Results for 'Matthew O. Parker'

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  1.  52
    Adolescents Care but Don’T Feel Responsible for Farm Animal Welfare.Siobhan M. Abeyesinghe, Jen Jamieson, Lucy Asher, David Allen, Matthew O. Parker, Christopher M. Wathes & Michael J. Reiss - 2015 - Society and Animals 23 (3):269-297.
  2.  6
    Perspective: Evolution of Control Variables and Policies for Closed-Loop Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson’s Disease Using Bidirectional Deep-Brain-Computer Interfaces.Helen M. Bronte-Stewart, Matthew N. Petrucci, Johanna J. O’Day, Muhammad Furqan Afzal, Jordan E. Parker, Yasmine M. Kehnemouyi, Kevin B. Wilkins, Gerrit C. Orthlieb & Shannon L. Hoffman - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  3.  17
    Environmental Health Virtue Ethics.Matthew O'Madigan Gribble - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (9):33-35.
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  4. Sounds and Perception: New Philosophical Essays.Matthew Nudds & Casey O'Callaghan (eds.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Sounds and Perception brings together original essays on auditory perception and the nature of sounds - an emerging area of interest in the philosophy of mind and perception, and in the metaphysics of sensible qualities. The essays discuss a wide range of issues, including the nature of sound, the spatial aspects of auditory experience, hearing silence, musical experience, and the perception of speech; a substantial introduction by the editors serves to contextualise the essays and make connections between them. The collection (...)
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  5.  39
    Ethics and Community Involvement in Syntheses Concerning American Indian, Alaska Native, or Native Hawaiian Health: A Systematic Review.Matthew O. Gribble & Deana M. Around Him - 2014 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 5 (2):1-24.
  6.  1
    Not-for-Profit Law: Theoretical and Comparative Perspectives.Matthew Harding, Ann O'Connell & Miranda Stewart (eds.) - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    The law and policy applicable to the not-for-profit sector is of growing importance around the world. In this book, legal experts address fundamental questions about not-for-profit law from a range of theoretical and comparative perspectives. The essays provide scholarly analysis of not-for-profit law, organised around four themes: Politics, in the broader sense of living as a community, and the narrower sense of political power; Charity, how it is defined and changes in its meaning over time; Taxation, including the rationale for (...)
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  7. Patterns of the Life-World Essays in Honor of John Wild.Calvin O. Schrag, Francis H. Parker, James M. Edie & John Daniel Wild - 1970
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  8.  11
    Egyptian Astronomical Texts, II. The Ramesside Star Clocks.Asger Aaboe, O. Neugebauer & Richard A. Parker - 1967 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 87 (3):361.
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  9.  8
    Current Controversies in Bioethics.S. Matthew Liao & Collin O'Neil (eds.) - 2016 - Routledge.
    Bioethics is the study of ethical issues arising out of advances in the life sciences and medicine. Historically, bioethics has been associated with issues in research ethics and clinical ethics as a result of research scandals such as the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and public debates about the definition of death, medical paternalism, health care rationing, and abortion. As biomedical technologies have advanced, challenging new questions have arisen for bioethics and new sub-disciplines such as neuroethics and public health ethics have entered (...)
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  10.  63
    Response to Robert Koons and Matthew O’Brien’s “Objects of Intention: A Hylomorphic Critique of the New Natural Law Theory”.Christopher Tollefsen - 2013 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 87 (4):751 - 778.
    Robert Koons and Matthew O’Brien have leveled a number of objections against the New Natural Law account of human action and intention. In this paper, I discuss five areas in which I believe that the Koons-O’Brien criticism of the New Natural Law theory is mistaken, or in which their own view is problematic. I hope to show, inter alia, that the New Natural Law approach is not committed to a number of theses attributed to it by Koons and O’Brien; (...)
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  11.  20
    Single Session Low Frequency Left Dorsolateral Prefrontal Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Changes Neurometabolite Relationships in Healthy Humans.Nathaniel R. Bridges, Richard A. McKinley, Danielle Boeke, Matthew S. Sherwood, Jason G. Parker, Lindsey K. McIntire, Justin M. Nelson, Catherine Fletchall, Natasha Alexander, Amanda McConnell, Chuck Goodyear & Jeremy T. Nelson - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  12. Patterns of the Life-World Essays in Honor of John Wild ; Edited by James M. Edie, Frances H. Parker, Calvin O. Schrag. --. [REVIEW]John Daniel Wild, James M. Edie, Frances H. Parker & Calvin O. Schrag - 1970 - Northwestern University Press.
