice, is it tenable for clinicians to follow guidelines? Whose or what interests are served by applying performance (...)
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  8.  15
    Essay Review: Technological Change on the Grand Scale: The Unbound Prometheus: Technological Change and Industrial Development in Western Europe From 1750 to the PresentThe Unbound Prometheus: Technological Change and Industrial Development in Western Europe From 1750 to the Present. LandesDavid S. . Pp. Ix + 566. Paper £1.25.Peter Mathias - 1971 - History of Science 10 (1):113-117.
  9.  9
    En Orden a Sus Virtudes y Facultades Medicinales: Um Estudo Sobre o Paraguay Natural Ilustrado de José Sánchez Labrador S. J.Regarding its Virtues and Medicine Faculties: A Study About Paraguay Natural Ilustrado Written by José Sánchez Labrador.Eliane Cristina Deckmann Fleck, Mariana Alliatti Joaquim & Maico Biehl - 2016 - Corpus 6 (2).
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  10.  16
    Courtney S. Campbell is the Hundere.Helen Stanton Chapple, Jessica C. Cox, Leonard M. Fleck, Marian Fontana, Susan Gilbert & Lawrence O. Gostin - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
  11. " Nanoethics"? What's New?L. M. Fleck - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (1):22-25.
     
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  12.  15
    A Re-Examination of the Effect of Monetary Reward and Punishment on Figure-Ground Perception.Irvin Rock & Frederick S. Fleck - 1950 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (6):766.
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  13.  13
    Bette Anton, MLS, is Head Librarian of the Pamela and Kenneth Fong Optometry and Health Sciences Library. This Library Serves the University of California, Berkeley–University of California, San Francisco Joint Medical Pro-Gram and the University of California, Berkeley School of Optometry.Richard E. Champlin, Ka Wah Chan, Leonard M. Fleck, John Harris, Matti Häyry, Søren Holm, Kenneth V. Iserson, Lynn A. Jansen & Martin Korbling - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13:117-118.
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  14. Thought Styles and Paradigms—a Comparative Study of Ludwik Fleck and Thomas S. Kuhn.Nicola Mößner - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (2):362–371.
    At first glance there seem to be many similarities between Thomas S. Kuhn’s and Ludwik Fleck’s accounts of the development of scientific knowledge. Notably, both pay attention to the role played by the scientific community in the development of scientific knowledge. But putting first impressions aside, one can criticise some philosophers for being too hasty in their attempt to find supposed similarities in the works of the two men. Having acknowledged that Fleck anticipated some of Kuhn’s later theses, (...)
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  15.  81
    Relativism or Relationism? A Mannheimian Interpretation of Fleck’s Claims About Relativism.Markus Seidel - 2011 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 42 (2):219-240.
    The paper explores the defence by the early sociologist of science Ludwik Fleck against the charge of relativism. It is shown that there are crucial and hitherto unnoticed similarities between Fleck’s strategy and the attempt by his contemporary Karl Mannheim to distinguish between an incoherent relativism and a consistent relationism. Both authors seek to revise epistemology fundamentally by reinterpreting the concept of objectivity in two ways: as inner- and inter-style objectivity. The argument for the latter concept shows the (...)
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  16. Ludwik Fleck's Scientism.Markus Seidel - 2015 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 4 (8):79-88.
    In a recent paper in 'Social Epistemology' Dimitri Ginev aims to show that Ludwik Fleck uses transcendental arguments in two contexts in his work that are closely intertwined: the context of comparative cognitive sociology and the context of socio-historical epistemology. I am skeptical about Ginev’s interpretation and my aim is to show that at least the part of Ginev’s argument in which he aims to show Fleck’s use of transcendental arguments in the context of socio-historical epistemology is not (...)
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  17.  77
    Scientific Images as Circulating Ideas: An Application of Ludwik Fleck’s Theory of Thought Styles.Nicola Mößner - 2016 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (2):307-329.
    Without doubt, there is a great diversity of scientific images both with regard to their appearances and their functions. Diagrams, photographs, drawings, etc. serve as evidence in publications, as eye-catchers in presentations, as surrogates for the research object in scientific reasoning. This fact has been highlighted by Stephen M. Downes who takes this diversity as a reason to argue against a unifying representation-based account of how visualisations play their epistemic role in science. In the following paper, I will suggest an (...)
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  18. From Fleck's Denkstil to Kuhn's Paradigm: Conceptual Schemes and Incommensurability.Babette E. Babich - 2003 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 17 (1):75 – 92.
