18 found
Order:
  1.  27
    “What the Patient Would Have Decided”: A Fundamental Problem with the Substituted Judgment Standard. [REVIEW]Linus Broström, Mats Johansson & Morten Klemme Nielsen - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (3):265-278.
    Decision making for incompetent patients is a much-discussed topic in bioethics. According to one influential decision making standard, the substituted judgment standard, the decision that ought to be made for the incompetent patient is the decision the patient would have made, had he or she been competent. Although the merits of this standard have been extensively debated, some important issues have not been sufficiently explored. One fundamental problem is that the substituted judgment standard, as commonly formulated, is indeterminate in content (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  2.  38
    Involving Children in Non-Therapeutic Research: On the Development Argument. [REVIEW]Linus Broström & Mats Johansson - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (1):53-60.
    Non-therapeutic research on children raises ethical concerns. Such research is not only conducted on individuals who are incapable of providing informed consent. It also typically involves some degree of risk or discomfort, without prospects of medically benefiting the participating children. Therefore, these children seem to be instrumentalized. Some ethicists, however, have tried to sidestep this problem by arguing that the children may indirectly benefit from participating in such research, in ways not related to the medical intervention as such. It has (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  3.  15
    Co-payment for Unfunded Additional Care in Publicly Funded Healthcare Systems: Ethical Issues.Joakim Färdow, Linus Broström & Mats Johansson - 2019 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 16 (4):515-524.
    The burdens of resource constraints in publicly funded healthcare systems urge decision makers in countries like Sweden, Norway and the UK to find new financial solutions. One proposal that has been put forward is co-payment—a financial model where some treatment or care is made available to patients who are willing and able to pay the costs that exceed the available alternatives fully covered by public means. Co-payment of this sort has been associated with various ethical concerns. These range from worries (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4.  66
    Counterfactual Reasoning in Surrogate Decision Making – Another Look.Mats Johansson & Linus Broström - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (5):244-249.
    Incompetent patients need to have someone else make decisions on their behalf. According to the Substituted Judgment Standard the surrogate decision maker ought to make the decision that the patient would have made, had he or she been competent. Objections have been raised against this traditional construal of the standard on the grounds that it involves flawed counterfactual reasoning, and amendments have been suggested within the framework of possible worlds semantics. The paper shows that while this approach may circumvent the (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  5.  77
    Turning Failures Into Successes: A Methodological Shortcoming in Empirical Research on Surrogate Accuracy.Mats Johansson & Linus Broström - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (1):17-26.
    Decision making for incompetent patients is a much-discussed topic in bioethics. According to one influential decision making standard, the substituted judgment standard, a surrogate decision maker ought to make the decision that the incompetent patient would have made, had he or she been competent. Empirical research has been conducted in order to find out whether surrogate decision makers are sufficiently good at doing their job, as this is defined by the substituted judgment standard. This research investigates to what extent surrogates (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  6.  29
    Surrogate Consent to Non-Beneficial Research: Erring on the Right Side When Substituted Judgments May Be Inaccurate.Mats Johansson & Linus Broström - 2016 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (2):149-160.
    Part of the standard protection of decisionally incapacitated research subjects is a prohibition against enrolling them unless surrogate decision makers authorize it. A common view is that surrogates primarily ought to make their decisions based on what the decisionally incapacitated subject would have wanted regarding research participation. However, empirical studies indicate that surrogate predictions about such preferences are not very accurate. The focus of this article is the significance of surrogate accuracy in the context of research that is not expected (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  7.  26
    Empirical Fallacies in the Debate on Substituted Judgment.Mats Johansson & Linus Broström - 2012 - Health Care Analysis (1):1-9.
    According to the Substituted Judgment Standard a surrogate decision maker ought to make the decision that the incompetent patient would have made, had he or she been competent. This standard has received a fair amount of criticism, but the objections raised are often wide of the mark. In this article we discuss three objections based on empirical research, and explain why these do not give us reason to abandon the Substituted Judgment Standard.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  8.  13
    Does Peer Benefit Justify Research on Incompetent Individuals? The Same-Population Condition in Codes of Research Ethics.Mats Johansson & Linus Broström - 2012 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (3):287-294.