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  13.  38
    Response to Robert Koons and Matthew O’Brien’s “Objects of Intention: A Hylomorphic Critique of the New Natural Law Theory”.Christopher Tollefsen - 2013 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 87 (4):751-778.
    Robert Koons and Matthew O’Brien have leveled a number of objections against the New Natural Law account of human action and intention. In this paper, I discuss five areas in which I believe that the Koons-O’Brien criticism of the New Natural Law theory is mistaken, or in which their own view is problematic. I hope to show, inter alia, that the New Natural Law approach is not committed to a number of theses attributed to it by Koons and O’Brien; (...)
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  14.  2
    A Comment on Baker Et Al. ‘The Time Dependence of an Atom-Vacancy Encounter Due to the Vacancy Mechanism of Diffusion’.Nathan Dasenbrock-Gammon & Matthew O. Zacate - 2017 - Philosophical Magazine 97 (15):1238-1242.
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  15.  12
    Mary Parker Follett as Integrative Public Philosopher.Matthew J. Brown - 2021 - Hypatia 36 (2):425-436.
    Mary Parker Follett was a feminist-pragmatist American philosopher, a social-settlement worker, a founding figure in the community centers movement, a mediator of labor disputes, and a theorist of political and social organization and management. I argue that she is a model for a certain kind of public philosopher, and I unpack the respects in which she serves as such a model. I emphasize both her virtues as a public thinker and the role played in her work by the process (...)
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  16. Review of Lucy O'Brien, Matthew Soteriou (Eds.), Mental Actions[REVIEW]Matthew Boyle - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (2).
  17.  8
    Patient and Public Involvement: Two Sides of the Same Coin or Different Coins Altogether?Matthew S. McCoy, Jonathan Warsh, Leah Rand, Michael Parker & Mark Sheehan - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (6):708-715.
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  18. Symmetry Arguments Against Regular Probability: A Reply to Recent Objections.Matthew W. Parker - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 9 (1):8.
    A probability distribution is regular if no possible event is assigned probability zero. While some hold that probabilities should always be regular, three counter-arguments have been posed based on examples where, if regularity holds, then perfectly similar events must have different probabilities. Howson (2017) and Benci et al. (2016) have raised technical objections to these symmetry arguments, but we see here that their objections fail. Howson says that Williamson’s (2007) “isomorphic” events are not in fact isomorphic, but Howson is speaking (...)
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  19.  86
    Symmetry Arguments Against Regular Probability: A Reply to Recent Objections.Matthew W. Parker - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 9 (1):1-21.
    A probability distribution is regular if it does not assign probability zero to any possible event. While some hold that probabilities should always be regular, three counter-arguments have been posed based on examples where, if regularity holds, then perfectly similar events must have different probabilities. Howson and Benci et al. have raised technical objections to these symmetry arguments, but we see here that their objections fail. Howson says that Williamson’s “isomorphic” events are not in fact isomorphic, but Howson is speaking (...)
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  20. Set Size and the Part–Whole Principle.Matthew W. Parker - 2013 - Review of Symbolic Logic (4):1-24.
    Recent work has defended “Euclidean” theories of set size, in which Cantor’s Principle (two sets have equally many elements if and only if there is a one-to-one correspondence between them) is abandoned in favor of the Part-Whole Principle (if A is a proper subset of B then A is smaller than B). It has also been suggested that Gödel’s argument for the unique correctness of Cantor’s Principle is inadequate. Here we see from simple examples, not that Euclidean theories of set (...)
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  21. New Variant of SARS-CoV-2 Dynamics with Imperfect Vaccine.Taye Samuel Faniran, Aatif Ali, Nawal E. Al-Hazmi, Joshua Kiddy K. Asamoah, Taher A. Nofal & Matthew O. Adewole - 2022 - Complexity 2022:1-17.
