Results for 'Matthew E. Gladden'

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  1. Revisiting Ingarden’s Theoretical Biological Accountof the Literary Work of Art: Is the Computer Game an “Organism”?Matthew E. Gladden - 2020 - HORIZON. Studies in Phenomenology 9 (2):640-661.
    From his earliest published writings to his last, Roman Ingarden displayed an interest in theoretical biology and its efforts to clarify what distinguishes living organisms from other types of entities. However, many of his explorations of such issues are easily overlooked, because they don’t appear in works that are primarily ontological, metaphysical, or anthropological in nature but are “hidden” within his works on literary aesthetics, where Ingarden sought to define the nature of living organisms in order to compare literary works (...)
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  2.  12
    The Pleasures of Sad Music: A Systematic Review.Matthew E. Sachs, Antonio Damasio & Assal Habibi - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  3.  47
    Peirce’s Topical Theory of Continuity.Matthew E. Moore - 2015 - Synthese 192 (4):1-17.
    In the last decade of his life C.S. Peirce began to formulate a purely geometrical theory of continuity to supersede the collection-theoretic theory he began to elaborate around the middle of the 1890s. I argue that Peirce never succeeded in fully formulating the later theory, and that while that there are powerful motivations to adopt that theory within Peirce’s system, it has little to recommend it from an external perspective.
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  4.  74
    The Genesis of the Peircean Continuum.Matthew E. Moore - 2007 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (3):425 - 469.
    : In the Cambridge Conferences Lectures of 1898 Peirce defines a continuum as a "collection of so vast a multitude" that its elements "become welded into one another." He links the transinfinity (the "vast multitude") of a continuum to the confusion of its elements by a line of mathematical reasoning closely related to Cantor's Theorem. I trace the mathematical and philosophical roots of this conception of continuity, and examine its unresolved tensions, which arise mainly from difficulties in Peirce's theory of (...)
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  5.  63
    A Cantorian Argument Against Infinitesimals.Matthew E. Moore - 2002 - Synthese 133 (3):305 - 330.
    In 1887 Georg Cantor gave an influential but cryptic proof of theimpossibility of infinitesimals. I first give a reconstruction ofCantor's argument which relies mainly on traditional assumptions fromEuclidean geometry, together with elementary results of Cantor's ownset theory. I then apply the reconstructed argument to theinfinitesimals of Abraham Robinson's nonstandard analysis. Thisbrings out the importance for the argument of an assumption I call theChain Thesis. Doubts about the Chain Thesis are seen to render thereconstructed argument inconclusive as an attack on the (...)
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  6.  36
    Peirce on Perfect Sets, Revised.Matthew E. Moore - 2009 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (4):649-667.
  7.  6
    A Cantorian Argument Against Infinitesimals.Matthew E. Moore - 2002 - Synthese 133 (3):305-330.
    In 1887 Georg Cantor gave an influential but cryptic proof of theimpossibility of infinitesimals. I first give a reconstruction ofCantor's argument which relies mainly on traditional assumptions fromEuclidean geometry, together with elementary results of Cantor's ownset theory. I then apply the reconstructed argument to theinfinitesimals of Abraham Robinson's nonstandard analysis. Thisbrings out the importance for the argument of an assumption I call theChain Thesis. Doubts about the Chain Thesis are seen to render thereconstructed argument inconclusive as an attack on the (...)
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  8.  50
    Archimedean Intuitions.Matthew E. Moore - 2002 - Theoria 68 (3):185-204.
  9.  9
    Philosophy of Mathematics: Selected Writings.Matthew E. Moore (ed.) - 2010 - Indiana University Press.
    The philosophy of mathematics plays a vital role in the mature philosophy of Charles S. Peirce. Peirce received rigorous mathematical training from his father and his philosophy carries on in decidedly mathematical and symbolic veins. For Peirce, math was a philosophical tool and many of his most productive ideas rest firmly on the foundation of mathematical principles. This volume collects Peirce’s most important writings on the subject, many appearing in print for the first time. Peirce’s determination to understand matter, the (...)
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  10.  3
    The Self-Revelation and Cognition of VR-Facilitated Virtual Worlds: Towards a Phenomenology of Virtual Habitation.Matthew Gladden - 2020 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 11 (2).
