Results for 'Mats Christiansen'

315 found
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  1.  6
    Nursing Under the Skin: A Netnographic Study of Metaphors and Meanings in Nursing Tattoos.Henrik Eriksson, Mats Christiansen, Jessica Holmgren, Annica Engström & Martin Salzmann-Erikson - 2014 - Nursing Inquiry 21 (4):318-326.
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  2.  1
    Christiansen, Broder. Kantkritik I: Kritik der Kantischen Erkenntnislehre.Broder Christiansen - 1911 - Kant-Studien 16 (1-3).
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  3.  54
    Language as Shaped by the Brain.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):489-509.
    It is widely assumed that human learning and the structure of human languages are intimately related. This relationship is frequently suggested to derive from a language-specific biological endowment, which encodes universal, but communicatively arbitrary, principles of language structure (a Universal Grammar or UG). How might such a UG have evolved? We argue that UG could not have arisen either by biological adaptation or non-adaptationist genetic processes, resulting in a logical problem of language evolution. Specifically, as the processes of language change (...)
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  4.  21
    Domain Generality Versus Modality Specificity: The Paradox of Statistical Learning.Ram Frost, Blair C. Armstrong, Noam Siegelman & Morten H. Christiansen - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (3):117-125.
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  5.  38
    Language Evolution: Consensus and Controversies.Morten H. Christiansen & Simon Kirby - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (7):300-307.
  6.  12
    Toward a Connectionist Model of Recursion in Human Linguistic Performance.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 1999 - Cognitive Science 23 (2):157-205.
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  7.  37
    Arbitrariness, Iconicity, and Systematicity in Language.Mark Dingemanse, Damián E. Blasi, Gary Lupyan, Morten H. Christiansen & Padraic Monaghan - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (10):603-615.
    The notion that the form of a word bears an arbitrary relation to its meaning accounts only partly for the attested relations between form and meaning in the languages of the world. Recent research suggests a more textured view of vocabulary structure, in which arbitrariness is complemented by iconicity (aspects of form resemble aspects of meaning) and systematicity (statistical regularities in forms predict function). Experimental evidence suggests these form-to-meaning correspondences serve different functions in language processing, development, and communication: systematicity facilitates (...)
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  8. Downward Causation.P. B. Andersen, Claus Emmeche, N. O. Finnemann & P. V. Christiansen (eds.) - 2000 - University of Aarhus Press.
     
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  9.  36
    Networks in Cognitive Science.Andrea Baronchelli, Ramon Ferrer-I.-Cancho, Romualdo Pastor-Satorras, Nick Chater & Morten H. Christiansen - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (7):348-360.
  10.  15
    The Now-or-Never Bottleneck: A Fundamental Constraint on Language.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39:1-52.
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  11.  9
    Uncovering the Richness of the Stimulus: Structure Dependence and Indirect Statistical Evidence.Florencia Reali & Morten H. Christiansen - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (6):1007-1028.
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  12.  49
    Language Acquisition Meets Language Evolution.Nick Chater & Morten H. Christiansen - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (7):1131-1157.
    Recent research suggests that language evolution is a process of cultural change, in which linguistic structures are shaped through repeated cycles of learning and use by domain-general mechanisms. This paper draws out the implications of this viewpoint for understanding the problem of language acquisition, which is cast in a new, and much more tractable, form. In essence, the child faces a problem of induction, where the objective is to coordinate with others (C-induction), rather than to model the structure of the (...)
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  13.  22
    The Differential Role of Phonological and Distributional Cues in Grammatical Categorisation.Padraic Monaghan, Nick Chater & Morten H. Christiansen - 2005 - Cognition 96 (2):143-182.
  14.  35
    Sequential Learning in Non-Human Primates.Christopher M. Conway & Morten H. Christiansen - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (12):539-546.
  15.  35
    Looking in the Wrong Direction Correlates With More Accurate Word Learning.Stanka A. Fitneva & Morten H. Christiansen - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (2):367-380.
    Previous research on lexical development has aimed to identify the factors that enable accurate initial word-referent mappings based on the assumption that the accuracy of initial word-referent associations is critical for word learning. The present study challenges this assumption. Adult English speakers learned an artificial language within a cross-situational learning paradigm. Visual fixation data were used to assess the direction of visual attention. Participants whose longest fixations in the initial trials fell more often on distracter images performed significantly better at (...)