    The occurrence of a new strain of SARS-CoV-2 cannot be ruled out. Therefore, this study seeks to investigate the possible effects of a hypothetical imperfect anti-COVID-19 vaccine on the control of not only the first variant of SARS-CoV-2 but also the second variant of SARS-CoV-2. We further examine the rates and a, escape of quarantined infectious individuals from isolation centers. The control R c and basic reproduction numbers R 0 are computed which gives assess to obtain asymptotic stability of disease-free (...)
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  22.  6
    Alan P. F. Sell Four Philosophical Anglicans: W. G. De Burgh, W. R. Matthews, O. C. Quick, H. A. Hodges . Pp. 340. £65.00 . ISBN 978 1 4094 0059 2. [REVIEW]Richard Harries - 2013 - Religious Studies 49 (1):139-140.
    Book Reviews RICHARD HARRIES, Religious Studies, FirstView Article.
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  23. A Possible-Worlds Solution to the Puzzle of Petitionary Prayer.Ryan Matthew Parker & Bradley Rettler - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 9 (1):179--186.
    The puzzle of petitionary prayer: if we ask for the best thing, God was already going to do it, and if we ask for something that's not the best, God's not going to grant our request. In this paper, we give a new solution to the puzzle.
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  24. Three Concepts of Decidability for General Subsets of Uncountable Spaces.Matthew W. Parker - 2003 - Theoretical Computer Science 351 (1):2-13.
    There is no uniquely standard concept of an effectively decidable set of real numbers or real n-tuples. Here we consider three notions: decidability up to measure zero [M.W. Parker, Undecidability in Rn: Riddled basins, the KAM tori, and the stability of the solar system, Phil. Sci. 70(2) (2003) 359–382], which we abbreviate d.m.z.; recursive approximability [or r.a.; K.-I. Ko, Complexity Theory of Real Functions, Birkhäuser, Boston, 1991]; and decidability ignoring boundaries [d.i.b.; W.C. Myrvold, The decision problem for entanglement, in: (...)
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  25.  13
    Four Philosophical Anglicans: W.G. De Burgh, W.R. Matthews, O.C. Quick, H.A. Hodges.Alan P. F. Sell - 2010 - Ashgate.
    He discusses the challenges these four philosophical Anglicans issued to certain important trends in the philosophy and theology of their day, and argues that ...
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  26.  14
    Four Philosophical Anglicans: W.G. De Burgh, W.R. Matthews, O.C. Quick, H.A. Hodges.Neil Fairlamb - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (5):1012-1015.
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Volume 19, Issue 5, Page 1012-1015, September 2011.
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  27. Sartre Societies.Annie Cohen-Solal, Jonathan Judaken, Iddo Landau, Matthew Eshleman, Daniel O'Shiel, Michael Peckitt & Ian Birchall - 2012 - Sartre Studies International 18 (1):103-118.
     
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  28.  24
    Comparative Infinite Lottery Logic.Matthew W. Parker - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 84:28-36.
    As an application of his Material Theory of Induction, Norton (2018; manuscript) argues that the correct inductive logic for a fair infinite lottery, and also for evaluating eternal inflation multiverse models, is radically different from standard probability theory. This is due to a requirement of label independence. It follows, Norton argues, that finite additivity fails, and any two sets of outcomes with the same cardinality and co-cardinality have the same chance. This makes the logic useless for evaluating multiverse models based (...)
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  29.  13
    Visualizing the Impact of Art: An Update and Comparison of Current Psychological Models of Art Experience.Matthew Pelowski, Patrick S. Markey, Jon O. Lauring & Helmut Leder - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  30.  78
    Philosophical Method and Galileo's Paradox of Infinity.Matthew W. Parker - 2008 - In Bart Van Kerkhove (ed.), New Perspectives on Mathematical Practices: Essays in Philosophy and History of Mathematics : Brussels, Belgium, 26-28 March 2007. World Scientfic.
    We consider an approach to some philosophical problems that I call the Method of Conceptual Articulation: to recognize that a question may lack any determinate answer, and to re-engineer concepts so that the question acquires a definite answer in such a way as to serve the epistemic motivations behind the question. As a case study we examine “Galileo’s Paradox”, that the perfect square numbers seem to be at once as numerous as the whole numbers, by one-to-one correspondence, and yet less (...)
