Results for 'Matthew E. Williams'

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  1.  13
    Breaking the Cycle of Mistrust: Wise Interventions to Provide Critical Feedback Across the Racial Divide.David Scott Yeager, Valerie Purdie-Vaughns, Julio Garcia, Nancy Apfel, Patti Brzustoski, Allison Master, William T. Hessert, Matthew E. Williams & Geoffrey L. Cohen - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):804-824.
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  2.  22
    Ethical Challenges for Patient Access to Physical Therapy: Views of Staff Members From Three Publicly–Funded Outpatient Physical Therapy Departments.Maude Laliberté, Bryn Williams–Jones, Debbie E. Feldman & Matthew Hunt - 2017 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 7 (2):157-169.
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  3. History of American Political Thought.John Agresto, John E. Alvis, Donald R. Brand, Paul O. Carrese, Laurence D. Cooper, Murray Dry, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Thomas S. Engeman, Christopher Flannery, Steven Forde, David Fott, David F. Forte, Matthew J. Franck, Bryan-Paul Frost, David Foster, Peter B. Josephson, Steven Kautz, John Koritansky, Peter Augustine Lawler, Howard L. Lubert, Harvey C. Mansfield, Jonathan Marks, Sean Mattie, James McClellan, Lucas E. Morel, Peter C. Meyers, Ronald J. Pestritto, Lance Robinson, Michael J. Rosano, Ralph A. Rossum, Richard S. Ruderman, Richard Samuelson, David Lewis Schaefer, Peter Schotten, Peter W. Schramm, Kimberly C. Shankman, James R. Stoner, Natalie Taylor, Aristide Tessitore, William Thomas, Daryl McGowan Tress, David Tucker, Eduardo A. Velásquez, Karl-Friedrich Walling, Bradley C. S. Watson, Melissa S. Williams, Delba Winthrop, Jean M. Yarbrough & Michael Zuckert - 2003 - Lexington Books.
    This book is a collection of secondary essays on America's most important philosophic thinkers—statesmen, judges, writers, educators, and activists—from the colonial period to the present. Each essay is a comprehensive introduction to the thought of a noted American on the fundamental meaning of the American regime.
     
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  4.  16
    Why and How Do Journals Retract Articles? An Analysis of Medline Retractions 1988-2008.E. Wager & P. Williams - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (9):567-570.
    Background Journal editors are responsible for what they publish and therefore have a duty to correct the record if published work is found to be unreliable. One method for such correction is retraction of an article. Anecdotal evidence suggested a lack of consistency in journal policies and practices regarding retraction. In order to develop guidelines, we reviewed retractions in Medline to discover how and why articles were retracted. Methods We retrieved all available Medline retractions from 2005 to 2008 and a (...)
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  5.  13
    The Pleasures of Sad Music: A Systematic Review.Matthew E. Sachs, Antonio Damasio & Assal Habibi - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  6.  48
    Peirce’s Topical Theory of Continuity.Matthew E. Moore - 2015 - Synthese 192 (4):1-17.
    In the last decade of his life C.S. Peirce began to formulate a purely geometrical theory of continuity to supersede the collection-theoretic theory he began to elaborate around the middle of the 1890s. I argue that Peirce never succeeded in fully formulating the later theory, and that while that there are powerful motivations to adopt that theory within Peirce’s system, it has little to recommend it from an external perspective.
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  7.  74
    The Genesis of the Peircean Continuum.Matthew E. Moore - 2007 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (3):425 - 469.
    : In the Cambridge Conferences Lectures of 1898 Peirce defines a continuum as a "collection of so vast a multitude" that its elements "become welded into one another." He links the transinfinity (the "vast multitude") of a continuum to the confusion of its elements by a line of mathematical reasoning closely related to Cantor's Theorem. I trace the mathematical and philosophical roots of this conception of continuity, and examine its unresolved tensions, which arise mainly from difficulties in Peirce's theory of (...)
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  8.  63
    A Cantorian Argument Against Infinitesimals.Matthew E. Moore - 2002 - Synthese 133 (3):305 - 330.