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  16.  1
    Reassessing Working Memory: Comment on Just and Carpenter and Waters and Caplan.Maryellen C. MacDonald & Morten H. Christiansen - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (1):35-54.
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  17.  1
    Impaired Statistical Learning of Non-Adjacent Dependencies in Adolescents with Specific Language Impairment.Hsinjen J. Hsu, J. Bruce Tomblin & Morten H. Christiansen - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  18.  1
    Multimodal Integration in Statistical Learning: Evidence From the McGurk Illusion.Aaron D. Mitchel, Morten H. Christiansen & Daniel J. Weiss - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  19.  1
    The Arbitrariness of the Sign: Learning Advantages From the Structure of the Vocabulary.Padraic Monaghan, Morten H. Christiansen & Stanka A. Fitneva - 2011 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 140 (3):325-347.
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  20.  38
    Connectionist Psycholinguistics: Capturing the Empirical Data.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (2):82-88.
  21.  5
    Connectionist Natural Language Processing: The State of the Art.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 1999 - Cognitive Science 23 (4):417-437.
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  22.  6
    Impaired Artificial Grammar Learning in Agrammatism.Morten H. Christiansen, M. Louise Kelly, Richard C. Shillcock & Katie Greenfield - 2010 - Cognition 116 (3):382-393.
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  23.  4
    The Language Faculty That Wasn't: A Usage-Based Account of Natural Language Recursion.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  24.  16
    Transfer of Learning: Rule Acquisition or Statistical Learning?Morten H. Christiansen & Suzanne Curtin - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (8):289-290.
  25.  3
    Sequential Learning and the Interaction Between Biological and Linguistic Adaptation in Language Evolution.Florencia Reali & Morten H. Christiansen - 2009 - Interaction Studies 10 (1):5-30.
  26.  20
    Stress Changes the Representational Landscape: Evidence From Word Segmentation.Suzanne Curtin, Toben H. Mintz & Morten H. Christiansen - 2005 - Cognition 96 (3):233-262.
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  27.  42
    How Seriously Should We Take Minimalist Syntax?Shimon Edelman & Morten H. Christiansen - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (2):60-61.
  28.  48
    Division of Labor in Vocabulary Structure: Insights From Corpus Analyses.Morten H. Christiansen & Padraic Monaghan - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (3):610-624.
    Psychologists have used experimental methods to study language for more than a century. However, only with the recent availability of large-scale linguistic databases has a more complete picture begun to emerge of how language is actually used, and what information is available as input to language acquisition. Analyses of such “big data” have resulted in reappraisals of key assumptions about the nature of language. As an example, we focus on corpus-based research that has shed new light on the arbitrariness of (...)
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  29.  43
    Church Teaching, Public Advocacy, and Environmental Action.Drew Christiansen - 2011 - Zygon 46 (4):972-984.
    Abstract Adapted from the six 2010 Star Island Chapel Talks, the paper introduces the readers to contemporary Catholic Social Teaching and its application and implementation, particularly in the fields of environmental justice and human rights. An opening vignette explains how ideas about the common good contributed to the defeat of “Takings” legislation aimed at undoing environmental regulation in the 104th Congress (1995–1996). The teaching is presented as a vision of society centered on the communion of persons and creation rather than (...)
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  30.  29
    Building Social Cognitive Models of Language Change.Daniel J. Hruschka, Morten H. Christiansen, Richard A. Blythe, William Croft, Paul Heggarty, Salikoko S. Mufwene, Janet B. Pierrehumbert & Shana Poplack - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (11):464-469.
  31.  27
    Generalization and Connectionist Language Learning.M. H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (3):273-87.
  32.  20
    Ethical Issues Related to Screening for Preeclampsia.Jennifer M. Jørgensen, Paula L. Hedley, Mickey Gjerris & Michael Christiansen - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (7):360-367.
    The implementation of new methods of treating and preventing disease raises many question of both technical and moral character. Currently, many studies focus on developing a screening test for preeclampsia (PE), a disease complicating 2–8% of pregnancies, potentially causing severe consequences for pregnant women and their fetuses. The purpose is to develop a test that can identify pregnancies at high risk for developing PE sufficiently early in pregnancy to allow for prophylaxis. However, the question of implementing a screening test for (...)
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  33.  1
    From “Ethics of the Eye” to “Ethics of the Hand” by Collaborative Prototyping.Ellen Christiansen - 2014 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 12 (1):3-9.
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  34.  12
    The Silencing of Kierkegaard in Habermas' Critique of Genetic Enhancement.Karin Christiansen - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (2):147-156.
    The main purpose of this paper is to draw attention to an important part of Habermas’ critique of genetic enhancement, which has been largely ignored in the discussion; namely his use of Kierkegaard’s reflections on the existential conditions for becoming one-self from Either/or and the Sickness unto Death. It will be argued that, although Habermas presents some valuable and highly significant perspectives on the effect of genetic enhancement on the individual’s self-understanding and ability to experience him- or herself as a (...)
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  35.  4
    Toward a Unified Account of Comprehension and Production in Language Development.Stewart M. McCauley & Morten H. Christiansen - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):366-367.
  36.  10
    Extending Statistical Learning Farther and Further: Long-Distance Dependencies, and Individual Differences in Statistical Learning and Language.Jennifer B. Misyak & Morten H. Christiansen - 2007 - In McNamara D. S. & Trafton J. G. (eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 1307--1312.
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  37.  5
    More Than Words: The Role of Multiword Sequences in Language Learning and Use.Morten H. Christiansen & Inbal Arnon - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (3):542-551.
    The ability to convey our thoughts using an infinite number of linguistic expressions is one of the hallmarks of human language. Understanding the nature of the psychological mechanisms and representations that give rise to this unique productivity is a fundamental goal for the cognitive sciences. A long-standing hypothesis is that single words and rules form the basic building blocks of linguistic productivity, with multiword sequences being treated as units only in peripheral cases such as idioms. The new millennium, however, has (...)
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  38.  33
    Heinrich Hertz's Neo-Kantian Philosophy of Science, and its Development by Harald Høffding.Frederik Voetmann Christiansen - 2006 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 37 (1):1 - 20.
    This article is an investigation of parallel themes in Heinrich Hertz's philosophy science and Kant's theory of schemata, symbols and regulative ideas. It is argued that Hertz's "pictures" bears close similarities to Kantian "schemata", that is, they are rules linking concepts to intuitions and provide them with their meaning. Kant's distinction between symbols and schemata is discussed and related to Hertz's three pictures of mechanics. It is argued that Hertz considered his own picture of mechanics (the "hidden mass" picture) as (...)
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  39.  21
    Language Evolution: Constraints and Opportunities From Modern Genetics.Dan Dediu & Morten H. Christiansen - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (2):361-370.
    Our understanding of language, its origins and subsequent evolution, is shaped not only by data and theories from the language sciences, but also fundamentally by the biological sciences. Recent developments in genetics and evolutionary theory offer both very strong constraints on what scenarios of language evolution are possible and probable, but also offer exciting opportunities for understanding otherwise puzzling phenomena. Due to the intrinsic breathtaking rate of advancement in these fields, and the complexity, subtlety, and sometimes apparent non-intuitiveness of the (...)
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  40.  10
    Habit Formation as Symmetry Breaking in the Early Universe.Peder Voetmann Christiansen - 2002 - Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):347-359.
    This paper tries to combine Peirce’s cosmology and metaphysics with current understanding in physics of the evolution of the universe, regarded as an ongoing semiotic process in a living cosmos. While the basic property of Life is viewed as an unexplainable Firstness inherent in the initial iconic state of the vacuous continuum we shall consider and exemplify two sign developing processes: (a) the transition from icon to index is considered as a symmetry breaking emergence of order actualising one among the (...)
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  41.  11
    Similarity Arguments in the Genetic Modification Debate.Andreas Christiansen - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-17.
    In the ethical debate on genetic modification, it is common to encounter the claim that some anti-GM argument would also apply an established, ethically accepted technology, and that the anti-GM argument is therefore unsuccessful. The paper discusses whether this argumentative strategy, the Similarity Argument, is sound. It presents a logically valid, generic form of the Similarity Argument and then shows that it is subject to three types of objection: It does not respect the difference between pro tanto reasons and all-things-considered (...)