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  11.  49
    The Re-Accomplishment of Place in Twentieth Century Vermont and New Hampshire: History Repeats Itself, Until It Doesn’T. [REVIEW]Jason Kaufman & Matthew E. Kaliner - 2011 - Theory and Society 40 (2):119-154.
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  12.  29
    Investigating Reasoning with Multiple Integrated Neuroscientific Methods.Matthew E. Roser, Jonathan St B. T. Evans, Nicolas A. McNair, Giorgio Fuggetta, Simon J. Handley, Lauren S. Carroll & Dries Trippas - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  13.  31
    Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Modulates Neuronal Activity and Learning in Pilot Training.Jaehoon Choe, Brian A. Coffman, Dylan T. Bergstedt, Matthias D. Ziegler & Matthew E. Phillips - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  14.  16
    Cognitive Predictors of a Common Multitasking Ability: Contributions From Working Memory, Attention Control, and Fluid Intelligence.Thomas S. Redick, Zach Shipstead, Matthew E. Meier, Janelle J. Montroy, Kenny L. Hicks, Nash Unsworth, Michael J. Kane, D. Zachary Hambrick & Randall W. Engle - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (11):1473-1492.
  15.  18
    Matthew E. Moore , New Essays on Peirce's Mathematical Philosophy . Reviewed By.Lisa Buckley - 2011 - Philosophy in Review 31 (6):445-448.
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  16. A Way Forward? : Continuing Conversations on Natural Law.Matthew E. Cochran - 2011 - In Robert C. Baker & Roland Cap Ehlke (eds.), Natural Law: A Lutheran Reappraisal. Concordia Pub. House.
     
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  17.  19
    Gianni Vattimo on Secularisation and Islam.Matthew E. Harris - 2015 - The European Legacy 20 (3):239-254.
    To clarify Vattimo’s position on secularism and Islam, I first discuss his view that secularisation as kenosis and caritas entails the nihilistic vocation of Being, as expressed in our postmodern world where there appear to be no facts, only interpretations. I then survey some of Vattimo’s negative judgements of Islam, which appear to be out of keeping with his own disavowal of “modern” ideals such as “progress” and “grand narratives.” After analysing Islam’s turbulent history of secularism, I suggest the need (...)
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  18.  9
    Re" The Light Switch," Summer 2011, Pp. 30-32.E. Matthew - 2012 - The Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha-Honor Medical Society. Alpha Omega Alpha 75 (1):51.
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  19.  5
    The Shibumi Strategy: A Powerful Way to Create Meaningful Change.Matthew E. May - 2010 - Jossey-Bass.
    A personal leadership fable on applying principles of Zen to work and life choices The Shibumi Strategy is a little book about a big breakthrough. It tells the story of a hardworking family man who finds himself in crisis when his company closes. Through his struggle, and guidance from unlikely sources, he learns subtle lessons in the form of "personal zen" principles, coming to understand that it is often the involuntary challenge, the setbacks, that harbor the power to transform. When (...)
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  20.  22
    Naturalizing Dissension.Matthew E. Moore - 2006 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (3):325–334.
    Mathematical naturalism forbids philosophical interventions in mathematical practice. This principle, strictly construed, places severe constraints on legitimate philosophizing about mathematics; it is also arguably incompatible with mathematical realism. One argument for the latter conclusion charges the realist with inability to take a truly naturalistic view of the Gödel Program in set theory. This argument founders on the disagreement among mathematicians about that program's prospects for success. It also turns out that when disagreements run this deep it is counterproductive to take (...)
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  21.  79
    Naturalism, Truth and Beauty in Mathematics.Matthew E. Moore - 2007 - Philosophia Mathematica 15 (2):141-165.
    Can a scientific naturalist be a mathematical realist? I review some arguments, derived largely from the writings of Penelope Maddy, for a negative answer. The rejoinder from the realist side is that the irrealist cannot explain, as well as the realist can, why a naturalist should grant the mathematician the degree of methodological autonomy that the irrealist's own arguments require. Thus a naturalist, as such, has at least as much reason to embrace mathematical realism as to embrace irrealism.