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  31. Mental Actions.Lucy O'Brien & Matthew Soteriou (eds.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    The twelve specially written essays in this volume investigate the neglected topic of mental action, and show its importance for the metaphysics, epistemology, and phenomenology of mind. The essays investigate what mental actions are, how we are aware of them, and what is the relationship between mental and physical action.
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  32. More Trouble for Regular Probabilitites.Matthew W. Parker - 2012
    In standard probability theory, probability zero is not the same as impossibility. But many have suggested that only impossible events should have probability zero. This can be arranged if we allow infinitesimal probabilities, but infinitesimals do not solve all of the problems. We will see that regular probabilities are not invariant over rigid transformations, even for simple, bounded, countable, constructive, and disjoint sets. Hence, regular chances cannot be determined by space-time invariant physical laws, and regular credences cannot satisfy seemingly reasonable (...)
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  33. PARKER, D. H. -The Philosophy of Value. [REVIEW]G. M. Matthews - 1959 - Mind 68:424.
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  34. Computing the Uncomputable; or, The Discrete Charm of Second-Order Simulacra.Matthew W. Parker - 2009 - Synthese 169 (3):447-463.
    We examine a case in which non-computable behavior in a model is revealed by computer simulation. This is possible due to differing notions of computability for sets in a continuous space. The argument originally given for the validity of the simulation involves a simpler simulation of the simulation, still further simulations thereof, and a universality conjecture. There are difficulties with that argument, but there are other, heuristic arguments supporting the qualitative results. It is urged, using this example, that absolute validation, (...)
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  35.  18
    Undecidable Long-Term Behavior in Classical Physics: Foundations, Results, and Interpretation.Matthew W. Parker - 2005 - Dissertation, University of Chicago
    The behavior of some systems is non-computable in a precise new sense. One infamous problem is that of the stability of the solar system: Given the initial positions and velocities of several mutually gravitating bodies, will any eventually collide or be thrown off to infinity? Many have made vague suggestions that this and similar problems are undecidable: no finite procedure can reliably determine whether a given configuration will eventually prove unstable. But taken in the most natural way, this is trivial. (...)
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  36.  15
    Ongoing Processes of Managing Consent: The Empirical Ethics of Using Video-Recording in Clinical Practice and Research.Michelle O'Reilly, Nicola Parker & Ian Hutchby - 2011 - Clinical Ethics 6 (4):179-185.
    Using video to facilitate data collection has become increasingly common in health research. Using video in research, however, does raise additional ethical concerns. In this paper we utilize family therapy data to provide empirical evidence of how recording equipment is treated. We show that families made a distinction between what was observed through the video by the reflecting team and what was being recorded onto videotape. We show that all parties actively negotiated what should and should not go ‘on the (...)
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  37. Undecidability in Rn: Riddled Basins, the KAM Tori, and the Stability of the Solar System.Matthew W. Parker - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (2):359-382.
    Some have suggested that certain classical physical systems have undecidable long-term behavior, without specifying an appropriate notion of decidability over the reals. We introduce such a notion, decidability in (or d- ) for any measure , which is particularly appropriate for physics and in some ways more intuitive than Ko's (1991) recursive approximability (r.a.). For Lebesgue measure , d- implies r.a. Sets with positive -measure that are sufficiently "riddled" with holes are never d- but are often r.a. This explicates Sommerer (...)
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  38.  30
    Did Poincare Really Discover Chaos? [REVIEW]Matthew W. Parker - 1998 - Studies in the History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 29 (4):575-588.
  39.  15
    Face Space Representations in Deep Convolutional Neural Networks.Alice J. O’Toole, Carlos D. Castillo, Connor J. Parde, Matthew Q. Hill & Rama Chellappa - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (9):794-809.
  40.  3
    The Relevance of Royce.Kelly A. Parker & Jason Matthew Bell (eds.) - 2014 - Fordham University Press.
    The chapters, written by leading experts on American philosophy, reexamine Josiah Royce's work as a resource for contemporary thought. Themes include: metaphysics, phenomenology, logic; problems of individualism, loyalty, and community; practical matters of race, religious faith, and feminist epistemology, and Royce's place in the history of philosophy.
