Results for 'Matthew Boyd'

987 found
Order:
See also
Matthew Boyd
Victoria University of Wellington (PhD)
  1.  10
    An Early English Rutter: The Sea and Spatial Hermeneutics in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries.Matthew Boyd Goldie - 2015 - Speculum 90 (3):701-727.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Existential risks: New Zealand needs a method to agree on a value framework and how to quantify future lives at risk.Matthew Boyd & Nick Wilson - 2018 - Policy Quarterly 14 (3):58-65.
    Human civilisation faces a range of existential risks, including nuclear war, runaway climate change and superintelligent artificial intelligence run amok. As we show here with calculations for the New Zealand setting, large numbers of currently living and, especially, future people are potentially threatened by existential risks. A just process for resource allocation demands that we consider future generations but also account for solidarity with the present. Here we consider the various ethical and policy issues involved and make a case for (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  11
    Neighbors Help in a Pandemic.Nora Boyd & Matthew Davis - 2021 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 14 (1).
    The degradation of non-market relationships has rendered individuals unnecessarily vulnerable in disasters, including the global pandemic. While local networks of community-based aid that emerge in response to disasters improve the efficacy of response, they tend to be short-lived. This is unfortunate, since the existence and strength of such local networks prior to the onset of disasters not only boosts the efficacy of response but also contributes to the well-being of individuals and communities in non-disaster times. Therefore, individuals ought to establish (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Cell Types as Natural Kinds.Matthew H. Slater - 2013 - Biological Theory 7 (2):170-179.
    Talk of different types of cells is commonplace in the biological sciences. We know a great deal, for example, about human muscle cells by studying the same type of cells in mice. Information about cell type is apparently largely projectible across species boundaries. But what defines cell type? Do cells come pre-packaged into different natural kinds? Philosophical attention to these questions has been extremely limited [see e.g., Wilson (Species: New Interdisciplinary Essays, pp 187–207, 1999; Genes and the Agents of Life, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  5.  7
    David Boyd Haycock. William Stukeley: Science, Religion, and Archaeology in Eighteenth‐Century England. xiii + 290 pp., plates, bibl., index. Rochester, N.Y.: Boydell Press, 2002. $95. [REVIEW]Matthew R. Goodrum - 2006 - Isis 97 (3):556-557.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  82
    A Different Kind of Property Cluster Kind.Matthew Slater - unknown
    Richard Boyd has long campaigned for a view of natural kinds he calls the Homeostatic Property Cluster account. This account has been particularly exciting for philosophers of biology unhappy with traditional essentialism about natural kinds and the views that biological kinds are, in one way or another, “historical entities”. Though defenders of HPC kinds have done much to further articulate the view, many questions about the account remain. One pressing question concerns the way in which HPC kinds are supposed (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  13
    The Theology of Hugh of St. Victor: An Interpretation. By Boyd Taylor Coolman. Pp. x, 247, NY, Cambridge University Press, 2010, $103.00. [REVIEW]Matthew R. McWhorter - 2016 - Heythrop Journal 57 (2):410-412.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. Knowledge in an uncertain world * by Jeremy Fantl and Matthew McGrath. [REVIEW]Kenneth Boyd - 2011 - Analysis 71 (1):189-191.
    A review of Jeremy Fantl and Matthew McGrath's "Knowledge in an Uncertain World.".
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  26
    Biblical Natural Law: A Theocentric and Teleological Approach. By Matthew Levering. Pp. 260, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2008, £55.00. A Shared Morality: A Narrative Defense of Natural Law Ethics. By Craig A. Boyd. Pp. 272, Grand Rapids, Michigan, Br. [REVIEW]Patrick Riordan - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (4):708-710.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  36
    Philosophy of Astrophysics: Stars, Simulations, and the Struggle to Determine What is Out There.Nora Mills Boyd, Siska De Baerdemaeker, Kevin Heng & Vera Matarese (eds.) - 2023 - Springer Verlag.