    This article argues that the limited influence of Ludwik Fleck's ideas on philosophy of science is due not only to their indirect dissemination by way of Thomas Kuhn, but also to an incommensurability between the standard conceptual framework of history and philosophy of science and Fleck's own more integratedly historico-social and praxis-oriented approach to understanding the evolution of scientific discovery. What Kuhn named "paradigm" offers a periphrastic rendering or oblique translation of Fleck's Denkstil/Denkkollektiv , a derivation that (...)
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  19.  49
    Message in a Bottle From 'the Crisis of Reality': On Ludwik Fleck's Interventions for an Open Epistemology.Cornelius Borck - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 35 (3):447-464.
    The continuing relevance of Ludwik Fleck’s work, above its status as a classic in science studies, lies in his reflexive conceptualisation of an open epistemology. As early as 1929, in the midst of a broad debate about a ‘crisis’ of science, Fleck offered a socio-historical analysis of the widely assumed crisis in form of an epistemology. He presented his argument, which was in itself an interrogation of the metaphysical foundations of science, as a reflexive and political intervention to (...)
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  20.  28
    The Transcendental in Ludwik Fleck’s Social Epistemology.Dimitri Ginev - 2015 - Social Epistemology 29 (4):379-394.
    Much of Ludwik Fleck’s work on the social constitution of knowledge, scientific facts, and objects of inquiry is informed by a specific use of transcendental arguments. This paper analyzes the ways in which Fleck looks for “conditions of possibilities” for the stylization and circulation of cognition. Following a brief discussion of his political agenda regarding science’s “cultural mission,” the paper offers a reconstruction of Fleck’s implicit concept of the transcendental. It is argued that Fleck addresses scientific (...)
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  21.  47
    Calling Science Pseudoscience: Fleck's Archaeologies of Fact and Latour's ‘Biography of an Investigation’ in AIDS Denialism and Homeopathy.Babette Babich - 2015 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 29 (1):1-39.
    Fleck's Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact foregrounds claims traditionally excluded from reception, often regarded as opposed to fact, scientific claims that are increasingly seldom discussed in connection with philosophy of science save as examples of pseudoscience. I am especially concerned with scientists who question the epidemiological link between HIV and AIDS and who are thereby discounted—no matter their credentials, no matter the cogency of their arguments, no matter the sobriety of their statistics—but also with other classic examples (...)
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  22.  54
    The Early History of David Bohm’s Quantum Mechanics Through the Perspective of Ludwik Fleck’s Thought-Collectives.Christian Forstner - 2008 - Minerva 46 (2):215-229.
    This paper analyses the early history of David Bohm’s mechanics from the perspective of Ludwik Fleck’s thought-collectives and shows how the thought-style of the scientific community limits the possible modes of thinking and what new possibilities for the construction of a new theory arise if these limits are removed.
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  23.  37
    Ludwik Fleck's 'on the Question of the Foundations of Medical Knowledge'.Thaddeus J. Trenn - 1981 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (3):237-256.
    According to Fleck, a fact is not something objectively given but rather a social event. Scientific facts are no exception, as can be seen through the annals of medicine. Fleck argues that if the physical sciences initially appear to be immune to such social conditioning, this misconception can be corrected by recognizing the similarities between the natural sciences and medicine both historically and epistemologically. Fleck's ideas are not new, having been presented by him in 1935, but it (...)
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  24.  63
    Commentary on Mathias Frisch's Causal Reasoning in Physics.Ney Alyssa - manuscript
    This is a commentary on Mathias Frisch's book Causal Reasoning in Physics (Cambridge 2014). This commentary was presented at the 2016 Pacific Division Meeting of the American Philosophical Association in a session sponsored by the Society for the Metaphysics of Science.
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  25.  54
    The Role of Skill in Experimentation: Reading Ludwik Fleck's Study of the Wasserman Reaction as an Example of Ian Hacking's Experimental Realism.David Stump - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:302 - 308.
    While Ludwik Fleck's Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact is mainly concerned with social elements in science, a central argument depends on his case study of the development of a serum test for syphilis, the Wasserman Reaction, which Fleck argues was the product of skill and of laboratory practice, not a simple discovery. Ian Hacking interprets the creation of new phenomena in science very differently, arguing that it can seen as an argument for scientific realism. Hacking's argument (...)
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  26.  8
    Tadeusz Bilikiewicz’s Background in the Debate with Ludwik Fleck.Artur Koterski - 2016 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 1:31.