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  22.  9
    Gary Browning, Lyotard and the End of Grand Narratives , Pp. 205. ISBN 0708314791 . £14.99.Matthew E. Pacholec - 2003 - Hegel Bulletin 24 (1-2):133-140.
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  23.  6
    Cellular Mechanisms of Conscious Processing.Jaan Aru, Mototaka Suzuki & Matthew E. Larkum - 2020 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 24 (10):814-825.
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  24.  11
    The Lay of the Land: Sensing and Representing Topography.Nora S. Newcombe, Steven M. Weisberg, Kinnari Atit, Matthew E. Jacovina, Carol J. Ormand & Thomas F. Shipley - 2015 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 10 (1).
    Navigating, and studying spatial navigation, is difficult enough in two dimensions when maps and terrains are flat. Here we consider the capacity for human spatial navigation on sloped terrains, and how sloping terrain is depicted in 2D map representations, called topographic maps. First, we discuss research on how simple slopes are encoded and used for reorientation, and to learn spatial configurations. Next, we describe how slope is represented in topographic maps, and present an assessment, which can be administered to measure (...)
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  25.  25
    Self Perception and Facial Emotion Perception of Others in Anorexia Nervosa.Andrea Phillipou, Larry A. Abel, David J. Castle, Matthew E. Hughes, Caroline Gurvich, Richard G. Nibbs & Susan L. Rossell - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  26. Climate Wars: The Fight for Survival as the World Overheats.Gwynne Dyer, Matthew E. Kahn, Bill McKibben & Peter D. Ward - 2010
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  27.  11
    Physical Symptoms That Predict Psychiatric Disorders in Rural Primary Care Adults.Norman H. Rasmussen, Matthew E. Bernard & William S. Harmsen - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (3):399-406.
  28.  11
    Marital Status, Feeling Depressed and Self‐Rated Health in Rural Female Primary Care Patients.James E. Rohrer, Matthew E. Bernard, Yan Zhang, Norman H. Rasmussen & Halina Woroncow - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (2):214-217.
  29. Denialism as Applied Skepticism: Philosophical and Empirical Considerations.Matthew H. Slater, Joanna K. Huxster, Julia E. Bresticker & Victor LoPiccolo - 2020 - Erkenntnis 85 (4):871-890.
    The scientific community, we hold, often provides society with knowledge—that the HIV virus causes AIDS, that anthropogenic climate change is underway, that the MMR vaccine is safe. Some deny that we have this knowledge, however, and work to undermine it in others. It has been common to refer to such agents as “denialists”. At first glance, then, denialism appears to be a form of skepticism. But while we know that various denialist strategies for suppressing belief are generally effective, little is (...)
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  30.  29
    Use of a Clinical Decision Support System to Increase Osteoporosis Screening.Ramona S. DeJesus, Kurt B. Angstman, Rebecca Kesman, Robert J. Stroebel, Matthew E. Bernard, Sidna M. Scheitel, Vicki L. Hunt, Ahmed S. Rahman & Rajeev Chaudhry - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (1):89-92.
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  31.  8
    Is the Avoiding of Operant Theory a Pavlovian Conditioned Response?Claudia D. Cardinal, Matthew E. Andrzejewski & Philip N. Hineline - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):252-253.
    The proposed heavy dependence on Pavlovian conditioning to account for social behavior confounds phylogenically and ontogenically selected behavior patterns and ignores the extension of the principle of selection by consequences from biological to learning theory. Instead of acknowledging operant relations, Domjan et al. construct vaguely specified mechanisms based upon anticipatory cost-benefit considerations that are not supported by the Pavlovian conditioning literature.
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    Review of Matthew E. Moore (Ed.), New Essays on Peirce's Mathematical Philosophy[REVIEW]Stephen Pollard - 2011 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2011 (2).
  33.  48
    “Doctor, Would You Prescribe a Pill to Help Me …?” A National Survey of Physicians on Using Medicine for Human Enhancement.Matthew K. Wynia, Emily E. Anderson, Kavita Shah & Timothy D. Hotze - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (1):3 - 13.