    In 1887 Georg Cantor gave an influential but cryptic proof of theimpossibility of infinitesimals. I first give a reconstruction ofCantor's argument which relies mainly on traditional assumptions fromEuclidean geometry, together with elementary results of Cantor's ownset theory. I then apply the reconstructed argument to theinfinitesimals of Abraham Robinson's nonstandard analysis. Thisbrings out the importance for the argument of an assumption I call theChain Thesis. Doubts about the Chain Thesis are seen to render thereconstructed argument inconclusive as an attack on the (...)
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  9.  36
    Peirce on Perfect Sets, Revised.Matthew E. Moore - 2009 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (4):649-667.
  10.  6
    A Cantorian Argument Against Infinitesimals.Matthew E. Moore - 2002 - Synthese 133 (3):305-330.
    In 1887 Georg Cantor gave an influential but cryptic proof of theimpossibility of infinitesimals. I first give a reconstruction ofCantor's argument which relies mainly on traditional assumptions fromEuclidean geometry, together with elementary results of Cantor's ownset theory. I then apply the reconstructed argument to theinfinitesimals of Abraham Robinson's nonstandard analysis. Thisbrings out the importance for the argument of an assumption I call theChain Thesis. Doubts about the Chain Thesis are seen to render thereconstructed argument inconclusive as an attack on the (...)
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  11.  50
    Archimedean Intuitions.Matthew E. Moore - 2002 - Theoria 68 (3):185-204.
  12.  9
    Philosophy of Mathematics: Selected Writings.Matthew E. Moore (ed.) - 2010 - Indiana University Press.
    The philosophy of mathematics plays a vital role in the mature philosophy of Charles S. Peirce. Peirce received rigorous mathematical training from his father and his philosophy carries on in decidedly mathematical and symbolic veins. For Peirce, math was a philosophical tool and many of his most productive ideas rest firmly on the foundation of mathematical principles. This volume collects Peirce’s most important writings on the subject, many appearing in print for the first time. Peirce’s determination to understand matter, the (...)
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  13. The Powers Metaphysic.Neil E. Williams - 2019 - Oxford University Press.
    Neil E. Williams develops a systematic metaphysics centred on the idea of powers, as a rival to neo-Humeanism, the dominant systematic metaphysics in philosophy today. Williams takes powers to be inherently causal properties and uses them as the foundation of his explanations of causation, persistence, laws, and modality.
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  14.  31
    A Dispositional Theory of Possibility.Neil E. Williams Andrea Borghini - 2008 - Dialectica 62 (1):21-41.
    The paper defends a naturalistic version of modal actualism according to which what is metaphysically possible is determined by dispositions found in the actual world. We argue that there is just one world – this one – and that all genuine possibilities are grounded in the dispositions exemplified in it. This is the case whether or not those dispositions are manifested. As long as the possibility is one that would obtain were the relevant disposition manifested, it is a genuine possibility. (...)
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  15.  10
    Islam.G. E. von Grunebaum & John Alden Williams - 1962 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 82 (1):83.
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  16.  15
    Patients with Bipolar Disorder Show a Selective Deficit in the Episodic Simulation of Future Events.Matthew J. King, Lori-Anne Williams, Arlene G. MacDougall, Shelley Ferris, Julia R. V. Smith, Natalia Ziolkowski & Margaret C. McKinnon - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1801-1807.
    A substantial body of evidence suggests that autobiographical recollection and simulation of future happenings activate a shared neural network. Many of the neural regions implicated in this network are affected in patients with bipolar disorder , showing altered metabolic functioning and/or structural volume abnormalities. Studies of autobiographical recall in BD reveal overgeneralization, where autobiographical memory comprises primarily factual or repeated information as opposed to details specific in time and in place and definitive of re-experiencing. To date, no study has examined (...)
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  17.  49
    The Re-Accomplishment of Place in Twentieth Century Vermont and New Hampshire: History Repeats Itself, Until It Doesn’T. [REVIEW]Jason Kaufman & Matthew E. Kaliner - 2011 - Theory and Society 40 (2):119-154.
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  18.  27
    Academic Dishonesty, Self-Control, and General Criminality: A Prospective and Retrospective Study of Academic Dishonesty in a New Zealand University.Mei Wah M. Williams & Matthew Neil Williams - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (2):89 - 112.