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  42.  5
    Learning Grammatical Categories From Distributional Cues: Flexible Frames for Language Acquisition.Michelle C. St Clair, Padraic Monaghan & Morten H. Christiansen - 2010 - Cognition 116 (3):341-360.
  43.  5
    Developmental Changes in Cross‐Situational Word Learning: The Inverse Effect of Initial Accuracy.Stanka A. Fitneva & Morten H. Christiansen - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S1):141-161.
    Intuitively, the accuracy of initial word-referent mappings should be positively correlated with the outcome of learning. Yet recent evidence suggests an inverse effect of initial accuracy in adults, whereby greater accuracy of initial mappings is associated with poorer outcomes in a cross-situational learning task. Here, we examine the impact of initial accuracy on 4-year-olds, 10-year-olds, and adults. For half of the participants most word-referent mappings were initially correct and for the other half most mappings were initially incorrect. Initial accuracy was (...)
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  44.  3
    Exploring Morally Relevant Issues Facing Families in Their Decisions to Monitor the Health-Related Behaviours of Loved Ones.D. Gammon, E. K. Christiansen & R. Wynn - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (7):424-428.
    Patient self-management of disease is increasingly supported by technologies that can monitor a wide range of behavioural and biomedical parameters. Incorporated into everyday devices such as cell phones and clothes, these technologies become integral to the psychosocial aspects of everyday life. Many technologies are likely to be marketed directly to families with ill members, and families may enlist the support of clinicians in shaping use. Current ethical frameworks are mainly conceptualised from the perspective of caregivers, researchers, developers and regulators in (...)
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  45. Sequential Learning and the Interaction Between Biological and Linguistic Adaptation in Language Evolution.Florencia Reali & Morten H. Christiansen - 2009 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 10 (1):5-30.
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  46.  2
    Preface.Morten H. Christiansen, Nick Chater & Mark S. Seidenberg - 1999 - Cognitive Science 23 (4):415-415.
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  47.  16
    Synthetic Biology and the Moral Significance of Artificial Life: A Reply to Douglas, Powell and Savulescu.Andreas Christiansen - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (5):372-379.
    I discuss the moral significance of artificial life within synthetic biology via a discussion of Douglas, Powell and Savulescu's paper 'Is the creation of artificial life morally significant’. I argue that the definitions of 'artificial life’ and of 'moral significance’ are too narrow. Douglas, Powell and Savulescu's definition of artificial life does not capture all core projects of synthetic biology or the ethical concerns that have been voiced, and their definition of moral significance fails to take into account the possibility (...)
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  48.  1
    Heinrich Hertz’s Neo-Kantian Philosophy of Science, and its Development by Harald Høffding.Frederik Voetmann Christiansen - 2006 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 37 (1):1-20.
    This article is an investigation of parallel themes in Heinrich Hertz's philosophy science and Kant's theory of schemata, symbols and regulative ideas. It is argued that Hertz's "pictures" bears close similarities to Kantian "schemata", that is, they are rules linking concepts to intuitions and provide them with their meaning. Kant's distinction between symbols and schemata is discussed and related to Hertz's three pictures of mechanics. It is argued that Hertz considered his own picture of mechanics as symbolic in a different (...)
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  49.  2
    Computational Investigations of Multiword Chunks in Language Learning.Stewart M. McCauley & Morten H. Christiansen - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (3):637-652.
    Second-language learners rarely arrive at native proficiency in a number of linguistic domains, including morphological and syntactic processing. Previous approaches to understanding the different outcomes of first- versus second-language learning have focused on cognitive and neural factors. In contrast, we explore the possibility that children and adults may rely on different linguistic units throughout the course of language learning, with specific focus on the granularity of those units. Following recent psycholinguistic evidence for the role of multiword chunks in online language (...)
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  50.  5
    Algorithms, Genetics, and Populations: The Schemata Theorem Revisited.Freddy Bugge Christiansen & Marcus W. Feldman - 1998 - Complexity 3 (3):57-64.
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