    Using medical advances to enhance human athletic, aesthetic, and cognitive performance, rather than to treat disease, has been controversial. Little is known about physicians? experiences, views, and attitudes in this regard. We surveyed a national sample of physicians to determine how often they prescribe enhancements, their views on using medicine for enhancement, and whether they would be willing to prescribe a series of potential interventions that might be considered enhancements. We find that many physicians occasionally prescribe enhancements, but doctors hold (...)
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  34. Understanding and Trusting Science.Matthew H. Slater, Joanna K. Huxster & Julia E. Bresticker - 2019 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 50 (2):247-261.
    Science communication via testimony requires a certain level of trust. But in the context of ideologically-entangled scientific issues, trust is in short supply—particularly when the issues are politically ‘entangled’. In such cases, cultural values are better predictors than scientific literacy for whether agents trust the publicly-directed claims of the scientific community. In this paper, we argue that a common way of thinking about scientific literacy—as knowledge of particular scientific facts or concepts—ought to give way to a second-order understanding of science (...)
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  35. A Debate Over Rights.Matthew H. Kramer, N. E. Simmonds & Hillel Steiner - 2000 - Mind 109 (436):954-956.
    The authors of this book engage in essay form in a lively debate over the fundamental characteristics of legal and moral rights. They examine whether rights fundamentally protect individuals' interests or whether they instead fundamentally enable individuals to make choices. In the course of this debate the authors address many questions through which they clarify, though not finally resolve, a number of controversial present-day political debates, including those over abortion, euthanasia, and animal rights.
     
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  36.  5
    An Actual Natural Setting Improves Mood Better Than Its Virtual Counterpart: A Meta-Analysis of Experimental Data.Matthew H. E. M. Browning, Nathan Shipley, Olivia McAnirlin, Douglas Becker, Chia-Pin Yu, Terry Hartig & Angel M. Dzhambov - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  37.  24
    The Importance of Formative Assessment in Science and Engineering Ethics Education: Some Evidence and Practical Advice.Matthew W. Keefer, Sara E. Wilson, Harry Dankowicz & Michael C. Loui - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (1):249-260.
    Recent research in ethics education shows a potentially problematic variation in content, curricular materials, and instruction. While ethics instruction is now widespread, studies have identified significant variation in both the goals and methods of ethics education, leaving researchers to conclude that many approaches may be inappropriately paired with goals that are unachievable. This paper speaks to these concerns by demonstrating the importance of aligning classroom-based assessments to clear ethical learning objectives in order to help students and instructors track their progress (...)
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  38.  16
    Modeling Habits as Self-Sustaining Patterns of Sensorimotor Behavior.Matthew D. Egbert & Xabier E. Barandiaran - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  39.  7
    Paths to Polarization: How Extreme Views, Miscommunication, and Random Chance Drive Opinion Dynamics.Matthew A. Turner & Paul E. Smaldino - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-17.
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  40. Book Review: Climate Wars: The Fight for Survival as the World Overheats by Gwynne Dyer Oneworld, Oxford, 2010. 296 Pp. $17.00. ISBN 978-1-85168-814-2; Climatopolis: How Our Cities Will Thrive in the Hotter Future by Matthew E. Kahn Basic Books, New York, 2010. 274 Pp. $27.00. ISBN 978-0-465-01926-7; Eaarth: Making a Life on a Tough New Planet by Bill McKibben New York Times Books, New York, 2010. 261 Pp. $15.00. ISBN 978-0-312-54119-4; The Flooded Earth: Our Future in a World Without Ice Caps by Peter D. Ward Basic Books, New York, 2010. 274 Pp. $26.95. ISBN 978-0-465-00949-7. [REVIEW]Thomas W. Mann - 2011 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 65 (4):404-406.
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  41.  13
    Breaking the Cycle of Mistrust: Wise Interventions to Provide Critical Feedback Across the Racial Divide.David Scott Yeager, Valerie Purdie-Vaughns, Julio Garcia, Nancy Apfel, Patti Brzustoski, Allison Master, William T. Hessert, Matthew E. Williams & Geoffrey L. Cohen - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):804-824.
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  42.  59
    The Influence of Business Ethics Education on Moral Efficacy, Moral Meaningfulness, and Moral Courage: A Quasi-Experimental Study.Douglas R. May, Matthew T. Luth & Catherine E. Schwoerer - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 124 (1):1-14.