    Research on incompetent humans raises ethical challenges, especially when there is no direct benefit to these research subjects. Contemporary codes of research ethics typically require that such research must specifically serve to benefit the population to which the research subjects belong. The article critically examines this “same-population condition”, raising issues of both interpretation and moral justification. Of particular concern is the risk that the way in which the condition is articulated and rationalized in effect disguises or downplays the instrumentalization of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  1
    A Virtue-Ethical Approach to Substituted Judgment.Linus Broström & Mats Johansson - 2009 - Ethics and Medicine: An International Journal of Bioethics 25 (2):107-120.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  12
    Is Hypothetical Consent a Substitute for Actual Consent?Linus Broström & Mats Johansson - unknown
    The so-called Substituted Judgment Standard is one of several competing principles on how certain health care decisions ought to be made for patients who are not themselves capable of making decisions of the relevant kind. It says that a surrogate decision-maker, acting on behalf of the patient, ought to make the decision the patient would have made, had the latter been competent. The most common way of justifying the Substituted Judgment Standard is to maintain that this standard protects patients’ right (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  1
    Responsibility for Funding Refractive Correction in Publicly Funded Health Care Systems: An Ethical Analysis.Joakim Färdow, Linus Broström & Mats Johansson - forthcoming - Health Care Analysis:1-19.
    Allocating on the basis of need is a distinguishing principle in publicly funded health care systems. Resources ought to be directed to patients, or the health program, where the need is considered greatest. In Sweden support of this principle can be found in health care legislation. Today however some domains of what appear to be health care needs are excluded from the responsibilities of the publicly funded health care system. Corrections of eye disorders known as refractive errors is one such (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  1
    Religion and Biopolitics in Sweden.Göran Hermerén & Mats Johansson - 2020 - In Mirjam Weiberg-Salzmann & Ulrich Willems (eds.), Religion and Biopolitics. Springer Verlag. pp. 213-224.
    After a brief sketch of the historical background, the current political situation in Sweden is outlined. Since 1985 the National Council on Medical Ethics has played an important role in the biopolitical debate in Sweden, and its activities and influence are described. Religious teachings are often combined with moral precepts. But what makes a statement religious is not easy to say, especially in societies where religious concerns have been intertwined with humanitarian common sense morality for a long time. Summing up, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  1
    Idealization and the Centipede - What is the Significance of the Backward Induction Theorem.Mats Johansson & Martin Palmé - 2001 - Value and Choice 2.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. Om Schopenhauers syn på medlidandet.Mats Johansson - 2002 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 1.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  9
    Paternal Consent in Prenatal Research: Ethical Aspects.Mats Johansson, Göran Hermerén & Nils-Eric Sahlin - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (2):325-331.
    The role of mothers in prenatal research has been discussed extensively. Significantly less work has been done on the father’s role. In this article, focusing on ethical issues, we seek to redress this imbalance. Examining the father’s position in research conducted on pregnant women, we ask whether or not paternal consent ought to be required in addition to that of the pregnant woman. Having distinguished between different concepts of father and mother, we proceed by giving an overview of the reasons (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  1
    The Matching Criterion.Mats Johansson - 2002 - Umeå Preprints in Philosophy 1.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  15
    Temporising and Respect for Patient Self-Determination.Jenny Lindberg, Mats Johansson & Linus Broström - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (3):161-167.
    The principle of self-determination plays a crucial role in contemporary clinical ethics. Somewhat simplified, it states that it is ultimately the patient who should decide whether or not to accept suggested treatment or care. Although the principle is much discussed in the academic literature, one important aspect has been neglected, namely the fact that real-world decision making is temporally extended, in the sense that it generally takes some time from the point at which the physician determines that there is a (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. How Will the Emerging Plurality of Lives Change How We Conceive of and Relate to Life?Erik Persson, Jessica Abbott, Christian Balkenius, Anna Cabak Redei, Klara Anna Čápová, Dainis Dravins, David Dunér, Markus Gunneflo, Maria Hedlund, Mats Johansson, Anders Melin & Petter Persson - 2019 - Challenges 10 (1).
    The project “A Plurality of Lives” was funded and hosted by the Pufendorf Institute for Advanced Studies at Lund University, Sweden. The aim of the project was to better understand how a second origin of life, either in the form of a discovery of extraterrestrial life, life developed in a laboratory, or machines equipped with abilities previously only ascribed to living beings, will change how we understand and relate to life. Because of the inherently interdisciplinary nature of the project aim, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark