Results for 'Matthew L. Sanders'

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  1.  17
    Dialogue as Social Self-Organization: An Introduction.Scott C. Hammond & Matthew L. Sanders - 2002 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 4 (4):7-24.
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  2.  13
    Matters of Fact: Matthew L. Jones.Matthew L. Jones - 2010 - Modern Intellectual History 7 (3):629-642.
    At the end of Matters of Exchange, Harold Cook's major revisionist account of the early modern scientific revolution, he locates the political and economic writings of Bernard Mandeville within the practices and values of contemporaneous Dutch observational medicine. Like Mandeville, Cook describes the potency of early modern capitalism and its attendant value system in generating industry and knowledge; like Mandeville, Cook finds coercive systems of moral regulation to be mistaken in their estimation of human capacities; and like Mandeville, Cook does (...)
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  3.  43
    Reasons Probably Won’T Change Your Mind: The Role of Reasons in Revising Moral Decisions.Matthew L. Stanley, Ashley M. Dougherty, Brenda W. Yang, Paul Henne & Felipe De Brigard - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (7):962-987.
    Although many philosophers argue that making and revising moral decisions ought to be a matter of deliberating over reasons, the extent to which the consideration of reasons informs people’s moral decisions and prompts them to change their decisions remains unclear. Here, after making an initial decision in 2-option moral dilemmas, participants examined reasons for only the option initially chosen(affirming reasons), reasons for only the option not initially chosen (opposing reasons), or reasons for both options. Although participants were more likely to (...)
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  4.  32
    Network Modularity as a Foundation for Neural Reuse.Matthew L. Stanley, Bryce Gessell & Felipe De Brigard - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (1):23-46.
    The neural reuse framework developed primarily by Michael Anderson proposes that brain regions are involved in multiple and diverse cognitive tasks and that brain regions flexibly and dynamically interact in different combinations to carry out cognitive functioning. We argue that the evidence cited by Anderson and others falls short of supporting the fundamental principles of neural reuse. We map out this problem and provide solutions by drawing on recent advances in network neuroscience, and we argue that methods employed in network (...)
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  5.  9
    The Good Life in the Scientific Revolution: Descartes, Pascal, Leibniz, and the Cultivation of Virtue.Matthew L. Jones - 2006 - University of Chicago Press.
    The Good Life in the Scientific Revolution presents a triptych showing how three key early modern scientists, René Descartes, Blaise Pascal, and Gottfried ...
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  6. I’M Not the Person I Used to Be: The Self and Autobiographical Memories of Immoral Actions.Matthew L. Stanley, Paul Henne, Vijeth Iyengar, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong & Felipe De Brigard - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology. General 146 (6):884-895.
    People maintain a positive identity in at least two ways: They evaluate themselves more favorably than other people, and they judge themselves to be better now than they were in the past. Both strategies rely on autobiographical memories. The authors investigate the role of autobiographical memories of lying and emotional harm in maintaining a positive identity. For memories of lying to or emotionally harming others, participants judge their own actions as less morally wrong and less negative than those in which (...)
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  7.  24
    Counterfactual Plausibility and Comparative Similarity.L. Stanley Matthew, W. Stewart Gregory & Brigard Felipe De - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S5):1216-1228.
    Counterfactual thinking involves imagining hypothetical alternatives to reality. Philosopher David Lewis argued that people estimate the subjective plausibility that a counterfactual event might have occurred by comparing an imagined possible world in which the counterfactual statement is true against the current, actual world in which the counterfactual statement is false. Accordingly, counterfactuals considered to be true in possible worlds comparatively more similar to ours are judged as more plausible than counterfactuals deemed true in possible worlds comparatively less similar. Although Lewis (...)
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  8. Resistance to Position Change, Motivated Reasoning, and Polarization.Matthew L. Stanley, Paul Henne, Brenda Yang & Felipe De Brigard - forthcoming - Political Behavior.
    People seem more divided than ever before over social and political issues, entrenched in their existing beliefs and unwilling to change them. Empirical research on mechanisms driving this resistance to belief change has focused on a limited set of well-known, charged, contentious issues and has not accounted for deliberation over reasons and arguments in belief formation prior to experimental sessions. With a large, heterogeneous sample (N = 3,001), we attempt to overcome these existing problems, and we investigate the causes and (...)
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  9.  35
    Emotional Intensity in Episodic Autobiographical Memory and Counterfactual Thinking.Matthew L. Stanley, Natasha Parikh, Gregory W. Stewart & Felipe De Brigard - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 48:283-291.
  10.  24
    Introducing Islamic Critical Realism: A Philosophy for Underlabouring Contemporary Islam.Matthew L. N. Wilkinson - 2013 - Journal of Critical Realism 12 (4):419-442.
    This article makes the case for a contemporary philosophy of Islam to help Muslims surmount the challenges of postmodernity and to transcend the hiatuses and obstacles that Muslims face in their interaction and relationships with non-Muslims. It argues that the philosophy of critical realism so fittingly underlabours for the contemporary interpretation, clarification and conceptual deepening of Islamic doctrine and practice as to suggest and necessitate the development of a distinctive Islamic critical realist philosophy, social and educational theory and world-view, specifically (...)
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  11.  23
    Changes in Global and Regional Modularity Associated with Increasing Working Memory Load.Matthew L. Stanley, Dale Dagenbach, Robert G. Lyday, Jonathan H. Burdette & Paul J. Laurienti - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  12. The Monoamine Oxidase A (MAOA) Genetic Predisposition to Impulsive Violence: Is It Relevant to Criminal Trials?Matthew L. Baum - 2013 - Neuroethics 6 (2):287-306.
    In Italy, a judge reduced the sentence of a defendant by 1 year in response to evidence for a genetic predisposition to violence. The best characterized of these genetic differences, those in the monoamine oxidase A (MAOA), were cited as especially relevant. Several months previously in the USA, MAOA data contributed to a jury reducing charges from 1st degree murder (a capital offence) to voluntary manslaughter. Is there a rational basis for this type of use of MAOA evidence in criminal (...)
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  13. The Good Life in the Scientific Revolution: Descartes, Pascal, Leibniz and the Cultivation of Virtue.Matthew L. Jones - 2006 - University of Chicago Press.
    Amid the unrest, dislocation, and uncertainty of seventeenth-century Europe, readers seeking consolation and assurance turned to philosophical and scientific books that offered ways of conquering fears and training the mind—guidance for living a good life. _The Good Life in the Scientific Revolution_ presents a triptych showing how three key early modern scientists, René Descartes, Blaise Pascal, and Gottfried Leibniz, envisioned their new work as useful for cultivating virtue and for pursuing a good life. Their scientific and philosophical innovations stemmed in (...)
     
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  14.  15
    Cognitive Constraints on Constituent Order: Evidence From Elicited Pantomime.Matthew L. Hall, Rachel I. Mayberry & Victor S. Ferreira - 2013 - Cognition 129 (1):1-17.
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  15.  30
    Research Portfolio Analysis in Science Policy: Moving From Financial Returns to Societal Benefits.Matthew L. Wallace & Ismael Rafols - 2015 - Minerva 53 (2):89-115.
    Funding agencies and large public scientific institutions are increasingly using the term “research portfolio” as a means of characterizing their research. While portfolios have long been used as a heuristic for managing corporate R&D, they remain ill-defined in a science policy context where research is aimed at achieving societal outcomes. In this article we analyze the discursive uses of the term “research portfolio” and propose some general considerations for their application in science policy. We explore the use of the term (...)
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  16.  10
    Hippocampal Function and Interference.Matthew L. Shapiro & David S. Olton - 1994 - In Memory Systems. MIT Press. pp. 1994--87.
  17.  38
    Investigating Constituent Order Change With Elicited Pantomime: A Functional Account of SVO Emergence.Matthew L. Hall, Victor S. Ferreira & Rachel I. Mayberry - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (5):943-972.
    One of the most basic functions of human language is to convey who did what to whom. In the world's languages, the order of these three constituents (subject [S], verb [V], and object [O]) is uneven, with SOV and SVO being most common. Recent experiments using experimentally elicited pantomime provide a possible explanation of the prevalence of SOV, but extant explanations for the prevalence of SVO could benefit from further empirical support. Here, we test whether SVO might emerge because (a) (...)
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  18.  8
    Counterfactual State Explanations for Reinforcement Learning Agents Via Generative Deep Learning.Matthew L. Olson, Roli Khanna, Lawrence Neal, Fuxin Li & Weng-Keen Wong - 2021 - Artificial Intelligence 295:103455.
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  19.  51
    Viktor Mayer-Schönberger, Delete: The Virtue of Forgetting in the Digital Age. [REVIEW]Matthew L. Smith - 2009 - Identity in the Information Society 2 (3):369-373.
    Viktor Mayer-Schönberger, Delete: the virtue of forgetting in the digital age Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s12394-010-0039-x Authors Matthew L. Smith /, International Development Research Centre Ottawa Canada Journal Identity in the Information Society Online ISSN 1876-0678 Journal Volume Volume 2 Journal Issue Volume 2, Number 3.
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  20.  11
    The Metaphysics of a Contemporary Islamic Shari'a: A MetaRealist Perspective.Matthew L. N. Wilkinson - 2015 - Journal of Critical Realism 14 (4):350-365.
    The philosophy of metaReality and, in particular, ideas of transcendence can ‘underlabour’ for the re-enchantment of Islamic praxis, ethics and law by helping to uncover in a systematic, non-arbitrary way the spiritual objectives inherent in the basic beliefs, practices and obligations of Islam. The commonly accepted elements of the Islamic legal pathway, such as the obligation of marriage, far from being inhibiting, can help humans access the dialectical pulse of freedom and the emancipatory meaning inherent tendentially in human relationships. Thus, (...)
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  21.  42
    Writing and Sentiment: Blaise Pascal, the Vacuum, and the Pensées.Matthew L. Jones - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 32 (1):139-181.
  22.  1
    Matthew L. Becker (Ed.): Nineteenth-Century Lutheran Theologians, Refo500 Academic Studies, Volume 31. [REVIEW]Matthew Ryan Robinson - 2016 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 23 (2):296-299.
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  23.  19
    Short-Term Memory Stages in Sign Vs. Speech: The Source of the Serial Span Discrepancy.Matthew L. Hall & Daphne Bavelier - 2011 - Cognition 120 (1):54-66.
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  24.  26
    Descartes's Geometry as Spiritual Exercise.Matthew L. Jones - 2001 - Critical Inquiry 28 (1):40-71.
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  25.  2
    Removing the Blinders: Increasing Students’ Awareness of Self-Perception Biases and Real-World Ethical Challenges Through an Educational Intervention.Kathleen A. Tomlin, Matthew L. Metzger & Jill Bradley-Geist - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 169 (4):731-746.
    Business ethics educators strive to produce graduates who not only grasp the principles of ethical decision-making, but who can apply that business ethics education when faced with real-world challenges. However, this has proven especially difficult, as good intentions do not always translate into ethical awareness and action. Complementing a behavioral ethics approach with insights from social psychology, we developed an interventional class module with both online and in-class elements aimed at increasing students’ awareness of their own susceptibility to unconscious biases (...)
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  26.  11
    Process-Specific Alliances (PSAs) in Cognitive Neuroscience.Roberto Cabeza, Matthew L. Stanley & Morris Moscovitch - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (11):996-1010.
