Results for 'Matthew Conduct'

1000+ found
Order:
See also
Matthew David Conduct
Durham University
  1.  79
    Naïve realism without disjunctivism about experience.Matthew Conduct - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):727-736.
    I argue that the possibility of non-perceptual experience need not compel a naïve realist to adopt a disjunctive conception of experience. Instead, they can maintain that the nature of perceptual and hallucinatory experience is the same, while still claiming that perceptual experience is presentational of the objects of perception. On such a view the difference between perceptual and non-perceptual experience will lie in the nature of the objects that are so presented. I will defend a view according to which in (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  2.  47
    Response to Montague.Matthew Conduct - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):740-741.
  3.  83
    Where law and morality meet.Matthew H. Kramer - 2004 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    How are law and morality connected, how do they interact, and in what ways are they distinct? In Part I of this book, Matthew Kramer argues that moral principles can enter into the law of any jurisdiction. He contends that legal officials can invoke moral principles as laws for resolving disputes, and that they can also invoke them as threshold tests which ordinary laws must satisfy. In opposition to many other theorists, Kramer argues that these functions of moral principles (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  4.  8
    Pastoral counter-conducts: Religious resistance in Foucault’s genealogy of Christianity.Matthew Chrulew - 2014 - Critical Research on Religion 2 (1):55-65.
    The internal resistance to religious forms of power is often at issue in Michel Foucault’s genealogy of Christianity. For this anti-clerical Nietzschean, religion is, like science, always a battle over bodies and souls. In his 1978 Collège de France lectures, he traced the nature and descent of an apparatus of “pastoral power” characterized by confession, direction, obedience, and sacrifice. Governmental rationality, both individualizing and totalizing, is its modern descendant. At different moments, Foucault rather infamously opposed to the pastorate and governmentality (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  5.  10
    Progressing from “Whether to” to “How to” Conduct Pragmatic Trials.Matthew W. Semler, Todd W. Rice & Jonathan D. Casey - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (8):33-36.
    In this issue of the American Journal of Bioethics, manuscripts focus on the obligations of clinicians and researchers in pragmatic clinical trials (Garland, Morain, and Sugarman 2023; Morain and L...
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  6.  43
    Effectiveness of a responsible conduct of research course: A preliminary study.Sean T. Powell, Matthew A. Allison & Michael W. Kalichman - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (2):249-264.
    Training in the responsible conduct of research (RCR) is required for many research trainees nationwide, but little is known about its effectiveness. For a preliminary assessment of the effectiveness of a short-term course in RCR, medical students participating in an NIH-funded summer research program at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) were surveyed using an instrument developed through focus group discussions. In the summer of 2003, surveys were administered before and after a short-term RCR course, as well as (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  7. Philosophical Methodology: The Armchair or the Laboratory?Matthew C. Haug (ed.) - 2013 - New York: Routledge.
    What methodology should philosophers follow? Should they rely on methods that can be conducted from the armchair? Or should they leave the armchair and turn to the methods of the natural sciences, such as experiments in the laboratory? Or is this opposition itself a false one? Arguments about philosophical methodology are raging in the wake of a number of often conflicting currents, such as the growth of experimental philosophy, the resurgence of interest in metaphysical questions, and the use of formal (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  8.  29
    Depression, Emotion and the Self: Philosophical and Interdisciplinary Perspectives.Matthew Ratcliffe & Achim Stephan (eds.) - 2014 - Imprint Academic.
    This volume addresses the question of what it is like to be depressed. Despite the vast amount of research that has been conducted into the causes and treatment of depression, the experience of depression remains poorly understood. Indeed, many depression memoirs state that the experience is impossible for others to understand. However, it is at least clear that changes in emotion, mood, and bodily feeling are central to all forms of depression, and these are the book's principal focus. In recent (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  9. Aesthetics and action: situations, emotional perception and the Kuleshov effect.Matthew Crippen - 2019 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 9):2345-2363.