    One of the factors that adversely influenced the worldwide reception of Fleck was the rather narrow critical interest that his ideas had aroused in Poland. Apart from a few reviews of his book, only two polemics were published before WWII, and these likewise fell into oblivion. The philosophical views of one of those polemists, Tadeusz Bilikiewicz, shared the same fate. Since an acquaintance with Bilikiewicz’s background would seem to be a necessary condition for a understanding of his controversy with (...)
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  27.  22
    Engaging Deweyan Ethics in Health Care: Leonard Fleck's Rational Democratic Deliberation.Danielle L. Lake - 2013 - Education and Culture 29 (2):99-119.
    The greatest change, once it is accomplished, is simply the outcome of a vast series of adaptations and responsive accommodations, each to its own particular situation.”1It is in no way controversial to say that the U.S. health care system is failing to serve many of its citizens satisfactorily. While it is certainly true that most U.S. citizens are dissatisfied with our current health care system, creating agreement through open dialogue on what, more precisely, is wrong with the system, as well (...)
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  28.  5
    Ludwik Fleck: forerunner of Thomas Kuhn's thinking. [Spanish].Mónica Pérez Marín - 2011 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 13:130-149.
    Normal 0 21 false false false ES-CO X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} This article explores Ludwik Fleck’s concepts of collective thinking, style of thinking, esoteric and exoteric communication as precursors of the concepts of paradigm and incommensurability central in Thomas Kuhn’s thought.
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  29.  68
    Review of Mathias Frisch's Causal Reasoning in Physics. [REVIEW]Matt Farr - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (4).
    Review of 'Causal Reasoning in Physics' by Mathias Frisch for British Journal for Philosophy of Science.
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  30.  32
    Hermeneutic Perspectives on Science in Fleck's Work and Hermeneutic Critique of Constructivist Epistemology.Dimitri Ginev - 2016 - Perspectives on Science 24 (2):228-253.
    In Durkheim’s central methodological argument for the theoretical autonomy of sociology, the delimitation of the subject matter of that discipline amounts to revealing the sui generis status of sociological facts. The latter are not reducible to material things, but they have to be methodologically approached as scientific facts whose reality is independent of the observer’s subjective experience. The sociological facts reside in the trans-individual conceptual frameworks of individual action. These are frameworks which transcend individual representations, motives, and interests. By implication, (...)
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  31.  52
    Introduction: Ludwik Fleck's Epistemology of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences.Ilana Löwy - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 35 (3):437-445.
  32.  6
    Message in a Bottle From ‘the Crisis of Reality’: On Ludwik Fleck’s Interventions for an Open Epistemology.Cornelius Borck - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (3):447-464.
  33.  6
    Introduction: Ludwik Fleck’s Epistemology of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences.Ilana Löwy - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (3):437-445.
  34.  17
    Ways and Dynamics of Reception of Ludwik Fleck’s Work in the Social Sciences.Dimitri Ginev - 2015 - Social Science Information 54 (2):192-210.
  35.  64
    Kuhn's Paradigm as a Parable for the Cold War: Incommensurability and its Discontents From Fuller's Tale of Harvard to Fleck's Unsung Lvov.Babette E. Babich - 2003 - Social Epistemology 17 (2 & 3):99 – 109.
  36.  5
    The Politics of Cognition. Genesis and Development of Ludwik Fleck's Comparative, Epistemology.C. Zittel - 2010 - In Moritz Epple & Claus Zittel (eds.), Science as Cultural Practice. Akademie Verlag. pp. 1--183.
  37.  26
    Andreas W. Daum, Hartmut Lehmann, James J. Sheehan, The Second Generation: Émigrés From Nazi Germany as Historians, New York/Oxford: Berghahn Books 2016. Xiii, 473 S., Geb., € 128,90. ISBN 978‐1‐78238‐985‐9. Christian Fleck, Etablierung in der Fremde. Vertriebene Wissenschaftler in den USA Nach 1933, Frankfurt A. M./New York: Campus Verlag 2015. 475 S., Kart., € 39,90. ISBN 978‐3‐593‐50173‐4. Karin Orth, Die NS‐Vetreibung der Jüdischen Gelehrten. Die Politik der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft Und Die Reaktion der Betroffenen, Göttingen: Wallstein 2016. 480 S., Geb., € 44,00. ISBN 978‐3‐8353‐1863‐2. [REVIEW]Frank W. Stahnisch - 2017 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 40 (3):299-303.