    Academic dishonesty is an insidious problem that besets most tertiary institutions, where considerable resources are expended to prevent and manage students' dishonest actions within academia. Using a mixed retrospective and prospective design this research investigated Gottfredson and Hirschi's self-control theory as a possible explanation for academic dishonesty in 264 university students. The relationship between academic dishonesty and general criminality was also examined. A significant but small to moderate relationship between academic dishonesty and general criminality was present, including correlations with general (...)
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  19. The Ideal of Equality.Matthew Clayton & Andrew Williams (eds.) - 2000 - Macmillan.
    One of the central debates within contemporary Anglo-American political philosophy concerns how to formulate an egalitarian theory of distributive justice which gives coherent expression to egalitarian convictions and withstands the most powerful anti-egalitarian objections. This book brings together many of the key contributions to that debate by some of the world’s leading political philosophers: Richard Arneson, G.A. Cohen, Ronald Dworkin, Thomas Nagel, Derek Parfit, John Rawls, T.M. Scanlon, and Larry Temkin.
     
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  20.  31
    Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Modulates Neuronal Activity and Learning in Pilot Training.Jaehoon Choe, Brian A. Coffman, Dylan T. Bergstedt, Matthias D. Ziegler & Matthew E. Phillips - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  21.  18
    Matthew E. Moore , New Essays on Peirce's Mathematical Philosophy . Reviewed By.Lisa Buckley - 2011 - Philosophy in Review 31 (6):445-448.
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  22. A Way Forward? : Continuing Conversations on Natural Law.Matthew E. Cochran - 2011 - In Robert C. Baker & Roland Cap Ehlke (eds.), Natural Law: A Lutheran Reappraisal. Concordia Pub. House.
     
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  23. Revisiting Ingarden’s Theoretical Biological Accountof the Literary Work of Art: Is the Computer Game an “Organism”?Matthew E. Gladden - 2020 - HORIZON. Studies in Phenomenology 9 (2):640-661.
    From his earliest published writings to his last, Roman Ingarden displayed an interest in theoretical biology and its efforts to clarify what distinguishes living organisms from other types of entities. However, many of his explorations of such issues are easily overlooked, because they don’t appear in works that are primarily ontological, metaphysical, or anthropological in nature but are “hidden” within his works on literary aesthetics, where Ingarden sought to define the nature of living organisms in order to compare literary works (...)
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  24.  19
    Gianni Vattimo on Secularisation and Islam.Matthew E. Harris - 2015 - The European Legacy 20 (3):239-254.
    To clarify Vattimo’s position on secularism and Islam, I first discuss his view that secularisation as kenosis and caritas entails the nihilistic vocation of Being, as expressed in our postmodern world where there appear to be no facts, only interpretations. I then survey some of Vattimo’s negative judgements of Islam, which appear to be out of keeping with his own disavowal of “modern” ideals such as “progress” and “grand narratives.” After analysing Islam’s turbulent history of secularism, I suggest the need (...)
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  25.  9
    Re" The Light Switch," Summer 2011, Pp. 30-32.E. Matthew - 2012 - The Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha-Honor Medical Society. Alpha Omega Alpha 75 (1):51.
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  26.  5
    The Shibumi Strategy: A Powerful Way to Create Meaningful Change.Matthew E. May - 2010 - Jossey-Bass.
    A personal leadership fable on applying principles of Zen to work and life choices The Shibumi Strategy is a little book about a big breakthrough. It tells the story of a hardworking family man who finds himself in crisis when his company closes. Through his struggle, and guidance from unlikely sources, he learns subtle lessons in the form of "personal zen" principles, coming to understand that it is often the involuntary challenge, the setbacks, that harbor the power to transform. When (...)
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  27.  22
    Naturalizing Dissension.Matthew E. Moore - 2006 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (3):325–334.
    Mathematical naturalism forbids philosophical interventions in mathematical practice. This principle, strictly construed, places severe constraints on legitimate philosophizing about mathematics; it is also arguably incompatible with mathematical realism. One argument for the latter conclusion charges the realist with inability to take a truly naturalistic view of the Gödel Program in set theory. This argument founders on the disagreement among mathematicians about that program's prospects for success. It also turns out that when disagreements run this deep it is counterproductive to take (...)