    This article focuses on situations and emotional perception. To this end, I start with the Kuleshov effect wherein identical shots of performers manifest different expressions when cut to different contexts. However, I conducted experiments with a twist, using Darth Vader and non-primates, and even here expressions varied with contexts. Building on historically and conceptually linked Gibsonian, Gestalt, phenomenological and pragmatic schools, along with consonant experimental work, I extrapolate these results to defend three interconnected points. First, I argue that while perceiving (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  10.  19
    Tears and transformation: feeling like crying as an indicator of insightful or “aesthetic” experience with art.Matthew John Pelowski - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6:134761.
    This paper explores a fundamental similarity between cognitive models for crying and conceptions of insight, enlightenment or, in the context of art, “aesthetic experience.” All of which center on a process of initial discrepancy, followed by schema change, and conclude in a personal adjustment or a “transformation” of one’s image of the self. Because tears are argued to mark one of the only physical indicators of this cognitive outcome, and because the process is particularly salient in examples with art, I (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  11. Experimental philosophy and the fruitfulness of normative concepts.Matthew Lindauer - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (8):2129-2152.
    This paper provides a new argument for the relevance of empirical research to moral and political philosophy and a novel defense of the positive program in experimental philosophy. The argument centers on the idea that normative concepts used in moral and political philosophy can be evaluated in terms of their fruitfulness in solving practical problems. Empirical research conducted with an eye to the practical problems that are relevant to particular concepts can provide evidence of their fruitfulness along a number of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  12.  25
    Bioethics in a secular world: The ethics and the application.Matthew Tieu - 2012 - Bioethics Research Notes 24 (1):15.
    Tieu, Matthew As a contemporary academic discipline bioethics is a specialised though multidisciplinary field of study. It is the study of the ethical issues that arise from the biological and medical sciences, as well as clinical practice. It deals with important issues such as abortion, human embryonic stem cell research, euthanasia and reproductive technology, genetic modification, animal welfare, nanotechnology and neuroethics. The "Encyclopedia of Bioethics" defines bioethics as "the systematic study of the moral dimensions -including moral vision, decisions, (...) and policies -of the life sciences and health care, employing a variety of ethical methodologies in an interdisciplinary setting". Bioethics is a branch or sub-discipline of what is referred to as "applied ethics". As such, it also draws upon those disciplines that address the nature of ethics, i.e. philosophy, psychology and religion. Bioethics as an academic discipline therefore involves both the natural sciences and the humanities. (shrink)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  12
    Understanding the Effects of Political Environments on Unethical Behavior in Organizations.Matthew Valle, K. Michele Kacmar & Suzanne Zivnuska - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 156 (1):173-188.
    Based on a framework that integrates job demands-resources theory, social cognitive theory Handbook of personality, Guilford Press, New York, pp 154–196, 1999) and regulatory focus theory, the purpose of this research is to investigate the relationship between perceptions of organizational politics and subsequent moral disengagement and unethical behavior. We conducted a laboratory study and also collected data in two separate surveys 6 weeks apart from 206 individuals working full time to investigate the relationships presented in our model. In both studies, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  14. The Self - Ancient and Modern.Matthew S. Santirocco, Adriana Cavarero & Timothy J. Reiss - 2000 - New York University Press.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  6
    Philosophy as a way of life: from antiquity to modernity.Matthew Sharpe - 2021 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic. Edited by Michael Ure.
    The idea of philosophy as a 'way of life' is not a new one. From the first recorded philosophy by Plato, there has been a tradition of thinking about philosophy as pointing us towards the good life, happiness and an ethical existence. But where does this notion that philosophy has anything to offer in terms of guiding us in how to live and live well come from? In this first ever introduction to philosophy as a way of life, Matthew (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. Humanitarian research : ethical considerations in conducting research during global health emergencies.Agomoni Ganguli-Mitra & Matthew Hunt - 2021 - In Graeme T. Laurie (ed.), The Cambridge handbook of health research regulation. Cambridge University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  35
    Meta-Analysis of the Association Between Emotional Clarity and Attention to Emotions.Matthew Tyler Boden & Renee J. Thompson - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (1):79-85.
    Emotional clarity and attention to emotions represent the extent to which people understand and attend to their own emotions, respectively, and are broad facets of emotional awareness, alexithymia, and emotional intelligence. To examine the extent to which these two constructs are associated, we conducted a meta-analysis of studies including well-validated self-report measures of trait clarity and attention to emotion. Clarity and attention were moderately, positively associated. Assessment instrument, but not sample gender or age, moderated the association between clarity and attention. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  18.  53
    Ethics beyond borders: How health professionals experience ethics in humanitarian assistance and development work.Matthew R. Hunt - 2007 - Developing World Bioethics 8 (2):59-69.
    Health professionals are involved in humanitarian assistance and development work in many regions of the world. They participate in primary health care, immunization campaigns, clinic- and hospital-based care, rehabilitation and feeding programs. In the course of this work, clinicians are frequently exposed to complex ethical issues. This paper examines how health workers experience ethics in the course of humanitarian assistance and development work. A qualitative study was conducted to consider this question. Five core themes emerged from the data, including: tension (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  19. “I Am the Law!”—Perspectives of Legality.Matthew Zagor - unknown
    The language of morality and legality infuses every aspect of the Middle East conflict. From repeated assertions by officials that Israel has “the most moral army in the world” to justifications for specific military tactics and operations by reference to self-defense and proportionality, the public rhetoric is one of legal right and moral obligation. Less often heard are the voices of those on the ground whose daily experience is lived within the legal quagmire portrayed by their leaders in such uncompromising (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. On The Dumb Sublimity Of Law: A Critique Of The Post-structuralist Orientation Towards Ethics.Matthew Sharpe - 2003 - Minerva 7:23-43.
    This paper stages an argument in five premises:1. That the insight to which post-structuralist ethics responds—which is that there is an 'unmistakableparticularity of concrete persons or social groups'—leads theorists who base their moral theory upon itinto a problematic parallel to that charted by Kant in his analysis of the sublime.2. That Kant's analysis of the sublime divides its experience into what I call two 'moments', the secondof which involves a reflexive move which the post-structuralists are unwilling to sanction in theontological (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21.  8
    On the dumb sublimity of law: A critique of the post-structuralist orientation towards ethics.Matthew Sharpe - 2003 - Minerva - An Internet Journal of Philosophy 7 (1).
    This paper stages an argument in five premises: 1. That the insight to which post-structuralist ethics responds—which is that there is an 'unmistakable particularity of concrete persons or social groups'—leads theorists who base their moral theory upon it into a problematic parallel to that charted by Kant in his analysis of the sublime. 2. That Kant's analysis of the sublime divides its experience into what I call two 'moments', the second of which involves a reflexive move which the post-structuralists are (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  39
    Preserving Employee Dignity During the Termination Interview: An Empirical Examination.Matthew S. Wood & Steven J. Karau - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 86 (4):519-534.
    Despite the ongoing need for managers to fire employees and the wide prevalence of downsizing and layoffs, little research has examined how the conduct of termination interviews affects employee reactions. The current research was designed to explore reactions to several commonly used termination interview practices. Two scenario-based experiments examined the effectiveness of having a third party (an HR manager or a security guard) present, mentioning the employee's positive characteristics and contributions, and using alone, discrete escort, or public escort modes (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  23.  2
    The philosophy of childhood.Gareth B. Matthews - 1994 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    Adult preconceptions about the mental life of children tend to discourage a child’s philosophical bent. By exposing the underpinnings of adult views of childhood, Matthews clears the way for recognizing the philosophy of childhood as a legitimate field of inquiry and conducts us through influential models for understanding what it is to be a child.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24.  64
    Situationism and the problem of moral improvement.Matthew C. Taylor - 2019 - Philosophical Explorations 22 (3):312-327.
    A wealth of research in social psychology indicates that various ethically arbitrary situational factors exert a surprisingly powerful influence on moral conduct. Empirically-minded philosophers have argued over the last two decades that this evidence challenges Aristotelian virtue ethics. John Doris, Gilbert Harman, and Maria Merritt have argued that situationist moral psychology – as opposed to Aristotelian moral psychology – is better suited to the practical aim of helping agents act better. The Aristotelian account, with its emphasis on individual factors, (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  25.  49
    The implied theodicy of Kant’s Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason : love as a response to radical evil.Matthew Rukgaber - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (2):213-233.
    This article begins with a brief survey of Kant’s pre-Critical and Critical approaches to theodicy. I maintain that his theodical response of moral faith during the Critical period appears to be a dispassionate version of what Leibniz called Fatum Christianum. Moral rationality establishes the existence and goodness of God and translates into an endless and unwavering commitment to following the moral law. I then argue that Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason offers a revision of Kant’s 1791 conception of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26. What Do Philosophers of Education Do? An Empirical Study of Philosophy of Education Journals.Matthew J. Hayden - 2011 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 31 (1):1-27.
    What is philosophy of education? This question has been answered in as many ways as there are those who self-identify as philosophers of education. However, the questions our field asks and the research conducted to answer them often produce papers, essays, and manuscripts that we can read, evaluate, and ponder. This paper turns to those tangible products of our scholarly activities. The titles, abstracts, and keywords from every article published from 2000 to 2010 in four journals of educational philosophy were (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  27.  46
    Ethical Review of Global Short-Term Medical Volunteerism.Matthew DeCamp - 2011 - HEC Forum 23 (2):91-103.
    Global short-term medical volunteerism is growing, and properly conducted, is a tool in the fight for greater global health equity. It is intrinsically ethical (i.e., it involves ethics at every step) and depends upon ethical conduct for its success. At present, ethical guidelines remain in their infancy, which presents a unique opportunity. This paper presents a set of basic ethical principles, building on prior work in this area and previously developed guidelines for international clinical research. The content of these (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  28.  9
    Education Policies and Teacher Deployment in Northern Ireland: Ethnic Separation, Cultural Encapsulation and Community Cross-Over.Matthew Milliken, Jessica Bates & Alan Smith - 2020 - British Journal of Educational Studies 68 (2):139-160.
    Education is a key mechanism for the restoration of inter-community relations in post-conflict societies. The Northern Ireland school system remains divided along sectarian lines. Much research has been conducted into the efficacy of initiatives developed to bring children together across this divide but there has been an absence of studies into the impact of educational division on teachers. A number of policies, separately and in combination, restrict teachers’ options to move across and between the divided school sectors. The recruitment of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  29. Skepticism in Classical Indian Philosophy.Matthew R. Dasti - forthcoming - In Diego Machuca & Baron Reed (eds.), Skepticism from Antiquity to the Present.
    There are some tantalizing suggestions that Pyrrhonian skepticism has its roots in ancient India. Of them, the most important is Diogenes Laertius’s report that Pyrrho accompanied Alexander to India, where he was deeply impressed by the character of the “naked sophists” he encountered (DL IX 61). Influenced by these gymnosophists, Pyrrho is said to have adopted the practices of suspending judgment on matters of belief and cultivating an indifferent composure amid the vicissitudes of ordinary life. Such conduct, and the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  33
    Non-Ideal Virtue and Situationism.Matthew C. Taylor - 2021 - The Journal of Ethics 26 (1):41-68.
    Several philosophers, known as situationists, have argued that evidence in social psychology threatens to undermine Aristotelian virtue ethics. An impressively large amount of empirical evidence suggests that most people do not consistently act virtuously and lack the ability to exercise rational control over their behavior. Since possessing moral virtues requires these features, situationists have argued that Aristotelianism does not accurately describe the character traits possessed by most people, and so the theory cannot lay claim to various theoretical advantages such as (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  31.  46
    Medical and nursing students' television viewing habits: Potential implications for bioethics.Matthew J. Czarny, Ruth R. Faden, Marie T. Nolan, Edwin Bodensiek & Jeremy Sugarman - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (12):1 – 8.
    Television medical dramas frequently depict the practice of medicine and bioethical issues in a strikingly realistic but sometimes inaccurate fashion. Because these shows depict medicine so vividly and are so relevant to the career interests of medical and nursing students, they may affect these students' beliefs, attitudes, and perceptions regarding the practice of medicine and bioethical issues. We conducted a web-based survey of medical and nursing students to determine the medical drama viewing habits and impressions of bioethical issues depicted in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  32. Reading Emancipation Backwards: Laclau, Žižek and the Critique of Ideology in Emancipatory Politics.Matthew Flisfeder - 2008 - International Journal of Žižek Studies 2 (1):1-21.
    This article investigates the work of Žižek and Ernesto Laclau on the topic of Emancipatory politics. Although the positions of each on this topic has recently been criticized by the other, the aim here is to locate the elements that can allow both positions to converge for the purpose of conducting ideological critique of the logic of emancipation and the necessity of utopia. In focusing on this debate, the opposition between populism and class struggle is considered, as well as notions (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  18
    Ethical considerations related to participation and partnership: an investigation of stakeholders' perceptions of an action-research project on user fee removal for the poorest in Burkina Faso.Matthew R. Hunt, Patrick Gogognon & Valéry Ridde - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):13.
    Healthcare user fees present an important barrier for accessing services for the poorest (indigents) in Burkina Faso and selective removal of fees has been incorporated in national healthcare planning. However, establishing fair, effective and sustainable mechanisms for the removal of user fees presents important challenges. A participatory action-research project was conducted in Ouargaye, Burkina Faso, to test mechanisms for identifying those who are indigents, and funding and implementing user fee removal. In this paper, we explore stakeholder perceptions of ethical considerations (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  34.  10
    The ‘Court of Public Opinion:’ Public Perceptions of Business Involvement in Human Rights Violations.Matthew Amengual, Rita Mota & Alexander Rustler - 2023 - Journal of Business Ethics 185 (1):49-74.
    Public pressure is essential for providing multinational enterprises (MNEs) with motivation to follow the standards of human rights conduct set in soft-law instruments, such as the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. But how does the public judge MNE involvement in human rights violations? We empirically answer this question drawing on an original survey of American adults. We asked respondents to judge over 12,000 randomly generated scenarios in which MNEs may be considered to have been involved (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35.  9
    Cultivating our passionate attachments : self-cultivation in practical philosophy.Matthew Dennis - 2018 - Dissertation, University of Warwick
    This thesis offers an original theory of how we can cultivate our passionate attachments based on the Francophone interpretation of the Hellenistic conception of self-cultivation. Recently Harry Frankfurt, Bernard Williams, and Susan Wolf have argued that practical philosophers must direct more attention to how our passionate attachments radically affect our resolution to the question of ‘how one should live’. By neglecting this topic, these thinkers argue, we overlook some of the strongest and most distinctively human motivations that guide our practical (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. The Self - Ancient and Modern.Matthew S. Santirocco, Richard Foley & Sorabji - 2000 - New York University Press.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37.  41
    Problems of Dirty Hands As a Species of Moral Conflicts.Matthew H. Kramer - 2018 - The Monist 101 (2):187-198.