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  41. How Gödelian Ontological Arguments Fail.Matthew Parker - manuscript
    Ontological arguments like those of Gödel (1995) and Pruss (2009; 2012) rely on premises that initially seem plausible, but on closer scrutiny are not. The premises have modal import that is required for the arguments but is not immediately grasped on inspection, and which ultimately undermines the simpler logical intuitions that make the premises seem plausible. Furthermore, the notion of necessity that they involve goes unspecified, and yet must go beyond standard varieties of logical necessity. This leaves us little reason (...)
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  42.  16
    Flannery O'Connor's "Parker's Back".William A. Fahey - 1968 - Renascence 20 (3):162-164.
  43. ‘Gossiping’ as a Social Action in Family Therapy: The Pseudo-Absence and Pseudo-Presence of Children.Michelle O’Reilly & Nicola Parker - 2012 - Discourse Studies 14 (4):457-475.
    Family therapists face a number of challenges in their work. When children are present in family therapy they can and do make fleeting contributions. We draw upon naturally occurring family therapy sessions to explore the ‘pseudo-presence’ and ‘pseudo-absence’ of children and the institutional ‘gossiping’ quality these interactions have. Our findings illustrate that a core characteristic of gossiping is its functional role in building alignments’ which in this institutional context is utilized as a way of managing accountability. Our findings have a (...)
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  44.  13
    Weintraub’s Response to Williamson’s Coin Flip Argument.Matthew W. Parker - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (3):1-21.
    A probability distribution is regular if it does not assign probability zero to any possible event. Williamson argued that we should not require probabilities to be regular, for if we do, certain “isomorphic” physical events must have different probabilities, which is implausible. His remarks suggest an assumption that chances are determined by intrinsic, qualitative circumstances. Weintraub responds that Williamson’s coin flip events differ in their inclusion relations to each other, or the inclusion relations between their times, and this can account (...)
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  45.  16
    An Infinite Lottery Paradox.John D. Norton & Matthew W. Parker - forthcoming - Axiomathes:1-6.
    In a fair, infinite lottery, it is possible to conclude that drawing a number divisible by four is strictly less likely than drawing an even number; and, with apparently equal cogency, that drawing a number divisible by four is equally as likely as drawing an even number.
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  46. AIDS 519 Murphy, Timothy F. Health-Care Workers with AIDS and a Patient's Right to Know 553 Nelson, James Lindemann. Publicity and Pricelessness: Grassroots Decisionmaking and Justice in Rationing 333. [REVIEW]Laurence J. O'Connell, James Parker, Mary C. Rawlinson, Massimo Reichlin, David Resnik, John Sadler, Yosaf Hulgus, George Agich, Marian Gray Secundy & Mark J. Sedler - 1994 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19:641-645.
  47.  66
    Gödel's Argument for Cantorian Cardinality.Matthew W. Parker - 2019 - Noûs 53 (2):375-393.
    On the first page of “What is Cantor's Continuum Problem?”, Gödel argues that Cantor's theory of cardinality, where a bijection implies equal number, is in some sense uniquely determined. The argument, involving a thought experiment with sets of physical objects, is initially persuasive, but recent authors have developed alternative theories of cardinality that are consistent with the standard set theory ZFC and have appealing algebraic features that Cantor's powers lack, as well as some promise for applications. Here we diagnose Gödel's (...)
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  48.  61
    Toward an Evolutionary Democracy: The Philosophy of Mary Parker Follett.Matthew Shapiro - 2003 - World Futures 59 (8):585 – 590.
    We are entering an era in which the idea of democracy itself is undergoing an evolutionary shift. The assumptions and values underlying present models of democratic governance, rooted in earlier eras of rebellion, fail to recognize the dynamic and creative potential of individuals and their social organizations now essential to evolutionary advance. More than eighty years ago, Mary Parker Follett recognized this situation and advanced the idea of a participatory democracy that would be truly evolutionary in its self-guidance. Her (...)
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  49.  14
    Examining the Unfolding of Moral Decisions Across Time Using the Reach-to-Touch Paradigm.Samantha Parker & Matthew Finkbeiner - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 26 (2):218-253.
    Recent theories of decision making are characterised by a growing emphasis on understanding the cognitive mechanisms that produce decisions. This has seen a growth in methods that allow for the con...
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  50.  12
    Alpha & Omega: "Parker's Back" and O'Connor's Farewell to Satire.Jacqueline A. Zubeck - 2013 - Renascence 65 (5):381-398.
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