    This is an open access book. This book, the first edited collection of its kind, explores the recent emergence of philosophical research in astrophysics. It assembles a variety of original essays from scholars who are currently shaping this field, and it combines insightful overviews of the current state of play with novel, significant contributions. It therefore provides an ideal source for understanding the current debates in philosophy of astrophysics, and it offers new ideas for future cutting-edge research. The selection of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. Phenomenal Conservatism and Cognitive Penetration: The Bad Basis Counterexamples.Matthew McGrath - 2013 - In Chris Tucker (ed.), Seemings and Justification: New Essays on Dogmatism and Phenomenal Conservatism. New York: Oxford University Press USA. pp. 225–247.
  12. The Philosophy of Science.Richard Boyd, Philip Gasper & J. D. Trout (eds.) - 1991 - MIT Press.
    The more than 40 readings in this anthology cover the most important developments of the past six decades, charting the rise and decline of logical positivism ...
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   38 citations  
  13.  5
    Everyone With an Addiction Has Diminished Decision-Making Capacity.J. Wesley Boyd & Geoffrey R. Engel - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (5):34-37.
    In “Revive and Refuse,” Marshall et al. (2024) argue that many individuals who are revived from opioid overdoses have diminished decision-making capacity (DMC), given that so many of them have opio...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. Culture, adaptation, and innateness.Robert Boyd & Peter Richerson - 2005 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen P. Stich (eds.), The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents. New York, US: Oxford University Press USA.
    It is almost 30 years since the sociobiology controversy burst into full bloom. The modern theory of the evolution of animal behavior was born in the mid 1960’s with Bill Hamilton’s seminal papers on inclusive fitness and George William’s book Adaptation and Natural Selection. The following decade saw an avalanche of important ideas on the evolution of sex ratio, animal conflicts, parental investment, and reciprocity, setting off a revolution our understanding of animal societies, a revolution that is still going on (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  15. Looks and Perceptual Justification.Matthew McGrath - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 96 (1):110-133.
    Imagine I hold up a Granny Smith apple for all to see. You would thereby gain justified beliefs that it was green, that it was apple, and that it is a Granny Smith apple. Under classical foundationalism, such simple visual beliefs are mediately justified on the basis of reasons concerning your experience. Under dogmatism, some or all of these beliefs are justified immediately by your experience and not by reasons you possess. This paper argues for what I call the looks (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  16. Harry Stottlemeier's Discovery.Matthew Lipman & Institute for the Advancement of Philosophy for Children - 1974 - Institute for the Advancement of Philosophy for Children.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  17.  8
    Black-Box Expertise and AI Discourse.Kenneth Boyd - 2023 - The Prindle Post.
  18.  37
    The scientific background to modern philosophy: selected readings.Michael R. Matthews (ed.) - 2022 - Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company.
    The first edition of The Scientific Background to Modern Philosophy took the dialogue of science and philosophy from Aristotle through to Newton. This second edition adds eight chapters, taking the dialogue through the Enlightenment and up to Darwin. This anthology is an attempt to help bridge the gap between the history of science and the history of philosophy.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  19.  5
    Refiguring virtue.Boyd Blundell - 2010 - In Brian Treanor & Henry Isaac Venema (eds.), A passion for the possible: thinking with Paul Ricoeur. New York: Fordham University Press. pp. 158-172.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  35
    What of pragmatism with the world here?Richard Boyd - 2012 - In Maria Baghramian (ed.), Reading Putnam. New York: Routledge. pp. 39.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  21. Seemings and the possibility of epistemic justification.Matthew Skene - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 163 (2):539-559.
    Abstract I provide an account of the nature of seemings that explains why they are necessary for justification. The account grows out of a picture of cognition that explains what is required for epistemic agency. According to this account, epistemic agency requires (1) possessing the epistemic aims of forming true beliefs and avoiding errors, and (2) having some means of forming beliefs in order to satisfy those aims. I then argue that seeming are motives for belief characterized by their role (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  22. Self-deception.Ian Deweese-Boyd - 2023 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Virtually every aspect of the current philosophical discussion of self-deception is a matter of controversy including its definition and paradigmatic cases. We may say generally, however, that self-deception is the acquisition and maintenance of a belief (or, at least, the avowal of that belief) in the face of strong evidence to the contrary motivated by desires or emotions favoring the acquisition and retention of that belief. Beyond this, philosophers divide over whether this action is intentional or not, whether self-deceivers recognize (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   29 citations  
  23. Expressivism, Inferentialism, and the Theory of Meaning.Matthew Chrisman - 2010 - In Michael Brady (ed.), New Waves in Metaethics. New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    One’s account of the meaning of ethical sentences should fit – roughly, as part to whole – with one’s account of the meaning of sentences in general. When we ask, though, where one widely discussed account of the meaning of ethical sentences fits with more general accounts of meaning, the answer is frustratingly unclear. The account I have in mind is the sort of metaethical expressivism inspired by Ayer, Stevenson, and Hare, and defended and worked out in more detail recently (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  24.  58
    Padre Boyd alla Karis - Lo studioso di Chesterton ha incontrato gli studenti.Boyd - 2011 - The Chesterton Review in Italiano 1 (1):173-173.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  3
    Should You Outsource Important Life Decisions to Algorithms?Kenneth Boyd - 2022 - The Prindle Post.
  26. The evolution of altruistic punishment.Robert Boyd, Herbert Gintis, Samuel Bowles, Peter Richerson & J. - 2003 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100 (6):3531-3535.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   88 citations  
  27.  33
    Medical ethics: principles, persons, and perspectives: from controversy to conversation.K. M. Boyd - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (8):481-486.
    Medical ethics, principles, persons, and perspectives is discussed under three headings: History, Theory, and Practice. Under Theory, the author will say something about some different approaches to the study and discussion of ethical issues in medicine—especially those based on principles, persons, or perspectives. Under Practice, the author will discuss how one perspectives based approach, hermeneutics, might help in relation first to everyday ethical issues and then to public controversies. In that context some possible advantages of moving from controversy to conversation (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  28.  9
    Uniform Applicability.Matthew H. Kramer - 2009-04-10 - In Marcia Baron & Michael Slote (eds.), Moral Realism as a Moral Doctrine. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 129–151.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Categorical Prescriptiveness Uniformity as a Moral Matter Uniformity Contrasted with Neutrality The Overridingness of Moral Principles.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  29. Consciousness and psychology.Boyd H. Bode - 2020 - In John Dewey, Harold Chapman Brown, George Herbert Mead, Horace Meyer Kallen & Addison Webster Moore (eds.), Creative Intelligence: Essays in the Pragmatic Attitude. New York: Nova Snova.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. Belief in free will is beneficial.Kendal C. Boyd - 2020 - In Philip Clayton, James W. Walters & John Martin Fischer (eds.), What's with free will?: ethics and religion after neuroscience. Eugene, Oregon: Cascade Books, an imprint of Wipf and Stock Publishers.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  32
    Culture, Adaptation.Robert Boyd & Peter I. Richerson - 2005 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen P. Stich (eds.), The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents. New York, US: Oxford University Press USA. pp. 2--23.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. Remembering trauma in epistemology.Matthew Frise - 2024 - Philosophy and the Mind Sciences.
    This paper explores some surprising effects of psychological trauma on memory and develops the puzzle of observer memory for trauma. Memory for trauma tends to have a third-person perspective, or observer perspective. But it appears observer memory, by having a novel visual point of view, tends to misrepresent the past. And many find it plausible that if a memory type tends to misrepresent, it cannot yield knowledge of, or justification for believing, details of past events. But it is also plausible (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. Shared Epistemic Responsibility.Boyd Millar - 2021 - Episteme 18 (4):493-506.
    It is widely acknowledged that individual moral obligations and responsibility entail shared (or joint) moral obligations and responsibility. However, whether individual epistemic obligations and responsibility entail shared epistemic obligations and responsibility is rarely discussed. Instead, most discussions of doxastic responsibility focus on individuals considered in isolation. In contrast to this standard approach, I maintain that focusing exclusively on individuals in isolation leads to a profoundly incomplete picture of what we're epistemically obligated to do and when we deserve epistemic blame. First, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  34. The Epistemology of Interpersonal Relations.Matthew A. Benton - forthcoming - Noûs.
    What is it to know someone? Epistemologists rarely take up this question, though recent developments make such inquiry possible and desirable. This paper advances an account of how such interpersonal knowledge goes beyond mere propositional and qualitative knowledge about someone, giving a central place to second-personal treatment. It examines what such knowledge requires, and what makes it distinctive within epistemology as well as socially. It assesses its theoretic value for several issues in moral psychology, epistemic injustice, and philosophy of mind. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35. Enacting the self: Buddhist and Enactivist Approaches to the Emergence of the Self.Matthew MacKenzie - 2011 - In Mark Siderits, Evan Thompson & Dan Zahavi (eds.), Self, no self?: perspectives from analytical, phenomenological, and Indian traditions. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 239-273.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  36.  10
    IIFor Evocriticism: Minds Shaped to Be Reshaped.Brian Boyd - 2012 - Critical Inquiry 38 (2):394-404.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. Our changing and unchanging world.W. R. Boyd - 1926 - Iowa City,: The University.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  4
    The human situation in nature.Jackson Boyd - 1921 - Chicago,: C.H. Kerr & company.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  10
    Ma: materiality in teaching and learning.Boyd White, Anita Sinner & Pauline Sameshima (eds.) - 2019 - New York: Peter Lang Publishing.
    Ma is a curriculum. The Japanese concept of ma refers to the interval between two markers. In a dialectic exploration, the spaces between--private/public, teacher/student, old/new, self/other, among others are probed in ways that contribute to the significant research in teaching and learning that has been undertaken in the last decades.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  74
    Nonsubjectivism About How Things Seem.Matthew Mcgrath - 2023 - In Kevin McCain, Scott Stapleford & Matthias Steup (eds.), Seemings: New Arguments, New Angles. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. 38–53.
    We regularly appeal to claims of the form it seems that p in defense of a claim p. When we do so, we typically take it seems that p to be a reason for thinking that p but also a reason that “gets at” a relevant body of facts and its support for p. Other things being equal, we should want to vindicate our ordinary beliefs on this matter. We should want to vindicate the claim that facts about things seeming (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  42
    Knowledge and God.Matthew A. Benton - forthcoming - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    This book examines a main theme in religious epistemology, namely, the possibility of knowledge of God. Most often philosophers consider the rationality or justification of propositional belief about God, particularly beliefs about the existence and nature of God; and they will assess the conditions under which, if there is a God, such propositional beliefs would be knowledge, particularly in light of counter-evidence or the availability of religious disagreement. This book surveys such familiar areas, then turns toward newer and less-developed terrain: (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42. Dewey on Arts, Sciences and Greek Philosophy.Matthew Crippen - 2016 - In András Benedek & Agnes Veszelszki (eds.), Visual Learning: Time - Truth - Tradition. Peter Lang.