  27. Artificial Evil and the Foundation of Computer Ethics.L. Floridi & J. Sanders - 2000 - Etica E Politica 2 (2).
    Moral reasoning traditionally distinguishes two types of evil: moral and natural. The standard view is that ME is the product of human agency and so includes phenomena such as war, torture and psychological cruelty; that NE is the product of nonhuman agency, and so includes natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, disease and famine; and finally, that more complex cases are appropriately analysed as a combination of ME and NE. Recently, as a result of developments in autonomous agents in cyberspace, (...)
     
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  28.  9
    The Output Code of a Visual Fixation.Lidewij L. van Duren & Andries F. Sanders - 1992 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (4):305-308.
  29. Objectivity in Historical Perspective: Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison: Objectivity. New York: Zone Books, 2007, 542pp, $38.95 HB, $28.95 PB.Peter Dear, Ian Hacking, Matthew L. Jones, Lorraine Daston & Peter Galison - 2012 - Metascience 21 (1):11-39.
    Objectivity in historical perspective Content Type Journal Article Category Book Symposium Pages 11-39 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9597-2 Authors Peter Dear, Department of History, Cornell University, 435 McGraw Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA Ian Hacking, Department of Philosophy, University of Toronto, 170 St. George St., Toronto, ON M5R 2M8, Canada Matthew L. Jones, Department of History, Columbia University, 514 Fayerweather Hall, 1180 Amsterdam Ave., New York, NY 10027, USA Lorraine Daston, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Boltzmannstraße 22, 14195 Berlin, (...)
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  30. Book Review: What Did Jesus Do? Gospel Profiles of Jesus' Personal ConductWhat Did Jesus Do? Gospel Profiles of Jesus' Personal ConductbyScottF. SpencerTrinity Press International, Harrisburg, 2003. 279 Pp. $19.95. ISBN 1-56338-392-6. [REVIEW]Matthew L. Skinner - 2004 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 58 (4):424-426.
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  31.  12
    Jesus and the Gospels: An Introduction, by John T. Carroll. [REVIEW]Matthew L. Skinner - 2018 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 72 (3):329-331.
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  32.  12
    Remember My Chains: New Testament Perspectives on Incarceration.Matthew L. Skinner - 2018 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 72 (3):269-281.
    Understanding the physical realities and social attitudes concerning incarceration in the ancient world provides a fuller context to the New Testament’s unadorned and ambiguous references to people’s experience of being held in custody. The context is crucial for interpreting biblical passages that commend caring for prisoners, that reaffirm God’s strength and nullify the ignominy associated with incarceration, and that declare God’s power over the means and motives of imperial coercion. Such passages also compel the contemporary church to advocate on behalf (...)
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  33. The Trial Narratives: Conflict, Power, and Identity in the New Testament.Matthew L. Skinner - 2010
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  34.  10
    Genetic Control of Fungal Differentiation: The Three Sporulation Pathways of Neurospora Crassa.Matthew L. Springer - 1993 - Bioessays 15 (6):365-374.
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  35.  6
    Analytic-Thinking Predicts Hoax Beliefs and Helping Behaviors in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic.Matthew L. Stanley, Nathaniel Barr, Kelly Peters & Paul Seli - forthcoming - Tandf: Thinking and Reasoning:1-14.
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  36.  8
    Memory and Counterfactual Simulations for Past Wrongdoings Foster Moral Learning and Improvement.Matthew L. Stanley, Roberto Cabeza, Rachel Smallman & Felipe De Brigard - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (6):e13007.
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  37.  12
    Modularity in Network Neuroscience and Neural Reuse.Matthew L. Stanley & Felipe De Brigard - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  38. Remembering Moral and Immoral Actions in Constructing the Self.Matthew L. Stanley, Paul Henne & Felipe De Brigard - forthcoming - Memory and Cognition.
    Having positive moral traits is central to one’s sense of self, and people generally are motivated to maintain a positive view of the self in the present. But it remains unclear how people foster a positive, morally good view of the self in the present. We suggest that recollecting and reflecting on moral and immoral actions from the personal past jointly help to construct a morally good view of the current self in complementary ways. More specifically, across four studies we (...)