    Every problem of dirty hands is a moral conflict in which a highly unpalatable course of conduct is chosen for the sake of fulfilling a stringent moral duty, and in which either the chosen course of conduct is evil or else it would have been evil in the absence of the exigent circumstances to which it is a response. To support this conception of problems of dirty hands, this paper endeavors to elucidate the nature of moral conflicts and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  38.  8
    Traces across the body: the influence of music-dance synchrony on the observation of dance.Matthew Harold Woolhouse & Rosemary Lai - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8:106000.
    In previous studies investigating entrainment and person perception, synchronized movements were found to enhance memory for incidental person attributes. Although this effect is robust, including in dance, the process by which it is actuated are less well understood. In this study, two hypotheses are investigated: that enhanced memory for person attributes is the result of (1) increased gaze time between in-tempo dancers, and/or (2) greater attentional focus between in-tempo dancers. To explore these possible mechanisms in the context of observing dance, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  39.  5
    Determining death by neurological criteria: current practice and ethics.Matthew Hanley - 2020 - Philadelphia, PA: National Catholic Bioethics Center.
    The neurological criteria for the determination of death remain controversial within secular and Catholic circles, even though they are widely accepted within the medical community. In Determining Death by Neurological Criteria, Matthew Hanley offers both a practical and a philosophical defense. Hanley shows that the criteria are often misapplied in clinical settings, leading to cases where persons declared dead apparently spontaneously revive. These instances are often connected to a rushed decision to retrieve donated organs, thus undermining the trust of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  28
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Medical and Nursing Students' Television Viewing Habits: Potential Implications for Bioethics”.Matthew Czarny, Ruth Faden, Marie Nolan, Edwin Bodensiek & Jeremy Sugarman - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (12):1-1.
    Television medical dramas frequently depict the practice of medicine and bioethical issues in a strikingly realistic but sometimes inaccurate fashion. Because these shows depict medicine so vividly and are so relevant to the career interests of medical and nursing students, they may affect these students' beliefs, attitudes, and perceptions regarding the practice of medicine and bioethical issues. We conducted a web-based survey of medical and nursing students to determine the medical drama viewing habits and impressions of bioethical issues depicted in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  41.  8
    The role of geographic bias in knowledge diffusion: a systematic review and narrative synthesis.Matthew Harris, Julie Reed, Hamdi Issa & Mark Skopec - 2020 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 5 (1).
    BackgroundDescriptive studies examining publication rates and citation counts demonstrate a geographic skew toward high-income countries (HIC), and research from low- or middle-income countries (LMICs) is generally underrepresented. This has been suggested to be due in part to reviewers’ and editors’ preference toward HIC sources; however, in the absence of controlled studies, it is impossible to assert whether there is bias or whether variations in the quality or relevance of the articles being reviewed explains the geographic divide. This study synthesizes the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  42. Implicit Theories of Intellectual Virtues and Vices: A Focus on Intellectual Humility.Peter L. Samuelson, Matthew J. Jarvinen, Thomas B. Paulus, Ian M. Church, Sam A. Hardy & Justin L. Barrett - 2014 - Journal of Positive Psychology 5 (10):389-406.
    The study of intellectual humility is still in its early stages and issues of definition and measurement are only now being explored. To inform and guide the process of defining and measuring this important intellectual virtue, we conducted a series of studies into the implicit theory – or ‘folk’ understanding – of an intellectually humble person, a wise person, and an intellectually arrogant person. In Study 1, 350 adults used a free-listing procedure to generate a list of descriptors, one for (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  43.  37
    Science, Worldviews and Education.Michael R. Matthews - 2014 - In International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 1585-1635.
    Science has always engaged with the worldviews of societies and cultures. The theme is of particular importance at the present time as many national and provincial education authorities are requiring that students learn about the nature of science (NOS) as well as learning science content knowledge and process skills. NOS topics are being written into national and provincial curricula. Such NOS matters give rise to at least the following questions about science, science teaching and worldviews: -/- What is a worldview? (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  44.  84
    Genuine Problems and the Significance of Science.Matthew J. Brown - 2010 - Contemporary Pragmatism 7 (2):131-153.