  43. Content and the stream of consciousness.Matthew Soteriou - 2007 - Philosophical Perspectives 21 (1):543–568.
  44.  5
    Deleuze & Guattari, politics and education: for a people-yet-to-come.Matthew Carlin & Jason J. Wallin (eds.) - 2014 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    Deleuze & Guattari, Politics and Education mobilizes Deleuzian-Guattarian philosophy as a revolutionary alternative to the lingering forms of transcendence, identity politics, and nihilism endemic to Western thought. Operationalizing Deleuze and Guattari's challenge to contemporary philosophy, this book presents their view as a revolutionary alternative to the lingering forms of transcendence, identity politics, and nihilism endemic to the current state of Western formal education. This book offers an experimental approach to theorizing, creating an entirely new way for educational theorists to approach (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  45. Measuring the Immeasurable Mind: Where Contemporary Neuroscience Meets the Aristotelian Tradition.Matthew Owen - 2021 - Lexington Books (Rowman & Littlefield).
    In Measuring the Immeasurable Mind: Where Contemporary Neuroscience Meets the Aristotelian Tradition, Matthew Owen argues that despite its nonphysical character, it is possible to empirically detect and measure consciousness. -/- Toward the end of the previous century, the neuroscience of consciousness set its roots and sprouted within a materialist milieu that reduced the mind to matter. Several decades later, dualism is being dusted off and reconsidered. Although some may see this revival as a threat to consciousness science aimed at (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  46.  19
    Cultivating Our Passionate Attachments.Matthew Dennis - 2020 - New York and London: Routledge.
    Does a flourishing life involve pursuing passionate attachments? Can we choose what these passionate attachments will be? This book offers an original theory of how we can actively cultivate our passionate attachments. The author argues that not only do we have reason to view passionate attachments as susceptible to growth, change, and improvement, but we should view these entities as amenable to self-cultivation. He uses Pierre Hadot's and Michel Foucault's accounts of Hellenistic self-cultivation as vital conceptual tools to formulate a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  47.  78
    The Principle of Dynamic Holism: Guiding Methodology for Investigating Cognition in Nonneuronal Organisms.Matthew Sims - 2023 - Philosophy of Science 91 (2):430 - 448.
    Basal cognition investigates cognition working upward from nonneuronal organisms. Because basal cognition is committed to empirically testable hypotheses, a methodological challenge arises: how can experiments avoid using zoocentric assumptions that ignore the ecological contexts that might elicit cognitively driven behavior in nonneuronal organisms? To meet this challenge, I articulate the principle of dynamic holism (PDH), a methodological principle for guiding research on nonneuronal cognition. I describe PDH’s relation to holistic research programs in human-focused cognitive science and psychology then present an (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. Perceiving events.Matthew Soteriou - 2010 - Philosophical Explorations 13 (3):223-241.
    The aim in this paper is to focus on one of the proposals about successful perception that has led its adherents to advance some kind of disjunctive account of experience. The proposal is that we should understand the conscious sensory experience involved in successful perception in relational terms. I first try to clarify what the commitments of the view are, and where disagreements with competing views may lie. I then suggest that there are considerations relating to the conscious character of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  49.  33
    Ideal Theory, Literary Theory, Whither Transfeminism?Matthew J. Cull - forthcoming - In Hilkje Hänel & Johanna Müller (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Non-Ideal Theory. Routledge.
    In 2005, Charles Mills published “‘Ideal Theory’ as Ideology” in Hypatia: a withering critique of much of contemporary political philosophy and ethics. For Mills such work in philosophy failed to attend to the realities of social life and politics, and in remaining silent on actual issues of domination and oppression served an ideological role in supporting the interests of white bourgeois men. Around the time that Charles Mills launched his broadside against ideal theory, trans theorists had been fighting their own (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. On Sense and Direct Reference.Matthew Davidson (ed.) - 2007 - New York: McGraw-Hill.
    On Sense and Direct Reference: Readings in the Philosophy of Language focuses on the debate between neo-Fregeans and neo-Russellians in philosophy of language. With a foreword by Nathan Salmon, the volume collects more than 40 of the most important papers in philosophy of language in the last 40 years; including David Kaplan's "Demonstratives" and "Afterthoughts", and a paper written by Scott Soames especially for the volume. It is suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
1 — 50 / 987