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  39.  2
    Structure-Seeking as a Psychological Antecedent of Beliefs About Morality.Matthew L. Stanley, Elizabeth J. Marsh & Aaron C. Kay - 2020 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 149 (10):1908-1918.
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  40.  1
    Students’ Reasoning About Dilemmas in Business Ethics.Matthew L. Stanley & Christopher P. Neck - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 17:5-28.
    Ethics education has become a priority at many business schools. A common pedagogical strategy in business ethics education has been to encourage students to deliberate and reason about cases and dilemmas. However, relatively little is known about how students actually reason, by default, about business ethics cases and dilemmas. In a large-scale study with undergraduate management students, we investigate how students reason about ethical dilemmas in business. Our results suggest that, after making an initial decision in a dilemma, students rarely (...)
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  41.  19
    Plato on False Pains and Modern Cognitive Science.Matthew L. Usher & Spyridon George Couvalis - unknown
  42.  4
    The Internet "A Tissue of Nothingness", Says One of its Pioneers - in a Book.Matthew L. Wald - 1995 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 6 (2):84-85.
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  43.  9
    Justice and the Slaughter Bench.Matthew L. N. Wilkinson - 2019 - Journal of Critical Realism 18 (1):91-94.
    Volume 18, Issue 1, February 2019, Page 91-94.
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  44.  26
    Nudge Ethics: Just a Game of Billiards?Caroline J. Huang & Matthew L. Baum - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (2):22-24.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 2, Page 22-24, February 2012.
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  45.  14
    A Rational Basis for Chemoprevention of Prostate Cancer.Caroline J. Huang & Matthew L. Baum - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (12):27-29.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 12, Page 27-29, December 2011.
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  46.  15
    Female Farmers in the Rwandan Farming System: A Study of the Ruhengeri Prefecture. [REVIEW]Sheron L. Randolph & Rickie Sanders - 1992 - Agriculture and Human Values 9 (1):59-66.
    The purpose of this paper has been to focus on two aspects of development—agricultural production in the small central African country of Rwanda, and the role of 1890 Land-Grant institutions in international development. While a discussion of female farmers in the Ruhengeri Prefecture of Rwanda represents the primary focus of this paper, the second focus is the means by which this and other such research is possible. The findings from the Rwandan study are in keeping with those found in other (...)
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  47. Loving Them to Death: Blame-Displac-Ing Strategies of Animal Shelter Work-Ers and Surrenderers. Frommer, SS; Arluke, A.J. L. Rasmussen, C. R. Sanders, S. J. Modlin & A. M. Holder - 1999 - Society and Animals 7 (1):35-54.
     
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  48. The Myths of Academia: Open Inquiry and Funded Research.Wade L. Robison & John T. Sanders - 1993 - Journal of College and University Law 19 (3):227-50.
    Both professors and institutions of higher education benefit from a vision of academic life that is grounded more firmly in myth than in history. According to the myth created by that traditional vision, scholars pursue research wherever their drive to knowledge takes them, and colleges and universities transmit the fruits of that research to contemporary and future generations as the accumulated wisdom of the ages. Yet the economic and social forces operating on colleges and universities as institutions, as well as (...)
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  49.  18
    Is Social Interaction Based on Guile or Honesty?Matthew L. Brooks & William B. Swann - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (1):17-18.
    Von Hippel & Trivers suggest that people enhance their own self-views as a means of persuading others to adopt similarly inflated perceptions of them. We question the existence of a pervasive desire for self-enhancement, noting that the evidence the authors cite could reflect self-verification strivings or no motive whatsoever. An identity negotiation framework provides a more tenable approach to social interaction.
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  50.  8
    Matthew L. Jones.The Good Life in the Scientific Revolution: Descartes, Pascal, Leibniz, and the Cultivation of Virtue. 336 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006. $27.50. [REVIEW]John Cottingham - 2007 - Isis 98 (3):632-633.
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