    This paper addresses the political constraints on science through a pragmatist critique of Philip Kitcher’s account of “well-ordered science.” A central part of Kitcher’s account is his analysis of the significance of items of scientific research: contextual and purpose-relative scientific significance replaces mere truth as the aim of inquiry. I raise problems for Kitcher’s account and argue for an alternative, drawing on Peirce’s and Dewey’s theories of problem-solving inquiry. I conclude by suggesting some consequences for understanding the proper conduct (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  45.  11
    Product Liability: Florida Jury Finds that Cigarettes Caused Smoker's Disease.Matthew Morton - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (2):197-197.
    On April 7,2000 a Florida jury ordered the tobacco industry to pay $12.7 million in compensatory damages to three former smokers who were chosen to represent hundreds of thousands of Florida residents in an unprecedented class action lawsuit. The decision not only marks the first time that a jury has found on behalf of smokers in a class action lawsuit, it also sets the stage for a huge punitive damage award against the industry. The awards followed a finding by the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  3
    Product Liability: Florida Jury Finds That Cigarettes Caused Smoker's Disease.Matthew Morton - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (2):197-197.
    On April 7,2000 a Florida jury ordered the tobacco industry to pay $12.7 million in compensatory damages to three former smokers who were chosen to represent hundreds of thousands of Florida residents in an unprecedented class action lawsuit. The decision not only marks the first time that a jury has found on behalf of smokers in a class action lawsuit, it also sets the stage for a huge punitive damage award against the industry. The awards followed a finding by the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  31
    Virtuous Soldiers: A Role for the Liberal Arts?Matthew Beard - 2014 - Journal of Military Ethics 13 (3):274-294.
    The modern soldier is faced with a complex moral and psychological landscape. As Nancy Sherman puts it in The Untold War: Inside the Hearts and Minds of our Soldiers, ‘soldiers go to war to fight external enemies… but most fight inner wars as well.’ The modern soldier is no longer simply a warrior: he is at once a peacekeeper, diplomat, leader, sibling and friend. In the face of such challenges, some responsible for the teaching of soldiers have endeavoured to incorporate (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48.  10
    Better Regulation of Industry-Sponsored Clinical Trials Is Long Overdue.Matthew Wynia & David Boren - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (3):410-419.
    Regulating clinical trials for testing new drugs is fraught with risk. Misregulation can slow development of innovative and useful new drugs, but in other ways misregulation can foster trials that are inefficient and unethical, driven by commercial rather than scientific ends, and that can harm patients. In this paper, we argue not for more but for better regulation, based on the goal of rapidly producing innovative and safe products that represent significant advances in medical care. Data on industry-funded, late-stage clinical (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  5
    Better Regulation of Industry-Sponsored Clinical Trials is Long Overdue.Matthew Wynia & David Boren - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (3):410-419.
    There is an old saw in health policy that everyone wants health care that is good, fast, and cheap — but it’s impossible to have more than two of these at one time.A similar bit of folk wisdom seems intuitively true for the development and testing of new pharmaceutical products. The public is in a bind. We want breakthrough drugs, and fast. But we also want these drugs to be affordable, thoroughly tested, safe, and effective. It seems we can’t have (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  6
    ‘Witness in White’ medical ethics learning tours on medicine during the Nazi era.Matthew A. Fox & Rael D. Strous - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (11):770-772.
    During the Nazi era, physicians provided expertise and a veneer of legitimacy enabling crimes against humanity. In a creative educational initiative to address current ethical dilemmas in clinical medicine, we conduct ethics learning missions bringing senior physicians to relevant Nazi era sites in either Germany or Poland. The tours share a core curriculum contextualising history and medical ethics, with variations in emphasis. Tours to Germany provide an understanding of the theoretical origins of the ethical violations and crimes of Nazi (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 1000