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  38.  25
    WITHDRAWN: Thought Styles and Paradigms: A Comparative Study of Ludwik Fleck and Thomas S. Kuhn.Nicola Mößner - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (3):416-425.
  39.  95
    Book Symposium on Pablo Gilabert's From Global Poverty to Global Equality: A Philosophical Exploration and Mathias Risse's On Global Justice: Introduction.Peter Dietsch - 2013 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 8 (2):28-32.
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  40. Paradigms and Thought Styles: Incommensurability and its Cold War Discontents From Kuhn's Harvard to Fleck's Unsung Lvov.Babette Babich - 2003 - Social Epistemology 17:97-107.
  41.  1
    Jochen Schmidt: Religion und Sexualität. Übers. Albert Gerhards, Manfred Hutter, Kinzig Wolfram und Mathias Schmoeckel. Studien des Bonner Zentrums für Religion und Gesellschaft, Band 13 , 237 S., ISBN 978-3-95650-150-0, € 45,00. [REVIEW]Eric Maes - 2019 - Zeitschrift für Religionswissenschaft 27 (2):324-325.
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  42.  12
    Notes on the Origins of Fleck’s Concept of “Denkstil”.Allan Janik - 2006 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 12:179-188.
  43.  17
    Genesis and Reception of Ludwik Fleck's Epistemological Project.João Alex Carneiro - 2015 - Scientiae Studia 13 (3):695-705.
    RESUMOA climatologia está no centro de um dos debates mais polarizados da atualidade, apresentado como confronto entre os defensores da existência de um aquecimento global antropogênico e aqueles que rejeitam sua existência. A instituição chave para esse tema é o Painel Intergovernamental sobre Mudanças Climáticas, um corpo simultaneamente científico e político. O debate surge aí mesclado com a discussão política sobre as respostas adequadas ao aquecimento global. Mas, rechaçados nesse terreno, os negacionistas transpõem o debate para a mídia, onde mobilizam (...)
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  44.  23
    Review. Otto Neurath: Philosophy Between Science and Politics. N Cartwright, J Cat, L Fleck & TE Uebel. Overcoming Logical Positivism From Within: The Emergence of Neurath's Naturalism in the Vienna Circle Protocol Sentence Debate. TE Uebel. [REVIEW]T. Mormann - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (2):306-309.
  45.  20
    Plato's Teleology Johannes Hubertus Mathias Marie Loenen: De Nous in Het System, van Plato's Philosophie. Pp. Viii + 297. Amsterdam: Jasonpers, 1951. Paper. [REVIEW]J. Tate - 1953 - The Classical Review 3 (3-4):156-158.
  46. Nowe wydanie prac Ludwika Flecka z teorii poznania [L. Fleck, Psychosocjologia poznania naukowego. \'Powstanie i rozwój faktu naukowego\' oraz inne pisma z filozofii poznania, (red.) Z. Cackowski, S. Symotiuk, Lublin 2006]. [REVIEW]Paweł Jarnicki - 2008 - Studia Philosophica Wratislaviensia:184-197.
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  47. Trzeci tom fleckowski [Ludwik Fleck, Style myślowe i fakty. Artykuły i świadectwa, S. Werner, C. Zittel, F. Schmaltz (red.), IFiS PAN 2007]. [REVIEW]Paweł Jarnicki - 2011 - Studia Philosophica Wratislaviensia.
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  48. Prólogo de T. S. Kuhn a la traducción inglesa de Entstehung und Entwicklung einer wissenschaftlichen Tatsache de Ludwik Fleck.Thomas Kuhn - 2010 - Metatheoria 1 (1).
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  49.  10
    Ludwik Fleck's 'Active' and 'Passive' Elements of Knowledge Revisited.Biney Nicholas Roy - 2016 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 1:101.
    A curious feature of medical literature on the evaluation of diagnostic accuracy is the frequent deployment of circular arguments. Using a case study from the medical literature on the diagnosis of child abuse, I argue that this occurs because researchers fail to distinguish what Ludwik Fleck called the ‘active’ and ‘passive’ elements of knowledge. I review the scholarly literature on this aspect of Fleck’s epistemology to try to understand why it has not been put to more use in (...)
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  50.  9
    The Beginnings of the Reception of Ludwik Fleck’s Ideas in Polish.Jarnicki Paweł - 2016 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 1:21.
    The article discusses the beginnings of the reception of Ludwik Fleck’s theory of thought styles and thought collectives in Polish, from his first polemics with Izydora Dąmbska in 1936 to the first edition of the Polish translation of Entstehung und Entwicklung.
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