    The research described here contributes to the extant empirical research on business ethics education by examining outcomes drawn from the literature on positive organizational scholarship (POS). The general research question explored is whether a course on ethical decision-making in business could positively influence students’ confidence in their abilities to handle ethical problems at work (i.e., moral efficacy), boost the relative importance of ethics in their work lives (i.e., moral meaningfulness), and encourage them to be more courageous in raising ethical problems (...)
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  43.  25
    Healthcare Providers' Knowledge and Attitudes About Rapid Tissue Donation (RTD): Phase One of Establishing a Rapid Tissue Donation Programme in Thoracic Oncology.Matthew B. Schabath, Jessica McIntyre, Christie Pratt, Luis E. Gonzalez, Teresita Munoz-Antonia, Eric B. Haura & Gwendolyn P. Quinn - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (2):139-142.
    In preparation for the development of a rapid tissue donation programme, we surveyed healthcare providers in our institution about knowledge and attitudes related to RTD with lung cancer patients. A 31-item web based survey was developed collecting data on demographics, knowledge and attitudes about RTD. The survey contained three items measuring participants’ knowledge about RTD, five items assessing attitudes towards RTD recruitment and six items assessing HCPs’ level of agreement with factors influencing decisions to discuss RTD. Response options were presented (...)
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  44.  12
    Anxiety, Depression, and the Suicidal Spectrum: A Latent Class Analysis of Overlapping and Distinctive Features.Matthew C. Podlogar, Megan L. Rogers, Ian H. Stanley, Melanie A. Hom, Bruno Chiurliza & Thomas E. Joiner - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (7):1464-1477.
    ABSTRACTAnxiety and depression diagnoses are associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviours. However, a categorical understanding of these associations limits insight into identifying dimensional mechanisms of suicide risk. This study investigated anxious and depressive features through a lens of suicide risk, independent of diagnosis. Latent class analysis of 97 depression, anxiety, and suicidality-related items among 616 psychiatric outpatients indicated a 3-class solution, specifically: a higher suicide-risk class uniquely differentiated from both other classes by high reported levels of depression and anxious arousal; (...)
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  45. Chicken Soup for the Soul of America Stories to Heal the Heart of Our Nation.Jack Canfield, Mark Victor Hansen & Matthew E. Adams - 2002
     
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  46.  10
    Haemoglobin Levels Correlates with the Presence of Coronary Artery Disease.Yusuf C. Doganer, James E. Rohrer, Umit Aydogan, Matthew E. Bernard & Cem Barcin - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (5):937-942.
  47.  14
    The Human Microbiome.Lily Frank, Keith Benkov, Martin Blaser, Matthew E. Rhodes & Rhoda Sperling - 2013 - In Rosamond Rhodes, Nada Gligorov & Abraham Schwab (eds.), The Human Microbiome: Ethical, Legal and Social Concerns. Oxford University Press.
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  48.  21
    Inspired Translation: Synthesizing Qualitative Research and Boot Camp Translation to Achieve Meaningful Community Engagement.Bethany M. Kwan, Suzanne R. Millward, Meleah Himber, Julie Ressalam, Heidi Wald, Matthew Wynia & Marilyn E. Coors - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (4):29-31.
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  49.  1
    Xenophobia and its Implications for Social Order in Africa.Bolatito A. Lanre-Abass & Matthew E. Oguh - 2016 - Filosofia Theoretica 5 (1):30-41.
    Xenophobia, a form of discrimination practiced in countries, particularly in South Africa, is one of the major challenges confronting the modern day society. This paper examines xenophobia as a menace showing at the same time that this discriminatory practice bifurcates societies by creating a dichotomy amidst the various occupants of the society, thereby giving room for “otherness” rather than “orderliness”. The paper also highlights the philosophical implications of this societal bifurcation, particularly to the human community. Seeking a plausible way of (...)
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  50.  37
    Mindfulness Starts with the Body: Somatosensory Attention and Top-Down Modulation of Cortical Alpha Rhythms in Mindfulness Meditation.Catherine E. Kerr, Matthew D. Sacchet, Sara W. Lazar, Christopher I. Moore & Stephanie R. Jones - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
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