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  28.  79
    Naturalism, Truth and Beauty in Mathematics.Matthew E. Moore - 2007 - Philosophia Mathematica 15 (2):141-165.
    Can a scientific naturalist be a mathematical realist? I review some arguments, derived largely from the writings of Penelope Maddy, for a negative answer. The rejoinder from the realist side is that the irrealist cannot explain, as well as the realist can, why a naturalist should grant the mathematician the degree of methodological autonomy that the irrealist's own arguments require. Thus a naturalist, as such, has at least as much reason to embrace mathematical realism as to embrace irrealism.
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  29.  9
    Gary Browning, Lyotard and the End of Grand Narratives , Pp. 205. ISBN 0708314791 . £14.99.Matthew E. Pacholec - 2003 - Hegel Bulletin 24 (1-2):133-140.
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  30.  29
    Investigating Reasoning with Multiple Integrated Neuroscientific Methods.Matthew E. Roser, Jonathan St B. T. Evans, Nicolas A. McNair, Giorgio Fuggetta, Simon J. Handley, Lauren S. Carroll & Dries Trippas - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  31. Joyce E. Williams and Vicky M. MacLean, Settlement Sociology in the Progressive Years. Faith, Science, and Reform. Studies in Critical Social Sciences Series. [REVIEW]Anthony J. Blasi - 2016 - Critical Research on Religion 4 (1):119-122.
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  32.  16
    Amorphic Kinds: Cluster’s Last Stand?Neil E. Williams - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (1-2):14.
    I raise a puzzle case for “cluster” accounts of natural kinds—the homeostatic property cluster and stable property cluster accounts, especially—on the basis of their expected treatment of the metaphysics of certain disease kinds. Some kinds, I argue, fail to exhibit the co-instantiated property clusters these cluster views take to be constitutive of natural kinds. Some genetic diseases, for example, have archetypical instances with few or none of the pathological processes or symptoms associated with the kind: their instances are typified by (...)
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  33.  8
    (A new paradigm for) the problem of the many.Neil E. Williams - forthcoming - Synthese:1-18.
    This paper offers an original solution to the problem of the many, built on a foundation of powers-based causation. At its most basic, the solution should be understood as a type of maximality response, and on those grounds its originality might be questioned. However, it is argued that novelty of the solution owes as much to the meta-metaphysical context in which the solution is framed as it does the model of causal powers. A discussion of paradigms in metaphysics is included.
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  34.  5
    Meaning, Reference and Tense.Clifford E. Williams & Alonso Church - 1976 - Analysis 36 (3):132.
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  35.  5
    Positive Information Facilitates Response Inhibition in Older Adults Only When Emotion is Task-Relevant.Samantha E. Williams, Eric J. Lenze & Jill D. Waring - 2020 - Tandf: Cognition and Emotion 34 (8):1632-1645.
    Volume 34, Issue 8, December 2020, Page 1632-1645.
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  36.  1
    The Factory Model of Disease.Neil E. Williams - 2007 - The Monist 90 (4):555-584.
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  37.  11
    A Review of the Systems of Ethics Founded on the Theory of Evolution. [REVIEW]E. Ritchie & C. M. Williams - 1894 - Philosophical Review 3 (2):221.
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  38.  48
    “Doctor, Would You Prescribe a Pill to Help Me …?” A National Survey of Physicians on Using Medicine for Human Enhancement.Matthew K. Wynia, Emily E. Anderson, Kavita Shah & Timothy D. Hotze - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (1):3 - 13.
    Using medical advances to enhance human athletic, aesthetic, and cognitive performance, rather than to treat disease, has been controversial. Little is known about physicians? experiences, views, and attitudes in this regard. We surveyed a national sample of physicians to determine how often they prescribe enhancements, their views on using medicine for enhancement, and whether they would be willing to prescribe a series of potential interventions that might be considered enhancements. We find that many physicians occasionally prescribe enhancements, but doctors hold (...)
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  39.  2
    Methodological Naturalism, Saturation, and Psychology's Failure to Save the Phenomena.Edwin E. Gantt & Richard N. Williams - 2020 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 50 (1):84-102.
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  40.  27
    Book Reviews : Douglas E. Williams, Truth, Hope, and Power: The Thought of Karl Popper. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 1989. Pp. 237, $35.00. [REVIEW]Robert D'Amico - 1992 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22 (2):251-255.
  41. World, Mind, and Ethics: Essays on the Ethical Philosophy of Bernard Williams.Bernard Williams (ed.) - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    This collection is a festschrift prepared for Williams on his retirement from the White’s Professorship of Moral Philosophy at Oxford. The topics covered include equality, consistency, comparison between science and ethics, integrity, moral reasons, the moral system, and moral knowledge. Most of the chapters combine exegetical and critical ambitions. With contributions by J. E. J. Altham, Jon Elster, Nicholas Jardine, Ross Harrison, Christopher Hookway, John McDowell, Martin Hollis, Martha Nussbaum, Amartya Sen, and Charles Taylor, and replies by Bernard (...). (shrink)
     
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  42.  4
    A Physical Basis for Primary Recovery Creep.H. E. Evans & K. R. Williams - 1972 - Philosophical Magazine 25 (6):1399-1408.
  43.  6
    Cellular Mechanisms of Conscious Processing.Jaan Aru, Mototaka Suzuki & Matthew E. Larkum - 2020 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 24 (10):814-825.
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  44.  16
    Cognitive Predictors of a Common Multitasking Ability: Contributions From Working Memory, Attention Control, and Fluid Intelligence.Thomas S. Redick, Zach Shipstead, Matthew E. Meier, Janelle J. Montroy, Kenny L. Hicks, Nash Unsworth, Michael J. Kane, D. Zachary Hambrick & Randall W. Engle - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (11):1473-1492.
  45.  71
    The Cambridge Translations of Medieval Philosophical Texts, Vol. 2: Ethics and Political Philosophy.Thomas Williams, Arthur Stephen McGrade, John Kilcullen & Matthew Kempshall - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (4):576.
  46. Puzzling Powers: The Problem of Fit.Neil E. Williams - 2010 - In Anna Marmodoro (ed.), The Metaphysics of Powers: Their Grounding and Their Manifestations. Routledge. pp. 84--105.
    – The conjunction of three plausible theses about the nature of causal powers—that they are intrinsic, that their effects are produced mutually, and that the manifestations they are for are essential to them—leads to a problem concerning the ability of causal powers to work together to produce manifestations. I call this problem the problem of fit. Fortunately for proponents of a power-based metaphysic, the problem of fit is not insurmountable. Fit can be engineered if powers are properties whose natures are (...)
     
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  47.  9
    Homer: The Iliad. Translated by E. V. Rieu. Pp. 469. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1950. 2s. 6d.R. D. Williams, Homer & E. V. Rieu - 1952 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 72:161-161.
  48. Dispositions and the Argument From Science.Neil E. Williams - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (1):71 - 90.
    Central to the debate between Humean and anti-Humean metaphysics is the question of whether dispositions can exist in the absence of categorical properties that ground them (that is, where the causal burden is shifted on to categorical properties on which the dispositions would therefore supervene). Dispositional essentialists claim that they can; categoricalists reject the possibility of such ?baseless? dispositions, requiring that all dispositions must ultimately have categorical bases. One popular argument, recently dubbed the ?Argument from Science?, has appeared in one (...)
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  49.  28
    A Democratic Case for Comparative Political Theory.Melissa S. Williams & Mark E. Warren - 2014 - Political Theory 42 (1):26-57.
    Globalization generates new structures of human interdependence and vulnerability while also posing challenges for models of democracy rooted in territorially bounded states. The diverse phenomena of globalization have stimulated two relatively new branches of political theory: theoretical accounts of the possibilities of democracy beyond the state; and comparative political theory, which aims at bringing non-Western political thought into conversation with the Western traditions that remain dominant in the political theory academy. This article links these two theoretical responses to globalization by (...)
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  50.  35
    Trevor I. Williams, A History of the British Gas Industry. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981. Pp. Xvii + 304. ISBN 0-19-858157-2. £18.50. [REVIEW]Mari E. W. Williams - 1985 - British Journal for the History of Science 18 (2):246-247.
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